BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    



                                                                  AB 1634
                                                                  Page  1

          Date of Hearing:   April 24, 2007

                   ASSEMBLY COMMITTEE ON BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONS
                                   Mike Eng, Chair
                    AB 1634 (Levine) - As Amended:  April 17, 2007
           
          SUBJECT  :   California Healthy Pets Act.

           SUMMARY  :   Requires all cats and dogs in the state over four  
          months old to be spayed or neutered unless the owner has been  
          issued an intact permit, as defined, allowing the animal to  
          remain unaltered.  Specifically,  this bill  :  

          1)Prohibits a person from owning or possessing a cat or dog over  
            the age of four months that has not been spayed or neutered,  
            unless the person possesses an intact permit, as defined.

          2)Defines an intact permit as a document that is issued annually  
            by local jurisdictions, as described, that authorizes a person  
            to own or possess within that locality an unaltered cat or dog  
            that meets the requirements set forth in this bill.

          3)Defines spay or neuter as any procedure preformed by a  
            licensed veterinarian that permanently sterilizes an animal  
            and makes it incapable of reproduction.

          4)Allows an intact permit to be issued if any of the following  
            conditions are met: 

             a)   The owner demonstrates through specified means that he  
               or she is doing business and is licensed as a breeder by  
               the local jurisdiction;

             b)   The owner sufficiently demonstrates, as determined in  
               the discretion of the local jurisdiction, that his or her  
               animal meets all the following criteria: 

               i)     Recognized as a valid breed by an approved purebred  
                 registry or association in existence since at least  
                 October 1, 2007;

               ii)    Used to show or compete and has done so in at least  
                 one legitimate show or sporting competition, hosted by or  
                 under the approval of a recognized purebred registry or  
                 association in existence since at least October 1, 2007,  








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                 within the last two years, or is being trained to show or  
                 compete and is too young to have competed; and, 

               iii)   Has earned, or if under two years old, is in the  
                 process of earning, a title from an approved purebred  
                 registry or association. 

             c)   The dog is being trained, or is appropriately trained,  
               and meets the definition of guide dog, service dog or  
               signal dog;

             d)   The dog is trained, or is being trained for use by law  
               enforcement agencies and is currently used by those  
               agencies for law enforcement or rescue; or, 

             e)   The owner provides a letter from a California licensed  
               veterinarian stating that due to age, poor health, or  
               illness, it is unsafe to spay or neuter the animal.

          5)Allows a person up to 75 days from the date the cat or dog  
            reaches the age of four months to spay or neuter their animal  
            if a letter is provided from a California licensed  
            veterinarian indicating that due to age, poor health, or  
            illness, it is unsafe to spay or neuter the animal at the age  
            of four months. 

          6)Provides that if a person is found in violation of the  
            provisions of this bill, he or she shall be subject to a civil  
            penalty of $500 for each animal in violation.

          7)Allows the civil penalties imposed for violating the  
            provisions of this bill to be waived if verification is  
            provided that the animal has been spayed or neutered.

          8)Requires that if a previously permitted intact animal no  
            longer meets the criteria for an intact permit, the animal  
            must be spayed or neutered.

          9)Provides that any person in possession of any document issued  
            by a local jurisdiction that permits the owner to possess an  
            unaltered cat or dog shall be deemed in compliance with the  
            provisions of this bill until the document expires, or on  
            January 1, 2009, whichever occurs first.

          10)Provides that the fee for an intact permit shall be  








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            determined by the local jurisdiction and must be no more than  
            what is reasonably necessary to fund the administration of  
            that jurisdiction's intact permit program.

          11)Requires a local jurisdiction to waive the intact permit fee  
            for an unaltered cat or dog that meets the requirements for a  
            service dog, as defined, and a law enforcement dog, as  
            defined, and allows the local jurisdiction to waive all or  
            part of the intact permit fee for an unaltered animal that is  
            unable to be safely spayed or neutered and has the specified  
            documentation from a veterinarian. 

          12)Provides that any civil penalties collected pursuant to the  
            provisions of this bill shall be used for funding the  
            administration, outreach and enforcement activities set forth  
            therein and that all permit fees collected shall be used for  
            funding the administration of the permit program in the local  
            jurisdiction in which the permits are issued. 

          13)Requires, to the extent that funding is available pursuant to  
            this bill, a local animal control agency to establish a free  
            and low-cost spay and neuter program for low-income  
            individuals, and requires the local animal control agency to  
            make outreach efforts to inform qualified persons about these  
            programs.

          14)States that this bill shall not prohibit a local jurisdiction  
            from adopting and enforcing a more restrictive spay and neuter  
            program provided that the program allows for the temporary or  
            permanent exemption from the spay and neuter requirements for  
            law enforcement dogs, service dogs and animals that can not be  
            safely altered due to age, poor health or illness.

          15)Exempts from the provisions of this bill any owner of a cat  
            or dog that is not a resident of California if the owner  
            provides proof, as determined by the local jurisdiction, that  
            he or she moved from another state or country after April 1,  
            2008.

          16)Provides that the provisions of this bill shall go into  
            effect April 1, 2008.

           EXISTING LAW  :

          1)Establishes that it is the policy of the state that no  








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            adoptable animal should be euthanized if it can be adopted  
            into a suitable home and that no treatable animal, as defined,  
            should be euthanized.

