California Legislature—2013–14 Regular Session

Assembly BillNo. 700


Introduced by Assembly Member Gomez

February 21, 2013


An act to amend Sections 51220 and 51225.3 of, and to add Section 51226.8 to, the Education Code, relating to pupil instruction.

LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL’S DIGEST

AB 700, as introduced, Gomez. Pupil instruction: social sciences: voter education.

(1) Existing law requires instruction in social sciences for grades 7 to 12, inclusive, to provide a foundation for understanding the history, resources, development, and government of California and the United States of America. Existing law also specifies coursework to be completed by pupils in grades 9 to 12, inclusive, in order to receive a high school diploma of graduation, including a one-semester course in American government and civics.

This bill, commencing with the 2014-15 school year, would require instruction in the social sciences in grade 8 and in any of grades 9 to 12, inclusive, and the one-semester course in American government and civics that is required for high school graduation, to include a voter education component providing instruction in how to register and cast votes in local, state, and federal elections, and how to use the voter information pamphlet and other materials to become an informed voter. To the extent that these requirements would impose new duties on local educational agencies, the bill would impose a state-mandated local program.

The bill would require the State Department of Education, on or before July 1, 2014, to develop and adopt a model curriculum framework for the voter education component in social studies classes to be implemented, pursuant to the bill, commencing with the 2014-15 school year.

(2) The California Constitution requires the state to reimburse local agencies and school districts for certain costs mandated by the state. Statutory provisions establish procedures for making that reimbursement.

This bill would provide that, if the Commission on State Mandates determines that the bill contains costs mandated by the state, reimbursement for those costs shall be made pursuant to these statutory provisions.

Vote: majority. Appropriation: no. Fiscal committee: yes. State-mandated local program: yes.

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:

P2    1

SECTION 1.  

Section 51220 of the Education Code is amended
2to read:

3

51220.  

The adopted course of study for grades 7 to 12,
4inclusive, shall offer courses in the following areas of study:

5(a) English, including knowledge of and appreciation for
6literature, language, and composition, and the skills of reading,
7listening, and speaking.

8(b) Social sciences, drawing upon the disciplines of
9anthropology, economics, geography, history, political science,
10psychology, and sociology, designed to fit the maturity of the
11pupils. Instruction shall provide a foundation for understanding
12the history, resources, development, and government of California
13and the United States of America; instruction in our American
14legal system, the operation of the juvenile and adult criminal justice
15systems, and the rights and duties of citizens under the criminal
16and civil law and the State and Federal Constitutions;begin insert in grade 8
17and in any of grades 9 to 12, inclusive, commencing with the
182014-15 school year, a voter education component providing
19instruction in how to register and cast votes in local, state, and
20federal elections, and how to use the voter information pamphlet
21and other materials to become an informed voter;end insert
the development
22of the American economic system, including the role of the
23entrepreneur and labor; the relations of persons to their human and
24natural environment; eastern and western cultures and civilizations;
25human rights issues, with particular attention to the study of the
P3    1inhumanity of genocide, slavery, and the Holocaust, and
2contemporary issues.

3(c) Foreign language or languages, beginning not later than
4grade 7, designed to develop a facility for understanding, speaking,
5reading, and writing the particular language.

6(d) Physical education, with emphasis given to physical activities
7that are conducive to health and to vigor of body and mind, as
8required by Section 51222.

9(e) Science, including the physical and biological aspects, with
10emphasis on basic concepts, theories, and processes of scientific
11investigation and on the place of humans in ecological systems,
12and with appropriate applications of the interrelation and
13interdependence of the sciences.

14(f) Mathematics, including instruction designed to develop
15mathematical understandings, operational skills, and insight into
16problem-solving procedures.

17(g) Visual and performing arts, including dance, music, theater,
18and visual arts, with emphasis upon development of aesthetic
19appreciation and the skills of creative expression.

20(h) Applied arts, including instruction in the areas of consumer
21and homemaking education, industrial arts, general business
22education, or general agriculture.

