BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ķ



                                                                  AB 250
                                                                  Page  1

          CONCURRENCE IN SENATE AMENDMENTS
          AB 250 (Brownley)
          As Amended  August 30, 2011
          Majority vote
           
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          |ASSEMBLY:  |52-24|(June 1, 2011)  |SENATE: |24-10|(August 31,    |
          |           |     |                |        |     |2011)          |
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           Original Committee Reference:    ED.  

           SUMMARY  :  Establishes a structure for the implementation of the 
          common core state standards by developing and adopting 
          curriculum frameworks and professional development opportunities 
          that are aligned to the common core state standards.  

           The Senate amendments  : 

          1)Rename the Curriculum Development and Supplemental Materials 
            Commission (Commission) as the Instructional Quality 
            Commission. 

          2)Delete all the provisions relative to the instructional 
            materials adoption process including the authority for school 
            districts and the Superintendent of Public Instruction (SPI) 
            to make recommendations for instructional materials to be 
            adopted by the State Board of Education (SBE) and instead 
            reverts to current law requiring the Commission to make these 
            recommendations.  

          3)Expand the role of the Commission to advise and make 
            recommendations to the SBE, including, but not limited to, 
            what policies and activities are needed to implement the 
            state's academic content standards, and to bring the state's 
            curriculum frameworks, instructional materials, professional 
            development programs, pupil assessments, and academic 
            accountability systems into alignment with those standards.

          4)Require the SPI, in collaboration with the SBE, and specified 
            individuals, to develop criteria to guide the development of 
            model professional development modules for teachers and 
            administrators that incorporate, make use of, and build upon 
            existing programs currently available at the local, state and 
            national levels to deepen the understanding of specified 








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            topics.

          5)Revise the list of topics required to be covered by the model 
            professional development modules by deleting the following:  
            curriculum frameworks, English language development standards, 
            instructional technology, and use of assessments and data.

          6)Specify that the California Department of Education (CDE) 
            shall use federal carryover funds received pursuant to Title I 
            of the federal No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) and 
            other available state and federal funds to implement this 
            bill, and delete language making implementation of this bill 
            subject to an appropriation in the Annual Budget Act.  

           AS PASSED BY THE ASSEMBLY  , this bill established a structure for 
          the implementation of the common core state standards by 
          developing and adopting curriculum frameworks and professional 
          development opportunities that are aligned to the common core 
          state standards, and revising the instructional materials 
          adoption process.  

           FISCAL EFFECT  :  According to the Senate Appropriations 
          Committee:

          1)The CDE has indicated that existing staff would take on the 
            administrative work needed to implement changes to the 
            frameworks and evaluation criteria, the instructional 
            materials, and the Instructional Quality Commission. The CDE 
            would require additional resources for travel and related 
            reimbursements (for committee members, consultants, and 
            staff), as well as mailing and duplication costs. The CDE 
            estimates that it would require $267,000 over two years to 
            cover these costs. 

          2)The CDE estimates that it would cost $100,000 in federal Title 
            I carryover funds to create each professional development 
            module, make it accessible on the CDE's Internet Web site, and 
            provide training to local trainers; the estimate assumes the 
            modules will be created by existing staff. The CDE plans to 
            develop 4 modules in the first year ($400,000) and 6-10 
            modules over the following two years ($600,000 - $1,000,000).  


          3)The actual cost of extending the Standardized Testing and 
            Reporting (STAR) Program would depend upon the contract 








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            negotiated by the CDE and SBE, based on several factors 
            including the final test components and the amount apportioned 
            to local education agencies.  The CDE estimates the total cost 
            to be approximately $65,400,000, which includes $12,400,000 in 
            federal funds. 

           COMMENTS  :  In January 2010, the Legislature approved and the 
          Governor signed SB 1 X5 (Steinberg), Chapter 2, Statutes of 
          2009-10, Fifth Extraordinary Session, which- amongst its many 
          provisions- creates the Standards Commission to develop and 
          recommend academic content standards in language arts and 
          mathematics with at least 85% of these standards consisting of 
          the common core state standards for each subject.  The SBE 
          adopted the common core state standards in language arts and 
          mathematics on August 2, 2010.  

