BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    




                   Senate Appropriations Committee Fiscal Summary
                           Senator Christine Kehoe, Chair

                                           2382 (Blumenfield)
          
          Hearing Date:  08/02/2010           Amended: 07/15/2010
          Consultant:  Dan Troy           Policy Vote: ED 6-0
          _________________________________________________________________ 
          ____
          BILL SUMMARY:   This bill authorizes the California State  
          University (CSU) to award a Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT),  
          establishes constraints on the funding and fees for these degree  
          programs, and requires their joint evaluation by the CSU,  
          Department of Finance (DOF) and the Legislative Analyst's Office  
          (LAO) by January 1, 2015, as specified. 
          _________________________________________________________________ 
          ____
                            Fiscal Impact (in thousands)

           Major Provisions         2010-11      2011-12       2012-13     Fund
                                                                  
          CSU/DPT                          New costs to convert Master's    
                           General
                                            level program to Doctorate, 
                                            offset by higher fees (see  
          analysis)                   
          _________________________________________________________________ 
          ____

          STAFF COMMENTS: 
          
          Current law defines the primary mission of CSU as providing  
          undergraduate instruction and graduate instruction through the  
          master's degree level.  Current law also provides that CSU may  
          offer doctoral programs jointly with the University of  
          California or independent postsecondary institutions with the  
          approval of the California Postsecondary Education Commission.  
          CSU is currently authorized to offer a Doctor of Education  
          degree focused on preparing administrative leaders for K-14  
          public schools.

          According to the California Physical Therapy Association, a DPT  
          is a clinically based, professional doctoral degree, and as  
          such, is distinguished from doctoral degrees conferred by the UC  
          that are research or academically based. According to  
          information provided by the sponsor, the programs currently in  










          place at the CSU require no additional funding to convert to a  
          DPT and have the faculty, expertise, equipment and labs prepared  
          to train physical therapists at the doctoral level.  

          The Commission on Accreditation for Physical Therapy Education  
          (CAPTE), recognized by the United States Department of Education  
          (USDE) as the entity for accrediting entry-level physical  
          therapist and physical therapist assistant education programs,  
          revised its accreditation standards in 2009 to require the DPT  
          as the terminal degree instead of the Master's degree, requiring  
          PT Master's degree programs to convert to DPT programs by  
          December 30, 2015.  Programs that do not meet this criterion by  
          that date will be required to come into compliance no later than  
          December 31, 2017, or lose accreditation.  Prospective PTs must  
          have graduated from a CAPTE-accredited program in order to sit  
          for the National Physical Therapy Examination, which is required  
          for licensure.

          Page 2
          AB 2382 (Blumenfield)

          CSU's Master's degree programs in audiology faced a similar  
          situation a few years ago when the national accrediting body for  
          audiology increased the terminal degree requirement to the  
          doctorate.  As a result, CSU's audiology programs lost  
          accreditation and are no longer offered.  The Legislature  
          appears to face a similar choice with regard to Physical  
          Therapy.  Should the state allow private professional  
          association dictate what programs to offer? 

          Of the 14 physical therapy education programs within California,  
          nine are offered by private institutions, culminate in a DPT and  
          range in cost from about $73,000 to $122,000. Of the five  
          programs offered by public institutions, only the UCSF/SFSU  
          Joint program offers a DPT and CSU Fresno, CSU Long Beach, CSU  
          Northridge and CSU Sacramento offer a masters degree and range  
          in cost from $15,000-$38,000.  

          While doctorate programs are more costly to operate than  
          master's level programs, CSU believes that the costs will be  
          offset by fee increases.  The bill would permit  students in a  
          CSU DPT to be charged fees no higher than those charged for  
          students other state-supported DPY programs at UC, including  
          those offered jointly by CSU and UC.  Since the master's level  
          programs already exist, CSU contends that conversion costs would  
          be minimal.  The programs would need to add a few new faculty  










          positions and develop curricula.  Assuming annual fees of  
          $14,500 student (similar to fees charged for the EdD program),  
          CSU estimates average per campus revenues will grow $773,000  
          while costs will only increase by $343,000.  

          The bill also requires CSU, the Department of Finance, and the  
          Legislative Analyst's Office to conduct a joint evaluation of  
          the new programs, to be reported by January 1, 2015.  The  
          evaluation would consider the number of new programs created,  
          the extent to which the programs are fulfilling needs for PTs,  
          information on the subsequent job placements of students,  
          program costs and fund sources used to finance the programs, and  
          the cost for students.  Costs to complete the evaluation should  
          be minor.

          AB 867 (Nava, 2009) would authorize CSU to award a Doctor of  
          Nursing Practice degree.  That bill was held on this committee's  
          suspense file.