SB 4, as amended, Pavley. Oil and gas: hydraulic fracturing.
existing law, the Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources
begin delete (DOGGR)end delete in the Department of Conservation regulates the drilling, operation, maintenance, and abandonment of oil and gas wells in the state. The State Oil and Gas Supervisor supervises the drilling, operation, maintenance, and abandonment of wells and
the operation, maintenance, and removal or abandonment of tanks and facilities related to oil and gas production within an oil and gas field regarding safety and environmental damage. Existing law requires an operator of a well, before commencing the work of drilling the well, to obtain approval from the State Oil and Gas Supervisor or a district deputy. Existing law requires the operator of a well to keep, or cause to be kept, a careful and accurate log, core record, and history of the drilling of the well. Within 60 days after the date of cessation of drilling, rework, or abandonment operations, the owner or operator is required to file with the district deputy certain information, including the history of work performed.
This bill would define, among other things, hydraulic fracturing and hydraulic fracturing fluid. The bill
begin delete requiresend delete an operator of a well to record and include all data on hydraulic fracturing begin delete treatment, including names and locations of all known seismic faults, as a part of the history of the drilling of the wellend delete. The bill would require begin delete DOGGRend delete, begin delete in consultation with the Department of Toxic Substances Control, the State Air Resources Board, and the State Water Resources Control Board,end delete on or before January 1, 2015, to adopt rules and regulations specific to hydraulic fracturing, including governing the construction of wells and well casings and full disclosure of the composition and disposition of hydraulic fracturing. The bill would require an operator to begin delete fileend delete
with the supervisor or begin delete aend delete district deputy, begin delete at least 30 days prior to the commencement of a hydraulic fracturing treatment, a notice of intention to commence hydraulic
fracturing treatment containing specified informationend delete
begin delete of the filing of
the notice of intentionend delete
begin delete DOGGR, within 10 days of the receipt of the notice of intention, to make the notice publicly available, to post it on the division’s Internet Web site, and to notify the appropriate regional water quality control board.end delete The bill would require the supplier, as defined, of the hydraulic fracturing treatment to provide to the operator, within 30 days following the conclusion of the hydraulic fracturing, certain information regarding the hydraulic fracturing fluid. The bill would require the operator, within 60 days of the cessation of hydraulic fracturing treatment, to post or cause to have posted on an Internet Web site accessible to the public specified information on the fracturing and fluid, as specified. The bill would require a supplier claiming trade secret protection for the chemical composition of additives used in the hydraulic treatment to disclose the composition to begin delete DOGGRend delete, but would, except as specified, prohibit those with access to the trade secret begin delete to disclose it, and a
person who violates this prohibition would be guilty of a misdemeanorend delete
This bill would require the supervisor, on or before January 1, 2016, and annually thereafter, to transmit to the Legislature and make available publicly a comprehensive report on hydraulic fracturing in the exploration and production of oil and gas resources in the state.
The California Constitution requires the state to reimburse local agencies and school districts for certain costs mandated by the state. Statutory provisions establish procedures for making that reimbursement.
This bill would provide that no reimbursement is required by this act for a specified reason.
Vote: majority. Appropriation: no. Fiscal committee: yes. State-mandated local program: yes.
The people of the State of California do enact as follows:
Article 3 (commencing with Section 3150) is added to Chapter 1 of Division 3 of the Public Resources Code, to read:
“Additive” means a substance or combination of substances added to a base fluid for purposes of preparing a hydraulic fracturing fluid. An additive may, but is not required to, serve additional purposes beyond the transmission of hydraulic pressure to the geologic formation. An additive may be of any phase and includes proppants.
“Base fluid” means the continuous phase fluid used in the makeup of a hydraulic fracturing fluid. The continuous phase fluid may include, but is not limited to, water, and may be a liquid or a gas.
“Carrier fluid” means a base fluid into which additives are mixed to form a hydraulic fracturing fluid.
“Hydraulic fracturing” means a
begin delete treatment used in stimulating a wellend delete that involves the pressurized injection of hydraulic fracturing fluid and proppant into an underground geologic formation in order to fracture the formation, thereby causing or enhancing, for the purposes of this division, the production of oil or gas from a well.
“Hydraulic fracturing fluid” means a
begin delete carrierend delete fluid mixed with physical and chemical additives for the purpose of hydraulic fracturing. A hydraulic fracturing treatment may include more than one hydraulic fracturing fluid.
“Proppants” means materials inserted or injected into the underground geologic formation that are intended to prevent fractures from closing.
“Supplier” means an entity performing hydraulic fracturing or an entity supplying an additive or proppant directly to the operator for use in hydraulic fracturing.
