SB 108, as amended, Yee. Firearms: residential storage.
Existing law regulates the possession of firearms, including storage requirements to prevent children from gaining access to firearms, and other safety devices including gun safes. Existing law also regulates the lending of firearms. Existing law defines the term “firearm” for these and other regulatory purposes, and excludes from that definition, “antique firearms” for various regulatory purposes.
This bill would provide that no person who is 18 years of age or older and who is the owner, lessee, renter, or other legal occupant of a residence, shall, while outside of that residence, keep in that residence a firearm that he or she owns or has lawful possession of unless the firearm is stored in one of certain specified ways, including in a gun safe or by using a firearm safety device. Violation of these provisions would be an offense punishable as an infraction, or for subsequent violations, as an infraction or misdemeanor, as specified. The bill would define the term “residence” for these purposes, would exclude antique firearms from these provisions, would provide that each firearm constitutes a distinct and separate offense under those provisions, and would make other conforming changes.
By creating a new crime, this bill would impose a state-mandated local program.
The California Constitution requires the state to reimburse local agencies and school districts for certain costs mandated by the state. Statutory provisions establish procedures for making that reimbursement.
This bill would provide that no reimbursement is required by this act for a specified reason.
Vote: majority. Appropriation: no. Fiscal committee: yes. State-mandated local program: yes.
The people of the State of California do enact as follows:
Section 16520 of the Penal Code is amended to
(a) As used in this part, “firearm” means a device,
4designed to be used as a weapon, from which is expelled through
5a barrel, a projectile by the force of an explosion or other form of
7(b) As used in the following provisions, “firearm” includes the
8frame or receiver of the weapon:
9(1) Section 16550.
10(2) Section 16730.
11(3) Section 16960.
12(4) Section 16990.
13(5) Section 17070.
14(6) Section 17310.
15(7) Sections 26500 to 26588, inclusive.
16(8) Sections 26600 to 27140, inclusive.
17(9) Sections 27400 to 28000, inclusive.
18(10) Section 28100.
19(11) Sections 28400 to 28415, inclusive.
20(12) Sections 29010 to 29150, inclusive.
21(13) Sections 29610 to 29750, inclusive.
22(14) Sections 29800 to 29905, inclusive.
23(15) Sections 30150 to 30165, inclusive.
24(16) Section 31615.
25(17) Sections 31705 to 31830, inclusive.
26(18) Sections 34355 to 34370, inclusive.
P3 1(19) Sections 8100, 8101, and 8103 of the Welfare and
3(c) As used in the following provisions, “firearm” also includes
4a rocket, rocket propelled projectile launcher, or similar device
5containing an explosive or incendiary material, whether or not the
6device is designed for emergency or distress signaling purposes:
7(1) Section 16750.
8(2) Subdivision (b) of Section 16840.
9(3) Section 25400.
10(4) Sections 25850 to 26025, inclusive.
11(5) Subdivisions (a), (b), and (c) of Section 26030.
12(6) Sections 26035 to 26055, inclusive.
13(d) As used in the following provisions, “firearm” does not
14include an unloaded antique firearm:
15(1) Subdivisions (a) and (c) of Section 16730.
16(2) Section 16550.
17(3) Section 16960.
18(4) Section 17310.
19(5) Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 26350) of Division 5
20of Title 4.
21(6) Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 26400) of Division 5
22of Title 4.
23(7) Sections 26500 to 26588, inclusive.
24(8) Sections 26700 to 26915, inclusive.
25(9) Section 27510.
26(10) Section 27530.
27(11) Section 27540.
28(12) Section 27545.
29(13) Sections 27555 to 27570, inclusive.
30(14) Sections 29010 to 29150, inclusive.
31(15) Section 25235.
32(e) As used in Sections 34005 and 34010, “firearm” does not
33include a destructive device.
34(f) As used in Sections 17280 and 24680, “firearm” has the
35same meaning as in Section 922 of Title 18 of the United States
37(g) As used in Sections 29010 to 29150, inclusive, “firearm”
38includes the unfinished frame or receiver of a weapon that can be
39readily converted to the functional condition of a finished frame
Section 16540 of the Penal Code is amended to read:
As used in Division 2 (commencing with Section 23620)
3of Title 4 and in Section 25235, “firearm safety device” means a
4device other than a gun safe that locks and is designed to prevent
5children and unauthorized users from firing a firearm. The device
6may be installed on a firearm, be incorporated into the design of
7the firearm, or prevent access to the firearm.