          2)Allows cities and counties to enact dog breed-specific  
            ordinances pertaining only to mandatory spay and neuter  
            programs and breeding requirements, provided that no specific  
            dog breed, or mixed dog breed, shall be declared potentially  
            dangerous or vicious under those ordinances.

          3)Requires counties that have a population exceeding 100,000  
            persons, and cities within those counties, to prohibit the  
            sale or give away of any dog from specified animal control  
            agencies and shelters that has not been spayed or neutered. 

           FISCAL EFFECT  :   Unknown

           COMMENTS  :   

           Purpose of this bill  .  According to the author's office each  
          year almost one million unwanted and abandoned cats and dogs are  
          born in California.  Local governments spend more than $250  
          million each year to intake, care for, and ultimately kill over  
          half of those animals.  The author states that "legislation  
          requiring spay and neutering of cats and dogs is a reasonable,  
          proven-effective and necessary means to greatly reduce the  
          number of unwanted animals and the practice of euthanizing  
          healthy adoptable animals."

          According to the author's office, "reducing the number of births  
          of unwanted animals in the state of California will necessarily  
          reduce the state's costs associated with caring for and  
          euthanizing those same animals.  According to the Animal  
          Population Control Study Commission every dollar spent on spay  
          and neuter surgeries saves taxpayers $18.72 in future animal  
          control costs over a ten-year period.  Spaying and neutering  
          also results in significant public health and safety benefits,  
          particularly: in the reduction of dangers caused by roaming  
          stray animals, the transmission of rabies and other communicable  
          animal diseases and the occurrences of dog bites."  

           Local mandatory spay and neuter programs currently in place  .  In  
          1995 the County of Santa Cruz implemented a mandatory spay and  
          neuter ordinance in an effort to reduce the high number of  
          animals its shelters took in every year.  Santa Cruz's ordinance  








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          requires cats and dogs over six months old to be spayed or  
          neutered unless an unaltered animal certificate is issued. The  
          unaltered animal certificate is available to anyone that meets  
          specified criteria such as not having any animal related  
          convictions within a certain amount of time and providing a  
          proper environment for the animal.  The ordinance also requires  
          the owner of an intact animal to furnish the director of animal  
          control services with a statement agreeing to have only one  
          litter per year unless expressly permitted by a veterinarian to  
          have up to two litters a year (cats only).  The Santa Cruz  
          ordinance allows for exemptions to the requirement to have an  
          animal spayed or neutered or to obtain an unaltered animal  
          permit.  Exempted animals under the Santa Cruz ordinance are  
          service dogs, law enforcement dogs, herding dogs, rescue dogs or  
          animals that can not be spayed or neutered due to health  
          reasons.  In a letter of support, the Santa Cruz SPCA states  
          that "By 2005, the number of pets entering [local shelters] was  
          reduced from approximately 14,000 to 5,000. And during this time  
          the human population in Santa Cruz County grew by about 15%."

          However, many of the opponents of this bill believe that current  
          local mandatory spay and neutering programs have proven  
          themselves ineffective. The Camino Real Siberian Husky Club  
          wrote in a letter of opposition, "mandatory spay/neuter laws  
          have been tried in multiple jurisdictions and have increased  
          animal control costs, while decreasing licensing compliance?In  
          King County, Washington, after passage of a mandatory  
          spay/neuter ordinance in 1992, not only did the Animal Control  
          budget increase?but euthanasia rates fell at a slower rate after  
          the passage of the ordinance."

           Publicly funded spay/neuter programs  .  Many state and local  
          municipalities have implemented publicly funded spay/neuter  
          programs that include varying degrees of increased licensure  
          fees with mandatory spaying and neutering of cats and dogs.  New  
          Hampshire implemented a statewide publicly funded spay and  
          neuter program in 1994.  Between 1994 and 2000, the state's  
          eight largest shelters admitted 30,985 fewer dogs and cats in  
          the six years preceding the program and saved an estimated $2.2  
          million statewide.  In this same time period, New Hampshire's  
          euthanasia rate dropped 75%. 

          The New Hampshire program targets cats and dogs living in  
          low-income households.  Almost all the funding for the program  
          comes from a small surcharge on dog licenses issued throughout  








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          the state and revenue from a specialty license plate.

          According to an article chronicling spay/neuter programs across  
          the country, the most successful programs are those that  
          incorporate both mandatory spay and neutering and government  
          subsidized spay/neuter programs.  

           Healthy age to spay or neuter  .  This bill stipulates that all  
          cats and dogs must be spayed or neutered by four months old  
          unless certain conditions apply.  There is a debate on whether  
          this is an appropriate age to have an animal altered.  According  
          to the opposition, research has shown that early sterilization  
          may lead to several negative outcomes.  According to the High  
          Desert Labrador Retriever Club of California, "There is evidence  
          that the removal of reproductive hormones before puberty causes  
          abnormal growth, resulting in bone deficiencies and joint  
          disease.  The incidence of thyroid disease is also higher in  
          dogs that have been neutered before puberty." However, according  
          to the Association of Veterinarians for Animal Rights (AVAR), in  
          support of this bill, "Surgical sterilization provides relief  
          from hormone-driven behaviors, such as wandering, aggression  
          toward other animals, dominance, and marking territory.  There  
          are numerous health benefits to surgical sterilization,  
          including prevention of testicular cancer in males and breast  
          cancer in females."  AVAR continues, "Requiring sterilization at  
          4 months of age for cats and dogs is appropriate, even though  
          kittens and puppies can be sterilized as young as 6 weeks,  
          depending on their size and health.  By sterilizing cats and  
          dogs before they can reproduce, fewer unwanted animals will be  
          born.  Further, early-age sterilization is easier on the animal  
          and the surgeon."

