Amended in Assembly May 6, 2013

California Legislature—2013–14 Regular Session

Assembly BillNo. 700


Introduced by Assembly Member Gomez

February 21, 2013


An act to amendbegin delete Sections 51220 and 51225.3 of, and to add Section 51226.8 to,end deletebegin insert Section 33540 ofend insert the Education Code, relating to pupil instruction.

LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL’S DIGEST

AB 700, as amended, Gomez. Pupil instruction:begin delete social sciences:end delete voter education.

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(1) Existing law requires instruction in social sciences for grades 7 to 12, inclusive, to provide a foundation for understanding the history, resources, development, and government of California and the United States of America. Existing law also specifies coursework to be completed by pupils in grades 9 to 12, inclusive, in order to receive a high school diploma of graduation, including a one-semester course in American government and civics.

end delete
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Existing law establishes the Instructional Quality Commission, and requires the commission, among other duties, to ensure that specified historical documents are incorporated into the history-social science framework when it is revised.

end insert

This billbegin delete, commencing with the 2014-15 school year, would require instruction in the social sciences in grade 8 and in any of grades 9 to 12, inclusive, and the one-semester course in American government and civics that is required for high school graduation, to include end deletebegin insert would also require the commission to encourageend insert a voter education componentbegin insert,end insert providing instruction in how to register and cast votes in local, state, and federal elections, and how to use the voter information pamphlet and other materials to become an informed voterbegin insert, to be included in American Government and civics courses when the history-social science framework is revisedend insert.begin delete To the extent that these requirements would impose new duties on local educational agencies, the bill would impose a state-mandated local program.end delete

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The bill would require the State Department of Education, on or before July 1, 2014, to develop and adopt a model curriculum framework for the voter education component in social studies classes to be implemented, pursuant to the bill, commencing with the 2014-15 school year.

end delete
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(2) The California Constitution requires the state to reimburse local agencies and school districts for certain costs mandated by the state. Statutory provisions establish procedures for making that reimbursement.

end delete
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This bill would provide that, if the Commission on State Mandates determines that the bill contains costs mandated by the state, reimbursement for those costs shall be made pursuant to these statutory provisions.

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Vote: majority. Appropriation: no. Fiscal committee: yes. State-mandated local program: begin deleteyes end deletebegin insertnoend insert.

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:

P2    1begin insert

begin insertSECTION 1.end insert  

end insert

begin insertSection 33540 of the end insertbegin insertEducation Codeend insertbegin insert is amended
2to read:end insert

3

33540.  

(a) Thebegin delete State Board of Educationend deletebegin insert state boardend insert and the
4department shall request that the commission review and revise,
5as necessary, the course requirements in the history-social science
6framework developed by the History-Social Science Curriculum
7Framework and Criteria Committee of the state board to ensure
8that minimum standards for courses in American government and
9civics include sufficient attention to teaching pupils how to interact,
10in a practical manner, with state and local governmental agencies
11and representatives to solve problems and to petition for changes
12in laws and procedures.

13(b) When the history-social science framework is revised as
14required by law, the commission shallbegin delete ensureend deletebegin insert do both of the
15following:end insert
ensure

begin insert

16(1) Encourage a voter education component to be included in
17the American Government and civics course that includes
P3    1instruction on how to register and cast votes in local, state, and
2federal elections, and how to use the voter information pamphlet
3and other materials to become an informed voter.

end insert

4begin insert(2)end insertbegin insertend insertbegin insertEnsureend insert that the following historical documents are
5incorporated into the framework, as appropriate:

begin delete

6(1)

end delete

7begin insert(A)end insert The Declaration of Independence.

begin delete

8(2)

end delete

9begin insert(B)end insert The United States Constitution, including the Bill of Rights.

begin delete

10(3)

end delete

11begin insert(C)end insert The Federalist Papers.

begin delete

12(4)

end delete

13begin insert(D)end insert The Emancipation Proclamation.

begin delete

14(5)

end delete

15begin insert(E)end insert The Gettysburg Address.

begin delete

16(6)

end delete

17begin insert(F)end insert George Washington’s Farewell Address.

begin delete
18

SECTION 1.  

Section 51220 of the Education Code is amended
19to read:

20

51220.  

The adopted course of study for grades 7 to 12,
21inclusive, shall offer courses in the following areas of study:

22(a) English, including knowledge of and appreciation for
23literature, language, and composition, and the skills of reading,
24listening, and speaking.