Section 16750 of the Penal Code is amended to read:
(a) As used in Section 25400, “lawful possession of
10the firearm” means that the person who has possession or custody
11of the firearm either lawfully owns the firearm or has the
12permission of the lawful owner or a person who otherwise has
13apparent authority to possess or have custody of the firearm. A
14person who takes a firearm without the permission of the lawful
15owner or without the permission of a person who has lawful
16custody of the firearm does not have lawful possession of the
18(b) As used in Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 25235) of
19Division 4 of Title 4, Article 2 (commencing with Section 25850),
20Article 3 (commencing with Section 25900), and Article 4
21(commencing with Section 26000) of Chapter 3 of Division 5 of
22Title 4, Chapter 6 (commencing with Section 26350) of Division
235 of Title 4, and Chapter 7 (commencing with Section 26400) of
24Division 5 of Title 4, “lawful possession of the firearm” means
25that the person who has possession or custody of the firearm either
26lawfully acquired and lawfully owns the firearm or has the
27permission of the lawful owner or person who otherwise has
28apparent authority to possess or have custody of the firearm. A
29person who takes a firearm without the permission of the lawful
30owner or without the permission of a person who has lawful
31custody of the firearm does not have lawful possession of the
Section 16850 of the Penal Code is amended to read:
As used in Sections 17740, 23925, 25105, 25205,
3525235, and 25610, in Article 3 (commencing with Section 25505)
36of Chapter 2 of Division 5 of Title 4, in Chapter 6 (commencing
37with Section 26350) of Division 5 of Title 4, and in Chapter 7
38(commencing with Section 26400) of Division 5 of Title 4, “locked
39container” means a secure container that is fully enclosed and
40locked by a padlock, keylock, combination lock, or similar locking
P5 1device. The term “locked container” does not include the utility
2or glove compartment of a motor vehicle.
Section 17060 is added to the Penal Code, to read:
As used in Section 25235, “residence” is any structure intended or used for human
6habitation, including, but not limited to, houses, condominiums,
7rooms, motels, hotels, time-shares, and recreational and other
8vehicles where human habitation occurs. For purposes of Section
begin delete “residence” extends toend delete the property lines of the property where the
11structure is located, except in the case of recreational and other
Section 23510 of the Penal Code is amended to read:
(a) For purposes of Sections 25400 and 26500, Sections
1527500 to 27590, inclusive, Section 28100, Sections 29610 to
1629750, inclusive, Sections 29800 to 29905, inclusive, and Section
1731615 of this code, and any provision listed in subdivision (a) of
18Section 16585 of this code, and Sections 8100, 8101, and 8103 of
19the Welfare and Institutions Code, notwithstanding the fact that
20the term “any firearm” may be used in those sections, each firearm
21or the frame or receiver of each firearm constitutes a distinct and
22separate offense under those sections.
23(b) For purposes of Section 25235, notwithstanding the fact that
24the term “any firearm” may be used in those sections, each firearm
25 constitutes a distinct and separate offense under that section.
Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 25235) is added
27to Division 4 of Title 4 of Part 6 of the Penal Code, to read:
(a) A person who is 18 years of age or older and who
32is the owner, lessee, renter, or other legal occupant of a residence,
33shall not, while outside of that residence, store in that residence a
34firearm that he or she owns or has lawful possession of unless the
35firearm is stored in one of the following ways:
36(1) The firearm is within a locked container.
37(2) The firearm is disabled by a firearm safety device.
38(3) The firearm is within a locked gun safe.
39(4) The firearm is within a locked trunk.
P6 1(5) The firearm is locked with a locking device as described in
2Section 16860, which has rendered the firearm inoperable.
3(b) A violation of this section is punishable as follows:
4(1) A first violation involving a firearm that is not a handgun,
5as an infraction, punishable by a fine not exceeding one hundred
7(2) For a second violation involving any firearm or a first
8violation involving a handgun, as an infraction, punishable by a
9fine not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000).
10(3) For a third or subsequent violation, as a misdemeanor.
11(c) The provisions of this section are cumulative, and shall not
12be construed as restricting the application of any other law.
13However, an act or omission punishable in different ways by
14different provisions of law shall not be punished under more than
No reimbursement is required by this act pursuant to
17Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California Constitution because
18the only costs that may be incurred by a local agency or school
19district will be incurred because this act creates a new crime or
20infraction, eliminates a crime or infraction, or changes the penalty
21for a crime or infraction, within the meaning of Section 17556 of
22the Government Code, or changes the definition of a crime within
23the meaning of Section 6 of Article XIII B of the California