(a) The Legislature finds and declares that hydraulic fracturing of oil and gas wells in combination with technological advances in oil and gas well drilling are spurring oil and gas extraction, as well as oil and gas exploration, in California.
(b) (1) On or before January 1, 2015, the division
begin delete, in consultation with the Department of Toxic Substances Control, the State Air Resources Board, and the State Water Resources Control Board,end delete
shall adopt rules and regulations specific to hydraulic fracturing. The rules and regulations shall include, but are not limited to, revisions, as needed, to the rules and regulations governing construction of wells and well casings to ensure integrity of wells, well casings, and the geologic and hydrologic isolation of the oil and gas formation during and following hydraulic fracturing, and full disclosure of the composition and disposition of hydraulic fracturing fluids.
(2) Full disclosure of the composition and disposition of hydraulic fracturing fluids shall, at a minimum, include:
(A) The date of the hydraulic fracturing.
(B) A complete list of the names, Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) numbers, and maximum concentration, in percent by mass, of each and every chemical constituent of the hydraulic fracturing fluids used. If a CAS number does not exist for a chemical constituent, the well owner or operator may provide another unique identifier, if available. Chemical information claimed as a trade secret,
pursuant to subdivision
begin delete (h)end delete, shall be identified as such and reported as described in subdivision begin delete (h)end delete.
(C) The trade name, the supplier, and a brief description of the intended purpose of each additive contained in the hydraulic fracturing fluid.
(D) The total volume of carrier fluid used during hydraulic fracturing, and the identification of whether the carrier fluid is water suitable for irrigation or domestic purposes, water not suitable for irrigation or domestic purposes, or a fluid other than water.end delete
The total volume of base fluid
begin delete, if not reported as a carrier fluid,end delete used during hydraulic fracturing, and the identification of whether the base fluid is water suitable for irrigation or domestic purposes, water not suitable for irrigation or domestic purposes, or a fluid other than water.
The source, volume, and disposition of all water, including, but not limited to, all water used as base
begin delete and carrier fluids, used end delete during hydraulic fracturing and recovered from the well following hydraulic fracturing that is not otherwise reported as produced water pursuant to Section
The disposition of all hydraulic fracturing fluids other than water.
Any radiological components or tracers injected into the well as part of the hydraulic fracturing
begin delete processend delete, a description of the recovery method, if any, for those components or tracers, the recovery rate, and begin delete theend delete disposal begin delete methodend delete for recovered components or tracers.
The radioactivity of the recovered hydraulic fracturing fluids.
The location of the portion of the well subject to the hydraulic fracturing treatment and the extent of the fracturing surrounding the well induced by the treatment.
(1) Notwithstanding any other law or regulation,
begin delete at least 30 daysend delete prior to begin delete commencingend delete a hydraulic fracturing treatment on a well, the operator shall begin delete file a written notice of intention to commence theend delete hydraulic fracturing treatment with the supervisor or district deputy. The begin delete noticeend delete shall contain the pertinent data the supervisor requires on printed forms supplied by the division or on other forms acceptable to the supervisor. begin delete The hydraulic fracturing treatment shall be completed within one year of filing the
notice of intention.end delete
begin delete noticeend delete shall include, but is not limited to, the following:
(A) The well identification number and location.
(B) The time period during which the hydraulic fracturing treatment is planned to occur.
(2) Within 10 days of receipt of the notice of intention, the division shall make the notice of intention publicly available, post it on the publicly accessible portion of the division’s Internet Web site, and notify the appropriate regional water quality control board or boards as determined by where the well, including its subsurface portion, is located.end delete
The operator shall provide notice to the division 72 hours prior to the actual start of the hydraulic fracturing treatment in order for the division to witness the treatment.
If hydraulic fracturing is performed on a well, a supplier that performs any part of hydraulic fracturing or provides additives directly to the operator for hydraulic fracturing shall furnish the operator with information needed for the operator to comply with
begin delete (e)end delete. If a supplier claims trade secret protection pursuant to subdivision begin delete (h)end delete, the supplier shall notify the operator and provide to the operator substitute information, as described in subdivision begin delete (h)end delete, suitable for public disclosure. This information shall be provided as soon as possible but no later than 30 days following the conclusion of the
(1) Within 60 days following cessation of hydraulic fracturing on a well, the operator shall post or cause to have posted to an Internet Web site designated or maintained by the division and accessible to the public, all of the hydraulic fracturing fluid composition and disposition information required to be collected pursuant to rules and regulations adopted under subdivision (b), including well identification number and location.
