BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    



                                                                       



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          |SENATE RULES COMMITTEE            |                  AB 2086|
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                                 THIRD READING


          Bill No:  AB 2086
          Author:   Coto (D)
          Amended:  8/10/10
          Vote:     21


           SENATE EDUCATION COMMITTEE  :  7-0, 6/23/10
          AYES:  Romero, Huff, Alquist, Emmerson, Liu, Price,  
            Simitian
          NO VOTE RECORDED:  Hancock, Wyland

           SENATE APPROPRIATIONS COMMITTEE  :  Senate Rule 28.8

           ASSEMBLY FLOOR  :  70-1, 5/24/10 - See last page for vote


           SUBJECT  :    Cal Grant Program:  qualifying institutions:   
          publication of 
                      license examination passage rates

           SOURCE  :     Ed Voice


           DIGEST  :    This bill expands the requirements that must be  
          met by all postsecondary educational institutions for  
          purposes of participation in the Cal Grant Program to  
          include a requirement that provides information on where to  
          access license examination passage rates for the most  
          recently available year for graduates of its program if  
          that data is electronically available through the Internet  
          Web site of a state licensing or regulatory agency, as  
          specified.

                                                           CONTINUED





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           ANALYSIS  :    Current law establishes in the California  
          Department of Education the California Education  
          Information System, consisting of the California  
          Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System and the  
          California Longitudinal Teacher Integrated Data Education  
          System.  Current law specifies that the function of the  
          California Education Information System is to establish,  
          conduct, and by continuous concern keep up to date, a  
          basic, integrated, statewide information system for  
          education.

          Current law authorizes the Cal Grant Program, administered  
          by the California Student Aid Commission (CSAC), to provide  
          grants to financially needy students to attend college.   
          These grants are awarded to assist with the costs of a  
          program of study that results in the award of an associate  
          or baccalaureate degree or certificate requiring at least  
          24 semester units or the equivalent, or that result in  
          eligibility for transfer from a community college to a  
          baccalaureate degree program.

          Current law provides that a "qualifying institution" for  
          purpose of participation in the Cal Grant Program, must be  
          one of the following:

          1.A California private or independent postsecondary  
            educational institution that participates in the Pell  
            Grant program and at least two of the following:

             A.    Federal Work-Study.
             B.    Perkins Loan Program.
             C.    Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant  
                Program.

          2.A nonprofit institution headquartered and operating in  
            California that:

             A.    Certifies to the CSAC that 10 percent of its  
                operating budget, as demonstrated in an audited  
                financial statement, is expended for institutionally  
                funded student financial aid in the form of grants.

             B.    Demonstrates the capacity to administer the funds.








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             C.    Is accredited by the Western Association of  
                Schools and Colleges, or is regionally accredited and  
                was deemed qualified to participate in the Cal Grant  
                Program by CSAC for the 2000-0l academic year.

             D.    Meets any other state-required criteria adopted by  
                regulation by the CSAC in consultation with the  
                Department of Finance.

          This bill:

          1.Modifies codified legislative intent language regarding  
            the California Education Information System.   
            Specifically, the bill:

             A.    Declares that it is necessary to integrate the  
                data collected by existing data systems to provide an  
                understanding of the teacher workforce in the state  
                and the effectiveness of teacher preparation  
                programs.

             B.    Declares that it is important that policymakers  
                and teacher candidates have access to information on  
                the quality of teacher preparation programs.  

             C.    Declares that the quality indicators include the  
                extent to which teachers are prepared to work  
                effectively with all pupils, including English  
                language learners, special education pupils, and  
                socio-economically disadvantaged pupils.

             D.    Declares that access to public information already  
                available on various measures of the quality of  
                teacher preparation programs be available in  
                electronic format and be accessible to the extent  
                practicable through downloadable pages and reports  
                accessible to the public in a consolidated manner.

          2.Expands the requirements that must be met by a California  
            postsecondary educational institution in order to  
            participate in the Cal Grant Program to include the  
            requirement that the institution provide information on  
            where to access license examination passage rates for the  
            most recently available year from graduates of its  







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            program for which passage of a state licensing exam is  
            required, if the data is available electronically through  
            the Internet Web site of a state licensing or regulatory  
            agency.

          3.Authorizes the requirement in #2 above to be met by  
            placing a link to this data on the Internet Web site  
            where an institution's enrollment and application for  
            other program information is distributed to prospective  
            students.

          4.Assigns responsibility for certification of compliance  
            with this requirement to the postsecondary educational  
            institution.

          5.Makes other technical and conforming changes.

           Comments

           Under federal law, institutions that participate in the  
          Federal Title IV student aid programs are required to  
          report information to the National Center for Education  
          Statistics (NCES) for incorporation into the Integrated  
          Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS).  Although the  
          collected information is made publicly available, license  
          exam passage rates by institutions are not currently  
          collected or reported.

          While private postsecondary institutions operating in  
          California are already required to provide license exam  
          passage rates to students and the public, this bill imposes  
          a means for imposing a similar, but new, requirement on  
          California's public postsecondary institutions.

           Do Licensing Entities Provide This Information  ?  The  
          Department of Consumer Affairs consists of more than 40  
          boards, bureaus, committees, commissions, and other  
          programs that set minimum standards of competence,  
          education, and skills for an array of professions and  
          vocations.  These entities regulate diverse industries  
          including, but not limited to, nursing, cosmetology,  
          contracting, automotive repair, engineering, and  
          psychology.  These regulatory boards and bureaus license,  
          register, certify, permit, or approve individuals or  







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          businesses according to qualifications established by  
          legislation and regulation.

