BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ó



                                                                            



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                                    THIRD READING


          Bill No:  AB 1643
          Author:   Buchanan (D)
          Amended:  8/19/14 in Senate
          Vote:     21

           
           SENATE EDUCATION COMMITTEE  :  7-0, 6/18/14
          AYES:  Liu, Wyland, Block, Correa, Hancock, Huff, Monning

           SENATE APPROPRIATIONS COMMITTEE  :  5-0, 8/14/14
          AYES:  De León, Hill, Lara, Padilla, Steinberg
          NO VOTE RECORDED:  Walters, Gaines

           ASSEMBLY FLOOR  :  60-9, 5/29/14 - See last page for vote


           SUBJECT  :    School attendance review boards

           SOURCE  :     Attorney General Kamala Harris


           DIGEST  :    This bill authorizes a county school attendance  
          review board (SARB) to accept referral or requests for hearing  
          services from one or more school districts within its  
          jurisdiction; and authorizes a county SARB to be operated  
          through a consortium or partnership of a county with one or more  
          school districts or between two or more counties.

           ANALYSIS  :    

          Existing law: 

          1. Authorizes, but does not require, a county and/or local SARB  
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             to be established. SARB membership must include parents,  
             school districts, county probation, county welfare, county  
             superintendent of schools, law enforcement, community-based  
             youth services, and personnel representing school guidance,  
             child welfare and attendance, school or county health care,  
             and mental health.  

          2. Requires the Superintendent of Public Instruction to  
             coordinate and administer a state SARB, which provides  
             recommendations annually regarding the needs and services  
             provided to high-risk youth.

          3. Defines a truant as a student who is absent for three full  
             days, or tardy or absent for more than a 30-minute period on  
             three occasions, without a valid excuse in one school year.  

          4. Authorizes a school district in a county that does not have a  
             SARB to notify the county district attorney or probation  
             officer, and authorizes those entities to notify the parents  
             of every truant that they may be subject to prosecution for  
             failure to compel the attendance of the student.  

          5. Defines a habitual truant as a student who has been reported  
             as a truant three or more times per school year (absent or  
             tardy without an excuse for at least five days). 

          6. Authorizes the school district to refer the student to, and  
             requires the student to attend, a SARB or a truancy mediation  
             program.  The student may be within the jurisdiction of the  
             juvenile court if the student does not successfully complete  
             the truancy mediation program.  

          This bill:

          1. Authorizes a county SARB to accept referrals or requests for  
             hearing services from one or more school districts within its  
             jurisdiction, as specified.

          2. Specifies that a county SARB may be operated through a  
             consortium or partnership of a county with one or more school  
             districts or between two or more counties. 

          3. Adds a representative of the county district attorney's  
             office and a representative of the county public defender's  

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             office to the list of entities comprising the county and  
             local SARBs.

          4. Provides that, for purposes of conducting hearings, the  
             chairperson of the county SARB is authorized to determine the  
             members needed at a hearing, based on the needs of the pupil,  
             in order to address attendance or behavioral problems.

          5. Authorizes, for purposes of conducting hearings, a county  
             SARB to meet as needed.

          6. Provides that a county SARB may provide guidance to local  
             SARBs.

           FISCAL EFFECT  :    Appropriation:  No   Fiscal Com.:  No   Local:  
           No


          According to the Senate Appropriations Committee:


           Potentially significant local costs to counties that have  
            SARBs and elect to continue them, to ensure compliance with  
            these provisions.

           Technical assistance:  Likely minor additional costs to the  
            California Department of Education (CDE) to provide technical  
            assistance to county offices of education to ensure a county  
            SARB complies with the requirements of this bill.

           SUPPORT  :   (Verified  8/19/14)

          Attorney General Kamala D. Harris (source)
          State Superintendent of Public Instruction Tom Torlakson
          AFSCME
          Alameda County District Attorney 
          American Academy of Pediatrics
          Association of Black Correctional Workers
          California Federation of Teachers
          California State PTA
          Continuing the Dream, California Department of Corrections &  
          Rehabilitation
          Contra Costa County District Attorney
          Fresno Unified School District Superintendent

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          Girls Club of Los Angeles
          Glendale Unified School District
          Hemet Unified School District
          Kings County Office of Education Superintendent 
          Lawndale Elementary School District
          Lincoln Child Center
          Los Angeles City Attorney 
          Los Angeles Unified School District
          Rosemead School District
          San Francisco District Attorney 
          Santa Barbara County District Attorney 
          Service Employees International Union
          SIATech
          Special Needs Network
          Stockton Unified School District Superintendent 
          YMCA of San Francisco: Truancy Assessment & Resource Center  
          Program

           OPPOSITION  :    (Verified  8/19/14)

          Department of Finance

           ARGUMENTS IN SUPPORT  :    The bill's sponsor, Attorney General  
          Kamala Harris, writes, "This legislation will help ensure that  
          every county in California develop and implement interagency  
          strategies for combatting truancy in their school districts.   
          County SARBs serve a key role in our education system by  
          establishing rules and regulations regarding the handling of  
          attendance issues and providing training and guidance to local  
          SARBs.  By establishing a SARB in each county, students across  
          the state will be in a better position to receive services  
          tailored specifically to their needs, and regular school  
          attendance for students in every county will be treated as a  
          priority."

           ARGUMENTS IN OPPOSITION  :    The Department of Finance opposes  
          this bill for the following reasons:

           School districts and county offices of education are already  
            required to address areas of student engagement as measured by  
            school attendance rates and chronic absenteeism rates among  
            high-risk sub groups through their Local Control and  
            Accountability Plans, which is the accountability component of  
            the local control funding formula.

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           Currently, a local educational agency may establish a SARB or  
            choose a different method of addressing truancy that best  
            meets the needs of the local community, which aligns with the  
            Administration's policy of subsidiarity.

           This bill imposes potentially significant reimbursable state  
            mandated costs on county offices of education to establish and  
            convene county SARBs as specified.  This bill also creates  
            minor, ongoing state operations cost pressure for the CDE to  
            provide technical assistance to counties.

           ASSEMBLY FLOOR :  60-9, 5/29/14
          AYES:  Alejo, Ammiano, Bloom, Bocanegra, Bonilla, Bonta,  
            Bradford, Brown, Buchanan, Ian Calderon, Campos, Chau,  
            Chesbro, Cooley, Dababneh, Daly, Dickinson, Eggman, Fong, Fox,  
            Frazier, Garcia, Gatto, Gomez, Gonzalez, Gordon, Gorell,  
            Hagman, Hall, Roger Hernández, Holden, Jones-Sawyer, Levine,  
            Linder, Lowenthal, Maienschein, Medina, Mullin, Muratsuchi,  
            Nazarian, Nestande, Olsen, Pan, Perea, John A. Pérez, V.  
            Manuel Pérez, Quirk, Quirk-Silva, Rendon, Ridley-Thomas,  
            Rodriguez, Salas, Skinner, Stone, Ting, Weber, Wieckowski,  
            Williams, Yamada, Atkins
          NOES:  Bigelow, Chávez, Conway, Dahle, Donnelly, Beth Gaines,  
            Gray, Grove, Jones
          NO VOTE RECORDED:  Achadjian, Allen, Harkey, Logue, Mansoor,  
            Melendez, Patterson, Wagner, Waldron, Wilk, Vacancy


          PQ:MW:d  8/19/14   Senate Floor Analyses 

                           SUPPORT/OPPOSITION:  SEE ABOVE

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