(2) The division may designate a publicly accessible Internet Web site, developed by the Ground Water Protection Council and the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission for the posting of the data pursuant to paragraph (1), if all of the following requirements are met:
(A) The information is organized on that Internet Web site in a format such as a spreadsheet that allows the public to easily search and aggregate, to the extent practicable, each type of information required to be collected pursuant to subdivision (b) using search functions on that Internet Web site.
(B) The Internet Web site permits any person to export, copy, or otherwise obtain in electronic format the data submitted pursuant to subdivision (b) from that Internet Web site. Once obtained, there shall be no restrictions on the possession or further distribution, modification, transmission, or reproduction of any information submitted pursuant to this section in any form and by any means and no prior authorization shall be required.
(3) If an Internet Web site is not designated by the division pursuant to paragraph (2), the division shall maintain a publicly accessible Internet Web site, in compliance with subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (2), for the posting of the data required pursuant to paragraph (1).end delete
The operator is responsible for compliance with this section.
(g) The names and locations of all known seismic faults within a distance from the well bore in any direction equal to five times the fracture zone length and the names and locations of seismic faults whose movement is reasonably anticipated to impact the integrity of the well, well casing, and oil and gas formation shall be added to the well history. The fracture zone length is defined as the distance from the well bore to the maximum extent of any induced fracture.end delete
(1) The supplier may claim trade secret protection for the chemical composition of additives pursuant to Section 1060 of the Evidence Code, or the Uniform Trade Secrets Act (Title 5 (commencing with Section 3426) of Part 1 of Division 4 of the Civil Code).
(2) If a supplier believes that information regarding a chemical constituent of a hydraulic fracturing fluid is a trade secret, the supplier shall nevertheless disclose the information to the division within 30 days following cessation of hydraulic fracturing on a well, and shall notify the division in writing of that belief.
(3) The supplier is not required to disclose trade secret information to the operator.
(4) This subdivision does not permit a supplier to refuse to disclose the information required pursuant to this section to the division.
(5) To comply with the public disclosure requirements of this section, the supplier shall indicate where trade secret information has been withheld and the specific name of a chemical constituent shall be replaced with the chemical family name or similar descriptor associated with the trade secret chemical information.
(6) Except as provided in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (8), the division shall protect from disclosure any trade secret designated as such by the supplier, if that trade secret is not a public record.
(7) The supplier shall notify the division in writing within 30 days of any changes to information provided to the division to support a trade secret claim.
(8) Upon receipt of a request for the release of information to the public, which includes information the supplier has notified the division is a trade secret and is not a public record, the following procedure applies:
(A) The division shall notify the supplier of the request in writing by certified mail, return receipt requested.
(B) The division shall release the information to the public, but not earlier than 60 days after the date of mailing the notice of the request for information, unless, prior to the expiration of the 60-day period, the supplier obtains an action in an appropriate court for a declaratory judgment that the information is subject to protection or for a preliminary injunction prohibiting disclosure of the information to the public and provides notice to the division of that action.
(9) Except as provided in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (8), trade secret information is not a public record and shall not be disclosed to anyone except to an officer or employee of the division, the state, or the United States, in connection with the official duties of that officer or employee, to a health professional, under any law for the protection of health, or to contractors with the division or the state and its employees if, in the opinion of the division, disclosure is necessary and required for the satisfactory performance of a contract, for performance of work, or to protect health and safety.
(10) Except as provided in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (8), an officer or employee of the division or former officer or employee who, by virtue of that employment or official position, has possession of, or has access to, any trade secret subject to this section, and who, knowing that disclosure of the information to the general public is prohibited by this section, knowingly and willfully discloses the information in any manner to any person not entitled to receive it, is guilty of a misdemeanor. A contractor of the division and any employee of the contractor who has been furnished information as authorized by this section shall be considered an employee of the division for purposes of this section.
(11) In the event of exposure to hydraulic fracturing fluids necessitating medical care, the person receiving the care shall have the right to petition the division to disclose relevant trade secret information in order to receive appropriate medical care.end delete
This section does not apply to routine tests to monitor the integrity of wells and well casings.
A well granted confidential status pursuant to Section 3234 shall comply with this section, with the exception of the disclosure of hydraulic fracturing fluids pursuant to subdivision
begin delete (e)end delete which shall not be required until the confidential status of the well ceases.
(a) Within 60 days after the date of cessation of hydraulic fracturing, the operator shall file with the district deputy, in a form approved by the supervisor, true copies of the log, core record, and history of work performed, and, if made, true and reproducible copies of all electrical, physical, or chemical logs, tests, or surveys. Upon a showing of hardship, the supervisor may extend the time within which to comply with this section for a period not to exceed 60 additional days.
