BILL NUMBER: AB 2016	ENROLLED
	BILL TEXT

	PASSED THE SENATE  JUNE 28, 2010
	PASSED THE ASSEMBLY  AUGUST 2, 2010
	AMENDED IN SENATE  JUNE 22, 2010

INTRODUCED BY   Assembly Member Torres

                        FEBRUARY 17, 2010

   An act to amend Section 2924b of the Civil Code, relating to
common interest developments.


	LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


   AB 2016, Torres. Common interest developments: requests for
notices of default.
   The Davis-Stirling Common Interest Development Act provides for
the creation and regulation of common interest developments. Under
existing law, a common interest development is managed by an
association pursuant to the provisions of the governing documents of
the development.
   Existing law requires a trustee or mortgagee to record a notice of
default and to post and publish a notice of sale prior to selling
real property at a foreclosure sale. Existing law allows an
association, with respect to separate interests governed by the
association, to record a single request that a mortgagee, trustee, or
other person authorized to record a notice of default regarding any
of those separate interests mail to the association a copy of any
trustee's deed upon sale concerning a separate interest, as
specified.
   This bill would clarify that a request by an association for
notification of trustee's deed of sale does not, for purposes of a
specified statute, constitute a document that either effects or
evidences a transfer or encumbrance of an interest in real property
or that releases or terminates any interest, right, or encumbrance of
an interest in real property.


THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  SECTION 1.  Section 2924b of the Civil Code is amended to read:
   2924b.  (a) Any person desiring a copy of any notice of default
and of any notice of sale under any deed of trust or mortgage with
power of sale upon real property or an estate for years therein, as
to which deed of trust or mortgage the power of sale cannot be
exercised until these notices are given for the time and in the
manner provided in Section 2924 may, at any time subsequent to
recordation of the deed of trust or mortgage and prior to recordation
of notice of default thereunder, cause to be filed for record in the
office of the recorder of any county in which any part or parcel of
the real property is situated, a duly acknowledged request for a copy
of the notice of default and of sale. This request shall be signed
and acknowledged by the person making the request, specifying the
name and address of the person to whom the notice is to be mailed,
shall identify the deed of trust or mortgage by stating the names of
the parties thereto, the date of recordation thereof, and the book
and page where the deed of trust or mortgage is recorded or the
recorder's number, and shall be in substantially the following form:
  ""In accordance with Section 2924b, Civil Code,
request is hereby
made that a copy of any notice of default and a
copy of any notice of sale
under the deed of trust (or mortgage) recorded
______, ____, in Book
_____ page ____ records of ____ County, (or filed
for record with
recorder's serial number ____, _______ County)
California, executed
by ____ as       trustor (or mortgagor) in which
________ is named as
beneficiary (or mortgagee) and ______________ as
trustee be mailed to
_________________ at   __________________________.
          Name                    Address
NOTICE:  A copy of any notice of default and of
any notice of sale will be
sent only to the address contained in this
recorded request. If your address changes, a new
request must be recorded.
                        Signature  ______________''


