BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    

                                                                  AB 1681
                                                                  Page  1

          Date of Hearing:   May 11, 2005 

                                   Judy Chu, Chair

                   AB 1681 (Pavley) - As Amended:  April 19, 2005 

          Policy Committee:                              Environmental  
          Safety & Toxic Materials                      Vote: 5-2

          Urgency:     No                   State Mandated Local Program:  
          Yes    Reimbursable:              No


          This bill establishes lead content standards for jewelry  
          advertised, imported, sold, or distributed for promotional  
          purposes in the state, as follows:

          1)Between July 1, 2007 and December 31, 2008, maximum lead  
            content of 500 parts per million total lead.

          2)Starting January 1, 2009, maximum lead content of 200 parts  
            per million total lead.

           FISCAL EFFECT  

          1)Minor potential penalty revenue, likely less than $100,000  
            annually starting in FY 2007-08, to the Department of Toxic  
            Substances Control (DTSC).

          2)Cost pressures, about $300,000 in FY 2007-08 and FY 2008-09  
            and slightly lower costs annually thereafter, to the DTSC to  
            sample and identify products and manufacturers that violate  
            the lead content standards.  (HWCA.)


           1)Rationale  .  The author argues that jewelry that contains high  
            levels of lead, especially toy jewelry marketed for small  
            children, poses a substantial health risk due to the strong  
            neurotoxicity of lead when ingested.  From September 2003 to  
            July 2004, the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC)  
            conducted three recalls of 150 million pieces of toy jewelry  
            because some of those jewelry pieces contained toxic levels of  


                                                                  AB 1681
                                                                  Page  2

            lead.  Because small children are likely to chew on these  
            pieces and put them in their mouths, they are particularly at  
            risk for exposure to the high concentrations of lead in some  
            of these pieces.

           2)Background  .  About 150 million pieces of toy jewelry sold  
            between January 2002 and June 2004, of which only half contain  
            lead, were recalled voluntarily by the industry.  The four  
            companies stopped importing toy jewelry with lead and have  
            committed to work with the CPSC to eliminating hazardous  
            levels of lead in future importations of toy jewelry.  The  
            recall included rings, necklaces, and bracelets, all  
            manufactured in India.  The CPSC and the industry urge  
            parents, if they find these pieces of toy jewelry in their  
            homes, to throw them away.

           3)All Jewelry Affected  .  While this bill's proposed lead content  
            standards are intended to reduce small children's exposures to  
            lead in toy jewelry, the standards would be applicable to all  
            jewelry, including higher-priced pieces marketed primarily to  
            adults who are considerably less likely to chew on their  
            jewelry or put it in their mouths.

           Analysis Prepared by  :    Steve Archibald / APPR. / (916)