BILL NUMBER: SB 250	AMENDED
	BILL TEXT

	AMENDED IN SENATE  APRIL 21, 2009
	AMENDED IN SENATE  APRIL 2, 2009

INTRODUCED BY   Senator Florez

                        FEBRUARY 24, 2009

   An act to add  Section 30804.6   Sections
30804.6 and 31751.4  to the Food and Agricultural Code, relating
to animals.



	LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST


   SB 250, as amended, Florez. Dogs and cats: spaying and neutering.
   Existing law generally prohibits public pounds and private
shelters from selling or giving away any dog or cat that has not been
spayed or neutered; provides, under certain circumstances, for the
sale or giving away of a dog or cat that has not been spayed or
neutered upon the payment of a refundable deposit, as specified;
provides for the imposition of fines or civil penalties against the
owner of a nonspayed or unneutered dog or cat that is impounded by a
public pound or private shelter; and immunizes cities and counties,
societies for the prevention of cruelty to animals, and humane
societies from an action by the owner of a dog or cat for spaying or
neutering the dog or cat in accordance with the law. A violation of
any of these provisions is an infraction, punishable as specified.
   This bill would provide, in addition, that every dog owner shall
secure a license for the dog, as required by state or local law, and
that no person shall own, keep, or harbor an unaltered and unspayed
dog, except as specified. It would make it unlawful for any person
who owns, keeps, or harbors any unspayed or unaltered cat 6 months of
age or older to allow or permit that unspayed or unaltered cat to
remain outdoors. It would require any owner or custodian, as defined,
of an unaltered dog  or cat  to have the animal
spayed or neutered at 6 months of age or older, or provide a
certificate of sterility.  It would require an owner or custodian
of an unaltered cat to have the cat spayed or neutered or provide a
certificate of sterility.  It would allow an unaltered dog
license to be denied, revoked, and reapplied for, as specified, and
the licensing agency to utilize its existing procedures for any
appeal of a denial or revocation of an unaltered dog license.
   This bill would require an owner or custodian who offers any
unaltered dog or cat for sale, trade, or adoption to meet specified
requirements. It would permit an administrative citation, infraction,
or other authorized penalty for a violation of certain provisions to
be imposed only if the owner or custodian is concurrently cited for
another violation under state or local law, as specified. It would
require, if an unaltered dog or cat is impounded pursuant to state or
local law, the owner or custodian to meet specified requirements,
including paying the costs of impoundment. It would require all
costs, fines, and fees collected under the bill to be paid to the
licensing agency for the purpose of defraying the cost of the
implementation and enforcement of the bill. By creating new crimes
and imposing new duties on local animal control agencies, this bill
would impose a state-mandated local program upon local governments.
   The California Constitution requires the state to reimburse local
agencies and school districts for certain costs mandated by the
state. Statutory provisions establish procedures for making that
reimbursement.
   This bill would provide that with regard to certain mandates no
reimbursement is required by this act for a specified reason.
   With regard to any other mandates, this bill would provide that,
if the Commission on State Mandates determines that the bill contains
costs so mandated by the state, reimbursement for those costs shall
be made pursuant to the statutory provisions noted above.
   Vote: majority. Appropriation: no. Fiscal committee: yes.
State-mandated local program: yes.


THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS:

  SECTION 1.  Section 30804.6 is added to the Food and Agricultural
Code, to read:
   30804.6.  (a) (1) Every dog owner shall secure a license for the
dog pursuant to Section 121690 of the Health and Safety Code or as
required by the local licensing agency.
   (2) No person shall own, keep, or harbor an unaltered and unspayed
dog in violation of this section.
   (3) An owner or custodian of an unaltered dog shall have the dog
spayed or neutered at six months of age or older, provide a
certificate of sterility, or obtain an unaltered dog license in
accordance with this section.
   (4) This subdivision shall not apply to a dog with a high
likelihood, due to age or infirmity, of suffering serious bodily harm
or death if spayed or neutered. The owner or custodian shall obtain
written confirmation of this fact from a veterinarian licensed in
this state. If the dog is able to be spayed or neutered at a later
date, that date shall be stated in the written confirmation. If the
date for spaying or neutering is more than 30 days, the owner or
custodian shall apply for an unaltered dog license. 
   (b) (1) It is unlawful for any person who owns, keeps, or harbors
any unspayed or unaltered cat six months of age or older to allow or
permit that unspayed or unaltered cat to remain outdoors. 

