BILL NUMBER: AB 1334	INTRODUCED
	BILL TEXT


INTRODUCED BY   Assembly Member Swanson
   (Coauthors: Assembly Members Laird and Leno)

                        FEBRUARY 23, 2007

   An act to amend Sections 286 and 288a of, and to add Section 5012
to, the Penal Code, relating to corrections.


	LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


   AB 1334, as introduced, Swanson. Corrections: sexual barrier
protection devices.
   Under existing law, the Secretary of the Department of Corrections
and Rehabilitation is responsible for the administration of the
state prisons. Existing regulation prohibits inmates from
participating in illegal sexual acts.
   This bill would enact the Inmate and Community Public Health and
Safety Act, which would require the secretary to allow any nonprofit
or health care agency to distribute sexual barrier protection
devices, as specified. The bill would state that the distribution of
those devices shall not be considered a crime nor shall it be deemed
to encourage sexual acts between inmates. The bill would specify that
possession of one of those devices shall not be used as evidence of
illegal activity for purposes of administrative sanctions.
   Under existing law, sodomy or oral copulation with any person
while confined in a state or local correctional institution is a
crime.
   This bill would state that those criminal provisions do not
prohibit the provision of sexual barrier protection devices or
products pursuant to the above authorization.
   Vote: majority. Appropriation: no. Fiscal committee: yes.
State-mandated local program: no.


THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  SECTION 1.  This act shall be known, and may be cited as, the
Inmate and Community Public Health and Safety Act.
  SEC. 2.  Section 286 of the Penal Code is amended to read:
   286.  (a) Sodomy is sexual conduct consisting of contact between
the penis of one person and the anus of another person. Any sexual
penetration, however slight, is sufficient to complete the crime of
sodomy.
   (b) (1) Except as provided in Section 288, any person who
participates in an act of sodomy with another person who is under 18
years of age shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison,
or in a county jail for not more than one year.
   (2) Except as provided in Section 288, any person over the age of
21 years who participates in an act of sodomy with another person who
is under 16 years of age shall be guilty of a felony.
   (c) (1) Any person who participates in an act of sodomy with
another person who is under 14 years of age and more than 10 years
younger than he or she shall be punished by imprisonment in the state
prison for three, six, or eight years.
   (2) Any person who commits an act of sodomy when the act is
accomplished against the victim's will by means of force, violence,
duress, menace, or fear of immediate and unlawful bodily injury on
the victim or another person shall be punished by imprisonment in the
state prison for three, six, or eight years.
   (3) Any person who commits an act of sodomy where the act is
accomplished against the victim's will by threatening to retaliate in
the future against the victim or any other person, and there is a
reasonable possibility that the perpetrator will execute the threat,
shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for three, six,
or eight years.
   (d) Any person who, while voluntarily acting in concert with
another person, either personally or aiding and abetting that other
person, commits an act of sodomy when the act is accomplished against
the victim's will by means of force or fear of immediate and
unlawful bodily injury on the victim or another person or where the
act is accomplished against the victim's will by threatening to
retaliate in the future against the victim or any other person, and
there is a reasonable possibility that the perpetrator will execute
the threat, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for
five, seven, or nine years.
   (e) Any person who participates in an act of sodomy with any
person of any age while confined in any state prison, as defined in
Section 4504, or in any local detention facility, as defined in
Section 6031.4, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state
prison, or in a county jail for not more than one year.  This
subdivis   ion does not prohibit the provision of sexual
barrier protection devices or products pursuant to Section 5012, to
inmates in state prison or local detention facilities. 
   (f) Any person who commits an act of sodomy, and the victim is at
the time unconscious of the nature of the act and this is known to
the person committing the act, shall be punished by imprisonment in
the state prison for three, six, or eight years. As used in this
subdivision, "unconscious of the nature of the act" means incapable
of resisting because the victim meets one of the following
conditions:
   (1) Was unconscious or asleep.
   (2) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant that the act
occurred.
   (3) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant of the
essential characteristics of the act due to the perpetrator's fraud
in fact.
   (4) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant of the
essential characteristics of the act due to the perpetrator's
fraudulent representation that the sexual penetration served a
professional purpose when it served no professional purpose.
   (g) Except as provided in subdivision (h), a person who commits an
act of sodomy, and the victim is at the time incapable, because of a
mental disorder or developmental or physical disability, of giving
legal consent, and this is known or reasonably should be known to the
person committing the act, shall be punished by imprisonment in the
state prison for three, six, or eight years. Notwithstanding the
existence of a conservatorship pursuant to the Lanterman-Petris-Short
Act (Part 1 (commencing with Section 5000) of Division 5 of the
Welfare and Institutions Code), the prosecuting attorney shall prove,
as an element of the crime, that a mental disorder or developmental
or physical disability rendered the alleged victim incapable of
giving consent.
   (h) Any person who commits an act of sodomy, and the victim is at
the time incapable, because of a mental disorder or developmental or
physical disability, of giving legal consent, and this is known or
reasonably should be known to the person committing the act, and both
the defendant and the victim are at the time confined in a state
hospital for the care and treatment of the mentally disordered or in
any other public or private facility for the care and treatment of
the mentally disordered approved by a county mental health director,
shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison, or in a county
jail for not more than one year. Notwithstanding the existence of a
conservatorship pursuant to the Lanterman-Petris-Short Act (Part 1
(commencing with Section 5000) of Division 5 of the Welfare and
Institutions Code), the prosecuting attorney shall prove, as an
element of the crime, that a mental disorder or developmental or
physical disability rendered the alleged victim incapable of giving
legal consent.
   (i) Any person who commits an act of sodomy, where the victim is
prevented from resisting by an intoxicating or anesthetic substance,
or any controlled substance, and this condition was known, or
reasonably should have been known by the accused, shall be punished
by imprisonment in the state prison for three, six, or eight years.
   (j) Any person who commits an act of sodomy, where the victim
submits under the belief that the person committing the act is the
victim's spouse, and this belief is induced by any artifice,
pretense, or concealment practiced by the accused, with intent to
induce the belief, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state
prison for three, six, or eight years.
   (k) Any person who commits an act of sodomy, where the act is
accomplished against the victim's will by threatening to use the
authority of a public official to incarcerate, arrest, or deport the
victim or another, and the victim has a reasonable belief that the
perpetrator is a public official, shall be punished by imprisonment
in the state prison for three, six, or eight years.
   As used in this subdivision, "public official" means a person
employed by a governmental agency who has the authority, as part of
that position, to incarcerate, arrest, or deport another. The
perpetrator does not actually have to be a public official.
   () As used in subdivisions (c) and (d), "threatening to retaliate"
means a threat to kidnap or falsely imprison, or inflict extreme
pain, serious bodily injury, or death.
   (m) In addition to any punishment imposed under this section, the
judge may assess a fine not to exceed seventy dollars ($70) against
any person who violates this section, with the proceeds of this fine
to be used in accordance with Section 1463.23. The court, however,
shall take into consideration the defendant's ability to pay, and no
defendant shall be denied probation because of his or her inability
to pay the fine permitted under this subdivision.
  SEC. 3.  Section 288a of the Penal Code is amended to read:
   288a.  (a) Oral copulation is the act of copulating the mouth of
one person with the sexual organ or anus of another person.
   (b) (1) Except as provided in Section 288, any person who
participates in an act of oral copulation with another person who is
under 18 years of age shall be punished by imprisonment in the state
prison, or in a county jail for a period of not more than one year.
   (2) Except as provided in Section 288, any person over the age of
21 years who participates in an act of oral copulation with another
person who is under 16 years of age is guilty of a felony.
   (c) (1) Any person who participates in an act of oral copulation
with another person who is under 14 years of age and more than 10
years younger than he or she shall be punished by imprisonment in the
state prison for three, six, or eight years.
   (2) Any person who commits an act of oral copulation when the act
is accomplished against the victim's will by means of force,
violence, duress, menace, or fear of immediate and unlawful bodily
injury on the victim or another person shall be punished by
imprisonment in the state prison for three, six, or eight years.
   (3) Any person who commits an act of oral copulation where the act
is accomplished against the victim's will by threatening to
retaliate in the future against the victim or any other person, and
there is a reasonable possibility that the perpetrator will execute
the threat, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state prison for
three, six, or eight years.
   (d) Any person who, while voluntarily acting in concert with
another person, either personally or by aiding and abetting that
other person, commits an act of oral copulation (1) when the act is
accomplished against the victim's will by means of force or fear of
immediate and unlawful bodily injury on the victim or another person,
or (2) where the act is accomplished against the victim's will by
threatening to retaliate in the future against the victim or any
other person, and there is a reasonable possibility that the
perpetrator will execute the threat, or (3) where the victim is at
the time incapable, because of a mental disorder or developmental or
physical disability, of giving legal consent, and this is known or
reasonably should be known to the person committing the act, shall be
punished by imprisonment in the state prison for five, seven, or
nine years. Notwithstanding the appointment of a conservator with
respect to the victim pursuant to the provisions of the
Lanterman-Petris-Short Act (Part 1 (commencing with Section 5000) of
Division 5 of the Welfare and Institutions Code), the prosecuting
attorney shall prove, as an element of the crime described under
paragraph (3), that a mental disorder or developmental or physical
disability rendered the alleged victim incapable of giving legal
consent.
   (e) Any person who participates in an act of oral copulation while
confined in any state prison, as defined in Section 4504 or in any
local detention facility as defined in Section 6031.4, shall be
punished by imprisonment in the state prison, or in a county jail for
a period of not more than one year.  This subdivisio  
n does not   prohibit the provision of sexual barrier
protection devices or products pursuant to Section 5012, to inmates
in state prison or local detention facilities. 
   (f) Any person who commits an act of oral copulation, and the
victim is at the time unconscious of the nature of the act and this
is known to the person committing the act, shall be punished by
imprisonment in the state prison for a period of three, six, or eight
years. As used in this subdivision, "unconscious of the nature of
the act" means incapable of resisting because the victim meets one of
the following conditions:
   (1) Was unconscious or asleep.
   (2) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant that the act
occurred.
   (3) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant of the
essential characteristics of the act due to the perpetrator's fraud
in fact.
   (4) Was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant of the
essential characteristics of the act due to the perpetrator's
fraudulent representation that the oral copulation served a
professional purpose when it served no professional purpose.
   (g) Except as provided in subdivision (h), any person who commits
an act of oral copulation, and the victim is at the time incapable,
because of a mental disorder or developmental or physical disability,
of giving legal consent, and this is known or reasonably should be
known to the person committing the act, shall be punished by
imprisonment in the state prison, for three, six, or eight years.
Notwithstanding the existence of a conservatorship pursuant to the
provisions of the Lanterman-Petris-Short Act (Part 1 (commencing with
Section 5000) of Division 5 of the Welfare and Institutions Code),
the prosecuting attorney shall prove, as an element of the crime,
that a mental disorder or developmental or physical disability
rendered the alleged victim incapable of giving consent.
   (h) Any person who commits an act of oral copulation, and the
victim is at the time incapable, because of a mental disorder or
developmental or physical disability, of giving legal consent, and
this is known or reasonably should be known to the person committing
the act, and both the defendant and the victim are at the time
confined in a state hospital for the care and treatment of the
mentally disordered or in any other public or private facility for
the care and treatment of the mentally disordered approved by a
county mental health director, shall be punished by imprisonment in
the state prison, or in a county jail for a period of not more than
one year. Notwithstanding the existence of a conservatorship pursuant
to the provisions of the Lanterman-Petris-Short Act (Part 1
(commencing with Section 5000) of Division 5 of the Welfare and
Institutions Code), the prosecuting attorney shall prove, as an
element of the crime, that a mental disorder or developmental or
physical disability rendered the alleged victim incapable of giving
legal consent.
   (i) Any person who commits an act of oral copulation, where the
victim is prevented from resisting by any intoxicating or anesthetic
substance, or any controlled substance, and this condition was known,
or reasonably should have been known by the accused, shall be
punished by imprisonment in the state prison for a period of three,
six, or eight years.
   (j) Any person who commits an act of oral copulation, where the
victim submits under the belief that the person committing the act is
the victim's spouse, and this belief is induced by any artifice,
pretense, or concealment practiced by the accused, with intent to
induce the belief, shall be punished by imprisonment in the state
prison for a period of three, six, or eight years.
   (k) Any person who commits an act of oral copulation, where the
act is accomplished against the victim's will by threatening to use
the authority of a public official to incarcerate, arrest, or deport
the victim or another, and the victim has a reasonable belief that
the perpetrator is a public official, shall be punished by
imprisonment in the state prison for a period of three, six, or eight
years.
   As used in this subdivision, "public official" means a person
employed by a governmental agency who has the authority, as part of
that position, to incarcerate, arrest, or deport another. The
perpetrator does not actually have to be a public official.
   () As used in subdivisions (c) and (d), "threatening to retaliate"
means a threat to kidnap or falsely imprison, or to inflict extreme
pain, serious bodily injury, or death.
   (m) In addition to any punishment imposed under this section, the
judge may assess a fine not to exceed seventy dollars ($70) against
any person who violates this section, with the proceeds of this fine
to be used in accordance with Section 1463.23. The court shall,
however, take into consideration the defendant's ability to pay, and
no defendant shall be denied probation because of his or her
inability to pay the fine permitted under this subdivision.
  SEC. 4.  Section 5012 is added to the Penal Code, to read:
   5012.  (a) The Secretary of the Department of Corrections and
Rehabilitation shall allow any nonprofit or public health care agency
to distribute sexual barrier protection devices such as condoms and
dental dams to inmates. Any agency that distributes those devices
shall be subject to all relevant laws and regulations regarding
visitors to correctional facilities.
   (b) The distribution of those devices shall not be considered a
crime nor shall it be deemed to encourage sexual acts between
inmates.
   (c) Possession of a device distributed pursuant to subdivision (a)
shall not be used as evidence of illegal activity for purposes of
administrative sanctions.