SB 135, as amended, Padilla. Earthquake early warning system.
There is in state government, pursuant to the Governor’s Reorganization Plan No. 2, operative July 1, 2013, the Office of Emergency Services. Existing law requires the office to develop and distribute an educational pamphlet for use by kindergarten, any of grades 1 to 12, inclusive, and community college personnel to identify and mitigate the risks posed by nonstructural earthquake hazards.
This bill would require the office, in collaboration with various entities, including the United States Geological Survey, to develop a comprehensive statewide earthquake early warning system in California and would require the system to include certain features, including the installation of field sensors. The bill would make these provisions contingent upon the office identifying funding sources for the system, as provided. If no funding sources are identified by January 1, 2016, the bill would repeal these provisions.
Vote: majority. Appropriation: no. Fiscal committee: yes. State-mandated local program: no.
The people of the State of California do enact as follows:
The Legislature finds and declares the following:
2(a) According to the United States Geological Survey, California
3is one of the most seismically active states, second only to Alaska.
4(b) California has experienced dozens of disastrous earthquakes,
5which have caused loss of life, injury, and economic loss. Some
6of the most significant earthquakes in California’s history include:
7(1) The 1906 San Francisco earthquake, which, at a magnitude
8of 7.8, resulted in an estimated 3,000 deaths and over $500 million
9in property losses.
10(2) The 1971 San Fernando earthquake, which, at a magnitude
11of 6.7, resulted in at least 65 deaths and caused property damage
12of over $500 million.
13(3) The 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, which, at a magnitude
14of 6.9, caused 63 fatalities and over $6 billion in property damage.
15(4) The 1994 Northridge earthquake, which, at a magnitude of
166.7, claimed the lives of 60 people and caused estimated property
17damage of between $13 and $32 billion.
18(c) About 90 percent of the world’s earthquakes and over 80
19percent of the world’s largest earthquakes occur along the
20Circum-Pacific Belt, also known as the Pacific Ring of Fire. The
21Pacific Ring of Fire includes the very active San Andreas Fault
22Zone in California.
23(d) The Uniform California Earthquake Rupture Forecast
24(UCERF) released in 2008 predicted a 99.7 percent likelihood of
25a magnitude 6.7 or larger earthquake in California in the next 30
27(e) A 2013 study published by the Caltech and the Japan Agency
28for Marine-Earth Science and Technology discovered that a
29statewide California earthquake involving both the Los Angeles
30and San Francisco metropolitan areas may be possible.
31(f) Japan, Taiwan, Mexico, Turkey, Romania, Italy, and China
32either have or are working on earthquake early warning systems
33that are capable of saving lives and helping to mitigate loss.
34(g) The Office of Emergency Services, Caltech, California
35Geological Survey, University of California, United States
P3 1Geological Survey, and others have been conducting earthquake
2early warning research and development in California. They operate
3the California Integrated Seismic Network, which has a
4demonstration earthquake early warning capability.
5(h) By building upon the California Integrated Seismic Network
6and processing data from an array of sensors throughout the state,
7a fully developed earthquake early warning system would
8effectively detect some strength and progression of earthquakes
9and alert the public within seconds, sometimes up to 60 seconds,
10before potentially damaging ground shaking is felt.
11(i) An earthquake early warning system should disseminate
12earthquake information in support of public safety, emergency
13response, and loss mitigation.
Section 8587.8 is added to the Government Code, to
(a) The Office of Emergency Services, in collaboration
17with the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), the California
18Geological Survey, the University of California, the United States
19Geological Survey, and others, shall develop a comprehensive statewide
21earthquake early warning system in California, which shall include,
22but not be limited to, the following features:
23(1) Installation of field sensors.
24(2) Improvement of field telemetry.
25(3) Construction and testing of central processing and
27(4) Establishment of warning notification distribution paths to
29(5) Integration of earthquake early warning education with
30general earthquake preparedness efforts.
31(b) The Office of Emergency Services shall identify funding
32for the system described in subdivision (a) through single or
33multiple sources of revenue, including, but not limited to, federal
34funds, funds from revenue bonds, local funds, and private grants.
35(c) Subdivision (a) shall not become operative until the Office
36of Emergency Services identifies funding pursuant to subdivision
38(d) (1) If funding is not identified pursuant to subdivision (b)
39by January 1, 2016, this section is repealed unless a later enacted
P4 1statute, that is enacted before January 1, 2016, deletes or extends
3(2) The Office of Emergency Services shall file with the
4Secretary of State its determination that funding was not identified
5pursuant to subdivision (b) by January 1, 2016.