   (2) An owner or custodian of an unaltered cat shall have the
animal spayed or neutered, or provide a certificate of sterility.
 
   (3) This subdivision shall not apply to a cat with a high
likelihood, due to age or infirmity, of suffering serious bodily harm
or death if spayed or neutered. The owner or custodian shall obtain
written confirmation of this fact from a veterinarian licensed in
this state. If the cat is able to be spayed or neutered at a later
date, that date shall be stated in the written confirmation.
 
   (c) 
    (b)  An unaltered dog license may be denied or revoked
for one or more of the following reasons:
   (1)  The owner, custodian, applicant or licensee is not in
compliance with all of the requirements of this section.
   (2) The licensing agency has issued one citation verified by the
agency pursuant to existing policies and procedures that the owner,
custodian, applicant, or licensee has allowed a dog to be stray or
run at large or has otherwise been found to be neglectful of his or
her or other animals.
   (3) The owner, custodian, applicant, or licensee has been
previously cited for violating a state law, or a city, county, or
other local governmental provision relating to the care and control
of animals.
   (4) The unaltered dog has been adjudicated by a court or an agency
of appropriate jurisdiction to be potentially dangerous, dangerous,
or vicious, or to be a nuisance within the meaning of the state or
local law.
   (5) Any unaltered dog license held by the applicant has been
revoked.
   (6) The license application is discovered to contain a material
misrepresentation or omission of fact. 
   (d) 
    (c)  The licensing agency shall utilize its existing
procedures for any appeal of a denial or revocation of an unaltered
dog license, which appeal procedure may include written notice of the
denial or revocation and a reasonable opportunity for the owner or
custodian to respond. 
   (e) 
    (d)  An owner or custodian who offers any unaltered dog
for sale, trade, or adoption at  the age of four months
  four months of age or older  or the age required
by the licensing agency shall be required to include a valid
unaltered dog license number with the offer of sale, trade, or
adoption, or shall otherwise state and establish compliance with this
section. The unaltered dog's license number, and any existing
microchip number for the dog, shall appear on the document
transferring ownership of the dog to the new owner. 
   (f) An owner or custodian who offers any unaltered cat for sale,
trade, or adoption shall notify the licensing agency, if the
jurisdiction requires the licensing of cats, of the name and address
of the transferee within 10 days after the transfer. Any existing
microchip number for the cat shall appear on a document transferring
ownership of the cat to the new owner.  
   (g) 
    (e)  (1) An administrative citation, infraction, or
other authorized penalty may be imposed upon an owner or custodian of
an unaltered dog  or cat  for a violation of this
section only if the owner or custodian is concurrently cited for
another violation under state or local law pertaining to the
obligations of a person owning or  possessing a dog or cat,
including, but not limited to, the following:  
   (A) Failure to possess a current canine rabies vaccination of the
subject dog.  
   (B) Permitting the subject dog or cat to roam at large. 

   (C) Failure to license the subject dog.  
   (D) Leash law violations.  
   (E) Kennel or cattery permit violations.  
   (F) Tethering violations.  
   (G) Maintaining a dog or cat in unhealthy or unsanitary
conditions.  
   (H) Failure to provide adequate care for the subject dog or cat in
violation of cruelty to animal provisions.  
   (I) Rabies quarantine violations for the subject dog. 

   (J) Operating a business involving the subject dog or cat without
a license or state tax ID number.  
   (K) Fighting dog activity in violation of Section 597.5 of the
Penal Code.  
   (L) Unlawfully leaving animals unattended in a motor vehicle in
violation of Section 597.7 of the Penal Code. 
    (M)     Failure to
comply with local jurisdiction requirements for the keeping of a dog
that has been adjudicated by a court or an agency of appropriate
jurisdiction to be potentially dangerous, dangerous, or vicious.
  possessing a dog, for one or more of the following:
 
