BILL ANALYSIS Ó SENATE TRANSPORTATION & HOUSING COMMITTEE BILL NO: AB 14 SENATOR MARK DESAULNIER, CHAIRMAN AUTHOR: lowenthal VERSION: 5/6/13 Analysis by: Erin Riches FISCAL: yes Hearing date: June 18, 2013 SUBJECT: State freight plan DESCRIPTION: This bill requires the state's Transportation Agency to prepare a state freight plan and establish a freight advisory committee. ANALYSIS: In July 2012, Congress passed and President Obama signed the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (Public Law 112-41), known as MAP-21. This legislation authorizes federal transportation funding to states through September 30, 2014. Among other things, MAP-21 requires the US Department of Transportation (DOT) to: Establish a national freight network to help states strategically direct resources toward improved movement of freight on highways. Develop a national freight strategic plan in consultation with states and other stakeholders, and update it every five years. Encourage each state to establish a freight advisory committee composed of a representative cross-section of public and private sector freight stakeholders. Encourage each state to develop a comprehensive plan for its immediate and long-term freight-related planning and investment. Establish measures for states to use to assess freight movement on the interstate system. MAP-21 also authorizes DOT to increase the federal share of project costs to 95 percent for an interstate highway project, AB 14 (LOWENTHAL) Page 2 or 90 percent for a non-interstate system project, if the project makes a demonstrable improvement in the efficiency of freight movement and is included in the state freight plan. This bill : Requires the Transportation Agency to prepare a state freight plan that complies with MAP-21 and provides a comprehensive plan to govern the state's short- and long-term planning activities and capital investments relating to freight movement. Requires the Transportation Agency to establish a freight advisory committee consisting of a representative cross section of public and private freight sector stakeholders, as specified. Requires the freight advisory committee to: o Advise the Transportation Agency on freight-related priorities, issues, projects, and funding needs; o Serve as a forum for discussion on state transportation decisions affecting freight mobility; o Communicate and coordinate regional priorities with other organizations; o Promote information-sharing between the public and private sectors; and o Participate in developing the state freight plan. Requires the state freight plan to: o Identify significant freight system trends, needs, and issues; o Describe freight policies, strategies, and performance measures to guide freight-related transportation decisions; o Describe how the plan will improve the state's ability to meet DOT's national freight goals; o Provide evidence of consideration of innovative technologies and operational strategies, including intelligent transportation systems, to improve the safety and efficiency of freight movement; o Describe improvements that may be required to reduce or impede deterioration on routes which are heavily travelled by heavy vehicles including mining, agricultural, energy cargo or equipment, and timber vehicles; and AB 14 (LOWENTHAL) Page 3 o Provide an inventory of facilities with freight mobility issues, such as truck bottlenecks, along with a description of what strategies the state will use to address these issues. Requires the Transportation Agency to submit the state freight plan to the Legislature, Governor, California Transportation Commission, Public Utilities Commission, and State Air Resources Board by December 31, 2014, and every five years thereafter. Provides that the Transportation Agency may develop the state freight plan separately from, or incorporated into, the statewide strategic long-range transportation plan and the state rail plan. COMMENTS: 1.Purpose . MAP-21 encourages states to establish a freight advisory committee and develop a state freight plan. The author states that this bill goes beyond MAP-21 by mandating these actions to emphasize the state's commitment. The author notes the importance of developing a state freight plan that meets the needs of an aging and congested infrastructure, complies with federal and state clean air mandates, and addresses public health issues related to freight movement. 2.Freight advisory committee . Caltrans, in collaboration with the Business, Transportation, and Housing Agency, has formed a freight advisory committee that began meeting quarterly in April 2013. The committee has committed to ensure that the state freight plans uses all six of the elements outlined in MAP-21 and follows US DOT recommendations as closely as possible while adding California-specific interest areas such as air quality, climate change, and fuel diversity goals. 3.State freight plan . Caltrans is currently updating the Goods Movement Action Plan (GMAP), which was originally issued by the Business, Transportation, and Housing Agency and the California Environmental Protection Agency in two phases in 2005 and 2007. The GMAP was a comprehensive plan to address economic and environmental issues associated with moving goods via the state's highways, railways, and ports. It also provided guidance for allocating $3.1 billion of the $19.9 billion approved by voters in Proposition 1B, the Highway Safety, Traffic Reduction, Air Quality and Port Security Bond AB 14 (LOWENTHAL) Page 4 Act of 2006. The new plan, known as the Freight Mobility Plan, will expand beyond the GMAP to address additional issues such as greenhouse gas emissions goals, as well as to meet the parameters outlined in MAP-21. The Freight Mobility Plan will focus more attention on community impact issues, take a more in-depth look at trucking, and more thoroughly identify the freight needs of portions of California that did not receive sufficient attention during implementation of the GMAP. 4.Other planning efforts . In addition to developing the Freight Mobility Plan, the state is working on several related efforts. Caltrans is developing a long-range California Transportation Plan, known as CTP 2040, to address the state's mobility needs while reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Caltrans is also preparing a state rail plan for passenger and rail service. The state Air Resources Board is developing a long-term plan known as the Clean Air Vision, which looks at strategies to meet the state's multiple air quality and climate goals well into the future, including how to reduce emissions in the freight transport system. At the local level, metropolitan planning organizations adopt regional transportation plans and are developing sustainable communities strategies pursuant to SB 375 (Steinberg), Chapter 728, Statutes of 2008. 5.Is this bill necessary ? This bill would place into statute efforts already underway to establish a freight advisory committee and develop a state freight plan. The author states that by doing so, California sends a clear message to the federal government of its commitment. The author also notes that a state freight plan will help place California at the front of the line for available federal money, since MAP-21 authorizes DOT to increase federal funding for projects that are included in a state's freight plan. Many state planning efforts, such as the CTP 2040 described above, are established in statute. Assembly Votes: Floor: 59-18 Appr: 13-4 Trans: 13-2 POSITIONS: (Communicated to the committee before noon on AB 14 (LOWENTHAL) Page 5 Wednesday, June 12, 2013.) SUPPORT: Metropolitan Transportation Commission Orange County Transportation Authority OPPOSED: None received.