BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    



                                                                       



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          |SENATE RULES COMMITTEE            |                   SB 828|
          |Office of Senate Floor Analyses   |                         |
          |1020 N Street, Suite 524          |                         |
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                                 THIRD READING


          Bill No:  SB 828
          Author:   Padilla (D)
          Amended:  5/17/07
          Vote:     21

           
           SENATE GOVERNMENTAL ORG. COMMITTEE  :  8-0, 4/24/07
          AYES:  Florez, Denham, Battin, Negrete McLeod, Vincent,  
            Wiggins, Wyland, Yee
          NO VOTE RECORDED:  Maldonado

           SENATE APPROPRIATIONS COMMITTEE  :  15-0, 5/14/07
          AYES:  Torlakson, Cox, Aanestad, Ashburn, Calderon,  
            Cedillo, Corbett, Correa, Dutton, Florez, Kuehl,  
            Ridley-Thomas, Runner, Wyland, Yee
          NO VOTE RECORDED:  Battin, Oropeza


           SUBJECT  :    Firefighters:  accelerate detection dogs

           SOURCE  :     California State Firefighters Association


           DIGEST  :    This bill requires the State Fire Marshal, in  
          conjunction with recognized statewide fire investigation  
          entities to update and amend standards and procedures for  
          accelerate detection dogs and their handlers, as specified.  
           This bill requires these standards and procedures to be  
          updated and amended on or before January 1, 2009, and to be  
          based upon information from publications by recognized  
          statewide fire investigation entities, as specified. 

           ANALYSIS  :    Existing law requires peace officer and  
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          civilian drug detection canine trainers working under the  
          direction of a law enforcement agency to follow specified  
          protocols of behavior.

          The State Fire Marshal (SFM) is responsible for approving  
          regulations and developing building standards that promote  
          fire and life safety for inclusion into Title 24,  
          California Code of Regulations (e.g., Building Code, Fire  
          Code, Electrical Code, Mechanical Code, Plumbing and  
          Historical Building Code, etc.).  In addition to the  
          building standards adopted by the SFM in Title 24, the SFM  
          is responsible for other regulations contained in Title 19,  
          California Code of Regulations.  These regulations govern  
          fire and panic safety, including fire protection systems in  
          all buildings, fireworks, flammable fabric standards, flame  
          retardant chemicals, explosives, gasoline vapor control  
          systems, and hazardous liquid pipeline safety.

          This bill:

          1.Requires, on or before January 1, 2009, the SFM, in  
            conjunction with recognized statewide fire investigation  
            entities, including, but not limited to, the California  
            State Firefighters Association (CSFA), to update and  
            amend standards and procedures for accelerate detection  
            dogs and their handlers.

          2.Stipulates that these standards and procedures shall  
            include, but are not limited to, department and handler  
            selection and evaluation, canine selection, fire scene  
            practices, blind odor recognition testing, field  
            searches, searching people, and statutes and regulations  
            relating to the use of accelerant detection dogs.

          3.Stipulates that these standards and procedures shall  
            consider information from and publications by recognized  
            statewide fire investigation entities, including, but not  
            limited to, the CSFA.

           Background

          History of the Fire Service Dog  .  The use of dogs in the  
          fire service dates back to the 18th century when horses  
          were used to pull steam pumpers.  Dalmatians were used to  







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          keep the horses company in their stables and to keep them  
          calm at fire scenes until their role diminished into that  
          of a mascot.  Today, man's best friend is playing another  
          important role in the fire service, namely to assist fire  
          investigators in locating evidence of ignitable liquids or  
          accelerants such as petrol, kerosene, diesel fuel, etc.   
          Dogs have also been used successfully for some time in drug  
          and bomb detection.

          A training program initiated in the mid-1980's, as a joint  
          effort between the federal Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and  
          Firearms (BATF) and the Connecticut State Police (CSP),  
          proved to be an unmitigated success when the capability of  
          a Labrador Retriever, used by the CSP, to detect the odor  
          of accelerants, exceeded any expectations.  The success of  
          this particular training program resulted in the  
          establishment of various federal, state, local and private  
          K-9 training programs.

           CSFA Accelerant Detection K-0 Team Standards January 2007  .   
          In September 2006, the CSFA established an Accelerant  
          Detection K-9 advisory group for the purpose of developing  
          acceptable standards for the working Accelerated Detection  
          K-0's in the State of California.  The group looked at  
          several areas relevant to the K-9 program including, but  
          not limited to, department selection, handler selection and  
          evaluation, canine selection, fire scene search practices,  
          blind odor recognition testing, field searches people  
          searches, and the law, in general, as it pertains to the  
          utilization of K-9's.  The standards developed by the  
          working group are intended to assist fire and police  
          agencies that utilize K-9 teams.

           Federal Legislation  .  H.R. 659, the "Canine Detection  
          Improvement Act of 2007," addresses the need for improved  
          and coordinated training, encourages the use of domestic  
          dogs and confronts the need for more dogs by establishing a  
          "Domestic Canine Breeding Grant Program" to increase canine  
          numbers through both public and private means.  H.R. 659  
          also proposes to create a canine team accreditation board  
          to ensure proper certification standards and to prevent  
          fraud and abuse.

           FISCAL EFFECT  :    Appropriation:  No   Fiscal Com.:  Yes    







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          Local:  No

                          Fiscal Impact (in thousands)

           Major Provisions             2007-08             2008-09          
              2009-10             Fund

           Arson dog standards      Up to $100 one time                 
                                 General
          and procedures

           SUPPORT  :   (Verified  5/18/07)

          California State Firefighters Association (source)
          California Fire Chiefs Association
          North American Police Work Dog Association
          California Narcotic Canine Association


          TSM:cm  5/18/07   Senate Floor Analyses 

                         SUPPORT/OPPOSITION:  SEE ABOVE

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