BILL NUMBER: SB 248 INTRODUCED BILL TEXT INTRODUCED BY Senator Wyland FEBRUARY 10, 2011 An act to amend Section 296 of the Penal Code, relating to forensic specimens. LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL'S DIGEST SB 248, as introduced, Wyland. Forensic specimens: offenders. Existing law, as amended by voter approval of Proposition 69 at the November 2, 2004, statewide general election, requires persons who are arrested for or convicted of, as specified, certain offenses, or who are required to register as a sex offender, to provide buccal swab samples, right thumbprints, and a full palm print impression of each hand, and any blood specimens or other biological samples as specified for law enforcement identification analysis. The initiative authorizes amendment of these provisions by the Legislature if the amendments further the purposes of the initiative and are consistent with its purposes to enhance the use of DNA identification evidence for the purpose of accurate and expeditious crime-solving and exonerating the innocent. This bill would add to the list of persons required to provide forensic identifying samples, persons, including juveniles, who pled guilty, or no contest to, or were convicted of, or adjudicated for committing, certain offenses punishable as misdemeanors or felonies or both, pertaining to poisoning animals, cruelty to animals, stalking, specified species of disorderly conduct, installing a 2-way mirror in specified locations, and loitering in a public place with the intent to commit prostitution. The bill would also make nonsubstantive, technical corrections. By increasing the burdens on local government agencies, this bill would impose a state-mandated local program. The California Constitution requires the state to reimburse local agencies and school districts for certain costs mandated by the state. Statutory provisions establish procedures for making that reimbursement. This bill would provide that, if the Commission on State Mandates determines that the bill contains costs mandated by the state, reimbursement for those costs shall be made pursuant to these statutory provisions. Vote: majority. Appropriation: no. Fiscal committee: yes. State-mandated local program: yes. THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: SECTION 1. Section 296 of the Penal Code is amended to read: 296. (a) The following persons shall provide buccal swab samples, right thumbprints, and a full palm print impression of each hand, and any blood specimens or other biological samples required pursuant to this chapter for law enforcement identification analysis: (1) Any person, including any juvenile, who is convicted of or pleads guilty or no contest to any felony offense, or is found not guilty by reason of insanity of any felony offense, or any juvenile who is adjudicated under Section 602 of the Welfare and Institutions Code for committing any felony offense. (2) Any adult person who is arrested for or charged with any of the following felony offenses: (A) Any felony offense specified in
Section 290the Sex Offender Registration Act (Chapter 5.5 (commencing with Section 290)) or attempt to commit any felony offense described in Section 290the act , or any felony offense that imposes upon a person the duty to register in California as a sex offender under Section 290the act . (B) Murder or voluntary manslaughter or any attempt to commit murder or voluntary manslaughter. (C) Commencing on January 1 of the fifth year following enactment of the act that added this subparagraph, as amended, any adult person arrested or charged with any felony offense. (3) Any person, including any juvenile, who is required to register under Section 290 or 457.1 because of the commission of, or the attempt to commit, a felony or misdemeanor offense, or any person, including any juvenile, who is housed in a mental health facility or sex offender treatment program after referral to suchthat facility or program by a court after being charged with any felony offense. (4) Any person, including any juvenile, who is convicted or pleads guilty or no contest to, or who is adjudicated under Section 602 of the Welfare and Institutions Code for, committing a violation of any of the following: (A) Section 596. (B) Subdivision (c) of Section 597. (C) Subdivision (a) of Section 646.9. (D) Subdivision (a), (b), (i), or (j) of Section 647. (E) Section 653n. (F) Section 653.22. (4)(5) The term "felony" as used in this subdivision includes an attempt to commit the offense. (5)(6) Nothing in this chapter shall be construed as prohibiting collection and analysis of specimens, samples, or print impressions as a condition of a plea for a non-qualifying offense. (b) The provisions of this chapter and its requirements for submission of specimens, samples and print impressions as soon as administratively practicable shall apply to all qualifying persons regardless of sentence imposed, including any sentence of death, life without the possibility of parole, or any life or indeterminate term, or any other disposition rendered in the case of an adult or juvenile tried as an adult, or whether the person is diverted, fined, or referred for evaluation, and regardless of disposition rendered or placement made in the case of juvenile who is found to have committed any felonyqualifying offense or is adjudicated under Section 602 of the Welfare and Institutions Code. (c) The provisions of this chapter and its requirements for submission of specimens, samples, and print impressions as soon as administratively practicable by qualified persons as described in subdivision (a) shall apply regardless of placement or confinement in any mental hospital or other public or private treatment facility, and shall include, but not be limited to, the following persons, including juveniles: (1) Any person committed to a state hospital or other treatment facility as a mentally disordered sex offender under former Article 1 (commencing with Section 6300) of Chapter 2 of Part 2 of Division 6 of the Welfare and Institutions Code. (2) Any person who has a severe mental disorder as set forth within the provisions of Article 4 (commencing with Section 2960) of Chapter 7 of Title 1 of Part 3 of the Penal Code. (3) Any person found to be a sexually violent predator pursuant to Article 4 (commencing with Section 6600) of Chapter 2 of Part 2 of Division 6 of the Welfare and Institutions Code. (d) The provisions of this chapter are mandatory and apply whether or not the court advises a person, including any juvenile, that he or she must provide the data bank and database specimens, samples, and print impressions as a condition of probation, parole, or any plea of guilty, no contest, or not guilty by reason of insanity, or any admission to any of the offenses described in subdivision (a). (e) If at any stage of court proceedings the prosecuting attorney determines that specimens, samples, and print impressions required by this chapter have not already been taken from any person, as defined under subdivision (a) of Section 296, the prosecuting attorney shall notify the court orally on the record, or in writing, and request that the court order collection of the specimens, samples, and print impressions required by law. However, a failure by the prosecuting attorney or any other law enforcement agency to notify the court shall not relieve a person of the obligation to provide specimens, samples, and print impressions pursuant to this chapter. (f) Prior to final disposition or sentencing in the case the court shall inquire and verify that the specimens, samples, and print impressions required by this chapter have been obtained and that this fact is included in the abstract of judgment or dispositional order in the case of a juvenile. The abstract of judgment issued by the court shall indicate that the court has ordered the person to comply with the requirements of this chapter and that the person shall be included in the state's DNA and Forensic Identification Data Base and Data Bank program and be subject to this chapter. However, failure by the court to verify specimen, sample, and print impression collection or enter these facts in the abstract of judgment or dispositional order in the case of a juvenile shall not invalidate an arrest, plea, conviction, or disposition, or otherwise relieve a person from the requirements of this chapter. SEC. 2. If the Commission on State Mandates determines that this act contains costs mandated by the state, reimbursement to local agencies and school districts for those costs shall be made pursuant to Part 7 (commencing with Section 17500) of Division 4 of Title 2 of the Government Code.