   (A) Permitting the subject dog to roam at large.  
   (B) Failure to provide adequate care for the subject dog in
violation of animal cruelty provisions.  
   (C) Rabies quarantine violations for the subject dog.  
   (D) Fighting dog activity in violation of Section 597.5 of the
Penal Code. 
   (E) Failure to comply with the local jurisdiction's requirements
for the keeping of a dog that has been adjudicated by a court or an
agency of appropriate jurisdiction to be potentially dangerous,
dangerous, or vicious. 
   (2) Any owner or custodian of an unaltered dog  or cat
 who is found to be subject to a penalty under paragraph (1)
shall be required to spay or neuter the unaltered animal in
accordance with this section. The licensing agency shall utilize its
existing procedures for any appeal of this requirement.
   (3) At the time a citation is issued pursuant to paragraph (1) or
(2), the licensing agency may provide the owner or custodian
information as to the availability of spaying and neutering services
for free or at a reduced cost. 
   (h) 
    (f)  If an unlicensed unaltered dog  or cat
 is impounded pursuant to state or local law, in addition to
satisfying applicable requirements for the release of the animal,
including, but not limited to, payment of impound fees pursuant to
this section, the owner or custodian shall also do one of the
following:
   (1) Provide written proof of the dog's  or cat's 
prior sterilization, if conditions cannot or do not make this
assessment obvious to the licensing agency personnel.
   (2) Have the dog  or cat  spayed or neutered by a
veterinarian associated with the licensing agency at the expense of
the owner or custodian. That expense may include additional fees due
to any extraordinary care required.
   (3) Arrange to have the dog  or cat  spayed or
neutered by another veterinarian licensed in this state.
   (4) At the discretion of the licensing agency, the dog  or
cat  may be released to the owner or custodian if he or she
pays a refundable deposit consistent with existing practices and
procedures, or signs a statement under penalty of perjury
representing that the dog  or cat  will be spayed or
neutered and that he or she will submit a statement  within
  by the deadline set by the   licensing
agency, but in no case less than  10 days  of 
 after  the release, signed by the veterinarian, confirming
that the dog  or cat  has been spayed or neutered or
is incapable of breeding, or confirming that the veterinarian has
scheduled the spaying or neutering operation within a reasonable
time.
   (5) Demonstrate that he or she is in compliance with this section.

   (i) 
    (g)  (1) The owner or custodian of the unaltered dog
 or cat  shall be responsible for the established
costs of impoundment, which shall include daily board costs,
vaccination, medication, and any other diagnostic or therapeutic
applications as required by this section.
   (2) The costs of impoundment shall be a lien on the dog 
or cat  , and the unaltered animal shall not be returned to
its owner or custodian until the costs are paid or payment
arrangements have been made.
   (3) If the owner or custodian of an impounded unaltered animal
does not pay the lien against it in full or make payment arrangements
within a reasonable time consistent with the licensing agency's
existing holding policies, the animal shall be deemed abandoned to
the licensing agency in accordance with this section. 
   (j) 
    (h)  All costs and fines collected under this section
and the fees collected under subdivision  (i)  
(g)  shall be paid to the licensing agency for the purpose of
defraying the cost of the implementation and enforcement of this
section. 
   (k) 
    (i)  Nothing in this section shall prohibit a local
jurisdiction from enforcing or enacting local measures that require
the spaying or neutering of all dogs  and cats  ,
and  this section  shall not prohibit a local jurisdiction
from enacting or enforcing other local measures pertaining to the
obligations of a person owning or possessing a  dog or cat.
  dog.  
   (l) 
    (j)  For the purposes of this section, the following
terms have the following meanings:
   (1) "Licensing agency" means the municipal city or county animal
control agency or other entity responsible for enforcing laws
relating to animals.
   (2) "Custodian" means any person who undertakes the personal care
and control of a dog  or cat  , or any person who
intentionally provides care, security, or sustenance for a dog
 or cat  on the person's property for any period
exceeding 30 days. "Custodian" does not include a licensing agency.
   SEC. 2.    Section 31751.4 is added to the  
Food and Agricultural Code   , to read:  
   31751.4.  (a) (1) It is unlawful for any person who owns, keeps,
or harbors any unspayed or unaltered cat six months of age or older
to allow or permit that unspayed or unaltered cat to remain outdoors.

