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          |SENATE RULES COMMITTEE            |                  SB 1381|
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                              UNFINISHED BUSINESS


          Bill No:  SB 1381
          Author:   Simitian (D)
          Amended:  8/30/10
          Vote:     21

           
           SENATE EDUCATION COMMITTEE  :  8-0, 4/14/10
          AYES:  Romero, Huff, Alquist, Hancock, Liu, Price,  
            Simitian, Wyland
          NO VOTE RECORDED:  Maldonado

           SENATE APPROPRIATIONS COMMITTEE  :  8-2, 5/27/10
          AYES:  Kehoe, Alquist, Denham, Leno, Price, Walters,  
            Wyland, Yee
          NOES:  Corbett, Wolk
          NO VOTE RECORDED:  Cox

           SENATE FLOOR  :  28-4, 6/210
          AYES:  Aanestad, Alquist, Ashburn, Calderon, Cedillo,  
            Cogdill, Cox, Denham, Ducheny, Dutton, Florez, Hancock,  
            Harman, Hollingsworth, Huff, Kehoe, Leno, Liu, Lowenthal,  
            Price, Romero, Runner, Simitian, Steinberg, Strickland,  
            Walters, Wright, Wyland
          NOES:  Corbett, Correa, Wolk, Yee
          NO VOTE RECORDED:  DeSaulnier, Negrete McLeod, Oropeza,  
            Padilla, Pavley, Wiggins, Vacancy, Vacancy

           ASSEMBLY FLOOR  :  Not available


           SUBJECT  :    Kindergarten:  age of admission

           SOURCE  :     Author
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           DIGEST  :    This bill (1) revises the age of admission to  
          kindergarten and first grade by one month in each of three  
          years so that in 2014 and later years, a child will have to  
          be five years old on or before September 1 in order to  
          attend kindergarten, and (2) states the intent of the  
          Legislature that one half of the savings generated form the  
          revised entry dates be used for purposes of expanding the  
          state preschool program and that children who are four and  
          five years of age and not eligible for kindergarten be  
          allowed to participate in that preschool program.

           Assembly Amendments  (1) implements the Kindergarten  
          Readiness Act of 2010, (2) delete language stating  
          legislative intent, (3) delete the provision authorizing a  
          child who will have his or her fifth birthday on or before  
          December 2nd to be admitted to the prekindergarten summer  
          program maintained by the school district for pupils who  
          will be enrolling in kindergarten in September, (4) add  
          language requiring a child whose admission to a traditional  
          kindergarten is delayed to be admitted to a transitional  
          kindergarten program, (5) add language requiring that  
          pupils who participated in transitional kindergarten be  
          included in computing the average daily attendance of a  
          school district in accordance with specified requirements,  
          (6) delete language prohibiting a school district from  
          including the year-to-year loss of ADA for kindergarten in  
          the 2012-13, 2013-14, and 2014-15 fiscal year, (7) add  
          language prohibiting a school district from including, for  
          apportionment purposes, the attendance of any pupil for  
          more than two years in kindergarten or for more than two  
          years in a combination of transitional kindergarten and  
          kindergarten, and (8) specifies that transitional  
          kindergarten shall not be construed as a new program or  
          higher level of service.

           ANALYSIS  :    

           Existing Law

           1.Requires a child to be admitted to kindergarten at the  
            beginning of a school year if the child will be five  
            years old on or before December 2 of that school year.   

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            Current law allows a school district to admit, on a  
            case-by-case basis, children who turn five at any time  
            during the school year provided that (a) the parent gives  
            permission, (b) the district determines early admittance  
            is in the best interest of the child, and (c) the parent  
            or guardian is given information regarding the advantages  
            and disadvantages of early admittance.

          2.Requires a child to be admitted to the first grade of an  
            elementary school during the first month of a school year  
            if the child will have his or her sixth birthday on or  
            before December 2 of that school year.  

           Existing law does not require a pupil to enroll in  
          kindergarten but does subject each person between the ages  
          of six and 18 years of age to compulsory full-time  
          education, unless exempted pursuant to prescribed  
          provisions of law.

          Existing law establishes the California State Preschool  
          Program for purposes of providing part-day and full-day  
          educational development program to three and four year old  
          children.

          Existing law, AB 25 (Mazzoni), Chapter 102, Statutes of  
          1999, established the Kindergarten Readiness Pilot Program  
          for the purpose of providing incentive funding to districts  
          to change the entry date of kindergarten to September 1 and  
          to provide pre-kindergarten education for children to  
          enhance their readiness for kindergarten.  To date, the  
          Legislature has not appropriated funding for this program.

          This bill moves the dates by which a child must turn five  
          to enroll in kindergarten and six to enroll in the first  
          grade.  Specifically, this bill:

          1.Specifies that the provisions of this bill may be cited  
            as the Kindergarten Readiness Act of 2010.

          2.Specifies that notwithstanding Education Code Section  
            41204(d), in computing the average daily attendance (ADA)  
            of a school district, there shall be included the  
            attendance of pupils in kindergarten after they have  
            completed one school year in kindergarten or pupils in a  

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            transitional kindergarten program after they have  
            completed one year in that program if one of the  
            following conditions is met:

             A.    The school district has on file for each of those  
                pupils an agreement made pursuant to existing law,  
                approved in form and content by the California  
                Department of Education (CDE) and signed by the  
                pupil's parent or guardian, that the pupil may  
                continue in kindergarten for not more than one  
                additional year; or,

             B.    The pupils participated in a transitional  
                kindergarten program.

          3.Specifies that a school district may not include for  
            apportionment purposes the attendance of any pupil for  
            more than two years in kindergarten or for more than two  
            years in a combination of transitional kindergarten and  
            kindergarten.

          4.Specifies the following dates by which a child must turn  
            five to enroll in kindergarten maintained by the school  
            district:

             A.    On or before December 2 for the 2011-12 school  
                year.

             B.    On or before November 1 for the 2012-13 school  
                year.

             C.    On or before October 1 for the 2013-14 school  
                year.

          D.On or before September 1 for the 2014-15 school year and  
            each school year thereafter.

          5.Specifies that as a condition of receipt of apportionment  
            for pupils in a transitional kindergarten program, a  
            school district or charter school shall ensure that a  
            child is admitted to a transitional kindergarten program  
            maintained by the school district as follows:

             A.    In the 2012-13 school year, a child will have his  

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                or her fifth birthday between November 2 and December  
                2.

             B.    In the 2013-14 school year, a child will have his  
                or her fifth birthday between October 2 and December  
                2.

             C.    In the 2014-15 school year and each school year  
                thereafter, a child will have h is or her fifth  
                birthday between September 2 and December 2.

          6.Defines "transitional kindergarten" as the first year of  
            a two-year kindergarten program that uses a modified  
            kindergarten curriculum that is age and developmentally  
            appropriate.

          7.Specifies that a transitional kindergarten shall not be  
            construed as a new program or higher level of service.

          8.Makes corresponding changes to the dates by which a child  
            must turn six to enroll in first grade as follows:

             A.    December 2 for the 2011-12 school year.

             B.    November 1 for the 2012-13 school year.

             C.    October 1 for the 2013-14 school year.

             D.    September 1 for the 2014-15 school year and each  
                school year thereafter.

          9.Specifies that for good cause, the governing board of a  
            school district may permit a child of proper age to be  
            admitted to a class after the first school month of the  
            school term.

           Comments

           This bill moves up the date by which a child must turn five  
          for kindergarten entry one month per year beginning with  
          the 2012-13 school year for three years.  By the 2014-15  
          school year, a child must be five years old on or before  
          September 1st in order to start kindergarten. California is  
          one of four states (Connecticut, Michigan and Vermont) to  

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          have cut-off dates between December 1 and January 1.   
          Thirty five states have cut-off dates between August 31 and  
          October 16; four states have cut-off dates on or before  
          August 15; six states leave the entrance-age decision up to  
          local school districts; and one state allows districts to  
          choose September 30 or August 1.  It is estimated that  
          115,000 or 25% of a kindergarten class would be affected by  
          this proposal (there were 461,043 kindergarteners in  
          2008-09).  The CDE projects displacement of 3,500 teachers  
          associated with this shift.

