BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    

                                                                  AB 272
                                                                  Page  1

          AB 272 (Gomez)
          As Introduced  February 7, 2013
          Majority vote 

           AGRICULTURE         7-0         APPROPRIATIONS      17-0        
          |Ayes:|Eggman, Olsen, Atkins,    |Ayes:|Gatto, Harkey, Bigelow,   |
          |     |Dahle, Pan, Quirk, Yamada |     |Bocanegra, Bradford, Ian  |
          |     |                          |     |Calderon, Campos,         |
          |     |                          |     |Donnelly, Eggman, Gomez,  |
          |     |                          |     |Hall, Holden, Linder,     |
          |     |                          |     |Pan, Quirk, Wagner, Weber |
          |     |                          |     |                          |
           SUMMARY  :  Changes, from four months to three months, the age at  
          which a dog is required to be vaccinated against rabies.  This  
          bill also makes technical changes.

          FISCAL EFFECT  :  According to the Assembly Appropriations  
          Committee, there are no significant costs associated with this  

           COMMENTS  :  Rabies is a viral disease that affects the central  
          nervous system and causes acute inflammation of the brain.   
          Rabies is almost always fatal if treatment is not administered  
          prior to the onset of severe symptoms.  In California, most  
          cases of rabies occur in skunks and bats; however, any mammal,  
          including human, can contract rabies.  Domestic animals account  
          for 3% of animal rabies, and the rest occurs in a variety of  
          wild animals.  Rabies can be prevented by vaccination.  Rabies  
          prevention programs, including vaccinations, in the United  
          States have reduced laboratory-confirmed cases of rabies in dogs  
          from 6,949 in 1947 to 93 in 2009.

          According to the author, the four month age for vaccination is  
          out of step with current federal rules, other states, and  
          existing vaccine labels.  The Center for Disease Control and  
          Prevention's 2011 Compendium of Animal Rabies Prevention and  
          Control (Compendium) lists 14 rabies vaccinations for dogs  
          licensed by the federal government.  The minimum age for all  
          rabies vaccination for dogs is three months.  California is the  


                                                                  AB 272
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          only state that sets a minimum age of four months for dog rabies  

          By allowing California veterinarians to vaccinate at three  
          months, supporters state that this will lessen the chance of  
          over-vaccination of young dogs coming into California.   
          Furthermore, supporters feel that, along with aligning  
          California rabies law with the rest of the nation, this bill  
          will offer protection against rabies to more dogs.

          Opponents state that this bill is unneeded as California has a  
          low rate of rabies in domestic animals, with three cases of  
          rabies in dogs reported since 2007.  Opponents feel that  
          lowering the age of vaccination can be counterproductive, as  
          puppies have sufficient maternal antibodies (MAB) to protect  
          against rabies.  The 2011 American Animal Hospital Association  
          Canine Vaccination Guidelines list puppy's MAB as one of the  
          three main reasons for vaccine failure. 

          Analysis Prepared by  :    Victor Francovich / AGRI. / (916)  

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