   Upon the filing for record of the request, the recorder shall
index in the general index of grantors the names of the trustors (or
mortgagor) recited therein and the names of persons requesting
copies.
   (b) The mortgagee, trustee, or other person authorized to record
the notice of default or the notice of sale shall do each of the
following:
   (1) Within 10 business days following recordation of the notice of
default, deposit or cause to be deposited in the United States mail
an envelope, sent by registered or certified mail with postage
prepaid, containing a copy of the notice with the recording date
shown thereon, addressed to each person whose name and address are
set forth in a duly recorded request therefor, directed to the
address designated in the request and to each trustor or mortgagor at
his or her last known address if different than the address
specified in the deed of trust or mortgage with power of sale.
   (2) At least 20 days before the date of sale, deposit or cause to
be deposited in the United States mail an envelope, sent by
registered or certified mail with postage prepaid, containing a copy
of the notice of the time and place of sale, addressed to each person
whose name and address are set forth in a duly recorded request
therefor, directed to the address designated in the request and to
each trustor or mortgagor at his or her last known address if
different than the address specified in the deed of trust or mortgage
with power of sale.
   (3) As used in paragraphs (1) and (2), the "last known address" of
each trustor or mortgagor means the last business or residence
physical address actually known by the mortgagee, beneficiary,
trustee, or other person authorized to record the notice of default.
For the purposes of this subdivision, an address is "actually known"
if it is contained in the original deed of trust or mortgage, or in
any subsequent written notification of a change of physical address
from the trustor or mortgagor pursuant to the deed of trust or
mortgage. For the purposes of this subdivision, "physical address"
does not include an e-mail or any form of electronic address for a
trustor or mortgagor. The beneficiary shall inform the trustee of the
trustor's last address actually known by the beneficiary. However,
the trustee shall incur no liability for failing to send any notice
to the last address unless the trustee has actual knowledge of it.
   (4) A "person authorized to record the notice of default or the
notice of sale" shall include an agent for the mortgagee or
beneficiary, an agent of the named trustee, any person designated in
an executed substitution of trustee, or an agent of that substituted
trustee.
   (c) The mortgagee, trustee, or other person authorized to record
the notice of default or the notice of sale shall do the following:
   (1) Within one month following recordation of the notice of
default, deposit or cause to be deposited in the United States mail
an envelope, sent by registered or certified mail with postage
prepaid, containing a copy of the notice with the recording date
shown thereon, addressed to each person set forth in paragraph (2),
provided that the estate or interest of any person entitled to
receive notice under this subdivision is acquired by an instrument
sufficient to impart constructive notice of the estate or interest in
the land or portion thereof that is subject to the deed of trust or
mortgage being foreclosed, and provided the instrument is recorded in
the office of the county recorder so as to impart that constructive
notice prior to the recording date of the notice of default and
provided the instrument as so recorded sets forth a mailing address
that the county recorder shall use, as instructed within the
instrument, for the return of the instrument after recording, and
which address shall be the address used for the purposes of mailing
notices herein.
   (2) The persons to whom notice shall be mailed under this
subdivision are:
   (A) The successor in interest, as of the recording date of the
notice of default, of the estate or interest or any portion thereof
of the trustor or mortgagor of the deed of trust or mortgage being
foreclosed.
   (B) The beneficiary or mortgagee of any deed of trust or mortgage
recorded subsequent to the deed of trust or mortgage being
foreclosed, or recorded prior to or concurrently with the deed of
trust or mortgage being foreclosed but subject to a recorded
agreement or a recorded statement of subordination to the deed of
trust or mortgage being foreclosed.
   (C) The assignee of any interest of the beneficiary or mortgagee
described in subparagraph (B), as of the recording date of the notice
of default.
   (D) The vendee of any contract of sale, or the lessee of any
lease, of the estate or interest being foreclosed that is recorded
subsequent to the deed of trust or mortgage being foreclosed, or
recorded prior to or concurrently with the deed of trust or mortgage
being foreclosed but subject to a recorded agreement or statement of
subordination to the deed of trust or mortgage being foreclosed.
   (E) The successor in interest to the vendee or lessee described in
subparagraph (D), as of the recording date of the notice of default.

