BILL NUMBER: AB 2619	AMENDED
	BILL TEXT

	AMENDED IN ASSEMBLY  APRIL 28, 2010
	AMENDED IN ASSEMBLY  APRIL 6, 2010

INTRODUCED BY   Assembly Member Block
   (  Coauthor:   Assembly Member 
 Hill   Coauthors:  Assembly Members
  Blumenfield,   Hill,   Jones,  
and Torrico  )

                        FEBRUARY 19, 2010

   An act to amend Sections 706.011,  706.020, and 706.031
  706.023, 706.121, and 706.125  of the Code of
Civil Procedure, and to  add Section 15657.8 to 
 amend Section 15657.5 of  the Welfare and Institutions
Code, relating to elder and dependent adult abuse.


	LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


   AB 2619, as amended, Block. Elder and dependent adult abuse:
restitution: earnings  assignment   withholding
 orders.
   Existing law provides for the award of attorney's fees and costs,
and damages to a plaintiff when it is proven by a preponderance of
the evidence that the defendant is liable for financial abuse of an
elder or dependent adult. Existing law authorizes the remedy of
attachment against a defendant's property to secure the amount of the
claimed indebtedness to the plaintiff in connection with cases
involving financial abuse of an elder or dependent adult.
   This bill would require the court to issue an earnings 
assignment   withholding  order for elder or
dependent adult financial abuse, as defined, for a defendant who has
been found liable for financial abuse of an elder or dependent adult,
as specified.
   Existing law provides that, except for earnings assignment orders
for support, the provisions governing earnings withholding orders
provide the exclusive procedure by which a judgment creditor can
execute against the wages of a judgment debtor. Existing law provides
that if an employer is served with 2 or more earnings withholding
orders, the employer is required to comply with the order issued
pursuant to the judgment first entered.
   This bill would  exempt earnings assignment  
require that earnings withholding  orders for elder or
dependent adult financial abuse  from the provisions
governing earnings withholding orders, and require that they
 be given priority over  any other  earnings
withholding orders  , as provided  . The bill would also
require, however, that earnings  assignment  
withholding  orders for support  or for taxes  be given
priority over earnings  assignment  
withholding  orders for elder or dependent adult financial
abuse. These provisions would apply retroactively, as
specified   The bill would require that the application
for issuance of an earnings withholding order and the earnings
withholding order include how much of the judgment arises from that
claim  .
   Vote: majority. Appropriation: no. Fiscal committee: no.
State-mandated local program: no.


THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  SECTION 1.  Section 706.011 of the Code of Civil Procedure is
amended to read:
   706.011.  As used in this chapter:
   (a) "Earnings" means compensation payable by an employer to an
employee for personal services performed by such employee, whether
denominated as wages, salary, commission, bonus, or otherwise.
   (b) "Earnings  assignment   withholding 
order for elder or dependent adult financial abuse" means an 
earnings withholding  order, made pursuant to  Section
15657.8   Article 5 (commencing with Section 706.100)
and based on a money judgment in an action for elder or adult
dependent financial abuse under Section 15657.5  of the Welfare
and Institutions Code.
   (c) "Earnings assignment order for support" means an order, made
pursuant to Chapter 8 (commencing with Section 5200) of Part 5 of
Division 9 of the Family Code or Section 3088 of the Probate Code,
which requires an employer to withhold earnings for support.
   (d) "Employee" means a public officer and any individual who
performs services subject to the right of the employer to control
both what shall be done and how it shall be done.
   (e) "Employer" means a person for whom an individual performs
services as an employee.
   (f) "Judgment creditor," as applied to the state, means the
specific state agency seeking to collect a judgment or tax liability.

