BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    






                         SENATE COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION
                                Carol Liu, Chair
                           2013-2014 Regular Session
                                        

          BILL NO:       AB 700
          AUTHOR:        Gomez
          AMENDED:       May 24, 2013
          FISCAL COMM:   Yes            HEARING DATE:  June 19, 2013
          URGENCY:       No             CONSULTANT:Lynn Lorber

           SUBJECT :  History-social science framework: voter  
          education.
          
           SUMMARY
           
          This bill requires the Instructional Quality Commission,  
          when revising the history-social science framework, to  
          ensure that voter education information is included in the  
          American government and civics curriculum at the high  
          school level.

           BACKGROUND
           
          Academic content standards define the knowledge, concepts,  
          and skills that pupils should acquire at each grade level  
          (the "what").  Curricular frameworks are the blueprint for  
          implementing the standards, and include criteria by which  
          instructional materials are evaluated (the "how").

          The processes for reviewing frameworks and adopting  
          instructional materials have been suspended since July 28,  
          2009.  The State Board of Education (SBE) is specifically  
          prohibited from reviewing frameworks and adopting  
          instructional materials until the 2015-16 school year,  
          except as provided below.  
          (Education Code  60200.7)

          Notwithstanding the suspension, current law:

          1)   Requires the SBE to adopt revised frameworks that are  
               aligned to the common core standards in:

               a)        Mathematics by November 30, 2013. 

               b)        English language arts by May 30, 2014.  (EC  







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                     60207)

          2)   Authorizes the SBE to adopt a revised framework for  
               history social science, but only after the California  
               Department of Education has completed work related to  
               the frameworks for the common core standards.  (EC   
               60200.8)

          Civics is generally included in the history-social science  
          standards and framework, with several references to the  
          United States and California Constitutions and democracy.  

          Current law requires the State Board of Education (SBE) and  
          the California Department of Education (CDE) to request  
          that the Instructional Quality Commission (IQC) review and  
          revise, as necessary, the course requirements in the  
          history-social science framework to ensure that minimum  
          standards for courses in American government and civics  
          include sufficient attention to teaching students how to  
          interact, in a practical manner, with state and local  
          governmental agencies and representatives to solve problems  
          and to petition for changes in laws and procedures.  When  
          the history-social science framework is revised, the IQC  
          must ensure that the following historical documents are  
          incorporated into the framework, as appropriate:

          1)   The Declaration of Independence.

          2)   The United States Constitution, including the Bill of  
 
               Rights.

          3)   The Federalist Papers.

          4)   The Emancipation Proclamation.

          5)   The Gettysburg Address.

          6)   George Washington's Farewell Address.  (EC  33540)

           ANALYSIS
           
           This bill  requires the IQC, when revising the  
          history-social science framework, to ensure that voter  
          education information is included in the American  
          government and civics curriculum at the high school level.   







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          Specifically, this bill:

          1)   Requires the IQC, when revising the history-social  
               science framework, to ensure that voter education  
               information is included in the American government and  
               civics curriculum at the high school level including:

                    a)             Information on the importance of  
                    registering to vote in local, state, and federal  
                    elections.

                    b)             Where and how to access the voter  
                    information pamphlet and other materials to  
                    become an informed voter.

          2)   Provides that this bill is not to be construed as  
               requiring the IQC to meet specifically to implement  
               this bill, and that any revisions to the  
               history-social science framework are to be implemented  
               within the existing framework revision process.

           STAFF COMMENTS
           
           1)   Need for the bill  .  According to the author,  
               "Currently California education code requires all high  
               school graduates to efficiently pass a course in  
               United States government.  While the content of the  
               material addresses 



               voting and the importance of voting, the content fails  
          to go into detail about 
               the voting process, including how to research  
          propositions, how to find 
               further candidate information and voting rights."

           2)   History-social science framework  .  The most recent  
               version of the history-social science framework was  
               adopted by the State Board of Education (SBE) in 2005.  
                A review of this framework was underway and nearly  
               complete when the state suspended the process due to  
               budget constraints in July 2009.  