(b) The supervisor shall include information provided pursuant to subdivision (e) of Section 3157 on existing publicly accessible maps on the division’s Internet Web site, and make the information available such that hydraulic fracturing and related information are associated with each specific well. If data are reported on an Internet Web site not maintained by the division pursuant to paragraph (2) of subdivision (e) of Section 3157, the division shall provide electronic links to that Internet Web site. The public shall be able to search and sort the hydraulic fracturing and related information by at least the following criteria:
(1) Geographic area.
(3) Chemical constituent.
(4) Chemical Abstract Service number.
(5) Time period.
(c) Notwithstanding Section 10231.5 of the Government Code, on or before January 1, 2016, and annually thereafter, the supervisor shall, in compliance with Section 9795 of the Government Code, prepare and transmit to the Legislature a comprehensive report on hydraulic fracturing in the exploration and production of oil and gas resources in California. The report shall include aggregated data of all of the information required to be reported pursuant to Section 3157 reported by district, county, and operator. The report also shall include relevant additional information, as necessary, including, but not limited to, all the following:
(1) Aggregated data detailing the disposition of any produced water from wells that have undergone hydraulic fracturing.
(2) Aggregated data detailing the names and locations of seismic faults within a distance from the well bore in any direction equal to five times the fracture zone length and the names and locations of seismic faults whose movement is reasonably anticipated to impact the integrity of the well, well casing, and oil and gas formation.
(3) The number of emergency responses to a spill or release.
(4) Aggregated data detailing the number of times trade secret information was not provided to the public, by county and by each company, in the preceding year.
(5) Data detailing the loss of well and well casing integrity in the preceding year for wells that have undergone hydraulic fracturing treatment. For comparative purposes, data detailing the loss of well and well casing integrity in the preceding year for all wells shall also be provided. The cause of each well and well casing failure, if known, shall also be provided.
(d) The report shall be made publicly available and an electronic version shall be available on the division’s Internet Web site.
Section 3213 of the Public Resources Code is amended to read:
The history shall show the location and amount of sidetracked casings, tools, or other material, the depth and quantity of cement in cement plugs, the shots of dynamite or other explosives, and the results of production and other tests during drilling operations. All data on hydraulic fracturing treatments pursuant to Section
begin delete 3157end delete shall be recorded in the history.
Within 60 days after the date of cessation of drilling, rework, or abandonment operations, or the date of suspension of operations, true copies of the log, core record, and history of work performed, and, if made, true and reproducible
copies of all electrical, physical, or chemical logs, tests, or surveys
begin delete in such form as the supervisor may approve shall be filed with the district deputyend delete. Upon a showing of hardship, the supervisor may extend the time within which to comply with begin delete the provisions ofend delete this section for a period not to exceed 60 additional days.
(a) A person who violates this chapter or a regulation implementing this chapter is subject to a civil penalty not to exceed twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000) for each violation. An act of God and an act of vandalism beyond the reasonable control of the operator shall not be considered a violation. The civil penalty shall be imposed by an order of the supervisor pursuant to Section 3225 upon a determination that a violation has been committed by the person charged. The imposition of a civil penalty under this section shall be in addition to any other penalty provided by law for the violation. When establishing the amount of the civil penalty pursuant to this section, the supervisor shall consider, in addition to other relevant circumstances, all of the following:
(1) The extent of harm caused by the violation.
(2) The persistence of the violation.
(3) The pervasiveness of the violation.
(4) The number of prior violations by the same violator.
(b) An order of the supervisor imposing a civil penalty shall be reviewable pursuant to Article 6 (commencing with Section 3350). When the order of the supervisor has become final and the penalty has not been paid, the supervisor may apply to the appropriate superior court for an order directing payment of the civil penalty. The supervisor may also seek from the court an order directing that production from the well or use of the production facility that is the subject of the civil penalty order be discontinued until the violation has been remedied to the satisfaction of the supervisor and the civil penalty has been paid.
(c) Any amount collected under this section shall be deposited in the Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Administrative Fund.
The proceeds of charges levied, assessed, and collected pursuant to this article upon the properties of every person operating or owning an interest in the production of a well shall be used exclusively for the support and maintenance of the department charged with the supervision of oil and gas operations.
No reimbursement is required by this act pursuant to Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution because the only costs that may be incurred by a local agency or school district will be incurred because this act creates a new crime or infraction, eliminates a crime or infraction, or changes the penalty for a crime or infraction, within the meaning of Section 17556 of the Government Code, or changes the definition of a crime within the meaning of Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution.