BILL NUMBER: AB 2023	AMENDED
	BILL TEXT

	AMENDED IN ASSEMBLY  MARCH 25, 2010

INTRODUCED BY   Assembly Member Saldana

                        FEBRUARY 17, 2010

   An act to amend  Section 15152 of   Sections
15620, 15621, 16401, and 16421 of, and to add Chapter 8.5 (commencing
with Section 15560) to Division 15 of,  the Elections Code,
relating to elections.



	LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


   AB 2023, as amended, Saldana. Election results. 
   Existing law requires that, after an election, each county conduct
an official canvass of the ballots cast in the election and report
the final results to the relevant governing board and the Secretary
of State.  
   This bill would authorize the Secretary of State to establish a
postcanvass risk-limiting audit pilot program in 5 or more
voluntarily participating counties for the purpose of verifying the
accuracy of election results. Under the program, a participating
county would conduct an audit of one or more contests in each
election after the tabulation of the unofficial final results, as
defined, or after completion of the official canvass for the
election. The bill would require that the audit be conducted in
public view and by manual tally, and would further require the
Secretary of State to report to the Legislature on or before March 1,
2012, on the effectiveness and efficiency of these audits. 

   Existing law requires the elections official of a county to
conduct a semifinal official canvass of the results of an election
immediately upon the close of the polls and to make the results of
the balloting public. An elections official is not permitted to make
public the results for a candidate or a ballot measure until all the
polls have closed in that county and every other county in which the
candidate or ballot measure is being voted upon.  
   This bill would make nonsubstantive changes to those provisions.

   Vote: majority. Appropriation: no. Fiscal committee:  no
  yes  . State-mandated local program: no.


THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

   SECTION 1.    Chapter 8.5 (commencing with Section
15560) is added to Division 15 of the   Elections Code 
 , to read:  
      CHAPTER 8.5.  POSTCANVASS RISK-LIMITING AUDIT PILOT PROGRAM


