BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    



                                                                  AB 221
                                                                  Page 1

          CONCURRENCE IN SENATE AMENDMENTS
          AB 221 (Quirk-Silva)
          As Amended  June 10, 2013
          Majority vote
           
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          |ASSEMBLY:  |76-0 |(May 2, 2013)   |SENATE: |29-0 |(July 8, 2013) |
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           Original Committee Reference:   NAT. RES.  
           
          SUMMARY  :  Updates legislative findings and declarations to state  
          the benefits of recycling concrete and updates the definition of  
          recycled concrete to reference compliance with the California  
          Green Building Standards Code (GBSC).  

           The Senate amendments  delete an unnecessary finding.
           
          EXISTING LAW  : 

          1)Defines recycled concrete to mean reclaimed concrete material  
            used in concrete mixtures in accordance with the most current  
            edition of the Greenbook Standard Specifications for Public  
            Works, including mix designs or aggregate gradations of  
            reclaimed concrete material that are in accordance with  
            American Concrete Institute, American Society of Testing and  
            Materials (ASTM), International Building Code, International  
            Residential Code, UBC, or Department of Transportation  
            (Caltrans) Standard Specifications.

          2)Exempts reclaimed concrete material in compliance with ASTM-94  
            specifications.

          3)Authorizes the use of recycled concrete if a user has been  
            fully informed, either orally or in writing and by delivery  
            receipt at delivery acceptance, that the concrete may contain  
            recycled materials.

          4)Prohibits recycled concrete from being offered, provided, or  
            sold to Caltrans or the Department of General Services (DGS)  
            for any use, including but not limited to, any project under  
            its affiliation, contract authority, or oversight  
            responsibility, unless specifically requested and approved by  
            the department.









                                                                  AB 221
                                                                  Page 2

           AS PASSED BY THE ASSEMBLY  :

          1)Stated legislative findings and declarations relating to the  
            environmental and economic benefits of recycling concrete,  
            such as reducing waste, promoting conservation, and maximizing  
            the efficient use of natural resources.

          2)Updated the definition of recycled concrete to include mix  
            designs or aggregate gradations of reclaimed concrete material  
            that are in accordance with the specifications of the  
            California Building Code (CBC) and GBSC. 

          3)Corrected obsolete statutory references to the Uniform  
            Building Code (UBC).

           FISCAL EFFECT  :  According to the Senate Appropriations  
          Committee, pursuant to Senate Rule 28.8, this bill has  
          negligible state costs. 
           
          COMMENTS  :  Concrete is one of the most popular construction  
          materials used in a variety of applications and settings.  Not  
          all concrete, however, is utilized in projects; about 2% to 7%  
          of returned concrete (wet, unused concrete that remains in the  
          truck) returns unused to batch plants.  According to a 2008  
          Statewide Waste Characterization Study by the Department of  
          Resources Recycling and Recovery (CalRecycle), all forms of  
          concrete represent 1.2%, or approximately 483,367 tons, of the  
          state's waste disposal stream. 

          The disposal of returned concrete can pose significant  
          environmental and economic costs.  Demand for new concrete  
          drives mining operations for gravel, stone, and other natural  
          resources used in mix designs.  Managing returned concrete  
          imposes handling, transportation and storage costs, which  
          contribute to increased greenhouse gas emissions.  Returned  
          concrete material also often ends up in landfills, taking up  
          unnecessary space. 

          CalRecycle, along with private industry, encourage the recycling  
          of returned concrete to address the environmental and economic  
          costs of disposal.  Returned hardened concrete is increasingly  
          being crushed for future use as aggregate for new concrete or as  
          base material.  According to the author, "While all re-uses and  
          recycling of concrete options are beneficial for the  
          conservation of natural resources, the re-use of returned  








                                                                  AB 221
                                                                  Page 3

          plastic (wet) concrete provides the opportunity to optimize both  
          resource conservation and the embodied energy of the original  
          concrete batch." 

          This bill is intended to encourage the use of returned plastic  
          concrete by authorizing compliance with CBC and GBSC.   
          Additionally, the author states that "AB 221 will help achieve  
          current AB 32 goals by encouraging the recycling of concrete by  
          adding code reference to the GBSC in the statute.  This links  
          the concrete recycling provisions in the GBSC to the current  
          statute and ensures that link remains as the GBSC expands."
           

            Analysis Prepared by  :    Elizabeth MacMillan / NAT. RES. / (916)  
          319-2092 


          FN: 0001437  
          0000286