Amended in Assembly September 6, 2013

Amended in Assembly September 3, 2013

Amended in Assembly August 14, 2013

Amended in Senate May 24, 2013

Amended in Senate April 2, 2013

Senate BillNo. 135

Introduced by Senator Padilla

(Coauthors: Senators Hancock, Hill, Lieu, and Liu)

(Coauthors: Assembly Members Bloom, Blumenfield, Cooley, Gordon, Jones-Sawyer, Mullin, and Skinner)

January 28, 2013

An act to add and repeal Section 8587.8 of the Government Code, relating to earthquake safety.


SB 135, as amended, Padilla. Earthquake early warning system.

There is in state government, pursuant to the Governor’s Reorganization Plan No. 2, operative July 1, 2013, the Office of Emergency Services. Existing law requires the office to develop and distribute an educational pamphlet for use by kindergarten, any of grades 1 to 12, inclusive, and community college personnel to identify and mitigate the risks posed by nonstructural earthquake hazards.

This bill would require the office, in collaboration with various entities, including the United States Geological Survey, to develop a comprehensive statewide earthquake early warning system in California through a public-private partnership and would require the system to include certain features, including the installation of field sensors. The bill would require the office to develop an approval mechanism, as provided, to review compliance with earthquake early warning standards as they are developed. The bill would require the office to identify funding sources and would prohibit the office from identifying as a funding source, or expending, any state funds to establish the system. The bill would make these provisions contingent upon the office identifying funding sources for the system, as provided. If no funding sources are identified by January 1, 2016, the bill would repeal these provisions.

Vote: majority. Appropriation: no. Fiscal committee: yes. State-mandated local program: no.

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:

P2    1


begin insert(a)end insertbegin insertend insertThe Legislature finds and declaresbegin insert all ofend insert the

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4begin insert(1)end insert According to the United States Geological Survey, California
5is one of the most seismically active states, second only to Alaska.

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end delete

7begin insert(2)end insert California has experienced dozens of disastrous earthquakes,
8which have caused loss of life, injury, and economic loss. Some
9of the most significant earthquakes in California’s history include:

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11begin insert(A)end insert The 1906 San Francisco earthquake, which, at a magnitude
12of 7.8, resulted in an estimated 3,000 deaths and over $500 million
13in property losses.

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end delete

15begin insert(B)end insert The 1971 San Fernando earthquake, which, at a magnitude
16of 6.7, resulted in at least 65 deaths and caused property damage
17of over $500 million.

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end delete

19begin insert(C)end insert The 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, which, at a magnitude
20of 6.9, caused 63 fatalities and over $6 billion in property damage.

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end delete

22begin insert(D)end insert The 1994 Northridge earthquake, which, at a magnitude of
236.7, claimed the lives of 60 people and caused estimated property
24damage of between $13 and $32 billion.

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end delete

P3    1begin insert(3)end insert About 90 percent of the world’s earthquakes and over 80
2 percent of the world’s largest earthquakes occur along the
3Circum-Pacific Belt, also known as the Pacific Ring of Fire. The
4Pacific Ring of Fire includes the very active San Andreas Fault
5Zone in California.

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7begin insert(4)end insert The Uniform California Earthquake Rupture Forecast
8(UCERF) released in 2008 predicted a 99.7 percent likelihood of
9a magnitude 6.7 or larger earthquake in California in the next 30

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end delete

12begin insert(5)end insert A 2013 study published by the California Institute of
13Technology (Caltech) and the Japan Agency for Marine-Earth
14Science and Technology discovered that a statewide California
15earthquake involving both the Los Angeles and San Francisco
16metropolitan areas may be possible.

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18begin insert(6)end insert Japan, Taiwan, Mexico, Turkey, Romania, Italy, and China
19either have or are working on earthquake early warning systems
20that are capable of saving lives and helping to mitigate loss.

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end delete

22begin insert(7)end insert The Office of Emergency Services, Caltech, California
23Geological Survey, University of California, United States
24Geological Survey, and others have been conducting earthquake
25early warning research and development in California. They operate
26the California Integrated Seismic Network, which has a
27demonstration earthquake early warning capability.

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29begin insert(8)end insert By building upon the California Integrated Seismic Network
30and processing data from an array of sensors throughout the state,
31a fully developed earthquake early warning system would
32effectively detect some strength and progression of earthquakes
33and alert the public within seconds, sometimes up to 60 seconds,
34before potentially damaging ground shaking is felt.

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36begin insert(9)end insert An earthquake early warning system should disseminate
37earthquake information in support of public safety, emergency
38response, and loss mitigation.

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39(b) It is the intent of the Legislature that the establishment of
40an earthquake early warning system pursuant to this act shall not
P4    1result in any undue burden upon the General Fund and that, to
2the maximum extent possible, the Office of Emergency Services
3shall seek other sources for funding the implementation of Section
48587.8 of the Government Code.

end insert

SEC. 2.  

Section 8587.8 is added to the Government Code, to



(a) The Office of Emergency Services, in collaboration
8with the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), the California
9Geological Survey, the University of California, the United States
10Geological Survey, the Alfred E. Alquist Seismic Safety
11Commission, and other stakeholders, shall develop a
12comprehensive statewide earthquake early warning system in
13California through a public-private partnership, which shall include,
14but not be limited to, the following features:

15(1) Installation of field sensors.

16(2) Improvement of field telemetry.

17(3) Construction and testing of central processing and
18notification centers.

19(4) Establishment of warning notification distribution paths to
20the public.

21(5) Integration of earthquake early warning education with
22general earthquake preparedness efforts.

23(b) In consultation with stakeholders, the Office of Emergency
24Services shall develop an approval mechanism to review
25compliance with earthquake early warning standards as they are
26developed. The development of the approval mechanism shall
27include input from a broad representation of earthquake early
28warning stakeholders. The approval mechanism shall accomplish
29all of the following:

30(1) Ensure the standards are appropriate.

31(2) Determine the degree to which the standards apply to
32providers and components of the system.

33(3) Determine methods to ensure compliance with the standards.

34(4) Determine requirements for participation in the system.

35(c) The Office of Emergency Services shall identify funding
36for the system described in subdivision (a) through single or
37multiple sources of revenue that shall be limited to federal funds,
38funds from revenue bonds, local funds, and private grants. The
39Office of Emergency Services shall not identify as a funding source
P5    1any state funds or expend state funds for the purpose of establishing
2the system described in subdivision (a).

3(d) Subdivisions (a) and (b) shall not become operative until
4the Office of Emergency Services identifies funding pursuant to
5subdivision (c).

6(e) (1) If funding is not identified pursuant to subdivision (c)
7by January 1, 2016, this section is repealed unless a later enacted
8statute, that is enacted before January 1, 2016, deletes or extends
9that date.

10(2) The Office of Emergency Services shall file with the
11Secretary of State its determination that funding was not identified
12pursuant to subdivision (c) by January 1, 2016.