          In opposition to this bill, the Redwood Sheepdog Association  
          states that this bill "? requires animals to be spayed or  
          neutered by the age of four months.  This age is far too early  
          to determine whether a puppy has the aptitude, temperament,  
          physical attributes, and instinct to be a working sheepdog or  
          livestock guardian dog."

           Support  .  According to the Southeast Area Animal Control  
          Authority, this bill "provides a reasonable solution to  
          California's pet overpopulation problem by targeting the biggest  
          contributors to pet overpopulation:  irresponsible breeders. It  
          will not, as many opponents have declared, put an end to  
          purebred dogs and cats.  Rather, it will ensure that only those  








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          people who have a legitimate reason for having an intact dog or  
          cat - purebred or not - will be exempt from the spay/neuter  
          requirement."

          The Executive Director from the Silicon Valley Animal Control  
          Authority writes in support that as a former employee of the  
          Santa Cruz SPCA, he saw first hand the success local spay/neuter  
          ordinances can have in reducing the euthanasia rate.  In regards  
          to the Santa Cruz ordinance he writes, "The ordinance allowed us  
          to 'get tough' with backyard breeders and force them to alter  
          their animals and thereby reduce the numbers entering our  
          shelter.  Without this ordinance, some people would have  
          continued to irresponsibly breed unwanted animals.  Without this  
          tool the animals would have ultimately become a euthanasia  
          statistic."

          The Coalition for Cats and Dogs in a letter of support states,  
          "?a breeding permit is no more difficult to comply with than a  
          license or proof of rabies vaccination.  If any dog or cat  
          breeder claims to be a 'responsible' breeder, ask them to prove  
          no puppy or kitten they have sold has ever accidentally bred,  
          and if so how many of those offspring went on to bred, and so  
          on.  Ask the breeders if they pay income taxes on the animals  
          the sell, ask them if they collect sales tax.  Ask hunters why  
          there are so many Labrador Retrievers and lab mixes being killed  
          in shelters.  Ask the ranchers why there are so many cattle dogs  
          being killed in shelters."

           Opposition  .  Many opponents of this bill claim that it will  
          promote the proliferation of "puppy mills", out-of-state or  
          country breeders, and underground breeding.  Landesverband DVG  
          America, Inc., a working dog organization, states in opposition  
          to this bill that the provision allowing an intact permit for  
          locally licensed breeders does not allow for California hobby  
          breeders and others to be included.  Landesverband DVG America,  
          Inc., states "Many, who have been breeding dogs in California,  
          don't meet these criteria that are for USDA commercial dog  
          breeders; i.e. those who sell to brokers and from there on to  
          pet stores.  Responsible breeders who carefully select homes for  
          one or two litters a year don't have business licenses of this  
          sort.

          The Northern California Pug Club writes, "?these regulations are  
          targeted at responsible animal owners - those who license their  
          pets and comply with local laws.  San Mateo County found that  








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          punitive intact animal license fees actually resulted in a  
          reduction in revenue, as fewer pet owners complied with  
          licensing laws."  The Las Flores Cat club continues, "Hobby cat  
          and dog breeders of California are not the cause of the  
          overpopulation problem in shelters or stray cats on the  
          street?We believe this will have negative consequences for pet  
          owners, breeders and local jurisdictions in the state ?[and]  
          will actually increase specifically the current 'unowned cat'  
          problem that most of our shelters suffer from.  That more  
          animals will be turned into shelters or left abandoned.  Who  
          will take in a pregnant cat if there is a $500 fine for not  
          possessing an intact permit?"

          North American Police Work Dog Association (NAPWDA), states that  
          the current exemption in this bill for law enforcement officers  
          in inadequate.  NAPWDA explains, "Most of the breeding dogs that  
          create working police dogs are not themselves police dogs, but  
          are bred and used in the protection dog sports where their  
          working abilities are tested.  These dogs are pet dogs under the  
          law.  Because they themselves are not police dogs they would not  
          be eligible for an intact permit under this exemption."  NAPWDA  
          continues, "Nearly all working dogs were once somebody's pet  
          dog.  They were bought as a young pup, raised, but were rehoused  
          as young adults.  If they pass all the working and health tests,  
          eventually they may end up with a police department.  Few of  
          these dogs come with registration papers.  Because working  
          police dogs spent their first year or two of life as somebody's  
          pet dog, there is no way to create a bright line in the law  
          between the future supply of police dogs and other pet dogs."

           Outstanding issues  .  Recent amendments addressed several of the  
          issues brought before the committee on April 10, 2007. However,  
          several issues remain, including the following:

          1)No provisions are made for out of state visitors with  
            unaltered pets.  A provision was added to this bill seemingly  
            intended to address this issue; however, the language falls  
            short and makes an exemption only for non-residents of this  
            state that move to California after the implementation date,  
            but do not have permanent residency.  This bill still does not  
            address the issue of visitors to this state.  

          2)Unclear qualifications for breeders in localities that do not  
            provide a breeder's license.  Though this provision was  
            amended April 16, 2007, it is unclear how the revision  








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            addresses this concern.  Additionally, it appears there is a  
            misuse of the term "breeders permit" as it is used  
            interchangeably with "breeders license" without qualification.