          This bill makes its disclosure requirements contingent upon  
          whether the state licensing or regulatory agency makes this  
          information available via its Internet Web site.  It is  
          unclear how many of these licensing entities currently make  
          license exam passage rates by school of graduation publicly  
          available in this manner, if at all.

           Disconnect for Teacher Credentialing Programs  ?  Teacher  
          credentialing programs are typically post-baccalaureate  
          programs and ineligible to participate in the current Cal  
          Grant Program.  The Cal Grant T program, specifically  
          designed to help post-baccalaureate students pursue their  
          initial California teaching credential, no longer accepts  
          applications since, due to severe budget constraints, the  
          Governor and the Legislature have not provided funding for  
          these awards since the 2002-03 academic year.

          Additionally, while the goal of providing information on  
          the effectiveness of these programs is worthwhile, it is  
          questionable whether exam passage rates are useful for this  
          purpose.  Not all teachers take the same examinations.   
          Because of the various pathways into the teaching  
          profession (all meeting the same standards) teachers can  
          meet requirements by exam, coursework, or proxy (as with  
          CBEST).  Currently, through its accreditation system, CTC  
          reviews and evaluates the effectiveness of teacher  
          preparation programs.  Under the system, all teacher  
          preparation programs, including those that are  
          district-based, provide information on an ongoing basis  
          about candidate competence and program effectiveness.   
          Programs must submit biennial reports to the CTC that  
          include an analysis of candidate competence data and the  
          improvements made to the program based on that date.  Based  
          on those reports, CTC identifies programs that need  
          technical assistance or monitoring, which includes at least  
          one site visit every seven years.

           Prior Legislation 

           AB 48 (Portantino), Chapter 210, Statutes of 2009,  
          established the Bureau for Private Postsecondary Education  







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          (BPPE) to provide for the approval, regulation,  
          enforcement, and reporting requirements for private  
          postsecondary educational institutions.  Among other  
          things, these institutions are required to provide  
          information on completion rates, placement rates, license  
          examination passage rates, and salary and wage information.  
           This information must be disclosed to prospective students  
          on a School Performance Fact Sheet, to the BPPE in an  
          annual report, and be made publicly available on the BPPE  
          Internet Web site by June 30, 2010.

           FISCAL EFFECT  :    Appropriation:  No   Fiscal Com.:  Yes    
          Local:  No

           SUPPORT  :   (Verified  8/10/10)

          EdVoice (source)
          Board of Behavioral Sciences
          California State Student Association

           OPPOSITION  :    (Verified  8/10/10)

          University of California

           ARGUMENTS IN SUPPORT  :    According to the author's office,  
          California currently has no easy public way to compare the  
          effectiveness of professional preparation programs in  
          postsecondary institutions of higher education.  The  
          purpose of this bill is to make students, parents,  
          taxpayers, policy makers, and employers aware of whether or  
          not the institutions and programs they attend, support,  
          and/or finance are effective in terms of student learning  
          and imparting of the skill necessary to be successful in  
          the workplace.  This bill ensures that one measure of the  
          effectiveness of postsecondary education program, license  
          exam passage rates, is made publicly available by  
          postsecondary institutions.

           ARGUMENTS IN OPPOSITION  :    In opposition, the University  
          of California (UC) states, "While UC is supportive of the  
          bill's call for greater transparency in higher education,  
          we object to the provisions of the bill that would tie an  
          institution's eligibility to participate in the Cal Grant  
          program to certain reporting requirements.  UC believes  







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          that "Tying undergraduate financial aid provided through  
          the Cal Grant program to the accessibility of passage rates  
          for licensing exams taken by graduate and professional  
          school students would appear to be misdirected and  
          inappropriate." 
           

           ASSEMBLY FLOOR  : 
          AYES:  Adams, Ammiano, Arambula, Beall, Bill Berryhill, Tom  
            Berryhill, Blakeslee, Block, Blumenfield, Bradford,  
            Brownley, Buchanan, Caballero, Charles Calderon, Carter,  
            Chesbro, Conway, Cook, Coto, Davis, De La Torre, De Leon,  
            DeVore, Emmerson, Eng, Feuer, Fletcher, Fong, Fuentes,  
            Fuller, Furutani, Gaines, Galgiani, Garrick, Gilmore,  
            Hagman, Harkey, Hayashi, Hill, Huber, Huffman, Jeffries,  
            Jones, Lieu, Logue, Bonnie Lowenthal, Ma, Mendoza,  
            Miller, Monning, Nestande, Niello, Nielsen, Norby, V.  
            Manuel Perez, Portantino, Ruskin, Salas, Silva, Skinner,  
            Smyth, Solorio, Audra Strickland, Swanson, Torlakson,  
            Torres, Torrico, Tran, Yamada, John A. Perez
          NOES:  Anderson
          NO VOTE RECORDED:  Bass, Evans, Hall, Hernandez, Knight,  
            Nava, Saldana, Villines, Vacancy


          CPM:cm  8/10/10   Senate Floor Analyses 

                         SUPPORT/OPPOSITION:  SEE ABOVE

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