   (g) "Judgment debtor" includes a person from whom the state is
seeking to collect a tax liability under Article 4 (commencing with
Section 706.070), whether or not a judgment has been obtained on such
tax liability.
   (h) "Person" includes an individual, a corporation, a partnership
or other unincorporated association, a limited liability company, and
a public entity. 
  SEC. 2.    Section 706.020 of the Code of Civil
Procedure is amended to read:
   706.020.  Except for an earning assignment order for support or
for elder or dependent adult financial abuse, the earnings of an
employee shall not be required to be withheld by an employer for
payment of a debt by means of any judicial procedure other than
pursuant to this chapter.  
  SEC. 3.    Section 706.031 of the Code of Civil
Procedure is amended to read:
   706.031.  (a) Nothing in this chapter affects an earnings
assignment order for support or for elder or dependent adult
financial abuse.
   (b) An earnings assignment order for support or for elder or
dependent adult financial abuse shall be given priority over any
earnings withholding order. If both an earnings assignment order for
support and an earnings assignment order for elder or dependent adult
financial abuse are served on an employer concurrently, the earnings
assignment order for support shall take priority until terminated.
An employer upon whom an earnings assignment order for support or for
elder or dependent adult financial abuse is served shall withhold
and pay over the earnings of the employee pursuant to the assignment
order notwithstanding the requirements of any earnings withholding
order. When an employer is required to cease withholding earnings
pursuant to an earnings withholding order, the employer shall notify
the levying officer who served the earnings withholding order that a
supervening earnings assignment order for support is in effect. This
subdivision shall apply retroactively to all outstanding cases of
elder or dependent adult financial abuse in which a money judgment
has been filed and has not been satisfied.
   (c) Subject to subdivisions (b), (d), and (e), an employer shall
withhold earnings of an employee pursuant to both an earnings
assignment order for support and an earnings withholding order.
   (d) The employer shall withhold pursuant to an earnings
withholding order only to the extent that the sum of the amount
withheld pursuant to any earnings assignment order for support and
the amount withheld pursuant to the earnings withholding order does
not exceed the amount that may be withheld under Article 3
(commencing with Section 706.050).
   (e) The employer shall withhold pursuant to an earnings
withholding order for taxes only to the extent that the sum of the
amount withheld pursuant to any earnings assignment order for support
and the amount withheld pursuant to the earnings withholding order
for taxes does not exceed the amount that may be withheld under
Article 4 (commencing with Section 706.070).  
  SEC. 4.    Section 15657.8 is added to the Welfare
and Institutions Code, to read:
   15657.8.  (a) A court shall issue an earnings assignment order for
elder or dependent adult financial abuse for a defendant who has
been found liable for financial abuse of an elder or dependent adult
pursuant to Section 15657.5 or Section 15657.6.
    (b) The court may include in its earnings assignment order for
elder or dependent adult financial abuse that the employer of the
defendant pay that portion of the defendant's earnings due or to
become due in the future as will be sufficient to satisfy the order.
    (c) An earnings assignment order for elder or dependent adult
financial abuse shall be effective and enforceable notwithstanding
the absence of the name, address, or other identifying information
regarding the defendant's employer. 
   SEC. 2.    Section 706.023 of the   Code of
Civil Procedure   is amended to read: 
   706.023.  Except as otherwise provided in this chapter:
   (a) An employer shall comply with the first earnings withholding
order served upon the employer.
   (b) If the employer is served with two or more earnings
withholding orders on the same day, the employer shall comply with
the order issued pursuant to the judgment first entered. If two or
more orders served on the same day are based on judgments entered
upon the same day, the employer shall comply with whichever one of
 such   the orders the employer selects.
   (c) If an earnings withholding order is served while an employer
is required to comply with another earnings withholding order with
respect to the earnings of the same employee, the subsequent order is
ineffective and the employer shall not withhold earnings pursuant to
the subsequent order  , except as provided in subdivision (d)
 . 
   (d) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this section, a
withholding order for elder or dependent adult financial abuse has
priority over any other earning withholding order except for a
withholding order for support under Section 706.030 and a withholding
order for taxes under Section 706.072.  
   (1) An employer upon whom a withholding order for elder or
dependent adult financial abuse is served shall withhold and pay over
earnings of the employee pursuant to that order notwithstanding the
requirements of another earnings withholding order except as provided
in paragraph (2).  
   (2) An employer shall not withhold earnings of an employee
pursuant to an earnings withholding order for elder or dependent
adult financial abuse if a withholding order for support or for taxes
is in effect or if a prior withholding order for elder or dependent
adult financial abuse is in effect. In that case, the subsequent
withholding order for elder or dependent financial abuse is
ineffective.  
   (3) When an employer is required to cease withholding earnings
pursuant to a prior earnings withholding order, the employer shall
notify the levying officer who served the prior earnings withholding
order that a supervening earnings withholding order for elder or
dependent financial abuse is in effect. 
   SEC. 3.    Section 706.121 of the   Code of
Civil Procedure   is amended to read: 
   706.121.  The "application for issuance of earnings withholding
order" shall be executed under oath and shall include all of the
following:
   (a) The name, the last known address, and, if known, the social
security number of the judgment debtor.
   (b) The name and address of the judgment creditor.
   (c) The court where the judgment was entered and the date the
judgment was entered. 
   (d) Whether the judgment is based in whole or in part on a claim
for elder or dependent adult financial abuse and, if in part, how
much of the judgment arises from that claim.  
   (d) 
    (e)  The date of issuance of a writ of execution to the
county where the earnings withholding order is sought. 
   (e) 
    (f)  The total amount required to satisfy the order on
the date of issuance (which may not exceed the amount required to
satisfy the writ of execution on the date of issuance of the order
plus the levying officer's statutory fee for service of the order).

