BILL ANALYSIS Senate Appropriations Committee Fiscal Summary Senator Christine Kehoe, Chair 1653 (Jones) Hearing Date: 8/12/2010 Amended: 8/2/2010 Consultant: Katie Johnson Policy Vote: Health 6-2 _________________________________________________________________ ____ BILL SUMMARY: AB 1653, an urgency measure, would amend the methodology for the calculation, collection, and distribution of the existing provider fee on general acute care hospitals for the 21 months spanning April 1, 2009, to December 31, 2010, and would also establish a similar fee, effective January 1, 2011, through June 30, 2011. _________________________________________________________________ ____ Fiscal Impact (in thousands) Major Provisions 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 Fund Fee revenue prior to ($3,081,000) $0 $0 Special* December 31, 2010 Supplemental payments $2,000,000 $0 $0 Special/** to hospitals prior to $3,215,000 $0 $0 Federal December 31, 2010 Grant to DPHs prior $516,000 $0 $0 Special* to December 31, 2010 Children's coverage prior $560,000 $0 $0 Special*** to December 31, 2010 $560,000 - $1,040,000 $0 $0Federal QAF revenue January 1, (likely $500 million - $1 billion) Special* 2011, to June 30, 2011 Supplemental payments likely $500 million - $1.5 billion Special/** to hospitals January 1, 2011, Federal through June 30, 2011-includes managed care, DPH payments, children's coverage DHCS QAF start-up and admin- likely hundreds of thousands of dollars General/**** istration January 1, 2011 to commencing upon the passage of this bill Federal June 30, 2011 *Hospital Quality Assurance Revenue Fund (Hospital QA Revenue Fund) **Approximately 50 percent federal funds, 50 percent Hospital QA Revenue Fund; significant General Fund cost pressure upon the expiration of the QAF ***35-50 percent Hospital QA Revenue Fund, 50-65 percent federal funds ****50 percent General Fund, 50 percent federal funds _________________________________________________________________ ____ STAFF COMMENTS: SUSPENSE FILE. AS PROPOSED TO BE AMENDED. Page 2 AB 1653 (Jones) This bill would: 1) amend the provisions of existing law set in statute by AB 1383 (Jones), Chapter 627, and its companion measure AB 188 (Jones), Chapter 645, Statutes of 2009 (further referred to as AB 1383), to conform to a pending agreement between the Department of Health Care Services (DHCS) and the federal Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), the federal entity that approves provider fees, in order to allow DHCS to collect the AB 1383 fee and to make the subsequent supplemental payments to hospitals, as specified, and, 2) establish a similar quality assurance fee (QAF) on specified general acute care hospitals for the period January 1, 2011, to June 30, 2011. Background Existing federal law permits the use of health-care related taxes levied on providers of health care. However, they must conform to specified standards, as follows, and be approved by CMS: 1) be broad-based; 2) not exceed 25 percent of the state share of Medicaid expenditures; 3) payers of the tax cannot be explicitly held harmless. Many states, including California, utilize health-care related taxes, such as QAFs to fund a portion of the state share of health care costs. These revenues are available to draw down matching federal funds and enable states to increase provider reimbursement rates. California currently imposes three provider fees for Medi-Cal, specifically, a quality improvement fee on Medi-Cal managed care plans, a quality assurance fee on skilled nursing facilities (SNFs), and a quality assurance fee on intermediate care facilities for the developmentally disabled (ICF-DD). In February of 2009, President Obama signed the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act (ARRA) into law. As a result, the federal medical assistance percentage (FMAP) increased from 50 percent to 61.59 percent. Retroactively from October 1, 2008, through December 31, 2010, the federal government would pay for 61.59 percent and the state General Fund would pay for 38.41 percent of benefit-related Medi-Cal expenditures. Amendments to Existing AB 1383 and Estimated Revenue Adjustments AB 1383 was enacted with the intent to maximize the state's opportunities to utilize the enhanced ARRA FMAP. It expires December 31, 2010, and DHCS is in final negotiations with CMS. This bill would make the agreed upon changes to existing statute. In AB 1383, hospitals were required to pay a provider fee to DHCS, which would deposit the revenues into the Hospital Quality Assurance Revenue Fund, as follows: 1) $233.66 per fee-for-service day; 2) $27.25 per managed care day; 3) $293 per Medi-Cal day. Total QAF revenue over a period of 21 months, April 1, 2009, to December 31, 2010, was expected to be approximately $3.6 billion in total and federal matching funds were estimated to bring the total aggregate amount of supplemental payments to non-designated public hospitals to $6.5 billion. Page 3 AB 1653 (Jones) This bill would change those amounts to be as follows: 1) $232.00 per Medi-Cal day; 2) $22.50 per managed care day; 3) $215.30 per fee-for-service day. Over the same 21 month period, revenue estimates based on the updated methodology in this bill are now $3.08 billion in total. The decrease is expected revenue is mainly due to a decrease in Medi-Cal managed care payments from $1.4 billion to $730 million annualized. Additionally, under AB 1383, designated public hospitals (DPHs) were expected to receive $310 million per year; this bill would decrease that amount to $295 million annualized, or a total of $516 million over the 21 