          Current law prohibits the State Board of Education (SBE)  
               from revising curricular frameworks or criteria by  







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               which instructional materials are evaluated until the  
               2015-16 school year, other than for the common core  
               standards in English language arts and mathematics and  
               the history-social science framework. 

          The Instructional Quality Commission is expected to  
               complete the process of updating the history-social  
               science framework in the Fall of 2017.  This bill  
               provides that it is to be implemented through the  
               current process to revise the history-social science  
               framework, ensuring that the review process would not  
               be restarted from the beginning (the review of this  
               framework was suspended prior to the 60-day comment  
               period).  

           3)   Already in the framework  ?  The current history-social  
               science framework, as well as the now-suspended update  
               of the history-social science framework, includes the  
               basics of representative democracy, the importance of  
               the right to vote, and issues regarding campaigns for  
               elected office.  However, the history-social science  
               framework does not appear to include specific details  
               relative to conducting research about propositions or  
               candidates for elected office.

           4)   Fiscal impact  .  According to the Assembly  
               Appropriations Committee analysis, this bill would  
               impose minor, absorbable General Fund costs to the  
               California Department of Education to the extent the  
               requirements of this bill are already included in the  
               scheduled history-social science curriculum framework  
               review process.

           5)   Related legislation  .  AB 123 (Bonta) requires the SBE  
               to ensure the state curriculum, frameworks and  
               evaluation criteria include instruction on the  
               contributions of immigrants, including Filipino  
               Americans, to the farm labor movement in the United  
               States.  AB 123 is scheduled to be heard in this  
               Committee on June 19.

          AB 137 (Buchanan) requires the Instructional Quality  
               Commission, when revising the history-social science  
               framework, to receive input from civics 









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               learning experts and consider how civics and history  
               instruction includes the application of that content.   
               AB 137 is pending in the Senate Appropriations  
               Committee.

               AB 166 (Hernandez) requires the next revision of the  
               curricular frameworks for history-social science,  
               mathematics, and health to include financial literacy,  
               as specified.  AB 166 is pending in the Senate  
               Appropriations Committee. 

               AB 391 (Wieckowski) requires the history-social  
               science curriculum framework, when it is revised, to  
               ensure it encourages instruction related to the  
               understanding of personal finances, including  
               budgeting, savings, credit and loans, identity theft,  
               and paying for postsecondary education.  

               AB 391 also requires information on budgeting,  
               savings, loans, identity theft/security, and planning  
               for postsecondary education to be included in a one  
               semester instructional program entitled consumer  
               economics for use in grades 7-12.  AB 391 was held on  
               the Assembly Appropriations Committee's suspense file.

               AB 424 requires the Instructional Quality Commission,  
               when revising the history-social science framework, to  
               consider incorporating specified historical documents  
               in the updated framework.  AB 424 is scheduled to be  
               heard in this Committee on June 19.

               SB 521 (Wyland) requires the SBE and CDE to request  
               the Instructional Quality Commission, when revising  
               the history-social science framework, to update the  
               courses in American Government and civics to include  
               the comparative differences between the rights of the  
               citizens in American and those in other countries, and  
               the connection of civics and American government to  
               western civilizations.  SB 521 is pending in this  
               Committee.

               SB 552 (Calderon) authorizes social science  
               instruction in grades 7-12 to include instruction on  
               violence awareness.  SB 552 is pending in the Assembly  







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               Education Committee.

               SB 696 (Block) requires the Superintendent of Public  
               Instruction to report to the Legislature and recommend  
               to the SBE for adoption a project-based assessment to  
               measure the civics learning objectives contained in  
               the history-social science framework for grades 6-12.   
               SB 696 was held on the Senate Appropriations  
               Committee's suspense file.

           SUPPORT
           
          California School Boards Association
          California School Employees Association
          Latino Democrats of Santa Cruz County



          Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund
          School for Integrated Academics and Technologies

           OPPOSITION

           None on file.