23(i) Career technical education designed and conducted for the
24purpose of preparing youth for gainful employment in the
25occupations and in the numbers that are appropriate to the
26personnel needs of the state and the community served and relevant
27to the career desires and needs of the pupils.

28(j) Automobile driver education, designed to develop a
29knowledge of the provisions of the Vehicle Code and other laws
30of this state relating to the operation of motor vehicles, a proper
31acceptance of personal responsibility in traffic, a true appreciation
32of the causes, seriousness and consequences of traffic accidents,
33and to develop the knowledge and attitudes necessary for the safe
34operation of motor vehicles. A course in automobile driver
35education shall include education in the safe operation of
36motorcycles.

37(k) Other studies as may be prescribed by the governing board.

38

SEC. 2.  

Section 51225.3 of the Education Code, as amended
39by Section 3 of Chapter 621 of the Statutes of 2011, is amended
40to read:

P4    1

51225.3.  

(a) A pupil shall complete all of the following while
2in grades 9 to 12, inclusive, in order to receive a diploma of
3graduation from high school:

4(1) At least the following numbers of courses in the subjects
5specified, each course having a duration of one year, unless
6otherwise specified:

7(A) Three courses in English.

8(B) Two courses in mathematics.

9(C) Two courses in science, including biological and physical
10sciences.

11(D) Three courses in social studies, including United States
12history and geography; world history, culture, and geography; a
13one-semester course in American government and civicsbegin insert, including,
14commencing with the 2014-15 school year, a voter education
15component providing instruction in how to register and cast votes
16in local, state, and federal elections, and how to use the voter
17information pamphlet and other materials to become an informed
18voterend insert
; and a one-semester course in economics.

19(E) One course in visual or performing arts, foreign language,
20or, commencing with the 2012-13 school year, career technical
21education.

22(i) For purposes of satisfying the requirement specified in this
23subparagraph, a course in American Sign Language shall be
24deemed a course in foreign language.

25(ii) For purposes of this subparagraph, “a course in career
26technical education” means a course in a district-operated career
27technical education program that is aligned to the career technical
28model curriculum standards and framework adopted by the state
29board, including courses through a regional occupational center
30or program operated by a county superintendent of schools or
31pursuant to a joint powers agreement.

32(iii) This subparagraph does not require a school or school
33district that currently does not offer career technical education
34courses to start new career technical education programs for
35purposes of this section.

36(iv) If a school district or county office of education elects to
37allow a career technical education course to satisfy the requirement
38imposed by this subparagraph, the governing board of the school
39district or county office of education,begin delete prior toend deletebegin insert beforeend insert offering that
40alternative to pupils, shall notify parents, teachers, pupils, and the
P5    1public at a regularly scheduled meeting of the governing board of
2all of the following:

3(I) The intent to offer career technical education courses to fulfill
4the graduation requirement specified in this subparagraph.

5(II) The impact that offering career technical education courses,
6pursuant to this subparagraph, will have on the availability of
7courses that meet the eligibility requirements for admission to the
8California State University and the University of California, and
9whether the career technical education courses to be offered
10pursuant to this subparagraph are approved to satisfy those
11eligibility requirements. If a school district elects to allow a career
12technical education course to satisfy the requirement imposed by
13this subparagraph, the school district shall comply with subdivision
14(m) of Section 48980.

15(III) The distinction, if any, between the high school graduation
16requirements of the school district or county office of education,
17and the eligibility requirements for admission to the California
18State University and the University of California.

19(F) Two courses in physical education, unless the pupil has been
20exempted pursuant to the provisions of this code.

21(2) Other coursework requirements adopted by the governing
22board of the school district.

23(b) The governing board, with the active involvement of parents,
24administrators, teachers, and pupils, shall adopt alternative means
25for pupils to complete the prescribed course of study that may
26include practical demonstration of skills and competencies,
27supervised work experience or other outside school experience,
28career technical education classes offered in high schools, courses
29offered by regional occupational centers or programs,
30interdisciplinary study, independent study, and credit earned at a
31postsecondarybegin insert educationalend insert institution. Requirements for graduation
32and specified alternative modes for completing the prescribed
33course of study shall be made available to pupils, parents, and the
34public.