          This bill establishes a structure for the implementation of the 
          common core academic content standards by developing and 
          adopting curriculum frameworks, and professional development 
          opportunities that are aligned to the common core academic 
          content standards.  This bill also extends the operative date of 
          the state's assessment system by one year.

          Curriculum frameworks provide a blueprint for curriculum and 
          instruction by describing the scope and sequence of the 
          knowledge and skills all students need to master in a specific 
          subject area, and the evaluation criteria found within the 
          framework provides guidance to publishers in the development of 
          instructional materials.  The framework and criteria are used to 
          evaluate kindergarten and grades 1-8, inclusive, instructional 
          materials that are submitted for state adoption and the 
          curriculum frameworks also provide guidance to teachers in the 
          delivery of the curriculum.  The process for adopting curriculum 
          frameworks and instructional materials has been suspended for 
          the next five years; however, the state has adopted new content 
          standards in language arts and math and the curriculum and 
          instruction system is not aligned to those standards.  In an 
          effort to take a first step in the implementation of the common 
          core state standards, this bill requires the SBE to adopt 
          revised curriculum frameworks and evaluation criteria that are 
          aligned to the common core academic content standards for 
          mathematics and language arts no later than May 30, 2013, and 
          May 30, 2014, respectively.  Because the budget flexibility has 
          delayed adoption of instructional materials, curriculum 
          frameworks can be a valuable tool even without an immediate 








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          subsequent instructional materials adoption, as the framework, 
          itself, provides updated guidance for teachers to deliver 
          instruction in the new content standards.  

          This bill provides for the inclusion of English language 
          development and teaching strategies for addressing the needs of 
          English Learners (ELs) and students with disabilities in all 
          future curriculum frameworks and instructional materials in 
          math, English language arts, history social science and science. 
           Arguments have been made that existing curricular tools are not 
          sufficient or are inadequate in promoting the academic success 
          of ELs and that this population of students needs more explicit 
          support to address the academic deficits that often emerge as 
          result of their language barriers.  Similarly, it has been 
          argued that not enough curricular tools are available for 
          educators to meet the needs of students with disabilities.  The 
          adoption of the common core state standards represents an 
          opportunity to assess the existing deficiencies in the 
          curriculum and to address the needs California's diverse student 
          population.

          Furthermore, this bill seeks to provide for the inclusion of 
          21st Century skills such as creativity, innovation, critical 
          thinking, problem solving, collaboration, and communication 
          within curriculum frameworks in all content areas.  According to 
          a survey conducted by the American Management Association, 
          "Executives say they need a workforce fully equipped with skills 
          beyond the basics of reading, writing and arithmetic in order to 
          grow their businesses. Skills such as critical thinking, 
          communication, collaboration, and creativity will become even 
          more important to organizations in the future."

          This bill requires the development of model professional 
          development modules to provide opportunities for the 
          professional development of teachers, principals and other 
          school leaders that support implementation of the common core 
          state standards.  California's newly adopted common core state 
          standards will require some form of professional development and 
          or training for the teacher workforce, as the new standards 
          involve new content and require that teachers teach with a depth 
          of understanding for key concepts.  Teachers have focused on 
          instructional strategies designed to assist students to acquire 
          the knowledge outlined through California's existing content 
          standards, however the common core state standards include 
          content of a deeper and more comprehensive nature that involve 








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          problem solving, critical thinking, and in-depth conceptual 
          understanding of core content ideas.  Supporting teachers in the 
          transition to the common core state standards is an important 
          element in the implementation of these standards.  

          In an effort to prepare California's assessment system for 
          potential changes in federal law, this bill extends the 
          operative date of the state's assessment system by one year 
          through the 2013-14 school year.  This additional year will give 
          the Legislature the opportunity to examine national common 
          assessment initiatives and will give the state flexibility to 
          adapt to potential changes through the reauthorization of the 
          Elementary and Secondary Education Act before considering 
          proposals for the reauthorization of the state pupil assessment 
          system.  To inform future decisions of the Legislature in the 
          reauthorization of the statewide assessment system, this bill 
          additionally requires the SPI to make recommendations including 
          a plan for transitioning to a system of high-quality assessments 
          that are aligned to the common core state standards.  


           Analysis Prepared by  :    Marisol Aviņa / ED. / (916) 319-2087 

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