BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ó

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          AB 1025 (Garcia)
          As Amended  March 21, 2013
          Majority vote 

           HIGHER EDUCATION    13-0        APPROPRIATIONS      16-1        
          |Ayes:|Williams, Chávez, Bloom,  |Ayes:|Gatto, Harkey, Bigelow,   |
          |     |Fong, Fox, Jones-Sawyer,  |     |Bocanegra, Bradford, Ian  |
          |     |Levine, Waldron, Medina,  |     |Calderon, Campos, Eggman, |
          |     |Olsen, Quirk-Silva,       |     |Gomez, Hall, Holden,      |
          |     |Weber, Wilk               |     |Linder, Pan, Quirk,       |
          |     |                          |     |Wagner, Ammiano           |
          |     |                          |     |                          |
          |     |                          |Nays:|Donnelly                  |
          |     |                          |     |                          |
           SUMMARY  :  Requires the California Community Colleges (CCC) and  
          the California State University (CSU) and requests the Regents  
          of the University of California (UC) to provide information  
          about credit by examination opportunities to students wherever  
          course and class information is available.  This measure also  
          requires districts to be reimbursed for costs if the Commission  
          on State Mandates determines that this act contains costs  
          mandated by the state.

           EXISTING LAW  :  Several statutes and regulations govern credit by  

          1)Authorizes the UC Regents as the governing body of the UC and  
            grants authority to the Regents to determine final policies  
            and procedures on behalf of the UC (Education Code (EC)  
            Sections 92020 and 92430).

          2)Establishes the CSU Board of Trustees (BOT) as the governing  
            body of the CSU and specifies the BOT's power, duties and  
            functions with respect to the management, administration, and  
            control of the CSU (EC Sections 66600 and 66606).

          3)Authorizes the governing board of each CCC district to adopt  
            policies and procedures pertaining to credit by examination   
            and allows for the governing board of the CCC district to  


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            grant credit to any student who satisfactorily passes an  
            examination approved or conducted by proper authorities of the  
            college (Title 5, California Code of Regulations Section  

           FISCAL EFFECT  :  According to the Assembly Appropriations  
          Committee, the three segments (UC, CSU and CCC) indicate that  
          they are generally in compliance with the bill's requirements,  
          thus any costs associated with this bill will be minor and  

           COMMENTS  :  A variety of credit by examination tests are used and  
          accepted by the UC, CSU, and CCC.  Credit by examination tests  
          are comprised of campus-originated challenge examinations  
          (differentiated from placement examinations) and the  
          standardized external examinations, such as Advance Placement  
          (AP) tests, International Baccalaureate (IB) and College Level  
          Entrance Program (CLEP).  AP and IB exams are taken by high  
          school pupils who were enrolled in AP and IB classes in high  

          A recent research brief by the Council for Adult and  
          Experiential Learning (CAEL), found that underserved students  
          who earn credit through prior learning assessments have higher  
          degree to completion rates and shorter time-to-degree.  CAEL  
          also found that there is a financial savings benefit for  
          low-income students who take and successfully pass credit by  
          examination tests, since the cost of having prior learning  
          evaluated for credit is typically less than the cost of the  
          tuition for the same number of credit hours.

          The UC, CSU, and CCC already appear to have policies and  
          procedures in place to ensure students have multiple ways of  
          receiving all the information they need regarding credit by  

          1)The UC admissions Web site lists all of the UC accepted credit  
            by examination options.  Additionally, according to the UC  
            Office of the President, UC confers regularly with high school  
            guidance counselors regarding the UC admissions policies,  
            including credit by examination.  The UC admissions directors  
            and staff at each campus regularly attend college fairs on  
            high school and CCC campuses and speak at a variety of other  
            venues to address questions from prospective students  


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            including credit by examination.

          2)Three years ago, the Academic Senate of the CSU unanimously  
            endorsed a policy providing guidelines for the use of CLEP  
            examinations as the basis for awarding general education  
            credit.  This policy applies to CSU students and to those  
            planning to transfer to a CSU campus.  The CSU provided their  
            guidelines to the CCC whose students transfer to the CSU; the  
            guidelines inform the CCC students how to apply CLEP  
            examinations toward certifications of general education  
            requirements prior to transfer.  Additionally, the CSU  
            partnered with the College Board (administers of the CLEP  
            examinations) to ensure students are made aware of their CLEP  
            options.  According to the CSU and the College Board, students  
            are made aware of their CLEP examination options in a number  
            of ways, including, via faculty and advisers, admissions  
            office, adult and/or veterans office, registrar's office and  
            campus testing centers.  Additionally, the CSU has posted  
            their CLEP policies on their Web site and have included their  
            credit by exam policies in their catalogs and other  
            publications for students and parents.
           3)The Academic Senate for the CCC endorsed their newest policy  
            providing guidelines for the use of CLEP examinations as the  
            basis for awarding general education credit in June of 2011.   
            The Academic Senate's policy is very similar to that of the  
            CSU (as described above).  Additionally, according to a  
            January 2013 credit by examination survey performed by the CCC  
            Chancellor's Office and completed by 74 CCC campuses, every  
            college expressed they have credit by examination policies and  
            procedures clearly defined and relayed to their students.  The  
            respondents also stated that their college credit by  
            examination policies and procedures are listed in all course  
            catalogs and on their Web sites.

           Analysis Prepared by  :    Jeanice Warden / HIGHER ED. / (916)  

                                                                FN: 0000224


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