BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    

                                                                  AB 2431
                                                                  Page  1

          Date of Hearing:   May 7, 2014

                                  Mike Gatto, Chair

               AB 2431 (Dababneh) - As Introduced:  February 21, 2014 

          Policy Committee:                              Higher  

          Urgency:     No                   State Mandated Local Program:  
          No     Reimbursable:               


          This bill:

          1)Requires any public or nonpublic independent postsecondary  
            educational institution that confines dogs or cats for  
            research purposes and intends to destroy the dog or cat to  
            first offer the dog or cat to an animal adoption or animal  
            rescue organization.

          2)States that (1) does not apply to animals that are  
            irremediably suffering from a serious illness or severe injury  
            and newborn animals needing maternal care without having  
            access to their mothers.

           FISCAL EFFECT  

          Costs of compliance would appear to be minor and absorbable, as  
          the University of California (UC) indicates that, "All UC  
          campuses that perform teaching, testing or research on dogs and  
          cats follow internally-developed policies, guidance, or  
          practices that permit adoption whenever possible." UC is  
          concerned, however, that increased litigation may result to the  
          extent animal rights groups may challenge the university with  
          respect to determinations regarding the potential adoptability  
          of specific animals.


           1)Background  . The federal Animal Welfare Act (AWA) is intended  
            to ensure the humane treatment of animals intended for  
            research, bred for commercial sale, exhibited to the public,  


                                                                  AB 2431
                                                                  Page  2

            or commercially transported. Under the AWA, businesses and  
            others with animals covered by the law must be licensed or  
            registered, and they must adhere to minimum standards of care.  
            In addition, all research universities in the state, (public  
            and private), are accredited by the Association for Assessment  
            and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care International  
            (AAALAC) and are subject to additional standards.

           2)Purpose  . According to the author, this bill is intended to  
            provide for an opportunity for Californians to adopt dogs and  
            cats from research, teaching, and veterinary laboratories in  
            California's postsecondary institutions. The bill would  
            facilitate a relationship between these universities and  
            non-profit animal rescue organizations so that when a dog or  
            cat is no longer needed by the laboratory and need not be  
            euthanized to fulfill the objects of the research, that animal  
            be given a chance at adoption instead of being summarily  

           3)Opposition  . According to the UC, "The University supports the  
            adoption of dogs and cats used in research when those animals  
            have been deemed suitable for adoption by the expert  
            evaluation of our campus researchers and veterinarians."  The  
            UC argues that this measure fails to address the complex human  
            health and safety considerations and related costs that must  
            be contemplated before adoption of research dogs and cats. 

           Analysis Prepared by  :    Chuck Nicol / APPR. / (916) 319-2081