          3)Certain intact permit requirements may be erroneous.  This  
            bill's provision that sets forth the requirements for an  
            intact permit was amended April 16, 2007, to correct  
            conflicting language relating to the age of a cat or dog that  
            is used in show or competitions.  However, it is still unclear  
            if the requirements to obtain an intact permit for a show dog  
            or cat are realistic.  Additionally, it remains unclear if the  
            provisions relating to service dogs and law enforcement dogs  
            are effectual or realistic.

           Policy question  .  Do the problems associated with excessive  
          numbers of unwanted cats and dogs justify a law that prohibits  
          the great majority of Californians (with narrow exceptions for  
          licensed breeders and owners of certain types of dogs and cats,  
          such as show animals; guide, service and signal dogs; and law  
          enforcement dogs) from owning healthy cats and dogs that are  not   
          spayed or neutered?

           Proposed technical amendments  .  Page 4, line 1, strike out "and"

          Page 4, line 18, strike out "which ever" and insert "whichever"

          Page 4, line 34, strike out "permit" and insert "license"

          Page 5, lines 31-32, strike out "shall be periodically updated"

          Page 6, line 8, before "fee" insert "intact permit" 

          Page 6, line 10, before "fee" insert "intact permit"

          Page 7, line 14 strike out "and"

           Related legislation  .  SB 861 (Speier), Chapter 668, Statutes of  
          2005, allowed cities and counties to enact breed-specific  
          ordinances for mandatory spaying, neutering and breeding  
          restrictions.  SB 861 also provided for increased reporting to  
          the State Public Health Veterinarian of dog bite data and other  
          information by local jurisdictions.

          AB 1856 (Vincent), Chapter 747, Statutes of 1998, required all  
          public animal control agencies or shelters, society for the  








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          prevention of cruelty to animals shelters, humane shelters, and  
          rescue groups in counties over 100,000 (and cities within those  
          counties) to spay or neuter any dog or cat that it sells or  
          gives away.  Also, SB 1856 imposed new fines and penalties on  
          owners of unspayed or unneutered dogs or cats that are impounded  
          by an animal control agency, shelter or society.  

          SB 1785 (Hayden), Chapter 752, Statutes of 1998, required  
          shelters to hold adoptable dogs and cats for a minimum time  
          period and permitted nonprofit organizations to adopt animals in  
          order to assist in finding the animals permanent homes. 

           REGISTERED SUPPORT / OPPOSITION  :   

           Support 

           California Animal Control Directors Association (sponsor)
          California Veterinary Medical Association (sponsor)
          Los Angeles Animal Services (sponsor)
          Social Compassion in Legislation (sponsor)
          State Humane Association of California (sponsor)
          A Dog's Life Rescue
          A Passion for Paws Rescue
          A Wish For Animals
          Ace of Hearts
          Adopt-A-Chow LA
          All Creatures Great & Small Animal Rescue
          Alpha Canine Sanctuary
          American Tortoise Rescue
          Animal Advocates
          Animal Advocates Harbor City
          Animal Alliance
          Animal Assistance League of Orange County
                                                                          Animal Avengers
          Animal Friends Rescue Project
          Animal Kind Rescue
          Animal Kingdom Welfare
          Animal Lovers of South Bay
          Animal Match Rescue Team
          Animal Place
          Animal Protection Institute
          Animal Rescue of Fresno
          Animal Rescue Volunteers, Inc
          Animal Rules Placement Foundation
          Animal Switchboard








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          Animals Anonymous
          Animals, People and Environment
          Association of Veterinarians for Animal Rights
          Bay Area Doglovers Responsible About Pit Bulls
          Beagles and Buddies
          Bellflower Veterinary Hospital
          Bill Foundation
          Boston Buddies
          Boxer Rescue
          Boxer Rescue Fund
          Bumper Foundation
          Bunny Bunch
          California Federation for Animal Legislation
          California Lobby for Animal Welfare
          Canine Communications
          Canine Crusaders
          Car House on the Kings Rescue
          Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching
          Cat AdopTion Service
          Cat Assistance Referral and Education
          Cat Care Network of Colorado and New Mexico
          Cat Connection
          Cat Crossing
          Cat/Canine Assistance Referral & Education
          Catherine Fund
          Cats At The Studio, Inc.
          Center for Animal Protection and Education
          Central California SPCA
          Central Valley Coalition for Animals
          Cesar and Ilusion Millan Foundation 
          Cesar Millan Inc.
          Chateau DuMeow
          Chico Boxer Rescue
          Citizens for a Humane Los Angeles
          City of Clovis Animal Services
          City of Elk Grove, Animal Services
          City of Lathrop Animal Services
          City of Los Angeles Animal Services
          City of Long Beach Councilmember Tonia Reyes Uranga
          City of Long Beach Councilmember Val Lerch
          City of San Jose Animal Care Services
          City of Stockton Animal Control 
          City of Tucaipa Mayor Dick Riddell
          Clovis Animal Services
          Coalition for Cats and Dogs








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          Coalition for Pets & Public Safety
          Coast Dematorology Medical Associates
          Community Animal Network
          Contra Costa County Animal Services
          County of Madera Department of Animal Control
          County of Monterey SPCA
          County of San Bernardino Animal Care and Control Division
          Dana Point / San Clemente Animal Rescue
          Daschshund Rescue
          Dawnwatch
          Death Row Dogs Rescue
          Deborah's Rescues and Fosters
          Dedicated Animal Welfare Group
          Directors of Animal Welfare, Studio City Neighborhood Council
          Dog Adoption and Welfare Group
          Dog Land Spay & Neuter Hotline
          Dog Psychology Center of Los Angeles
          Dog's Life Rescue
          Downtown Dog Rescue
          East Bay SPCA
          Echo Park Animal Alliance
          Emmie's Animal Rescue - Fresno
          Erika Brunson LA Spay Mobile
          Feral Cat Alliance
          Feral Cat Coalition - San Diego
          Fight for Animal Rights
          Forte Animal Rescue
          Foundation for the Care of Indigent Animals
          Four Legged Friends Foundation
          Fox Companion Care
          Friends of Auburn/Tahoe Vista Placer County Animal Shelter
          Friends of Fred
          Friends of Long Beach Animals
          Friends of Madera Animal Shelter
          German Shorthaired Pointer Rescue
          Give a Dog a Home Rescue
          Glendale Humane Society
          Halt Overpopulation with Prevention and Education
          Happy Tails Sanctuary
          Heaven on Earth Society for Animals
          Helping Out Pets Everyday
          Herald Publications
          High Desert Angels for Animals
          HMB Catworks, Penn Valley
          Home for Every Living Pet








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          Hopalong Animal Rescue
          HOPE Animal Foundation
          Humane Education Network
          Humane Society of the United States
          In Defense of Animals
          Inland Valley Humane Society and SPCA
          INXS
          It's The Pits
          Jacqueline Green Public Relations Inc.
          K-9 Pals - Santa Barbara
          K-9 Rescue
          Karma Rescue
          Katcep Associates
          Kellen Rescue
          Kinder4Rescue
          Kitten Rescue
          Kris Kelly Foundation
          Lake Tahoe Humane Society
          Lange Foundation
          Last Chance for Animals
          Last Chance for Animals - San Diego
          Lathrop Animal Services
          League of Human Voters - California Chapter
          Leg Up Rescue
          Lhasa Happy Homes
          Life 4 Paws
          Linda Blair WorldHeart Foundation
          Little Angels Pug Rescue
          Little Company of Mary San Pedro
          Los Angeles Directors of Animal Welfare
          Los Angeles Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa
          Love of Animals Inc.
          Ma Snak Superior Treats
          Madera County Animal Control
          Marley's Pit Stop Rescue
          MaryJo and Hank Greenberg Animal Welfare Foundation
          Matilija Canyon Wildlife Refuge
          Milo Foundation
          Miss Kitty's Rescue
          Missing Pet Partnership
          Much Love Animal Rescue
          Network of Humane Organizations
          New Beginnings for Animals
          New Leash on Life
          No Voice Unheard








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          Noah's Bark
          NorCal Aussie Rescue
          North Star Pet Assistance
          Open Arms Network
          Orange County People for Animals
          Pacific Coast Dog Rescue
          PAL Humane Society
          PAL Humane Society
          Pam's People Pals
          Panzar, Inc.
          Pasadena Humane Society &SPCA
          Passion for Paws Rescue
          Paw Project
          PAWS San Diego County, Inc.
          PearlParadise.com
          People and Cats Together
          People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals
          Pet Adoption Fund
          Pet Adoption League
          Pet Assistance Foundation
          Pet Care Foundation
          Pet Orphans of Southern California
          Pet Press
          Pet Project Foundation
          Pet Save Foundation
          Peter Zippi Fund for Animals
          Pets 90210
          Pit Bull Rescue - San Diego
          Placer SPCA
          Pooch Potty
          Progressive Animal Welfare Society
          Pryor's Planet
          Purr-fect Solutions Feline Rescue
          Rescue & Humane Alliance - Los Angeles
          Rescue House
          Rescue House - San Diego
          Rescue Me, Inc.
          Rescue Train
          River City Cat Rescue
          Robin and Friends Rescue 
          Rover Rescue
          Roy Dunlap Spay/Neuter Foundation
          Ruff Riders Animal Rescue
          Sacramento Area Animal Coalition
          Sacramento SPCA








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          San Clemente/Dana Point Animal Shelter
          San Diego Animal Advocates
          San Diego Special Needs Rescue
          Santa Cruz SPCA
          Santa Monica Boxer Rescue
          Sara Ford Foundation Rescue Group
          Second Chance Canine Rescue
          Seeds for Change, Humane Education
          Senior & Special Needs Animal Assistance
          Senior Citizens for Humane Legislation and Education
          Senior Dogs Project
          Senior Special Needs Animal Assistance
          Shelter Pet Alliance
          Shelter Pet Partners
          Shelter Watch Inc.
          Silicon Valley Animal Control Authority
          Sisters Animal Sanctuary
          Small Paws Rescue
          Social Compassion 
          Sounds of Silent Spirits Rescue and Sanctuary
          Southeast Area Animal Control Authority
          Southern California Labrador Retriever Rescue
          Southern California Siamese Rescue
          Southern California University People for Animal Welfare
          Southland Collie Rescue
          Sparky & The Gang
          Spay and Neuter Intermountain Pets and Pet Placement
          Spay Neuter Action Project
          Stand Foundation
          Stockton Animal Control 
          Stop Torture Abuse & Neglect of Dogs Foundation
          Streetsmarts Rescue
          Take Me Home
          Taxpayers for Responsible & Ethical Animal Treatment
          Teaching Everyone Animals Matter
          Tehama Wild Care
          Tehchapi Humane Society
          The Cat House on the Kings Rescue
          The Catherine Fund
          The Lange Foundation
          The Paw Project
          The Pet Press
          Thousands of  individuals
          Thumping Tails Rescue
          TopCats on the Ridge, Inc.