months. The $320 million annual QAF revenue set aside for children's coverage would remain unchanged and would total $560 million over 21 months and would be eligible to draw down a federal match of $560 million - $1.04 billion depending on whether the funds would be matched at the 50 percent FMAP rate for Medi-Cal or at the 65 percent FMAP rate for Healthy Families. After subtracting out $516 million for DHPs and $560 million for children's coverage, as discussed above, it is expected that $2 billion in QAF revenue would be eligible to be matched with federal funds. The total federal funds would be $3.2 billion, for a total of $5.2 billion in payments to hospitals other than DPHs, as specified by the methodology updated by this bill. Other amendments to AB 1383's existing payment methodology include changes to the amount of supplemental payments to which hospitals providing subacute services and hospitals that are small and/or rural are entitled, and increased capitation payments to managed care plans, as specified. QAF revenues would represent 38.41 percent and the federal funds would be 61.59 percent of the $5.2 billion in payments. The timing of the QAF payment and collection and the subsequent matching with federal funds and supplemental payments to hospitals will ultimately determine if these revenue and payment projections are achieved. DHCS would need to disburse all of the supplemental payments by December 31, 2010, in order to maximize federal financial participation. While this bill contains a timeline, the department has yet to confirm that it could meet that timeline or to suggest an alternative. Establishment of QAF for January 1, 2011 - June 30, 2011 This bill would establish a QAF on specified private general acute care hospitals, as specified, as under AB 1383. The revenues would be used to make supplemental payments for the same purposes as provided for in AB 1383. The QAF would be computed commencing January 1, 2011, and would continue through June 30, 2011, via a method of calculation that is signified by a blank space in this bill. This bill's timeframe is meant to coincide with a possible extension of the enhanced FMAP. On August 5, the Senate passed H.R. 1586 by a vote of 61-39, which would extend the ARRA enhanced Medicaid match for six additional months-January 1, 2011, through June 30, 2011. Page 4 AB 1653 (Jones) However, rates would be lower than for the existing enhanced FMAP of 6.2 percent. The enhanced FMAP extension would be 3.2 percent for January 1, 2011, through March 31, 2011, and would then decrease to 1.2 percent for April 1, 2011, through June 30, 2011. The House is expected to vote on H.R. 1586 on August 10. Since the enhanced FMAP extension would be at a different level than the one established by ARRA in 2009, the hospital QAF and payment methodologies provided for in this bill to implement AB 1383 would need to be altered and approved by CMS for the proposed January 1, 2011, through June 30, 2011, QAF to be implemented. Although this bill would require DHCS to seek any federal approvals necessary to implement these provisions and to obtain matching federal financial participation to the maximum extent possible, staff recommends that this bill be amended to specify that its implementation be contingent upon federal financial participation. Since the method of calculation and the details of disbursement are represented by blank spaces in this bill, the amount of revenue expected to be collected and matched by federal funds and the amount in payments DHCS would subsequently make to hospitals are unknown. However, revenue estimates for AB 1383 are expected to be roughly $1.76 billion annually. Therefore, it is likely that the revenue generated and the subsequent supplemental payments made pursuant to this bill would be $500 million - $1.5 billion in the latter half of FY 2010-2011. This bill would specify that the monies collected would be "continuously appropriated, without regard to fiscal year, as follows: ___." Staff recommends this bill be amended to instead make the expenditure of the funds contingent upon appropriation of the Legislature in order to make expenditures consistent with those in the Hospital Quality Assurance Revenue Fund, which may only be appropriated by the Legislature, and to maintain Legislative oversight. Staff additionally recommends that the bill be amended to specify that QAF revenue and federal matching funds be sufficient to cover the cost of the supplemental payments and the department's administration of the QAF when specified by this bill. AB 188 appropriated a $1 million loan from the Private Hospital Supplemental Fund and $1 million in matching funds from the Federal Trust Fund for administrative costs related to the implementation of AB 1383. At its March 25 hearing, the Senate Budget Committee approved the proposed $2 million expenditure to fund 14 staff for two years to implement AB 1383. A final budget has yet to be signed by the Governor. It is possible that DHCS AB 1383 staff could absorb the administrative workload related to this bill. Staff notes that there would be considerable General Fund cost pressure to continue to pay supplemental payments to hospitals beyond June 30, 2011. In light of California's budget problems and its already low Medi-Cal provider rates, it is unlikely that the state would be able to fund provider supplemental payments in the absence of a new funding source, such as subsequent QAF. The author's proposed amendments would restore language relating to district hospitals that was adopted in the Senate Health Committee and subsequently removed.