BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    

                                                                  SB 1057
                                                                  Page  1

          Date of Hearing:   June 22, 2010

                                 Mary Hayashi, Chair
                     SB 1057 (Denham) - As Amended:  May 10, 2010

           SENATE VOTE  :   36-0
          SUBJECT  :   State holidays: Veterans Day: state office closure.

           SUMMARY  :   Requires that public offices of the state and state  
          institutions including, but not limited to, the Legislature, be  
          closed on November 11th for Veterans Day, as specified.   
          Specifically,  this bill  :

          1)Requires public offices of the state and state institutions,  
            including, but not limited to, all state agencies and the  
            Legislature, to be closed on November 11th for Veterans Day,  
            or as follows:

        a)   If November 11th falls on a Saturday, public offices of the  
               state and state institutions, including the Legislature,  
               shall be closed on Friday, November 10th; or, 

        b)   If November 11th falls on a Sunday, public offices of the  
               state and state institutions, including the Legislature,  
               shall be closed on Monday, November 12th.

          2)States legislative intent that the University of California  
            (UC) also be closed on November 11th for Veterans Day.  

           EXISTING LAW  recognizes public offices of the state and state  
          institutions, except for the UC, be closed on Veterans Day.

           FISCAL EFFECT  :   Unknown

           COMMENTS  :   

           Purpose of this bill  .  According to the author's office, "In  
          2009, November 11th fell on a Wednesday.  The Assembly and  
          almost all California state agencies recognized Veterans Day on   
           Wednesday November 11th; however, the Senate worked on  
          Wednesday and observed Veterans Day on Friday to get a three day  
          weekend.  This was an insult.  Belittling the sacrifices of  


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          veterans and their families by turning their day of remembrance  
          into a three day weekend perk for the Legislature was highly  

          "SB 1057 will honor the brave men and women who served this  
          country on the Veterans Day holiday properly, and ensure this  
          slight does not happen again."

           Background  .  Athough the Treaty of Versailles was signed on June  
          28, 1919, November 11th has remained in the public imagination  
          as the date that marked the end of the Great War.  In November  
          1918, United States (U.S.) President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed  
          November 11th as the first commemoration of Armistice Day.  
          On June 4, 1926, Congress passed a resolution that the  
          "recurring anniversary of November 11, 1918, should be  
          commemorated with thanksgiving and prayer and exercises designed  
          to perpetuate peace through good will and mutual understanding  
          between nations."  By that time, 27 state legislatures had made  
          November 11th a legal holiday.

          Federal legislation approved on May 13, 1938, made November 11th  
          a legal federal holiday, known as Armistice Day.  In 1954, the  
          83rd U.S. Congress amended the 1938 act that had made Armistice  
          Day a holiday, striking the word "Armistice" in favor of  
          "Veterans."  President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the  
          legislation on June 1, 1954, and from then on, November 11th  
          became a day to honor American veterans of all wars.
          The Uniform Holidays Bill was passed by Congress in 1968, which  
          sought to ensure three-day weekends for federal employees by  
          celebrating four national holidays (Washington's Birthday,  
          Memorial Day, Veterans Day and Columbus Day) on Mondays.  It was  
          thought that these           extended weekends would encourage  
          travel, recreational and cultural activities and stimulate  
          greater industrial and commercial production.  The observation  
          of Veterans Day was set as the fourth Monday in October.  Many  
          states disapproved of this change and continued to observe the  
          holiday on its original date.
          In 1975, after it became evident that the actual date of  
          Veterans Day carried historical and patriotic significance to  
          many Americans, President Gerald R. Ford signed a new law  
          returning the observation of Veterans Day to November 11th,  
          starting in 1978.  If November 11th falls on a Saturday or  


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          Sunday, the federal government observes the holiday on the  
          previous Friday or following Monday, respectively.
          There are no U.S. national holidays because the states retain  
          the right to designate their own, and the federal government can  
          only designate holidays for federal employees and for the  
          District of Columbia.  In practice, however, states almost  
          always follow the federal lead.

           Previous legislation  .  AB 1013 (Scott), Chapter 446, Statues of  
          1999, repealed certain
          provisions relating to civil service and employer-employee  
          relations between the state and its employees, to minor  
          discipline, layoffs, reinstatements, probationary periods,  
          salary ranges and adjustments, holidays, transfers, application  
          of the Administrative Procedure Act in the adoption of  
          regulations, and demonstration projects as those provisions  
          apply to State Bargaining Units 16 and 19.

          SCR 47 (Morrow) of 2000 would have requested the UC Regents to  
          designate November 11th as a Veterans Day holiday for both staff  
          and students.  This resolution was held in Senate Rules  

          American Legion, Department of California
          AMVETS, Department of California
          California Association of County Veterans Service Officers
          Vietnam Veterans of America, California State Council
          None on file.

           Analysis Prepared by  :    Rebecca May / B.,P. & C.P. / (916)