BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ó


          |SENATE RULES COMMITTEE            |                        AB 272|
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                                    THIRD READING

          Bill No:  AB 272
          Author:   Gomez (D), et al.
          Amended:  8/20/13 in Senate
          Vote:     21

          SENATE HEALTH COMMITTEE  :  9-0, 6/26/13
          AYES:  Hernandez, Anderson, Beall, De León, DeSaulnier, Monning,  
            Nielsen, Pavley, Wolk

           SENATE APPROPRIATIONS COMMITTEE  :  Senate Rule 28.8

           ASSEMBLY FLOOR  :  76-0, 4/25/13 (Consent) - See last page for  

           SUBJECT  :    Rabies:  vaccinations

           SOURCE  :     Health Officers Association of California

           DIGEST  :    This bill requires dog owners, after a dog reaches  
          the age of three months, rather than after the age of four  
          months, to have their dog vaccinated against rabies at one year  
          intervals, as specified.

           ANALYSIS  :    

          Existing law:

          1.Requires dog owners, after his/her dog attains the age of four  
            months, to procure its vaccination by a licensed veterinarian  
            with canine anti-rabies, on an annual basis, as specified.


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          2.Requires a request for an exemption from these requirements to  
            be submitted on an approved form developed by Department of  
            Public Health (DPH) and to include a signed statement by the  
            veterinarian explaining the inadvisability of the vaccination  
            and a signed statement by the dog owner affirming that the  
            owner understands the consequences and accepts all liability  
            associated with owning a dog that has not received the canine  
            anti-rabies vaccine.

          3.Requires the request to be submitted to the local health  
            officer (LHO), who is permitted to issue an exemption from the  
            canine anti-rabies vaccine.  Requires the LHO to report  
            exemptions issued pursuant to this subdivision to DPH.

          4.Requires a dog that is exempt from the vaccination  
            requirements to be considered unvaccinated and to be confined  
            to the premises of the owner, keeper, or harborer and, when  
            off the premises, be on a leash, as specified, and under the  
            direct physical control of an adult.

          This bill requires dog owners, after his/her dog is three months  
          or older, to have the dog vaccinated against rabies at one year  
          intervals, as specified.

           Dogs from out of state  .  According to DPH, for purposes of  
          licensure, current California law states that a dog must have  
          been vaccinated after it reaches the age of four months with a  
          vaccine DPH-approved.  Vaccination earlier than four months  
          and/or with a vaccine not on the Centers for Disease Control's  
          approved list would not fulfill this requirement and the dog  
          could not be licensed until that deficiency was rectified.   
          According to DPH, current interpretation of the Health and  
          Safety Code is that the vaccination must occur after four months  
          of age; regulations (Title 17 of the California Code of  
          Regulations.  Division 1, Chapter 4, Subchapter 1.  Reportable  
          Diseases and Conditions, Article 3, Sec. 2606.4) state, in part:

               "  Vaccination of Dogs Against Rabies  .  Dogs shall be  
               considered to be properly vaccinated for the purposes of  
               Section 1920, California Health and Safety Code, when  
               injected at four months of age or older with an approved  



                                                                     AB 272

               canine rabies vaccine and revaccinated (as specified)." 

           FISCAL EFFECT  :    Appropriation:  No   Fiscal Com.:  Yes    
          Local:  Yes

           SUPPORT  :   (Verified  8/20/13)

          Health Officers Association of California (source)
          American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees,  
          California Animal Control Directors Association
          California Veterinary Medical Association
          Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors
          San Francisco SPCA
          Santa Cruz SPCA
          State Humane Association of California

           OPPOSITION  :    (Verified  8/20/13)

          Alaskan Malamute Club of America
          California Federation of Dog Clubs
          California Miniature Schnauzer Rescue
          Sacramento Council of Dog Clubs
          The Animal Council
          The Rabies Challenge Fund

           ARGUMENTS IN SUPPORT  :    The County of Los Angeles states that  
          young dogs that were vaccinated at three months in other states,  
          as required by those jurisdictions, are currently required to be  
          revaccinated when brought to California.  Supporters state that  
          by allowing California veterinarians to vaccinate at three  
          months, this bill will lessen the chance of over-vaccination of  
          young dogs coming into California and will align California  
          rabies law with the rest of the nation and offer protection  
          against rabies to more dogs.  The State Humane Association of  
          California states that earlier vaccination enables puppies that  
          come from other states prior to four months to avoid quarantine.

           ARGUMENTS IN OPPOSITION  :    Opponents, writing in response to a  
          previous version of this bill, state that early-age vaccination  
          is often ineffective due to the interference of maternal  
          antibodies, which would mean that a large percentage of young  
          dogs in the community would be presumed immune to rabies after  
          an ineffective early-age vaccination, when in fact they are not  



                                                                     AB 272

          immune and could acquire and transfer rabies to humans.  Others  
          state that adding a rabies vaccine to the other vaccinations  
          (distemper, hepatitis, parvo) will not only increase the  
          likelihood of adverse reactions, but also the probability that  
          the vaccine components will interfere with each other and  
          neutralize the desired immunological response.
           ASSEMBLY FLOOR  :  76-0, 4/25/13
          AYES:  Achadjian, Alejo, Allen, Ammiano, Atkins, Bigelow, Bloom,  
            Blumenfield, Bocanegra, Bonilla, Bonta, Bradford, Brown,  
            Buchanan, Ian Calderon, Campos, Chau, Chávez, Chesbro, Conway,  
            Dahle, Daly, Dickinson, Donnelly, Eggman, Fong, Fox, Frazier,  
            Beth Gaines, Garcia, Gatto, Gomez, Gordon, Gorell, Gray,  
            Grove, Hagman, Hall, Harkey, Roger Hernández, Holden, Jones,  
            Jones-Sawyer, Levine, Linder, Logue, Maienschein, Mansoor,  
            Medina, Melendez, Mitchell, Morrell, Mullin, Muratsuchi,  
            Nestande, Olsen, Pan, Patterson, Perea, V. Manuel Pérez,  
            Quirk, Quirk-Silva, Rendon, Salas, Skinner, Stone, Ting,  
            Torres, Wagner, Waldron, Weber, Wieckowski, Wilk, Williams,  
            Yamada, John A. Pérez
          NO VOTE RECORDED:  Cooley, Lowenthal, Nazarian, Vacancy

          JL:ej  8/20/13   Senate Floor Analyses 

                           SUPPORT/OPPOSITION:  SEE ABOVE

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