25(b) Social sciences, drawing upon the disciplines of
26anthropology, economics, geography, history, political science,
27psychology, and sociology, designed to fit the maturity of the
28pupils. Instruction shall provide a foundation for understanding
29the history, resources, development, and government of California
30and the United States of America; instruction in our American
31legal system, the operation of the juvenile and adult criminal justice
32systems, and the rights and duties of citizens under the criminal
33and civil law and the State and Federal Constitutions; in grade 8
34and in any of grades 9 to 12, inclusive, commencing with the
352014-15 school year, a voter education component providing
36instruction in how to register and cast votes in local, state, and
37federal elections, and how to use the voter information pamphlet
38and other materials to become an informed voter; the development
39of the American economic system, including the role of the
40entrepreneur and labor; the relations of persons to their human and
P4    1natural environment; eastern and western cultures and civilizations;
2human rights issues, with particular attention to the study of the
3inhumanity of genocide, slavery, and the Holocaust, and
4contemporary issues.

5(c) Foreign language or languages, beginning not later than
6grade 7, designed to develop a facility for understanding, speaking,
7reading, and writing the particular language.

8(d) Physical education, with emphasis given to physical activities
9that are conducive to health and to vigor of body and mind, as
10required by Section 51222.

11(e) Science, including the physical and biological aspects, with
12emphasis on basic concepts, theories, and processes of scientific
13investigation and on the place of humans in ecological systems,
14and with appropriate applications of the interrelation and
15interdependence of the sciences.

16(f) Mathematics, including instruction designed to develop
17mathematical understandings, operational skills, and insight into
18problem-solving procedures.

19(g) Visual and performing arts, including dance, music, theater,
20and visual arts, with emphasis upon development of aesthetic
21appreciation and the skills of creative expression.

22(h) Applied arts, including instruction in the areas of consumer
23and homemaking education, industrial arts, general business
24education, or general agriculture.

25(i) Career technical education designed and conducted for the
26purpose of preparing youth for gainful employment in the
27occupations and in the numbers that are appropriate to the
28personnel needs of the state and the community served and relevant
29to the career desires and needs of the pupils.

30(j) Automobile driver education, designed to develop a
31knowledge of the provisions of the Vehicle Code and other laws
32of this state relating to the operation of motor vehicles, a proper
33acceptance of personal responsibility in traffic, a true appreciation
34of the causes, seriousness and consequences of traffic accidents,
35and to develop the knowledge and attitudes necessary for the safe
36operation of motor vehicles. A course in automobile driver
37education shall include education in the safe operation of
38motorcycles.

39(k) Other studies as may be prescribed by the governing board.

P5    1

SEC. 2.  

Section 51225.3 of the Education Code, as amended by
2Section 3 of Chapter 621 of the Statutes of 2011, is amended to
3 read:

4

51225.3.  

(a) A pupil shall complete all of the following while
5in grades 9 to 12, inclusive, in order to receive a diploma of
6graduation from high school:

7(1) At least the following numbers of courses in the subjects
8specified, each course having a duration of one year, unless
9otherwise specified:

10(A) Three courses in English.

11(B) Two courses in mathematics.

12(C) Two courses in science, including biological and physical
13sciences.

14(D) Three courses in social studies, including United States
15history and geography; world history, culture, and geography; a
16one-semester course in American government and civics, including,
17commencing with the 2014-15 school year, a voter education
18component providing instruction in how to register and cast votes
19in local, state, and federal elections, and how to use the voter
20information pamphlet and other materials to become an informed
21voter; and a one-semester course in economics.

22(E) One course in visual or performing arts, foreign language,
23or, commencing with the 2012-13 school year, career technical
24education.

25(i) For purposes of satisfying the requirement specified in this
26subparagraph, a course in American Sign Language shall be
27deemed a course in foreign language.

28(ii) For purposes of this subparagraph, “a course in career
29technical education” means a course in a district-operated career
30technical education program that is aligned to the career technical
31model curriculum standards and framework adopted by the state
32board, including courses through a regional occupational center
33or program operated by a county superintendent of schools or
34pursuant to a joint powers agreement.

35(iii) This subparagraph does not require a school or school
36district that currently does not offer career technical education
37courses to start new career technical education programs for
38purposes of this section.

39(iv) If a school district or county office of education elects to
40allow a career technical education course to satisfy the requirement
P6    1imposed by this subparagraph, the governing board of the school
2district or county office of education, before offering that
3alternative to pupils, shall notify parents, teachers, pupils, and the
4public at a regularly scheduled meeting of the governing board of
5all of the following:

6(I) The intent to offer career technical education courses to fulfill
7the graduation requirement specified in this subparagraph.

