BILL NUMBER: SB 194 CHAPTERED BILL TEXT CHAPTER 655 FILED WITH SECRETARY OF STATE OCTOBER 7, 2005 APPROVED BY GOVERNOR OCTOBER 7, 2005 PASSED THE SENATE SEPTEMBER 7, 2005 PASSED THE ASSEMBLY AUGUST 31, 2005 AMENDED IN ASSEMBLY JULY 6, 2005 AMENDED IN ASSEMBLY JUNE 15, 2005 AMENDED IN SENATE MAY 25, 2005 AMENDED IN SENATE MARCH 29, 2005 INTRODUCED BY Senator Maldonado FEBRUARY 10, 2005 An act to amend Section 7582.2 of, and to add Chapter 11.4 (commencing with Section 7574) to Division 3 of, the Business and Professions Code, relating to private security officers. LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST SB 194, Maldonado Proprietary private security officers. The Private Security Services Act provides for the licensure and regulation of private patrol operators by the Bureau of Security and Investigative Services in the Department of Consumer Affairs. Existing law exempts specified persons from the act. This bill would enact the Proprietary Security Services Act. The bill would define proprietary private security officers and it would require these persons to register with the Department of Consumer Affairs, as specified. THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: SECTION 1. Chapter 11.4 (commencing with Section 7574) is added to Division 3 of the Business and Professions Code, to read: CHAPTER 11.4. PROPRIETARY SECURITY SERVICES ACT 7574. This chapter may be cited as the Proprietary Security Services Act. 7574.1. A proprietary private security officer, as used in this chapter, is an unarmed individual who is employed exclusively by any one employer whose primary duty is to provide security services for his or her employer, whose services are not contracted to any other entity or person, and who is not exempt pursuant to Section 7582.2, and who meets both of the following criteria: (a) Is required to wear a distinctive uniform clearly identifying the individual as a security officer. (b) Is likely to interact with the public while performing his or her duties. 7574.2. A person who meets the definition of a proprietary private security officer shall register with the Department of Consumer Affairs, subject to the adoption of reasonable rules by the director. Those rules shall include, but are not limited to, the following criteria: (a) Background checks as described in Section 7583.9. (b) Payment of an application fee. 7574.3. Section 7574.2 shall apply on and after July 1, 2006, to any person hired as a proprietary private security officer on and after January 1, 2006. For a person hired as a proprietary private security officer before January 1, 2006, the section shall apply on and after January 1, 2007. SEC. 2. Section 7582.2 of the Business and Professions Code is amended to read: 7582.2. This chapter does not apply to the following: (a) A person who does not meet the requirements to be a proprietary private security officer, as defined in Section 7574.1, and is employed exclusively and regularly by any employer who does not provide contract security services for other entities or persons, in connection with the affairs of the employer only and where there exists an employer-employee relationship if that person at no time carries or uses any deadly weapon in the performance of his or her duties. For purposes of this subdivision, "deadly weapon" is defined to include any instrument or weapon of the kind commonly known as a blackjack, slungshot, billy, sandclub, sandbag, metal knuckles, any dirk, dagger, pistol, revolver, or any other firearm, any knife having a blade longer than five inches, any razor with an unguarded blade and any metal pipe or bar used or intended to be used as a club. (b) An officer or employee of the United States of America, or of this state or a political subdivision thereof, while the officer or employee is engaged in the performance of his or her official duties, including uniformed peace officers employed part time by a public agency pursuant to a written agreement between a chief of police or sheriff and the public agency, provided the part-time employment does not exceed 50 hours in any calendar month. (c) A person engaged exclusively in the business of obtaining and furnishing information as to the financial rating of persons. (d) A charitable philanthropic society or association duly incorporated under the laws of this state that is organized and maintained for the public good and not for private profit. (e) Patrol special police officers appointed by the police commission of any city, county, or city and county under the express terms of its charter who also under the express terms of the charter (1) are subject to suspension or dismissal after a hearing on charges duly filed with the commission after a fair and impartial trial, (2) must be not less than 18 years of age nor more than 40 years of age, (3) must possess physical qualifications prescribed by the commission, and (4) are designated by the police commission as the owners of a certain beat or territory as may be fixed from time to time by the police commission. (f) An attorney at law in performing his or her duties as an attorney at law. (g) A collection agency or an employee thereof while acting within the scope of his or her employment, while making an investigation incidental to the business of the agency, including an investigation of the location of a debtor or his or her property where the contract with an assignor creditor is for the collection of claims owed or due or asserted to be owed or due or the equivalent thereof. (h) Admitted insurers and agents and insurance brokers licensed by the state, performing duties in connection with insurance transacted by them. (i) Any bank subject to the jurisdiction of the Commissioner of Financial Institutions of the State of California under Division 1 (commencing with Section 99) of the Financial Code or the Comptroller of Currency of the United States. (j) A person engaged solely in the business of securing information about persons or property from public records. (k) A peace officer of this state or a political subdivision thereof while the peace officer is employed by a private employer to engage in off-duty employment in accordance with Section 1126 of the Government Code. However, nothing herein shall exempt such peace officer who either contracts for his or her services or the services of others as a private patrol operator or contracts for his or her services as or is employed as an armed private security officer. For purposes of this subdivision, "armed security officer" means an individual who carries or uses a firearm in the course and scope of that contract or employment. (l) A retired peace officer of the state or political subdivision thereof when the retired peace officer is employed by a private employer in employment approved by the chief law enforcement officer of the jurisdiction where the employment takes place, provided that the retired officer is in a uniform of a public law enforcement agency, has registered with the bureau on a form approved by the director, and has met any training requirements or their equivalent as established for security personnel under Section 7583.5. This officer may not carry a loaded or concealed firearm unless he or she is exempted under the provisions of subdivision (a) of Section 12027 of the Penal Code or paragraph (1) of subdivision (b) of Section 12031 of the Penal Code or has met the requirements set forth in Section 12033 of the Penal Code. However, nothing herein shall exempt the retired peace officer who contracts for his or her services or the services of others as a private patrol operator. (m) A licensed insurance adjuster in performing his or her duties within the scope of his or her license as an insurance adjuster. (n) Any savings association subject to the jurisdiction of the Commissioner of Financial Institutions or the Office of Thrift Supervision. (o) Any secured creditor engaged in the repossession of the creditor's collateral and any lessor engaged in the repossession of leased property in which it claims an interest. (p) A peace officer in his or her official police uniform acting in accordance with subdivisions (c) and (d) of Section 70 of the Penal Code. (q) An unarmed, uniformed security person employed exclusively and regularly by a motion picture studio facility employer who does not provide contract security services for other entities or persons in connection with the affairs of that employer only and where there exists an employer-employee relationship if that person at no time carries or uses any deadly weapon, as defined in subdivision (a), in the performance of his or her duties, which may include, but are not limited to, the following business purposes: (1) The screening and monitoring access of employees of the same employer. (2) The screening and monitoring access of prearranged and preauthorized invited guests. (3) The screening and monitoring of vendors and suppliers. (4) Patrolling the private property facilities for the safety and welfare of all who have been legitimately authorized to have access to the facility. (r) The changes made to this section by the act adding this subdivision during the 2005-06 Regular Session of the Legislature shall apply as follows: (1) On and after July 1, 2006, to a person hired as a security officer on and after January 1, 2006. (2) On and after January 1, 2007, to a person hired as a security officer before January 1, 2006.