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          Underdog Rescue
          United Animal Nations
          VCA West LA Animal Hospital
          Victorville PAL Humane Society
          Voice for Animals
          Volunteers for Inter-Valley Animals
          Weil Public Relations
          Wendy's Pet Sitting Service
          Westie Rescue
          Westside German Shepard Rescue
          Winogradsky Company
          Wish for Animals
          Xaviar's Rescue, Inc.
          Thousands of individuals

           Opposition 
           
          Abyssinian Breeders International
          Akita Club of America
          Al Sayad
          Alameda County Schutzhund and Police K-9 Club
          Alaskan Klee Kai Association of American, Inc.
          Allegheny Mountain Rescue
          American Border Collie Association, Inc.
          American Brittany Club
          American Canine Foundation
          American Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Club
          American Chesapeake Club
          American Dog Breeders Association
          American Dog Owners Association
          American Herding Breed Association
          American Kennel Club
          American Manchester Terrier Club
          American Miniature Schnauzer
          American Rare Breed Association
          American Rottweiler Club, Inc.
          American Saluki Association
          American Shetland Sheepdog Association
          American Sighthound Field Association
          American Working Dog Federation
          American Working Farmcollie Association
          Americans West Cat Club, Inc.
          Anatolian Shepherd Dog Club of America 
          Anatolian Shepherd Dog International
          Antelope Valley Kennel Club, Inc.








                                                                  AB 1634
                                                                  Page  17

          Arrowhead English Springer Spaniel Club
          Assistance Dogs International, Inc.
          Associated Obedience Clubs of Northern California
          Association of West Los Angeles Responsible Dog Owners
          Association Rottweiler Fanciers
          Australian Cattle Dog Club of America
          Australian Shepherd Club of America
          Aztec Doberman Pinscher Club of San Diego, California
          Bakersfield Obedience Training Club
          Barbary Coast Bull Terrier Club
          Barbary Coast Samoyed Club, Inc.
          Basset Hound Club of America
          Basset Hound Club of Sacramento
          Bay Area Boxer Rescue
          Bay Area Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Club
          Bay Area Rescue Keeshonden
          Bay Area Rhodesian Ridgeback Club
          Belgian Tervuren Club of Southern California
          Big Basin Dog Training
          Bluefence Basset Hounds
          Bonita Cat Fanciers
          Border Collie Club of Greater Los Angeles
          Border Terrier Club of Southern California
          Border Terrier Club of the Redwoods
          Borzoi Club of California 
          Borzoi Club of Northern California
          Borzoi. Org
          Bouquet Canyon K-9 Club
          Boxer Club of San Fernando Valley
          Briard Club of American Inc.
          Briard Club of California
          Briard Club of Northern California
          Bull Terrier Club of America
          Bulldog Club of Northern California
          Burlywood Collies
          Butte County Kennel Club, Inc.
          Cairn Terrier Club of Northern California
          Cairn Terrier Club of Southern California
          California Alliance For Consumer Protection
          California Cattlemen's Association
          California Farm Bureau Federation
          California Federation of Dog Clubs
          California Gold Jack Russell Terrier Club, Inc.
          California Houndsmen For Conservation
          California Obedience Agility Stock Dog Trials








                                                                  AB 1634
                                                                  Page  18

          California Outdoor Heritage Alliance
          California Rifle and Pistol Association, Inc.
          Canaan Dog Club of American, Inc.
          Canine Companions for Independence
          Canine Performance and Dog Sports
          Cardigan Welsh Corgi Club of America
          Cats Royale Cat Club
          Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Club of Southern California
          Cavaliers of the West
          Chihuahua Club of Northern California
          Chinese Crested Club of Greater Los Angeles
           Chinese Crested Club Southern California
          Clumber Spaniel Club of America
          Collie Club of America
          Continental Kennel Club
          Contra Costa County Kennel Club
          County-Wide Dog Training Club, Inc.
          Dachshund Club of American, Inc.
          Dachshund Club of California
          Dachshund Club of Greater Buffalo
          Dallas-Fort Worth Dachshund Club
          Dalmatian Club of Northern California
          Danish/Swedish Farmdog Club of America
          Danish/Swedish Farmdog Club of American, Inc.
          Davis Dog Training Club
          Deep Peninsula Dog Training Club
          Del Sur Kennel Club
          Desert Empire Terrier Club of Southern California
          Doberman Pincher Club of Northern California
          Doberman Pinscher Club of America
          Dogtv.com Networks
          East Bay Boxer Club
          East Valley Veterinary Hospital 
          Feline Friends International
          Flying Sun Farms
          Franciscan Silver & Golden Fanciers
          Fremont Dog Training Club
          German Shepherd Dog Club of America
          German Shepherd Dog Club of Los Angeles County, Inc.
          German Shepherd Dog Club of San Diego County
          German Shepherd Dog Club of the San Gabriel Valley
          German Shepherd Dog Fanciers of Northern California 
          German Shepherd Rescue of Northern California
          German Shorthaired Pointer Club of Northern Sacramento Valley
          German Wirehaired Pointer Club of Southern California








