BILL ANALYSIS Ķ SB 754 Page 1 SENATE THIRD READING SB 754 (Padilla) As Amended August 6, 2012 Majority vote SENATE VOTE :Vote not relevant EDUCATION 9-0 APPROPRIATIONS 17-0 ----------------------------------------------------------------- |Ayes:|Brownley, Norby, Ammiano, |Ayes:|Gatto, Harkey, | | |Buchanan, Butler, Eng, | |Blumenfield, Bradford, | | |Grove, Halderman, | |Charles Calderon, Campos, | | |Williams | |Davis, Donnelly, Fuentes, | | | | |Hall, Hill, Cedillo, | | | | |Mitchell, Nielsen, Norby, | | | | |Solorio, Wagner | | | | | | ----------------------------------------------------------------- SUMMARY : Requires as a condition of the receipt of economic impact aid (EIA) funds, a school district to post in an easily accessible location on its Internet Web site data related to EIA funding for purposes of budget transparency. Specifically, this bill requires posting the amounts of EIA funds: 1)Allocated to the school district in that fiscal year. 2)Used by the school district for administrative costs in that fiscal year. 3)Expended for limited-English-proficient pupils in that fiscal year and the prior fiscal year by the school district and by each school within the district. 4)Expended for state compensatory education in that fiscal year and the prior fiscal year by the school district and by each school within the district. 5)Unexpended and an explanation of why these funds have not been expended. EXISTING LAW : 1)Provides economic impact aid funding to school districts based SB 754 Page 2 on the number of economically disadvantaged pupils and English learners (ELs) enrolled in the school district. 2)Requires the Superintendent of Public Instruction to perform (SPI) specified calculations to determine the amount of EIA a school district receives for a fiscal year and requires each school district to expend these funds for specified programs and activities. 3)Requires a school district to expend EIA funds to serve and assist ELs and economically disadvantaged pupils and prohibits expending those funds at schoolsites that do not have ELs or economically disadvantaged pupils. 4)Requires a school to use EIA funds to support programs and activities designed to assist ELs achieve proficiency in the English language as rapidly as practicable and to support programs and activities designed to improve the academic achievement of ELs and economically disadvantaged pupils. 5)Requires EIA funds received by school districts to supplement, and not supplant, existing resources at the schoolsite. FISCAL EFFECT : According to the Assembly Appropriations Committee, annual General Fund/Proposition 98 costs, likely between $200,000 and $400,000, to local education agencies (LEAs) to meet the requirements of this bill. There were 1,015 LEAs that received EIA funding in the 2011-12 Fiscal Year. Actual costs will depend on the number of schools within each district that receive EIA funding. COMMENTS : EIA is a state categorical program that provides supplemental funds to support additional programs and services for ELs/limited English proficient (LEP) pupils and compensatory education services for educationally disadvantaged students. The EIA/LEP support programs and activities to assist ELs achieve proficiency in the English language as rapidly as practicable and to support programs and activities to improve the academic achievement of English learners. EIA/State Compensatory Education (EIA/SCE) support programs and activities designed to assist educationally disadvantaged students achieve state standard proficiency. The author states, "Current law lacks transparency in school SB 754 Page 3 budgets that would allow policymakers, students, parents, teachers and communities to understand how schools and districts provide services to English Learners." This bill requires as a condition of the receipt of EIA funds, school districts to post in an easily accessible location the information about EIA allocations and expenditures at the school district and school site level. Pursuant to Title 5 Regulations, school districts receiving EIA funds are required to maintain separate accounting records that document the total amount of EIA funds spent. It shall be noted that the purpose of EIA funds is to provide supplementary services to ELs and economically disadvantaged students. Without also having information about the main budget and/or other sources of funding for the student populations that EIA is designed for, it is unclear whether the EIA budget in isolation will provide useful information to parents and the public. Furthermore, the information may not necessarily be presented in a manner that is easily comprehensible. However, others may argue that this bill takes a step towards increasing budget transparency, which in turn will lead to a greater level of understanding on how education dollars are spent.
There appears to be a level of parent and public involvement and input in the development of an expenditure plan for EIA funds. Current law requires the school site council (SSC) to develop a Single Plan for Student Achievement (SPSA) for consolidated application programs, including EIA, operated at the school or in which the school participates. The SSC must approve the plan, recommend it to the local governing board for approval, monitor implementation of the SPSA, and evaluate the results. At least annually, the SSC must revise the SPSA, including proposed expenditures of funds allocated to the school through the consolidated application, and recommend it to the local governing board for approval. EIA reporting requirement on court schools: Starting with the 2010-11 fiscal year, juvenile court schools (JCS) are also eligible for EIA funds, and the Budget Act requires, as a condition of receipt of funds, JCSs to report on the use of funds and the number of pupils served no later than September 30 of each year. However, this existing requirement applies only to court schools. SB 754 Page 4 Analysis Prepared by : Marisol Aviņa / ED. / (916) 319-2087 FN: 0005011