8(II) The impact that offering career technical education courses,
9pursuant to this subparagraph, will have on the availability of
10courses that meet the eligibility requirements for admission to the
11California State University and the University of California, and
12whether the career technical education courses to be offered
13pursuant to this subparagraph are approved to satisfy those
14eligibility requirements. If a school district elects to allow a career
15technical education course to satisfy the requirement imposed by
16this subparagraph, the school district shall comply with subdivision
17(m) of Section 48980.

18(III) The distinction, if any, between the high school graduation
19requirements of the school district or county office of education,
20and the eligibility requirements for admission to the California
21State University and the University of California.

22(F) Two courses in physical education, unless the pupil has been
23exempted pursuant to the provisions of this code.

24(2) Other coursework requirements adopted by the governing
25board of the school district.

26(b) The governing board, with the active involvement of parents,
27administrators, teachers, and pupils, shall adopt alternative means
28for pupils to complete the prescribed course of study that may
29include practical demonstration of skills and competencies,
30supervised work experience or other outside school experience,
31career technical education classes offered in high schools, courses
32offered by regional occupational centers or programs,
33interdisciplinary study, independent study, and credit earned at a
34postsecondary educational institution. Requirements for graduation
35and specified alternative modes for completing the prescribed
36course of study shall be made available to pupils, parents, and the
37public.

38(c) Notwithstanding any other law, a school district shall exempt
39a pupil in foster care from all coursework and other requirements
40adopted by the governing board of the district that are in addition
P7    1to the statewide coursework requirements specified in this section
2if the pupil, while he or she is in grade 11 or 12, transfers into the
3district from another school district or between high schools within
4the district, unless the district makes a finding that the pupil is
5reasonably able to complete the additional requirements in time
6to graduate from high school while he or she remains eligible for
7foster care benefits pursuant to state law. A school district shall
8notify a pupil in foster care who is granted an exemption pursuant
9to this subdivision, and, as appropriate, the person holding the
10right to make educational decisions for the pupil, if any of the
11requirements that are waived will affect the pupil’s ability to gain
12admission to a postsecondary educational institution and shall
13provide information about transfer opportunities available through
14the California Community Colleges.

15(d) On or before July 1, 2017, the department shall submit a
16comprehensive report to the appropriate policy committees of the
17Legislature on the addition of career technical education courses
18to satisfy the requirement specified in subparagraph (E) of
19paragraph (1) of subdivision (a), including, but not limited to, the
20following information:

21(1) A comparison of the pupil enrollment in career technical
22education courses, foreign language courses, and visual and
23performing arts courses for the 2005-06 to 2011-12 school years,
24inclusive, to the pupil enrollment in career technical education
25courses, foreign language courses, and visual and performing arts
26courses for the 2012-13 to 2016-17 school years, inclusive.

27(2) The reasons, reported by school districts, that pupils give
28for choosing to enroll in a career technical education course to
29satisfy the requirement specified in subparagraph (E) of paragraph
30(1) of subdivision (a).

31(3) The type and number of career technical education courses
32that were conducted for the 2005-06 to 2011-12 school years,
33inclusive, compared to the type and number of career technical
34education courses that were conducted for the 2012-13 to 2016-17
35school years, inclusive.

36(4) The number of career technical education courses that
37satisfied the subject matter requirements for admission to the
38University of California or the California State University.

39(5) The extent to which the career technical education courses
40chosen by pupils are aligned with the California Career Technical
P8    1Education Standards, and prepare pupils for employment, advanced
2training, and postsecondary education.

3(6) The number of career technical education courses that also
4satisfy the visual and performing arts requirement, and the number
5of career technical education courses that also satisfy the foreign
6language requirement.

7(7) Annual pupil dropout and graduation rates for the 2011-12
8to 2014-15 school years, inclusive.

9(e) For purposes of completing the report described in
10subdivision (d), the Superintendent may use existing state resources
11and federal funds. If state or federal funds are not available or
12sufficient, the Superintendent may apply for and accept grants,
13and receive donations and other financial support from public or
14private sources for purposes of this section.

15(f) For purposes of completing the report described in
16subdivision (d), the Superintendent may accept support, including,
17but not limited to, financial and technical support, from high school
18reform advocates, teachers, chamber organizations, industry
19representatives, research centers, parents, and pupils.

