BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    



                                                                  AB 1025
                                                                  Page  1

          Date of Hearing:   April 9, 2013

                       ASSEMBLY COMMITTEE ON HIGHER EDUCATION
                                 Das Williams, Chair
                    AB 1025 (Garcia) - As Amended:  March 21, 2013
           
          SUBJECT  :   Public postsecondary education: credit by  
          examination.

           SUMMARY  :   Requires the California Community Colleges (CCC) and  
          the California State University (CSU) and requests the Regents  
          of the University of California (UC) to provide information  
          about credit by examination opportunities to students wherever  
          course and class information is available.  This measure also  
          requires districts to be reimbursed for costs if the Commission  
          on State Mandates determines that this act contains costs  
          mandated by the state.

           EXISTING LAW  :  Several statutes and regulations govern credit by  
          examination.

          1)Authorizes the UC Regents as the governing body of the UC and  
            grants authority to the Regents to determine final policies  
            and procedures on behalf of the UC (Education Code [EC]   
            92020 and 92430).

          2)Establishes the CSU Board of Trustees (BOT) as the governing  
            body of the CSU and specifies the BOT's power, duties and  
            functions with respect to the management, administration, and  
            control of the CSU (EC  66600 and  66606).

          3)Authorizes the governing board of each CCC district to adopt  
            policies and procedures pertaining to credit by examination   
            and allows for the governing board of the CCC district to  
            grant credit to any student who satisfactorily passes an  
            examination approved or conducted by proper authorities of the  
            college (5 California Code of Regulations  55050).

           FISCAL EFFECT  :   Unknown

          COMMENTS  :    Purpose of this bill  .  According to the author, "Due  
          to congestion, many college students are finding it hard to  
          complete their education in a timely manner.  One option a  
          student can utilize in order to progress faster is the ability  
          to gain credit by examination, for courses that they have prior  








                                                                  AB 1025
                                                                  Page  2

          knowledge of."  The author contends that many students are not  
          aware of the availability of the credit by examination option or  
          even how to utilize it.  The author states, "It  may be that in  
          the past counselors were relied on for the dissemination of the  
          information, however due to budget cuts it [is] difficult for  
          student[s] to see a counselor in a timely manner."    

          Additionally, the author believes that some college professors  
          are not even aware of where to find information relating to  
          credit by examination.  According to the author, "The amount of  
          information available [as it relates to credit by examination]  
          varies from school to school with some posting the forms needed  
          while other are less detailed.  With the internet so heavily  
          [accessible], any and all information that would be used by the  
          student should be available there.

           Credit by examination  .  A variety of credit by examination tests  
          are used and accepted by the UC, CSU, and CCC.  Credit by  
          examination tests are comprised of campus-originated challenge  
          examinations (differentiated from placement examinations) and  
          the standardized external examinations, such as Advance  
          Placement (AP) tests, International Baccalaureate (IB) and  
          College Level Entrance Program (CLEP).  AP and IB exams are  
          taken by high school pupils who were enrolled in AP and IB  
          classes in high school.  

          A recent research brief by the Council for Adult and  
          Experiential Learning (CAEL), found that underserved students  
          who earn credit through prior learning assessments have higher  
          degree to completion rates and shorter time-to-degree.  CAEL  
          also found that there is a financial savings benefit for  
          low-income students who take and successfully pass credit by  
          examination tests, since the cost of having prior learning  
          evaluated for credit is typically less than the cost of the  
          tuition for the same number of credit hours.

           Segment polices  .  The UC, CSU, and CCC already appear to have  
          policies and procedures in place to ensure students have  
          multiple ways of receiving all the information they need  
          regarding credit by examination.

          1)The UC admissions website lists all of the UC accepted credit  
            by examination options.  Additionally, according to the UC  
            Office of the President, UC confers regularly with high school  
            guidance counselors regarding the UC admissions policies,  








                                                                  AB 1025
                                                                  Page  3

            including credit by examination.  The UC admissions directors  
            and staff at each campus regularly attend college fairs on  
            high school and CCC campuses and speak at a variety of other  
            venues to address questions from prospective students  
            including credit by examination.

          2)Three years ago, the Academic Senate of the CSU unanimously  
            endorsed a policy providing guidelines for the use of CLEP  
            examinations as the basis for awarding general education  
            credit.  This policy applies to CSU students and to those  
            planning to transfer to a CSU campus.  The CSU provided their  
            guidelines to the CCC whose students transfer to the CSU; the  
            guidelines inform the CCC students how to apply CLEP  
            examinations toward certifications of general education  
            requirements prior to transfer.  Additionally, the CSU  
            partnered with the College Board (administers of the CLEP  
            examinations) to ensure students are made aware of their CLEP  
            options.  According to the CSU and the College Board, students  
            are made aware of their CLEP examination options in a number  
            of ways, including, via faculty and advisers, admissions  
            office, adult and/or veterans office, registrar's office and  
            campus testing centers.  Additionally, the CSU has posted  
            their CLEP policies on their website and have included their  
            credit by exam policies in their catalogs and other  
            publications for students and parents.
                
           3)The Academic Senate for the CCC endorsed their newest policy  
            providing guidelines for the use of CLEP examinations as the  
            basis for awarding general education credit in June of 2011.   
            The Academic Senate's policy is very similar to that of the  
            CSU (as described above).  Additionally, according to a  
            January 2013 credit by examination survey performed by the CCC  
            Chancellor's Office and completed by 74 CCC campuses, every  
            college expressed they have credit by examination policies and  
            procedures clearly defined and relayed to their students.  The  
            respondents also stated that their college credit by  
            examination policies and procedures are listed in all course  
            catalogs and on their websites.

           REGISTERED SUPPORT / OPPOSITION  :   

           Support 
           
          None on file.









                                                                  AB 1025
                                                                  Page  4

           Opposition 
           
          None on file.
           
          Analysis Prepared by  :    Jeanice Warden / HIGHER ED. / (916)  
          319-3960