BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    



                                                                  AB 221
                                                                  Page 1

          Date of Hearing:  April 1, 2013

                       ASSEMBLY COMMITTEE ON NATURAL RESOURCES
                                Wesley Chesbro, Chair
               AB 221 (Quirk-Silva) - As Introduced:  February 4, 2013
           
          SUBJECT  :  Recycled concrete

           SUMMARY  :  Updates legislative findings and declarations to state  
          the benefits of recycling concrete and updates the definition of  
          recycled concrete to reference compliance with the California  
          Green Building Standards Code (GBSC).

           EXISTING LAW:  

          1)Defines recycled concrete to mean reclaimed concrete material  
            used in concrete mixtures in accordance with the most current  
            edition of the Greenbook Standard Specifications for Public  
            Works, including mix designs or aggregate gradations of  
            reclaimed concrete material that are in accordance with  
            American Concrete Institute, American Society of Testing and  
            Materials, International Building Code, International  
            Residential Code, Uniform Building Code, or Department of  
            Transportation (CalTrans) Standard Specifications.

          2)Exempts reclaimed concrete material in compliance with ASTM-94  
            specifications.

          3)Authorizes the use of recycled concrete if a user has been  
            fully informed, either orally or in writing and by delivery  
            receipt at delivery acceptance, that the concrete may contain  
            recycled materials.

          4)Prohibits recycled concrete from being offered, provided, or  
            sold to CalTrans or the Department of General Services (DGS)  
            for any use, including but not limited to, any project under  
            its affiliation, contract authority, or oversight  
            responsibility, unless specifically requested and approved by  
            the department.

           THIS BILL  : 

          1)States legislative findings and declarations relating to the  
            environmental and economic benefits of recycling concrete,  
            such as reducing waste, promoting conservation, and maximizing  








                                                                  AB 221
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            the efficient use of natural resources.

          2)Updates the definition of recycled concrete to include mix  
            designs or aggregate gradations of reclaimed concrete material  
            that are in accordance with the specifications of the  
            California Building Code (CBC) and Green Building Standards  
            Code (GBSC). 

          3)Corrects obsolete statutory references to the Uniform Building  
            Code.

           FISCAL EFFECT  :  Unknown.









































                                                                  AB 221
                                                                  Page 3

           COMMENTS  :

           1)Background  .  Concrete is one of the most popular construction  
            materials used in a variety of applications and settings.  Not  
            all concrete, however, is utilized in projects; about two to  
            seven percent of returned concrete (wet, unused concrete that  
            remains in the truck) returns unused to batch plants.  
            According to a 2008 Statewide Waste Characterization Study by  
            the Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery  
            (CalRecycle), all forms of concrete represent 1.2 percent, or  
            approximately 483,367 tons, of the state's waste disposal  
            stream. 

            The disposal of returned concrete can pose significant  
            environmental and economic costs.  Demand for new concrete  
            drives mining operations for gravel, stone, and other natural  
            resources used in mix designs. Managing returned concrete  
            imposes handling, transportation and storage costs, which  
            contribute to increased greenhouse gas emissions. Returned  
            concrete material also often ends up in landfills, taking up  
            unnecessary space. 

           2)Concrete recycling  .  CalRecycle, along with private industry,  
            encourage the recycling of returned concrete to address the  
            environmental and economic costs of disposal.  Returned  
            hardened concrete is increasingly being crushed for future use  
            as aggregate for new concrete or as base material.  According  
            to the author, "While all re-uses and recycling of concrete  
            options are beneficial for the conservation of natural  
            resources, the re-use of returned plastic (wet) concrete  
            provides the opportunity to optimize both resource  
            conservation and the embodied energy of the original concrete  
            batch." 

            This bill is intended to encourage the use of returned plastic  
            concrete by authorizing compliance with CBC and GBSC.   
            Additionally, the author states that "AB 221 will help achieve  
            current AB 32 goals by encouraging the recycling of concrete  
            by adding code reference to the GBSC in the statute. This  
            links the concrete recycling provisions in the GBSC to the  
            current statute and ensures that link remains as the GBSC  
            expands."

           3)Suggested amendments  .   The committee may wish to amend the  
            bill  to replace the term "plastic concrete" with "fresh  








                                                                  AB 221
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            concrete" to clarify that this term refers to unused wet  
            concrete left over in cement trucks. 

           REGISTERED SUPPORT / OPPOSITION  :

           Support 
           
          California Construction and Industrial Materials Association  
          (CalCIMA) (Sponsor)
          California Construction Trucking Association
          American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees  
          (AFSCME), AFL-CIO
          California Nevada Cement Association
          California Construction Trucking Association







































                                                                  AB 221
                                                                  Page 5

          National Ready Mixed Concrete Co.
          Syar Industries and Syar Concrete LLC
          Werner Corporation
          7/11 Materials, Inc.

           Opposition 
           
          None on file
           

          Analysis Prepared by  :  Melissa Sayoc / NAT. RES. / (916)  
          319-2092