   (F) The office of the Controller, Sacramento, California, where,
as of the recording date of the notice of default, a "Notice of Lien
for Postponed Property Taxes" has been recorded against the real
property to which the notice of default applies.
   (3) At least 20 days before the date of sale, deposit or cause to
be deposited in the United States mail an envelope, sent by
registered or certified mail with postage prepaid, containing a copy
of the notice of the time and place of sale addressed to each person
to whom a copy of the notice of default is to be mailed as provided
in paragraphs (1) and (2), and addressed to the office of any state
taxing agency, Sacramento, California, that has recorded, subsequent
to the deed of trust or mortgage being foreclosed, a notice of tax
lien prior to the recording date of the notice of default against the
real property to which the notice of default applies.
   (4) Provide a copy of the notice of sale to the Internal Revenue
Service, in accordance with Section 7425 of the Internal Revenue Code
and any applicable federal regulation, if a "Notice of Federal Tax
Lien under Internal Revenue Laws" has been recorded, subsequent to
the deed of trust or mortgage being foreclosed, against the real
property to which the notice of sale applies. The failure to provide
the Internal Revenue Service with a copy of the notice of sale
pursuant to this paragraph shall be sufficient cause to rescind the
trustee's sale and invalidate the trustee's deed, at the option of
either the successful bidder at the trustee's sale or the trustee,
and in either case with the consent of the beneficiary. Any option to
rescind the trustee's sale pursuant to this paragraph shall be
exercised prior to any transfer of the property by the successful
bidder to a bona fide purchaser for value. A recision of the trustee'
s sale pursuant to this paragraph may be recorded in a notice of
recision pursuant to Section 1058.5.
   (5) The mailing of notices in the manner set forth in paragraph
(1) shall not impose upon any licensed attorney, agent, or employee
of any person entitled to receive notices as herein set forth any
duty to communicate the notice to the entitled person from the fact
that the mailing address used by the county recorder is the address
of the attorney, agent, or employee.
   (d) Any deed of trust or mortgage with power of sale hereafter
executed upon real property or an estate for years therein may
contain a request that a copy of any notice of default and a copy of
any notice of sale thereunder shall be mailed to any person or party
thereto at the address of the person given therein, and a copy of any
notice of default and of any notice of sale shall be mailed to each
of these at the same time and in the same manner required as though a
separate request therefor had been filed by each of these persons as
herein authorized. If any deed of trust or mortgage with power of
sale executed after September 19, 1939, except a deed of trust or
mortgage of any of the classes excepted from the provisions of
Section 2924, does not contain a mailing address of the trustor or
mortgagor therein named, and if no request for special notice by the
trustor or mortgagor in substantially the form set forth in this
section has subsequently been recorded, a copy of the notice of
default shall be published once a week for at least four weeks in a
newspaper of general circulation in the county in which the property
is situated, the publication to commence within 10 business days
after the filing of the notice of default. In lieu of publication, a
copy of the notice of default may be delivered personally to the
trustor or mortgagor within the 10 business days or at any time
before publication is completed, or by posting the notice of default
in a conspicuous place on the property and mailing the notice to the
last known address of the trustor or mortgagor.
   (e) Any person required to mail a copy of a notice of default or
notice of sale to each trustor or mortgagor pursuant to subdivision
(b) or (c) by registered or certified mail shall simultaneously cause
to be deposited in the United States mail, with postage prepaid and
mailed by first-class mail, an envelope containing an additional copy
of the required notice addressed to each trustor or mortgagor at the
same address to which the notice is sent by registered or certified
mail pursuant to subdivision (b) or (c). The person shall execute and
retain an affidavit identifying the notice mailed, showing the name
and residence or business address of that person, that he or she is
over the age of 18 years, the date of deposit in the mail, the name
and address of the trustor or mortgagor to whom sent, and that the
envelope was sealed and deposited in the mail with postage fully
prepaid. In the absence of fraud, the affidavit required by this
subdivision shall establish a conclusive presumption of mailing.
   (f) (1) Notwithstanding subdivision (a), with respect to separate
interests governed by an association, as defined in subdivision (a)
of Section 1351, the association may cause to be filed in the office
of the recorder in the county in which the separate interests are
situated a request that a mortgagee, trustee, or other person
authorized to record a notice of default regarding any of those
separate interests mail to the association a copy of any trustee's
deed upon sale concerning a separate interest. The request shall
include a legal description or the assessor's parcel number of all
the separate interests. A request recorded pursuant to this
subdivision shall include the name and address of the association and
a statement that it is a homeowners' association. Subsequent
requests of an association shall supersede prior requests. A request
pursuant to this subdivision shall be recorded before the filing of a
notice of default. The mortgagee, trustee, or other authorized
person shall mail the requested information to the association within
15 business days following the date the trustee's deed is recorded.
Failure to mail the request, pursuant to this subdivision, shall not
affect the title to real property.
   (2) A request filed pursuant to paragraph (1) does not, for
purposes of Section 27288.1 of the Government Code, constitute a
document that either effects or evidences a transfer or encumbrance
of an interest in real property or that releases or terminates any
interest, right, or encumbrance of an interest in real property.
   (g) No request for a copy of any notice filed for record pursuant
to this section, no statement or allegation in the request, and no
record thereof shall affect the title to real property or be deemed
notice to any person that any person requesting copies of notice has
or claims any right, title, or interest in, or lien or charge upon
the property described in the deed of trust or mortgage referred to
therein.
   (h) "Business day," as used in this section, has the meaning
specified in Section 9.