                                                                  AB 1634
                                                                  Page  19

          Giant Schnauzer Club of America
          Gold Country English Setter Fanciers
          Gold Country Kennel Club
          Golden Empire Brittany Club
          Golden Gate Cat Club
          Golden Gate Dachshund Club, Inc.
          Golden Gate Kennel Club
          Golden Gate Shih Tzu Fanciers, Inc.
          Golden State German Shepherd Dog Club of San Jose
          Great Dane Club of Northern California
          Great Western Terrier Association of Southern California
          Great Western Terrier Association of Southern California, Inc.
          Group IV Terrier Club of Salt Lake City
          Guide Dogs of America
          Hangtown Kennel Club of Placerville California, Inc.
          Harrier Club of American, Inc.
          Hidden Treasure Siberian
          High Desert Labrador Retriever Club of California, Inc.
          Hollywood Dog Obedience Club, Inc.
          Houston Dachshund Club
          Hub Poodle Club of Orange County, Inc.
          Hylan Shotru Show Dogs
          Incredible Canine Training Center 
          International Animal Welfare Alliance
          International Association of Assistance Dog Partners
          Irish Setter Club of  The Pacific, Inc. (S. F.)
          Irish Setter Club of Central California
          Irish Setter Club of Southern California
          Irish Terrier Club of America
          Italian Greyhound Club of America
          Jindo Dog Association of America
          Kennel Club of Beverly Hills
          Kennel Flora
          Kern County T.O.P. Dog Club
          Kerry Blue Terrier Club
          Kuvasz Fanciers of America, Inc.
          Labrador Retriever Club of Southern California
          Lake Matthews Kennel Club
          Landesverband DVG America, Inc.
          Las Flores Cat Club
          Lhasa Apso Club of Northern California
          Long Beach Kennel Club
          Long Island Coalition of Dog Fanciers
          Los Angeles Doberman Pinscher Club, Inc.
          Los Colores Cat Club








                                                                  AB 1634
                                                                  Page  20

          Los Encinos Kennel Club
          Los Padres Obedience Club
          Maine Attraction Cat Fanciers
          Malibu Cat Club
          Mendocino Australian Shepherds 
          Menlo Park Schutzhund Club
          Mihran Goldens
          Miniature Schnauzer Club of Northern California
          Miniature Schnauzer Club of Southern California
          Miniature Bull Terrier Club of America
          Mission Trails Poodle Club
          Mississippi Canine Coalition, Inc.
          Monterey Bay Dog Training Club
          National American Pit Bull Terrier Association
          National American Shorthair Club, Inc.
          National Animal Interest Alliance Trust, Animal Owners and  
          Animal Enterprises
          National Brussels Griffon Club
          National English Shepherd Rescue
          National Open Field Coursing Association
          National Pet Alliance
          Newfoundland Club of Northern California
          Newfoundland Club of Southern California 
          NorCal Collie Rescue
          Norcal Golden Retriever Club, Inc.
          Nor-Cal Keeshond Club
          NorCal Sheltie Rescue 
          North American Police Work Dog Association
          North American Versatile Hunting Dog Association
          North American Whippet Racing Association 
          North American Whippet Racing Association
          North Carolina Responsible Animal Owners Association
          North Central California Houndsmen's Association
          Northern California Australian Shepherd Club
          Northern California Brittany Club
          Northern California Dachshund Club, Inc.
          Northern California Deerhound Club
          Northern California Italian Greyhound Club
          Northern California Pug Club
          Northern California Staffordshire Bull Terrier Club
          Northern California Whippet Club
          Northern California Whippet Fanciers Association
          Northern California Working Sheepdog Association, Inc.
          Old English Sheepdog Club of America
          Old English Sheepdog League of Northern California








                                                                  AB 1634
                                                                  Page  21

          Orange Coast Bull Terrier
          Orange Coast German Shepherd Dog Club
          Orange Coast Weimaraner Club
          Outdoor Sportsmen's Coalition of California
          Pacific Coast Working Dog Club
          Palo Alto Foothills Tracking Association
          Parson Russell Terrier Association of American, Inc.
          Pasanita Obedience Club Inc.
          Paws and Cues Dog Training
          Paws'itive Teams Inc.
          Pekingese Club of Central California
          Pembroke Welsh Corgi Club of Southern California
          Pets for Disabled Americans
          Poodle Club of Central California
          Poppy State Cat Club
          Redwood Belgian Tervuren Fanciers
          Redwood Empire Doberman Pinscher Club Inc.
          Redwood Empire Mastiff Club Inc.
          Redwood Empire Sheepdog Association
          Redwood Schutzhund Club
          Responsible Dog Owners of the Western States
          Responsible Pet Owners Alliance
          Rialto Ritz
          Sacramento Council of Dog Clubs
          Rio Hondo Kennel Club
          Rip Curl Weight Pullers
          Sacramento Sierra Norwegian Elkhound Club, Inc.
          Sacramento Valley Boxer Club
          Sacramento Valley Collie Club Inc.
          Sacramento Valley Dog Fanciers Association
          Sacramento Valley Weimaraner Club
          Safari Club International 
          Saint Bernard Club of the Pacific Coast
          Saluki Club of Greater San Francisco
          Saluki Tree of Life Alliance
          Samoyed Club of American Inc. 
          San Angeles Saluki Club, Inc.
          San Diego Dog Fanciers
          San Diego Hunting Retriever Club, Inc.
          San Diego Retriever and Field Trial Club, Inc.
          San Diego Rhodesian Ridgeback Club
          San Francisco Bay Area Dog Judges Association
          San Francisco Bay Weimaraner Club
          San Francisco Dog Training Club, Inc.
          San Gabriel Valley Club