          Due to increased emphasis on test scores, kindergarten  
          classes now place heavier emphasis on academics.  Success  
          in kindergarten is not only affected by what a child knows  
          or not knows academically, other factors such as physical,  
          social and emotional readiness are also important.   
          Delaying the entry of four-year-old children will give them  
          time to prepare and mature (e.g., able to follow  
          directions, take care of themselves).

          There are anecdotal reports of increasing number of  
          districts experimenting with transitional kindergarten for  
          children with fall birthdays.  Districts are using as the  
          basis of their programs existing law that allows parents  
          and school districts to, upon the conclusion of one year of  
          kindergarten, retain a child in kindergarten for another  
          year.  These programs differ from preschool programs in  
          that they are taught by credentialed teachers and are  
          adapted from kindergarten curriculum.  Another advantage is  
          that the kids will likely be on a school site where they  
          will experience a classroom setting, but without the stigma  
          of being "held back" for another year of kindergarten.  
           
           FISCAL EFFECT  :    Appropriation:  No   Fiscal Com.:  Yes    
          Local:  Yes

                          Fiscal Impact (in thousands)

           Major Provisions             2010-11             2011-12          
              2012-13            Fund

           Age of admission/           Savings in the hundreds of  
          millions,          General*
          preschool                         as of 2012-13

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          *Counts toward meeting the Proposition 98 minimum funding  
          guarantee

           SUPPORT  :   (Verified  8/30/10)

          Advancement Project
          Association of California School Administrators
          Bay Area Council
          Bridgelux
          California Association of School Psychologists
          California Association of Suburban School Districts
          California Business for Education Excellence
          California Federation of Teachers
          California Kindergarten Association
          California Preschool Business Advisory Council
          California School Boards Association (if amended)
          California State PTA
          Coalition for Adequate Funding for Special Education
          Declaration Services
          East Bay Economic Development Alliance
          FIGHT CRIME: Invest in Kids
          FIRST 5 California
          FIRST Five Santa Clara County
          Greater Fresno Area Chamber of Commerce
          Integrated Science Solutions, Inc.
          Junior Leagues of California/State Public Affairs Committee
          Junior League of San Jose
          Lawyers Committee for Civil Rights (San Francisco Bay Area)
          Local Early Education Planning Council of Santa Clara  
          County
          Long Beach Area Chamber of Commerce
          Los Angeles Area Chamber of Commerce
          Los Angeles Business Council
          Los Angeles Unified School District
          Mexican American Legal Defense and Education Fund 
          North Bay Leadership Council
          Orange County Business Council
          Palo Alto Educators Association
          Preschool California
          Public Advocates
          Regional Economic Association Leaders of California 
          Sacramento Metro Chamber
          San Diego Chamber of Commerce

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          San Diego Regional Economic Development Corporation
          San Francisco Chamber of Commerce
          San Jose Silicon Valley Chamber of Commerce
          Santa Clara County School Boards Association
          Silicon Valley Leadership Group
          Special Education Local Plan Area Administrators
          Temple Isaiah Preschool (Los Angeles)
          The Inclusion Collaborative
          United Teachers Los Angeles

           ARGUMENTS IN SUPPORT  :    Writing in support, the California  
          Kindergarten Association states, "Kindergarten educators  
          know that changing the entrance date will help to ensure  
          success for children throughout their school careers.   
          California students compete with other states on  
          standardized testing and we are handicapping our students  
          with the current Dec. 2nd cut off date."

          According to the Junior Leagues of California, "California  
          is one of the lowest test-scoring states and we need to be  
          in a level playing field with the other states...There are  
          so many positive impacts for a child who enters into school  
          possessing the necessary maturity that is required for  
          today's academic rigor that now exists in kindergarten and  
          first grade."

          Proponents further believe that early childhood education  
          spending has one of the best returns of any public program.  
           Spending money early in a child's life saves the state  
          resources later in the form of reduced expenditures for  
          remedial education, criminal justice, and public  
          assistance.


          CPM:cm  8/30/10   Senate Floor Analyses 

                         SUPPORT/OPPOSITION:  SEE ABOVE

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