Amended in Assembly April 11, 2013

Amended in Assembly April 1, 2013

Amended in Assembly February 26, 2013

California Legislature—2013–14 Regular Session

Assembly BillNo. 68


Introduced by Assembly Member Maienschein

(Coauthor: Assembly Member Wilk)

January 9, 2013


An act to amend Section 3550 of the Penal Code, relating to parole.

LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL’S DIGEST

AB 68, as amended, Maienschein. Parole.

Existing law provides that the Board of Parole Hearings or its successor in interest shall be the state’s parole authority. Existing law provides that, except as specified, a prisoner who is found to be permanently medically incapacitated, as specified, shall be granted medical parole, if the Board of Parole Hearings determines that the conditions under which the prisoner would be released would not reasonably pose a threat to public safety. Existing law requires a physician employed by the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation who is the primary care provider for a prisoner to recommend that the prisoner be referred to the Board of Parole Hearings for consideration for medical parole if the physician believes the prisoner meets the medical criteria for medical parole.

This bill would require the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation to give notice of any medical parole hearing and any medical parole release to the county of commitment,begin delete the county of last legal residence,end delete and the county of proposed release, at least 30 days prior to a medical parole hearing or a medical parole release.

Vote: majority. Appropriation: no. Fiscal committee: yes. State-mandated local program: no.

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:

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SECTION 1.  

Section 3550 of the Penal Code is amended to
2read:

3

3550.  

(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, except
4as provided in subdivision (b), any prisoner who the head physician
5of the institution where the prisoner is located determines, as
6provided in this section, is permanently medically incapacitated
7with a medical condition that renders him or her permanently
8unable to perform activities of basic daily living, and results in the
9prisoner requiring 24-hour care, and that incapacitation did not
10exist at the time of sentencing, shall be granted medical parole if
11the Board of Parole Hearings determines that the conditions under
12which the prisoner would be released would not reasonably pose
13a threat to public safety.

14(b) Subdivision (a) shall not apply to any prisoner sentenced to
15death or life in prison without possibility of parole or to any inmate
16who is serving a sentence for which parole, pursuant to subdivision
17(a), is prohibited by any initiative statute. The provisions of this
18section shall not be construed to alter or diminish the rights
19conferred under the Victim’s Bill of Rights Act of 2008: Marsy’s
20Law.

21(c) When a physician employed by the Department of
22Corrections and Rehabilitation who is the primary care provider
23for an inmate identifies an inmate that he or she believes meets
24the medical criteria for medical parole specified in subdivision (a),
25the primary care physician shall recommend to the head physician
26of the institution where the prisoner is located that the prisoner be
27referred to the Board of Parole Hearings for consideration for
28medical parole. Within 30 days of receiving that recommendation,
29if the head physician of the institution concurs in the
30recommendation of the primary care physician, he or she shall
31refer the matter to the Board of Parole Hearings using a
32standardized form and format developed by the department, and
33if the head physician of the institution does not concur in the
P3    1recommendation, he or she shall provide the primary care physician
2with a written explanation of the reasons for denying the referral.

3(d) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this section, the
4prisoner or his or her family member or designee may
5independently request consideration for medical parole by
6contacting the head physician at the prison or the department.
7Within 30 days of receiving the request, the head physician of the
8institution shall, in consultation with the prisoner’s primary care
9 physician, make a determination regarding whether the prisoner
10meets the criteria for medical parole as specified in subdivision
11(a) and, if the head physician of the institution determines that the
12prisoner satisfies the criteria set forth in subdivision (a), he or she
13shall refer the matter to the Board of Parole Hearings using a
14standardized form and format developed by the department. If the
15head physician of the institution does not concur in the
16recommendation, he or she shall provide the prisoner or his or her
17family member or designee with a written explanation of the
18reasons for denying the application.

19(e) The Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall
20complete parole plans for inmates referred to the Board of Parole
21Hearings for medical parole consideration. The parole plans shall
22include, but not be limited to, the inmate’s plan for residency and
23medical care.

24(f) Notwithstanding any other law, medical parole hearings shall
25be conducted by two-person panels consisting of at least one
26commissioner. In the event of a tie vote, the matter shall be referred
27to the full board for a decision. Medical parole hearings may be
28heard in absentia.

29(g) Upon receiving a recommendation from the head physician
30of the institution where a prisoner is located for the prisoner to be
31granted medical parole pursuant to subdivision (c) or (d), the board,
32as specified in subdivision (f), shall make an independent judgment
33regarding whether the conditions under which the inmate would
34be released pose a reasonable threat to public safety, and make
35written findings related thereto.

36(h) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the board or
37the Division of Adult Parole Operations shall have the authority
38to impose any reasonable conditions on prisoners subject to medical
39parole supervision pursuant to subdivision (a), including, but not
40limited to, the requirement that the parolee submit to electronic
P4    1monitoring. As a further condition of medical parole, pursuant to
2subdivision (a), the parolee may be required to submit to an
3examination by a physician selected by the board for the purpose
4of diagnosing the parolee’s current medical condition. In the event
5such an examination takes place, a report of the examination and
6diagnosis shall be submitted to the board by the examining
7physician. If the board determines, based on that medical
8examination, that the person’s medical condition has improved to
9the extent that the person no longer qualifies for medical parole,
10the board shall return the person to the custody of the department.

11(1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law establishing
12maximum periods for parole, a prisoner sentenced to a determinate
13term who is placed on medical parole supervision prior to the
14earliest possible release date and who remains eligible for medical
15parole, shall remain on medical parole, pursuant to subdivision
16(a), until that earliest possible release date, at which time the
17parolee shall commence serving that period of parole provided by,
18and under the provisions of, Chapter 8 (commencing with Section
193000) of Title 1.

20(2) Notwithstanding any other provisions of law establishing
21maximum periods for parole, a prisoner sentenced to an
22indeterminate term who is placed on medical parole supervision
23prior to the prisoner’s minimum eligible parole date, and who
24remains eligible for medical parole, shall remain on medical parole
25pursuant to subdivision (a) until that minimum eligible parole date,
26at which time the parolee shall be eligible for parole consideration
27under all other provisions of Chapter 8 (commencing with Section
283000) of Title 1.

29(i) The Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall, at
30the time a prisoner is placed on medical parole supervision pursuant
31to subdivision (a), ensure that the prisoner has applied for any
32federal entitlement programs for which the prisoner is eligible,
33and has in his or her possession a discharge medical summary, full
34medical records, parole medications, and all property belonging
35to the prisoner that was under the control of the department. Any
36additional records shall be sent to the prisoner’s forwarding address
37after release to health care-related parole supervision.

38(j) The provisions for medical parole set forth in this title shall
39not affect an inmate’s eligibility for any other form of parole or
40release provided by law.

P5    1(k) (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the
2Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall give notice to
3the county of commitment,begin delete the county of last legal residence as
4defined in subdivision (l) of Section 14053.7 of the Welfare and
5Institutions Code,end delete
and the county of proposed release of any
6medical parole hearing as described in subdivision (f), and of any
7medical parole release as described in subdivision (g).

8(2) Notice shall be made at least 30 days prior to the time any
9medical parole hearing or medical parole release is scheduled for
10an inmate receiving medical parole consideration, regardless of
11whether the inmate is sentenced either determinately or
12indeterminately.



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