Amended in Assembly September 3, 2013

Amended in Assembly August 14, 2013

Amended in Senate May 24, 2013

Amended in Senate April 2, 2013

Senate BillNo. 135

Introduced by Senator Padilla

(Coauthors: Senators Hancock, Hill, Lieu, and Liu)

(Coauthors: Assembly Members Bloom, Blumenfield,begin insert Cooley,end insert Gordon, Jones-Sawyer, Mullin, and Skinner)

January 28, 2013

An act to add and repeal Section 8587.8 of the Government Code, relating to earthquake safety.


SB 135, as amended, Padilla. Earthquake early warning system.

There is in state government, pursuant to the Governor’s Reorganization Plan No. 2, operative July 1, 2013, the Office of Emergency Services. Existing law requires the office to develop and distribute an educational pamphlet for use by kindergarten, any of grades 1 to 12, inclusive, and community college personnel to identify and mitigate the risks posed by nonstructural earthquake hazards.

This bill would require the office, in collaboration with various entities, including the United States Geological Survey, to develop a comprehensive statewide earthquake early warning system in Californiabegin insert through a public-private partnershipend insert and would require the system to include certain features, including the installation of field sensors.begin insert The bill would require the office to develop an approval mechanism, as provided, to review compliance with earthquake early warning standards as they are developed.end insert The bill begin insertwould require the office to identify funding sources and would prohibit the office from identifying as a funding source, or expending, any state funds to establish the system. The bill end insertwould make these provisions contingent upon the office identifying funding sources for the system, as provided. If no funding sources are identified by January 1, 2016, the bill would repeal these provisions.

Vote: majority. Appropriation: no. Fiscal committee: yes. State-mandated local program: no.

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:

P2    1


The Legislature finds and declares the following:

2(a) According to the United States Geological Survey, California
3is one of the most seismically active states, second only to Alaska.

4(b) California has experienced dozens of disastrous earthquakes,
5which have caused loss of life, injury, and economic loss. Some
6of the most significant earthquakes in California’s history include:

7(1) The 1906 San Francisco earthquake, which, at a magnitude
8of 7.8, resulted in an estimated 3,000 deaths and over $500 million
9in property losses.

10(2) The 1971 San Fernando earthquake, which, at a magnitude
11of 6.7, resulted in at least 65 deaths and caused property damage
12of over $500 million.

13(3) The 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, which, at a magnitude
14of 6.9, caused 63 fatalities and over $6 billion in property damage.

15(4) The 1994 Northridge earthquake, which, at a magnitude of
166.7, claimed the lives of 60 people and caused estimated property
17damage of between $13 and $32 billion.

18(c) About 90 percent of the world’s earthquakes and over 80
19percent of the world’s largest earthquakes occur along the
20Circum-Pacific Belt, also known as the Pacific Ring of Fire. The
21Pacific Ring of Fire includes the very active San Andreas Fault
22Zone in California.

23(d) The Uniform California Earthquake Rupture Forecast
24(UCERF) released in 2008 predicted a 99.7 percent likelihood of
25a magnitude 6.7 or larger earthquake in California in the next 30

27(e) A 2013 study published by thebegin delete Caltechend deletebegin insert California Institute
28of Technology (Caltech)end insert
and the Japan Agency for Marine-Earth
P3    1Science and Technology discovered that a statewide California
2earthquake involving both the Los Angeles and San Francisco
3metropolitan areas may be possible.

4(f) Japan, Taiwan, Mexico, Turkey, Romania, Italy, and China
5either have or are working on earthquake early warning systems
6that are capable of saving lives and helping to mitigate loss.

7(g) The Office of Emergency Services, Caltech, California
8Geological Survey, University of California, United States
9Geological Survey, and others have been conducting earthquake
10early warning research and development in California. They operate
11the California Integrated Seismic Network, which has a
12demonstration earthquake early warning capability.

13(h) By building upon the California Integrated Seismic Network
14and processing data from an array of sensors throughout the state,
15a fully developed earthquake early warning system would
16effectively detect some strength and progression of earthquakes
17and alert the public within seconds, sometimes up to 60 seconds,
18before potentially damaging ground shaking is felt.

19(i) An earthquake early warning system should disseminate
20earthquake information in support of public safety, emergency
21response, and loss mitigation.


SEC. 2.  

Section 8587.8 is added to the Government Code, to



(a) The Office of Emergency Services, in collaboration
25with the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), the California
26Geological Survey, the University of California, the United States
27Geological Survey, the Alfred E. Alquist Seismic Safety
28Commission, andbegin delete othersend deletebegin insert other stakeholdersend insert, shall develop a
29comprehensive statewide earthquake early warning system in
30Californiabegin insert through a public-private partnershipend insert, which shall
31include, but not be limited to, the following features:

32(1) Installation of field sensors.

33(2) Improvement of field telemetry.

34(3) Construction and testing of central processing and
35notification centers.

36(4) Establishment of warning notification distribution paths to
37the public.

38(5) Integration of earthquake early warning education with
39general earthquake preparedness efforts.

begin insert

P4    1(b) In consultation with stakeholders, the Office of Emergency
2Services shall develop an approval mechanism to review
3compliance with earthquake early warning standards as they are
4developed. The development of the approval mechanism shall
5include input from a broad representation of earthquake early
6warning stakeholders. The approval mechanism shall accomplish
7all of the following:

end insert
begin insert

8(1) Ensure the standards are appropriate.

end insert
begin insert

9(2) Determine the degree to which the standards apply to
10providers and components of the system.

end insert
begin insert

11(3) Determine methods to ensure compliance with the standards.

end insert
begin insert

12(4) Determine requirements for participation in the system.

end insert
begin delete


end delete

14begin insert(c)end insert The Office of Emergency Services shall identify funding
15for the system described in subdivision (a) through single or
16multiple sources of revenuebegin delete, including, but not limited to,end deletebegin insert that
17shall be limited toend insert
federal funds, funds from revenue bonds, local
18funds, and private grants.begin insert The Office of Emergency Services shall
19not identify as a funding source any state funds or expend state
20funds for the purpose of establishing the system described in
21subdivision (a).end insert

begin delete

22(c) Subdivision (a)

end delete

23begin insert(d)end insertbegin insertend insertbegin insertSubdivisions (a) and (b)end insert shall not become operative until
24the Office of Emergency Services identifies funding pursuant to
25subdivisionbegin delete (b)end deletebegin insert (c)end insert.

begin delete


end delete

27begin insert(e)end insert (1) If funding is not identified pursuant to subdivisionbegin delete (b)end delete
28begin insert (c)end insert by January 1, 2016, this section is repealed unless a later
29enacted statute, that is enacted before January 1, 2016, deletes or
30extends that date.

31(2) The Office of Emergency Services shall file with the
32Secretary of State its determination that funding was not identified
33pursuant to subdivisionbegin delete (b)end deletebegin insert (c)end insert by January 1, 2016.