   (2) An owner or custodian of an unaltered cat shall have the
animal spayed or neutered, or provide a certificate of sterility.
   (3) This subdivision shall not apply to a cat with a high
likelihood, due to age or infirmity, of suffering serious bodily harm
or death if spayed or neutered. The owner or custodian shall obtain
written confirmation of this fact from a veterinarian licensed in
this state. If the cat is able to be spayed or neutered at a later
date, that date shall be stated in the written confirmation.
   (b) An owner or custodian who offers any unaltered cat for sale,
trade, or adoption shall notify the licensing agency, if the
jurisdiction requires the licensing of cats, of the name and address
of the transferee within 10 days after the transfer. Any existing
microchip number for the cat shall appear on a document transferring
ownership of the cat to the new owner.
   (c) (1) An administrative citation, infraction, or other
authorized penalty may be imposed upon an owner or custodian of an
unaltered cat for a violation of this section only if the owner or
custodian is concurrently cited for another violation under state or
local law pertaining to the obligations of a person owning or
possessing a cat, for either or both of the following:
   (A) Permitting the subject cat to roam at large.
   (B) Failure to provide adequate care for the subject cat in
violation of animal cruelty provisions.(2) Any owner or custodian of
an unaltered cat who is found to be subject to a penalty under
paragraph (1) shall be required to spay or neuter the unaltered
animal in accordance with this section. The licensing agency shall
utilize its existing procedures for any appeal of this requirement.
   (3) At the time at which a citation is issued pursuant to
paragraph (1) or (2), the licensing agency may provide to the owner
or custodian information as to the availability of spaying and
neutering services for free or at a reduced cost.
   (d) If an unlicensed, unaltered cat is impounded pursuant to state
or local law, in addition to satisfying applicable requirements for
the release of the animal, including, but not limited to, payment of
impound fees pursuant to this section, the owner or custodian shall
also do one of the following:
   (1) Provide written proof of the cat's prior sterilization, if
conditions cannot or do not make this assessment obvious to the
licensing agency personnel.
   (2) Have the cat spayed or neutered by a veterinarian associated
with the licensing agency at the expense of the owner or custodian.
That expense may include additional fees due to any extraordinary
care required.
   (3) Arrange to have the cat spayed or neutered by another
veterinarian licensed in this state.(4) At the discretion of the
licensing agency, the cat may be released to the owner or custodian
if he or she pays a refundable deposit consistent with existing
practices and procedures, or signs a statement under penalty of
perjury representing that the cat will be spayed or neutered and that
he or she will submit a statement by the deadline set by the
licensing agency, but in no case less than 10 days after the release,
signed by the veterinarian, confirming that the cat has been spayed
or neutered or is incapable of breeding, or confirming that the
veterinarian has scheduled the spaying or neutering operation within
a reasonable time.
   (5) Demonstrate that he or she is in compliance with this section.

   (e) (1) The owner or custodian of the unaltered cat shall be
responsible for the established costs of impoundment, which shall
include daily board costs, vaccination, medication, and any other
diagnostic or therapeutic applications as required by this section.
   (2) The costs of impoundment shall be a lien on the cat, and the
unaltered animal shall not be returned to its owner or custodian
until the costs are paid or payment arrangements have been made.
   (3) If the owner or custodian of an impounded unaltered animal
does not pay the lien against it in full or make payment arrangements
within a reasonable time consistent with the licensing agency's
existing holding policies, the animal shall be deemed abandoned to
the licensing agency in accordance with this section.
   (f) All costs and fines collected under this section and the fees
collected under subdivision (e) shall be paid to the licensing agency
for the purpose of defraying the cost of the implementation and
enforcement of this section.(g) Nothing in this section shall
prohibit a local jurisdiction from enforcing or enacting local
measures that require the spaying or neutering of all cats, and this
section shall not prohibit a local jurisdiction from enacting or
enforcing other local measures pertaining to the obligations of a
person owning or possessing a cat.
   (h) For the purposes of this section, the following terms have the
following meanings:
   (1) "Custodian" means any person who undertakes the personal care
and control of a cat, or any person who intentionally provides care,
security, or sustenance for a cat on the person's property for any
period exceeding 30 days. "Custodian" does not include a licensing
agency.
   (2) "Licensing agency" means the municipal city or county animal
control agency or other entity responsible for enforcing laws
relating to animals. 
   SEC. 2.   SEC. 3.   No reimbursement is
required by this act pursuant to Section 6 of Article XIII B of the
California Constitution for certain costs that may be incurred by a
local agency or school district because, in that regard, this act
creates a new crime or infraction, eliminates a crime or infraction,
or changes the penalty for a crime or infraction, within the meaning
of Section 17556 of the Government Code, or changes the definition of
a crime within the meaning of Section 6 of Article XIII B of the
California Constitution.
   However, if the Commission on State Mandates determines that this
act contains other costs mandated by the state, reimbursement to
local agencies and school districts for those costs shall be made
pursuant to Part 7 (commencing with Section 17500) of Division 4 of
Title 2 of the Government Code.