                                                                  AB 1634
                                                                  Page  22

          San Joaquin Dog Training Club
          San Joaquin Kennel Club, Inc.
          San Joaquin Valley Border Collie Association
          San Lorenzo Dog Training Club, Inc.
          San Maria/San Luis Bay German Shepherd Dog Club
          San Mateo Dog Training Club, Inc.
          Sand to Sea Non Sporting Association of Southern California,  
          Inc.
          Santa Ana Valley Kennel Club 
          Santa Clara Dog Training Club, Inc.
          Santa Clara Valley Cat Fanciers, Inc.
          Santa Clara Valley Kennel Club
          Santa Clara Valley Kennel Club
          Santa Cruz Kennel Club
          Save Our Dogs
          Scottish Deerhound Club of America
          Scottish Terrier Club of California
          Shasta Kennel Club
          Shetland Sheepdog Club of Northern California
          Sho-Gun German Shepherds
          Shoreline Dog Fanciers of Orange County California
          Sierra Vista Labrador Retriever Club
          Sierra West Bernese Mountain Dog Club
          Sierra-Tuolumne Kennel Club
          Sir Francis Drake Kennel Club
          Siskiyou Houndsmen
          Skansen Kennel
          Skye Terrier Club of America
          Skye Terrier Club of Southern California Inc
          Skyline Dog Fanciers of San Mateo County
          Small Munsterlander Club of North America Inc.
          SoCal BARF
          Society for the Perpetuation of Desert Bred Salukis
          Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier Club of Southern California
          Somis Schutzhund Club
          South Bay Kennel Club, Inc.
          South Coast Basenji Fanciers Inc.
          South Coast Jack Russell Terrier Club, Inc.
          Southern California Collie Club
          Southern California Dog Obedience Council Inc.
          Southern California Gordon Setter Fanciers
          Southern California Portuguese Water Dog Club Inc.
          Southern California Siamese Rescue
          Southern California Siberian Husky Fanciers
          Southern California Whippet Association








                                                                  AB 1634
                                                                  Page  23

          Southern California Whippet Association
          Southland Sheltie Rescue Inc.
          Southwestern Rottweiler Club of San Diego Inc.
          Sportsmen's and Animal Owner's Voting Alliance
          Sportsmen's Council of Central California
          Standard Schnauzer Club of Southern California
          Stanislaus County Schutzhund Club
          Sunshine Dachshund Club of Jacksonville Inc.
          Tepe Gawra Salukis
          The American Fox Terrier Club
          The American Fox Terrier Club, Inc.
          The American Lhasa Apso Rescue of Northern California
          The Animal Council
          The Border Terrier Club of America
          The California Sportsman's Lobby, Inc.
          The Camino Real Siberian Husky Club
          The Cat Fanciers' Association, Inc.
          The City of Angels Pomeranian Club
          The English Setter Club of New England
          The English Shepherd Club
          The Florida Gulfcoast Dachshund Club
          The Golden Retriever Club of America
          The Golden Retriever Club of Greater Los Angeles
          The Golden Retriever Club of Greater Los Angeles
          The Greyhound Club of Northern California
          The International Cat Association
          The Jack Russell Terrier Club
          The Scottish Terrier Club of California
          The Staffordshire Bull Terrier Club of America
          The Standard Schnauzer Club of Southern California
          The Ultimutt Pet Spa in Ojai
          T'ien-Shan Pugs
          Tonkinese Breed Association
          Tonks West
          Toy Breeders Association of Southern California
          Toy Dog Fanciers of North San Diego County
          Tri County Houndsmen
          Tri Valley Shetland Sheepdog Club of NW Los Angeles
          Truckee Meadows Dog Training Club Inc.
          Tule River Houndsmen
          Two Cities Kennel Club
          United Doberman Club
          United Houndsmen of California
          United Kennel Club
          United Schultzhund Club of America








                                                                  AB 1634
                                                                  Page  24
                            
          United Sportsmen's Alliance
          Ups N Downs Agility Club 
          Valley of the Moon Cat Franciers
          Versatility in Poodles Inc.
          Vintage Shorthairs Cat Club
          Vom Kriegsherren Kennels
          Vom Trey Geist Working Dogs
          Von Sontausen Working German Shepherd Dogs
          West Highland White Terrier Club of California
          West Shore Shorthair Cat Club
          Western Borzoi Coursing Club
          Western Dog Judges Association of America
          Western Fox Terrier Breeders Association
          Western Kennel Association Inc.
          Western Rottweiler Owners
          Western States Police Canine Association
          Working Riesenschnauzer Federation
          www.rangerover.net
          Yorkshire Terrier Club of America Inc.
          Yorkshire Terrier Club of Los Angeles
          Thousands of individuals
           
          Analysis Prepared by  :    Tracy Rhine / B. & P. / (916) 319-3301