BILL ANALYSIS Senate Appropriations Committee Fiscal Summary Senator Kevin Murray, Chairman 1368 (Perata) Hearing Date: 5/25/06 Amended: 4/24/06 Consultant: John Decker Policy Vote: EQ 5-1 _________________________________________________________________ ____ BILL SUMMARY: SB 1368 would require the California Energy Commission (CEC) to set emission (e.g., pollution) standards for those entities providing electricity in the state. The bill also would require the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) to prohibit electricity providers and corporations from entering long-term contracts which do not meet the CEC's standard. _________________________________________________________________ ____ Fiscal Impact (in thousands) Major Provisions 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 Fund Electricity costs ----------- unknown, see below ------------ GF & SF* Develop & promulgate regulations $50 Special** *The costs paid by departments would be financed with the General Fund and all special funds which are used to finance operations within buildings. **These costs are likely financed by the Energy Resources Products Account _________________________________________________________________ ____ STAFF COMMENTS: Suspense File. This bill requires the CEC to set standards for greenhouse gas emissions from powerplants. The standard may not exceed the average emissions of a comparable combined-cycle natural-gas powerplant. The bill directs the commission, when setting the standard, to consult with the Air Resources Board. The bill prohibits certain electricity providers from making a long-term commitment to electricity supplies unless the electricity generated under the commitment meets the CEC's emission standard. "Long term" is defined as three years. The electricity providers covered under this provision are electrical corporations, electric service providers, community choice aggregators and local public electricity utilities. Under the bill, the CPUC may not approve a long-term commitment that violates the CEC's standard. The CPUC may adopt rules to monitor and enforce the prohibition among corporations, providers and aggregators. The CEC is to enforce the prohibition among local public utilities. The bill imposes some costs on the CEC and air board to develop emission standards and promulgate regulations. These costs are unknown, but could be in excess of $50,000. These costs would likely be borne by special funds, primarily the Energy Resources Products Account (ERPA). The CPUC says it will incur no new net costs to monitor or enforce the bill's provisions. - continued - Page 2 SB 1368 (Perata) In addition, to the extent the regulations limit the number of suppliers who may provide power to the California market, the bill could increase wholesale electricity costs. If those costs are reflected in the electricity rates the state pays, then the state's long-term utility costs would rise, potentially beginning in the budget year. These costs, potentially major, could be charged to the General Fund and most special funds.