BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ó

                                                                  AB 2449
                                                                  Page  1

          AB 2449 (Bocanegra)
          As Amended  May 23, 2014
          Majority vote 

           EDUCATION           5-1         APPROPRIATIONS      12-5        
          |Ayes:|Buchanan, Chávez,         |Ayes:|Gatto, Bocanegra,         |
          |     |Gonzalez, Nazarian,       |     |Bradford,                 |
          |     |Williams                  |     |Ian Calderon, Campos,     |
          |     |                          |     |Eggman, Gomez, Holden,    |
          |     |                          |     |Pan, Quirk,               |
          |     |                          |     |Ridley-Thomas, Weber      |
          |     |                          |     |                          |
          |Nays:|Olsen                     |Nays:|Bigelow, Donnelly, Jones, |
          |     |                          |     |Linder, Wagner            |

           SUMMARY  :  Requires a school district or county office of  
          education (COE) to ensure that each of the schools in their  
          respective jurisdictions provides their pupils adequate time to  
          eat after a meal is served to students, in accordance with the  
          relevant 2013 guidelines of the California Department of  
          Education (CDE); and specifies that a school district or COE  
          shall first use federally or state-regulated nonprofit school  
          food service cafeteria accounts to defray any costs that are  
          allowable from that funding source. 

           EXISTING LAW  requires, notwithstanding any other provision of  
          law, each school district or county superintendent of schools  
          maintaining any kindergarten or any of grades 1-12, inclusive,  
          to provide for each needy pupil one nutritionally adequate free  
          or reduced-price meal during each schoolday, except for family  
          day care homes that shall be reimbursed for 75% of the meals  

           FISCAL EFFECT  :  According to the Assembly Appropriations  
          Committee, unknown General Fund and Proposition 98 of 1988 state  
          mandated costs, potentially in the hundreds of thousands. There  
          are 9,919 schools in California. Cost claims could include  
          additional equipment and system upgrades, staffing or expanding  
          the school day to meet an adequate time goal. Actual costs will  


                                                                  AB 2449
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          depend on the size and types of claims districts submit to the  
          Commission on State Mandates to implement this measure. 
          COMMENTS  :  The National School Lunch Program is a federally  
          assisted meal program operating in over 100,000 public and  
          nonprofit private schools and residential child care  
          institutions.  It provided nutritionally balanced, lowcost or  
          free lunches to more than 31 million children each school day in  
          2012.  In 1998, Congress expanded the National School Lunch  
          Program to include reimbursement for snacks served to children  
          in afterschool educational and enrichment programs to include  
          children through 18 years of age.  The Food and Nutrition  
          Service administers the program at the federal level.  At the  
          state level, the National School Lunch Program is usually  
          administered by state education agencies, which operate the  
          program through agreements with school food authorities.  In  
          California, the CDE administers the program.  With regard to  
          adequate time to eat school meals, the CDE, in the 2006, report  
          "School Nutrition? by Design," specifies that one strategy for  
          increasing student participation in school lunch is, "scheduling  
          sufficient time to enable students to eat after being served-no  
          less than 10 minutes for breakfast and no less than 20 minutes  
          for lunch." 

          According to the author, "California's State Meal Mandate dates  
          back to the Child Nutrition Facilities Act of 1975. In  
          recognition of the link between nutrition, health, and academic  
          success, the meal mandate requires public schools to provide a  
          nutritious, free or reduced-price meal to each needy student  
          every school day.  In recent years, numerous legislative  
          actions, both state and federal, have improved the nutritional  
          quality of school meals.  Lunch periods provide a much-needed  
          time for students to take a break and refuel their bodies.  For  
          many low-income students, school lunch may be the most  
          nutritious meal of the day.  However, California students  
          frequently miss out on the full benefits of school lunch because  
          they don't have enough time to eat. Time pressures at lunch can  
          result in food waste and poor nutrition. The CDE recommends that  
          students have 20 minutes to eat after receiving their lunches,  
          but many schools are not meeting that recommendation.  A 2013  
          CDE survey of over 1,000 school principals found that only 24.9%  
          of elementary schools and 8.2% of middle and high schools had  
          policies at the site or district level specifying an amount of  
          time that students have to eat. When asked to estimate the  


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          amount of time the last student in line has to eat during the  
          lunch period, only 28.1% of elementary principals and 44.8% of  
          middle and high school principals reported that they were  
          provided at least 20 minutes to eat."

          Further the author argues, "AB 2449 would improve student  
          nutrition, reduce food waste and support student learning.   
          Research shows that providing enough time to eat may encourage  
          students to eat more of the foods that are often under-consumed  
          and nutritionally beneficial, such as fruits, vegetables, and  
          milk.  School lunches bring health and academic benefits to  
          students while drawing additional federal funds into California  
          in the form of per-meal reimbursements. AB 2449 would more  
          efficiently spend resources that support school lunches.  These  
          funds can be used to improve school meal programs, purchase  
          higher-quality food, and support local jobs. The Legislature has  
          already established the requirement that schools provide  
          students with nutritious school lunches.  However, legislative  
          action is needed to ensure that students have enough time to eat  
          the meals provided during the lunch period.  Adding this element  
          in statute will allow CDE to define adequate time in regulations  
          and to develop different options for schools to consider as they  
          work to ensure every student has time to eat lunch." 

          Charter Schools:  While charter schools are not required to  
          provide school meals, some choose to provide school lunch.  The  
          Assembly may wish to consider whether to include charter  
          schools, which currently choose to provide school lunch, in this  

          Analysis Prepared by  :    Chelsea Kelley / ED. / (916) 319-2087 

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