   15560.  (a) The Secretary of State is authorized to establish a
postcanvass risk-limiting audit pilot program in five or more
counties to improve the accuracy of, and public confidence in,
election results. The Secretary of State is encouraged to include
urban and rural counties; counties from northern, central, and
southern California; and counties with various different voting
systems.
   (b) The pilot program described in subdivision (a) shall be
conducted as follows:
   (1) During the year 2011, each county that chooses to participate
in the pilot program shall conduct a postcanvass risk-limiting audit
of one or more contests after each election in that county.
   (2) An elections official conducting an audit pursuant to this
section shall do all of the following:
   (A) Provide at least a five-day public notice of the time and
place of the random selection of the audit units to be manually
tallied and of the time and place of the audit.
   (B) Make available to the public a report of the vote tabulating
device results for the contest, including the results for each audit
unit in the contest, prior to the random selection of audit units to
be manually tallied and prior to the commencement of the audit.
   (C) Conduct the audit upon tabulation of the unofficial final
results or upon completion of the official canvass for the election.
   (D) Conduct the audit in public view by hand without the use of
electronic scanning equipment using the tally procedures established
by Section 15360 for conducting a manual tally.
   (3) On or before March 1, 2012, the Secretary of State shall
report to the Legislature on the effectiveness and efficiency of
postcanvass risk-limiting audits conducted pursuant to this section.
The report shall include an analysis of the efficiency of postcanvass
risk-limiting audits, including the costs of performing the audits,
as compared to the 1 percent manual tallies conducted in the same
election pursuant to Section 15360.
   (c) An audit shall not be conducted pursuant to this section with
respect to a state or multijurisdictional contest unless all of the
counties involved in the contest choose to participate in the pilot
program authorized by this section.
   (d) For purposes of this section, the following terms have the
following meanings:
   (1) "Audit unit" means a precinct, a set of ballots, or a single
ballot. A precinct, a set of ballots, or a single ballot may be used
as an audit unit for purposes of this section only if all of the
following conditions are satisfied:
   (A) The relevant vote tabulating device is able to produce a
report of the votes cast in the precinct, set of ballots, or single
ballot.
   (B) The elections official is able to match the report described
in subparagraph (A) with the ballots corresponding to the report for
purposes of conducting an audit pursuant to this section.
   (C) Each ballot is assigned to not more than one audit unit.
   (2) "Contest" means an election for an office or for a measure.
"Contest" shall not include either of the following:
   (A) An election for a political party central committee, as
provided in Division 7 (commencing with Section 7000).
   (B) An advisory election, as provided in Section 9603.
   (3) "Risk-limiting audit" means a manual tally employing a
statistical method that ensures a large, predetermined minimum chance
of requiring a full manual tally whenever a full manual tally would
show an electoral outcome that differs from the outcome reported by
the vote tabulating device for the audited contest. A risk-limiting
audit shall begin with a hand tally of the votes in one or more audit
units and shall continue to hand tally votes in additional audit
units until there is strong statistical evidence that the electoral
outcome is correct. In the event that counting additional audit units
does not provide strong statistical evidence that the electoral
outcome is correct, the audit shall continue until there has been a
full manual tally to determine the correct electoral outcome of the
audited contest.
   (4) "Unofficial final results" means election results tabulated
pursuant to an official canvass conducted pursuant to Chapter 4
(commencing with Section 15300) but not yet reported to the governing
board or the Secretary of State pursuant to subdivision (h) of
Section 15302. 
   SEC. 2.    Section 15620 of the   Elections
Code   is amended to read: 
   15620.  Following completion of the official canvass  and any
postcanvass risk-limiting audit conducted pursuant to Section 15560
 , any voter may, within five days thereafter, file with the
elections official responsible for conducting an election in the
county wherein the recount is sought a written request for a recount
of the votes cast for candidates for any office, for slates of
presidential electors, or for or against any measure, provided the
office, slate, or measure is not voted on statewide. The request
shall specify on behalf of which candidate, slate of electors, or
position on a measure (affirmative or negative) it is filed.
   If an election is conducted in more than one county, the request
for the recount may be filed by any voter within five days, beginning
on the 29th day after the election, with the elections official of,
and the recount may be conducted within, any or all of the affected
counties.
   For the purposes of this section, "completion of the canvass"
shall be presumed to be that time when the elections official signs
the certified statement of the results of the election except that,
in the case of a city election, if a city council canvasses the
returns itself and does not order the elections official to conduct
the canvass  as permitted by Section 10263  ,
"completion of the canvass" shall be presumed to be that time when
the governing body declares the persons elected or the measures
approved or defeated.
   SEC. 3.    Section 15621 of the   Elections
Code   is amended to read: 
   15621.  Following completion of the official canvass  and any
postcanvass risk-limiting audit conducted pursuant to Section 15560
 , any voter may, within five days beginning on the 29th day
after a statewide election, file with the Secretary of State a
written request for a recount of the votes cast for candidates for
any statewide office or for or against any measure voted on
statewide. The request shall specify in which county or counties the
recount is sought and shall specify on behalf of which candidate,
slate of electors, or position on a measure (affirmative or negative)
it is filed.
   The Secretary of State shall forthwith send by registered mail one
copy of the request to the elections official of each county in
which a recount of the votes is sought.
   All the other provisions of this article shall apply to recounts
conducted under this section.
   SEC. 4.    Section 16401 of the   Elections
Code   is amended to read: 
   16401.  The contestant shall verify the statement of contest, as
provided by Section 446 of the Code of Civil Procedure, and shall
file it within the following times after the declaration of the
result of the election  , and after the declaration of the
results of any postcanvass risk-limiting audit conducted pursuant to
Section 15560,  by the body canvassing the returns thereof:
   (a) In cases other than cases of a tie, where the contest is
brought on any of the grounds mentioned in subdivision (c) of Section
16100, six months.
   (b) In all cases of tie, 20 days.
   (c) In cases involving presidential electors, 10 days.
   (d) In all other cases, 30 days.
   SEC. 5.    Section 16421 of the   Elections
Code   is amended to read: 
   16421.  The affidavit shall be filed in the office of the clerk of
the superior court having jurisdiction  ,  within
five days after  either  the completion of the official
canvass  or the completion of any postcanvass risk-limiting audit
conducted pursuant to Section 15560  by the  board of
supervisors of the  county last making the declaration. 
In the case of an office for which candidates are certified 
 for the ballot by the Secretary of State, or in the case of a
statewide ballot measure, the superior court having jurisdiction
shall be the Superior Court for the County of Sacramento. 

  SECTION 1.    Section 15152 of the Elections Code
is amended to read:
   15152.  Neither the elections official, any member of a precinct
board, nor any other person shall count any votes, either for a
ballot proposition or for a candidate, until the close of the polls
in that county. After that time, the ballots for all candidates and
ballot propositions voted upon solely within the county shall be
counted and the results of the balloting made public. However, the
results for any candidate or ballot proposition also voted upon in
another county or counties shall not be made public until after all
the polls in that county and the other county or counties have
closed. This section applies regardless of whether the counting is
done by manual tabulation or by a vote tabulating device.