35(c) Notwithstanding any other law, a school district shall exempt
36a pupil in foster care from all coursework and other requirements
37adopted by the governing board of the district that are in addition
38to the statewide coursework requirements specified in this section
39if the pupil, while he or she is in grade 11 or 12, transfers into the
40district from another school district or between high schools within
P6    1the district, unless the district makes a finding that the pupil is
2reasonably able to complete the additional requirements in time
3to graduate from high school while he or she remains eligible for
4foster care benefits pursuant to state law. A school district shall
5notify a pupil in foster care who is granted an exemption pursuant
6to this subdivision, and, as appropriate, the person holding the
7right to make educational decisions for the pupil, if any of the
8requirements that are waived will affect the pupil’s ability to gain
9admission to a postsecondary educational institution and shall
10provide information about transfer opportunities available through
11the California Community Colleges.

12(d) On or before July 1, 2017, the department shall submit a
13comprehensive report to the appropriate policy committees of the
14Legislature on the addition of career technical education courses
15to satisfy the requirement specified in subparagraph (E) of
16paragraph (1) of subdivision (a), including, but not limited to, the
17following information:

18(1) A comparison of the pupil enrollment in career technical
19education courses, foreign language courses, and visual and
20performing arts courses for the 2005-06 to 2011-12 school years,
21inclusive, to the pupil enrollment in career technical education
22courses, foreign language courses, and visual and performing arts
23courses for the 2012-13 to 2016-17 school years, inclusive.

24(2) The reasons, reported by school districts, that pupils give
25for choosing to enroll in a career technical education course to
26satisfy the requirement specified in subparagraph (E) of paragraph
27(1) of subdivision (a).

28(3) The type and number of career technical education courses
29that were conducted for the 2005-06 to 2011-12 school years,
30inclusive, compared to the type and number of career technical
31education courses that were conducted for the 2012-13 to 2016-17
32school years, inclusive.

33(4) The number of career technical education courses that
34satisfied the subject matter requirements for admission to the
35University of California or the California State University.

36(5) The extent to which the career technical education courses
37chosen by pupils are aligned with the California Career Technical
38Education Standards, and prepare pupils for employment, advanced
39training, and postsecondary education.

P7    1(6) The number of career technical education courses that also
2satisfy the visual and performing arts requirement, and the number
3of career technical education courses that also satisfy the foreign
4language requirement.

5(7) Annual pupil dropout and graduation rates for the 2011-12
6to 2014-15 school years, inclusive.

7(e) For purposes of completing the report described in
8subdivision (d), the Superintendent may use existing state resources
9and federal funds. If state or federal funds are not available or
10sufficient, the Superintendent may apply for and accept grants,
11and receive donations and other financial support from public or
12private sources for purposes of this section.

13(f) For purposes of completing the report described in
14subdivision (d), the Superintendent may accept support, including,
15but not limited to, financial and technical support, from high school
16reform advocates, teachers, chamber organizations, industry
17representatives, research centers, parents, and pupils.

18(g) This section shall become inoperative on the earlier of the
19following two dates:

20(1) On July 1, immediately following the first fiscal year after
21the enactment of the act that adds this paragraph in which the
22number of career technical education courses that, as determined
23by the department, satisfy the foreign language requirement for
24admission to the California State University and the University of
25California is at least twice the number of career technical education
26courses that meet these admission requirements as of January 1,
272012. This section shall be repealed on the following January 1,
28unless a later enacted statute, that becomes operative on or before
29that date, deletes or extends the dates on which it becomes
30inoperative and is repealed. It is the intent of the Legislature that
31new career technical education courses that satisfy the foreign
32language requirement for admission to the California State
33University and the University of California focus on world
34languages aligned with career preparation, emphasizing real-world
35application and technical content in related career and technical
36education courses.