   (f) 
    (g)  The name and address of the employer to whom the
order will be directed. 
   (g) 
    (h)  The name and address of the person to whom the
withheld money is to be paid by the levying officer.
   SEC. 4.    Section 706.125 of the   Code of
Civil Procedure   is amended to read: 
   706.125.  The "earnings withholding order" shall include all of
the following:
   (a) The name, address, and, if known, the social security number
of the judgment debtor.
   (b) The name and address of the employer to whom the order is
directed.
   (c) The court where the judgment was entered, the date the
judgment was entered, and the name of the judgment creditor. 
   (d) Whether the judgment is based in whole or in part on a claim
for elder or dependent adult financial abuse and, if in part, how
much of the judgment arises from the claim.  
   (d) 
    (e)  The date of issuance of the writ of execution to
the county where the earnings withholding order is sought. 
   (e) 
    (f)  The total amount required to satisfy the order on
the date of issuance (which may not exceed the amount required to
satisfy the writ of execution on the date of issuance of the order
plus the levying officer's statutory fee for service of the order).

   (f) 
   (g)  A description of the withholding period and an order
to the employer to withhold from the earnings of the judgment debtor
for each pay period the amount required to be withheld under Section
706.050 or the amount specified in the order subject to Section
706.024, as the case may be, for the pay periods ending during the
withholding period. 
   (g) 
    (h)  An order to the employer to pay over to the levying
officer at a specified address the amount required to be withheld
and paid over pursuant to the order in the manner and within the
times provided by law. 
   (h) 
    (i)  An order that the employer fill out the "employer's
return" and return it by first-class mail, postage prepaid, to the
levying officer at a specified address within 15 days after service
of the earnings withholding order. 
   (i) 
    (j)  An order that the employer deliver to the judgment
debtor a copy of the earnings withholding order and the "notice to
employee of earnings withholding order" within 10 days after service
of the earnings withholding order; but, if the judgment debtor is no
longer employed by the employer and the employer does not owe the
employee any earnings, the employer is not required to make 
such   the  delivery. 
   (j) 
    (k)  The name and address of the levying officer.
   SEC. 5.    Section 15657.5 of the   Welfare
and Institutions Code   is amended to read: 
   15657.5.  (a) Where it is proven by a preponderance of the
evidence that a defendant is liable for financial abuse, as defined
in Section 15610.30, in addition to compensatory damages and all
other remedies otherwise provided by law, the court shall award to
the plaintiff reasonable attorney's fees and costs. The term "costs"
includes, but is not limited to, reasonable fees for the services of
a conservator, if any, devoted to the litigation of a claim brought
under this article.
   (b) Where it is proven by a preponderance of the evidence that a
defendant is liable for financial abuse, as defined in Section
15610.30, and where it is proven by clear and convincing evidence
that the defendant has been guilty of recklessness, oppression,
fraud, or malice in the commission of the abuse, in addition to
reasonable attorney's fees and costs set forth in subdivision (a),
compensatory damages, and all other remedies otherwise provided by
law, the limitations imposed by Section 377.34 of the Code of Civil
Procedure on the damages recoverable shall not apply.
   (c) The standards set forth in subdivision (b) of Section 3294 of
the Civil Code regarding the imposition of punitive damages on an
employer based upon the acts of an employee shall be satisfied before
any punitive damages may be imposed against an employer found liable
for financial abuse as defined in Section 15610.30. This subdivision
shall not apply to the recovery of compensatory damages or attorney'
s fees and costs.
   (d) Nothing in this section affects the award of punitive damages
under Section 3294 of the Civil Code. 
   (e) Any money judgment in an action under this section shall
include a statement that the damages are awarded based on a claim for
financial abuse of an elder or dependent adult, as defined in
Section 15610.30. If only part of the judgment is based on that a
claim, the judgment shall specify what amount was awarded on that
basis. 
   SEC. 6.   This act shall become operative on January
1, 2012.