BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    

                                                                AB 272
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        AB 272 (Gomez)
        As Amended  August 20, 2013
        Majority vote
        |ASSEMBLY:  |76-0 |(April 25,      |SENATE: |38-0 |(September 3,  |
        |           |     |2013)           |        |     |2013)          |
         Original Committee Reference:   AGRI.  

         SUMMARY  :  Changes, from four months to three months, the age at  
        which a dog is required to be vaccinated against rabies.  This bill  
        also makes technical changes.

         The Senate amendments  clarify that canine rabies vaccination must be  
        administered after a dog is three months old or older and is  
        administered according to the vaccine label. 

         EXISTING LAW  requires every dog owner to, once the dog is older than  
        four months, obtain a dog license from the responsible local  
        government at least every two years, and obtain a rabies vaccination  
        every year.  Allows fines up to $1,000 for violating various  
        requirements related to rabies, including not vaccinating a dog  
        against rabies.

         FISCAL EFFECT  :  According to the Senate Appropriations Committee,  
        pursuant to Senate Rule 28.8, there are no significant costs  
        associated with this legislation.

         COMMENTS  :  Rabies is a viral disease that affects the central  
        nervous system and causes acute inflammation of the brain.  Rabies  
        is almost always fatal if treatment is not administered prior to the  
        onset of severe symptoms.  In California, most cases of rabies occur  
        in skunks and bats; however, any mammal, including human, can  
        contract rabies.  Domestic animals account for 3% of animal rabies,  
        and the rest occurs in wild animals.  Rabies prevention programs,  
        including vaccinations, in the United States have reduced  
        laboratory-confirmed cases of rabies in dogs from 6,949 in 1947 to  
        93 in 2009.

        According to the author, the four month age for vaccination is out  
        of step with current federal rules, other states, and existing  
        vaccine labels.  The Center for Disease Control and Prevention's  


                                                                AB 272
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        2011 Compendium of Animal Rabies Prevention and Control (Compendium)  
        lists 14 rabies vaccinations for dogs licensed by the federal  
        government.  The minimum age for all rabies vaccination for dogs is  
        three months.  California is the only state that sets a minimum age  
        of four months for dog rabies vaccination.  Other states use the  
        Compendium guidelines, the United State Department of Agricultural  
        rules, or vaccination label requirements to determine the minimum  
        age.  By allowing California veterinarians to vaccinate at three  
        months, supporters state that this will lessen the chance of  
        over-vaccination of young dogs coming into California.  

        Opponents state that this bill is unneeded as California has a low  
        rate of rabies in domestic animals, with three cases of rabies in  
        dogs reported since 2007.  Opponents worry that adding another  
        vaccination into the three vaccinations already required at three  
        months (distemper, hepatitis, parvo) will increase the chance of  
        adverse side effects from the vaccinations. 

         Analysis Prepared by  :    Victor Francovich / AGRI. / (916) 319-2084
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