20(g) This section shall become inoperative on the earlier of the
21following two dates:

22(1) On July 1, immediately following the first fiscal year after
23the enactment of the act that adds this paragraph in which the
24number of career technical education courses that, as determined
25by the department, satisfy the foreign language requirement for
26admission to the California State University and the University of
27California is at least twice the number of career technical education
28courses that meet these admission requirements as of January 1,
292012. This section shall be repealed on the following January 1,
30unless a later enacted statute, that becomes operative on or before
31that date, deletes or extends the dates on which it becomes
32inoperative and is repealed. It is the intent of the Legislature that
33new career technical education courses that satisfy the foreign
34language requirement for admission to the California State
35University and the University of California focus on world
36languages aligned with career preparation, emphasizing real-world
37application and technical content in related career and technical
38education courses.

39(2) On July 1, 2017, and, as of January 1, 2018, is repealed,
40unless a later enacted statute, that becomes operative on or before
P9    1January 1, 2018, deletes or extends the dates on which it becomes
2inoperative and is repealed.

3

SEC. 3.  

Section 51225.3 of the Education Code, as added by
4Section 4 of Chapter 621 of the Statutes of 2011, is amended to
5read:

6

51225.3.  

(a) A pupil shall complete all of the following while
7in grades 9 to 12, inclusive, in order to receive a diploma of
8graduation from high school:

9(1) At least the following numbers of courses in the subjects
10specified, each course having a duration of one year, unless
11otherwise specified:

12(A) Three courses in English.

13(B) Two courses in mathematics.

14(C) Two courses in science, including biological and physical
15sciences.

16(D) Three courses in social studies, including United States
17history and geography; world history, culture, and geography; a
18one-semester course in American government and civics, including,
19commencing with the 2014-15 school year, a voter education
20component providing instruction in how to register and cast votes
21in local, state, and federal elections, and how to use the voter
22information pamphlet and other materials to become an informed
23voter; and a one-semester course in economics.

24(E) One course in visual or performing arts or foreign language.
25For purposes of satisfying the requirement specified in this
26subparagraph, a course in American Sign Language shall be
27deemed a course in foreign language.

28(F) Two courses in physical education, unless the pupil has been
29exempted pursuant to the provisions of this code.

30(2) Other coursework requirements adopted by the governing
31board of the school district.

32(b) The governing board, with the active involvement of parents,
33administrators, teachers, and pupils, shall adopt alternative means
34for pupils to complete the prescribed course of study that may
35include practical demonstration of skills and competencies,
36supervised work experience or other outside school experience,
37career technical education classes offered in high schools, courses
38offered by regional occupational centers or programs,
39interdisciplinary study, independent study, and credit earned at a
40postsecondary educational institution. Requirements for graduation
P10   1and specified alternative modes for completing the prescribed
2course of study shall be made available to pupils, parents, and the
3public.

4(c) Notwithstanding any other law, a school district shall exempt
5a pupil in foster care from all coursework and other requirements
6adopted by the governing board of the district that are in addition
7to the statewide coursework requirements specified in this section
8if the pupil, while he or she is in grade 11 or 12, transfers into the
9district from another school district or between high schools within
10the district, unless the district makes a finding that the pupil is
11reasonably able to complete the additional requirements in time
12to graduate from high school while he or she remains eligible for
13foster care benefits pursuant to state law. A school district shall
14notify a pupil in foster care who is granted an exemption pursuant
15to this subdivision, and, as appropriate, the person holding the
16right to make educational decisions for the pupil, if any of the
17requirements that are waived will affect the pupil’s ability to gain
18 admission to a postsecondary educational institution and shall
19provide information about transfer opportunities available through
20the California Community Colleges.

21(d) If a pupil completed a career technical education course that
22met the requirements of subparagraph (E) of paragraph (1) of
23subdivision (a) of Section 51225.3, as amended by the act adding
24this section, before the inoperative date of that section, that course
25shall be deemed to fulfill the requirements of subparagraph (E) of
26paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of this section.

27(e) This section shall become operative upon the date that
28Section 51225.3, as amended by the act adding this section,
29becomes inoperative.

30

SEC. 4.  

Section 51226.8 is added to the Education Code, to
31read:

32

51226.8.  

On or before July 1, 2014, the department shall
33develop and adopt a model curriculum framework for a voter
34education component in social studies classes to be implemented
35commencing with the 2014-15 school year in accordance with
36subdivision (b) of Section 51220 and subparagraph (D) of
37paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of Section 51225.3.

38

SEC. 5.  

If the Commission on State Mandates determines that
39this act contains costs mandated by the state, reimbursement to
40local agencies and school districts for those costs shall be made
P11   1pursuant to Part 7 (commencing with Section 17500) of Division
24 of Title 2 of the Government Code.

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