37(2) On July 1, 2017, and, as of January 1, 2018, is repealed,
38unless a later enacted statute, that becomes operative on or before
39January 1, 2018, deletes or extends the dates on which it becomes
40inoperative and is repealed.

P8    1

SEC. 3.  

Section 51225.3 of the Education Code, as added by
2Section 4 of Chapter 621 of the Statutes of 2011, is amended to
3read:

4

51225.3.  

(a) A pupil shall complete all of the following while
5in grades 9 to 12, inclusive, in order to receive a diploma of
6graduation from high school:

7(1) At least the following numbers of courses in the subjects
8specified, each course having a duration of one year, unless
9otherwise specified:

10(A) Three courses in English.

11(B) Two courses in mathematics.

12(C) Two courses in science, including biological and physical
13sciences.

14(D) Three courses in social studies, including United States
15history and geography; world history, culture, and geography; a
16one-semester course in American government and civicsbegin insert, including,
17commencing with the 2014-15 school year, a voter education
18component providing instruction in how to register and cast votes
19in local, state, and federal elections, and how to use the voter
20information pamphlet and other materials to become an informed
21voterend insert
; and a one-semester course in economics.

22(E) One course in visual or performing arts or foreign language.
23For purposes of satisfying the requirement specified in this
24subparagraph, a course in American Sign Language shall be
25deemed a course in foreign language.

26(F) Two courses in physical education, unless the pupil has been
27exempted pursuant to the provisions of this code.

28(2) Other coursework requirements adopted by the governing
29board of the school district.

30(b) The governing board, with the active involvement of parents,
31administrators, teachers, and pupils, shall adopt alternative means
32for pupils to complete the prescribed course of study that may
33include practical demonstration of skills and competencies,
34supervised work experience or other outside school experience,
35career technical education classes offered in high schools, courses
36offered by regional occupational centers or programs,
37interdisciplinary study, independent study, and credit earned at a
38postsecondarybegin insert educationalend insert institution. Requirements for graduation
39and specified alternative modes for completing the prescribed
P9    1course of study shall be made available to pupils, parents, and the
2public.

3(c) Notwithstanding any other law, a school district shall exempt
4a pupil in foster care from all coursework and other requirements
5adopted by the governing board of the district that are in addition
6to the statewide coursework requirements specified in this section
7if the pupil, while he or she is in grade 11 or 12, transfers into the
8district from another school district or between high schools within
9the district, unless the district makes a finding that the pupil is
10reasonably able to complete the additional requirements in time
11to graduate from high school while he or she remains eligible for
12foster care benefits pursuant to state law. A school district shall
13notify a pupil in foster care who is granted an exemption pursuant
14to this subdivision, and, as appropriate, the person holding the
15right to make educational decisions for the pupil, if any of the
16requirements that are waived will affect the pupil’s ability to gain
17 admission to a postsecondary educational institution and shall
18provide information about transfer opportunities available through
19the California Community Colleges.

20(d) If a pupil completed a career technical education course that
21met the requirements of subparagraph (E) of paragraph (1) of
22subdivision (a) of Section 51225.3, as amended by the act adding
23this section,begin delete prior toend deletebegin insert beforeend insert the inoperative date of that section,
24that course shall be deemed to fulfill the requirements of
25subparagraph (E) of paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of this section.

26(e) This section shall become operative upon the date that
27Section 51225.3, as amended by the act adding this section,
28becomes inoperative.

29

SEC. 4.  

Section 51226.8 is added to the Education Code, to
30read:

31

51226.8.  

On or before July 1, 2014, the department shall
32develop and adopt a model curriculum framework for a voter
33education component in social studies classes to be implemented
34commencing with the 2014-15 school year in accordance with
35subdivision (b) of Section 51220 and subparagraph (D) of
36paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of Section 51225.3.

37

SEC. 5.  

If the Commission on State Mandates determines that
38this act contains costs mandated by the state, reimbursement to
39local agencies and school districts for those costs shall be made
P10   1pursuant to Part 7 (commencing with Section 17500) of Division
24 of Title 2 of the Government Code.



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