BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    






                         SENATE COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION
                                Carol Liu, Chair
                           2013-2014 Regular Session
                                        

          BILL NO:       SB 330
          AUTHOR:        Padilla 
          AMENDED:       April 1, 2013
          FISCAL COMM:   Yes            HEARING DATE:  May 1, 2013
          URGENCY:       No             CONSULTANT:Lynn Lorber

           SUBJECT  :  Health framework: mental health instruction.
          
           SUMMARY
           
          This bill requires the next revision of the Health  
          curriculum framework to include a distinct category on  
          mental health instruction.

           BACKGROUND
           
          Academic content standards define the knowledge, concepts,  
          and skills that pupils should acquire at each grade level  
          (the "what").  Curricular frameworks are the blueprint for  
          implementing the standards, and include criteria by which  
          instructional materials are evaluated (the "how").

          The processes for reviewing frameworks and adopting  
          instructional materials have been suspended since July 28,  
          2009.  The State Board of Education (SBE) is specifically  
          prohibited from reviewing frameworks and adopting  
          instructional materials until the 2015-16 school year.   
          (Education Code  60200.7)

          The role of the Instructional Quality Commission is to  
          recommend curriculum frameworks to the SBE, develop  
          criteria for evaluating instructional materials, study,  
          evaluate and recommend to the SBE instructional materials  
          for adoption, make recommendations to the SBE regarding the  
          use of frameworks and model curriculum and alignment with  
          the academic content standards.   (EC  60204)

          The Health framework was last adopted in 2003, and was in  
          the process of being revised when the statutory (and  
          budgetary) suspension of that process took effect in July  
          2009.  Adoption of the revised Health framework was  







                                                                SB 330
                                                                Page 2


          projected for March 2011. 

           ANALYSIS
           
           This bill  requires the next revision of the Health  
          curriculum framework to include a distinct category on  
          mental health instruction.  Specifically, this bill:

          1)   Requires the Instructional Quality Commission and the  
               State Board of Education, during the next revision of  
               the Health framework, to create a 

          distinct category on mental health instruction for the  
               purpose of educating students about all aspects of  
               mental health.

          2)   Requires the California Department of Education (CDE)  
               to convene stakeholders in the mental health and  
               educational fields to provide input for the  
               development of the mental health instruction in the  
               comprehensive health education plans.  This bill  
               requires the CDE to review information and programs  
               from other state and countries, and to include  
               stakeholders from:

               a)        Culturally, racially, and ethnically diverse  
               communities.

               b)        All mental health professionals.

               c)        Teachers.

               d)        Parents.

               e)        Those involved in promoting mental wellness.

               f)        Those living with a mental health challenge  
               and their families.

          3)   Defines "mental health instruction" to include:

                    a)             Reasonably designed and  
                    age-appropriate instruction on the overarching  
                    themes and core principles of mental health,  








                                                                SB 330
                                                                Page 3


                    including defining common mental health  
                    challenges.

               b)        Promoting mental health wellness, which  
               includes:

                           i)                  Positive development.

                           ii)     Social connectedness and  
                         supportive relationships.

                           iii)    Resiliency, which is the ability  
                         to bounce back despite adversity.

                           iv)     Problem solving skills.

                           v)                  Coping skills.

                           vi)     Self-esteem.

                           vii)    A positive school and home  
                         environment in which students feel  
                         comfortable.

                    c)             Ability to identify warning signs  
                    of common mental health problems in order to  
                    promote awareness and early intervention to teach  


                    students to take action before a situation  
                    becomes a crisis.  This should include  
                    instruction on:


                           i)                  How to appropriately  
                         seek and find assistance from mental health  
                         professionals and services within the school  
                         district and in the community for themselves  
                         or others.

                           ii)     Appropriate evidence-based  
                         research and practices that are proven to  
                         help overcome mental health challenges.









                                                                SB 330
                                                                Page 4


                    d)             The connection and importance of  
                    mental health to overall health and academic  
                    success as well as to co-occurring conditions,  
                    such as chronic physical conditions and chemical  
                    dependence and substance abuse. 

                    e)             Awareness and appreciation about  
                    the prevalence of mental health challenges across  
                    all populations, races, ethnicities, and  
                    socio-economic statuses, include the impact of  
                    culture on the experience and treatment of mental  
                    health challenges.

                    f)             Stigma surrounding mental health  
                    challenges and what can be done to overcome  
                    stigma, increase awareness, and promote  
                    acceptance.  This should include, to the extent  
                    possible, classroom presentations of narratives  
                    by peers and other people who have experienced  
                    mental health challenges, and how they coped with  
                    their situations including how they sought help  
                    and acceptance.

          4)   Authorizes schools to provide mental health  
               instruction as described by this bill in any grade,  
               beginning in the 2013-14 school year.

           STAFF COMMENTS
           
           1)   Need for the bill  .  According to the author, "Mental  
               health challenges touch everyone and affect all age  
               groups, races, ethnicities, and socioeconomic classes.  
                According to the National Institute of Health, an  
               estimated one on five children and one in four adults  
               live with some sort of mental health challenge.   
               Education is one of the best ways to increase  
               awareness and treatment, and reduce the stigma  
               associated with mental health challenges.   
               California's public education system is one of the  
               most effective means to provide each child with an  
               opportunity to acquire knowledge about mental health  
               issues."

           2)   Already in the framework  ?  The health framework  








                                                                SB 330
                                                                Page 5


               appears to contain very little information relative to  
               mental health and does not appear to include  
               grade-specific expectations.  This bill requires the  
               creation of a distinct category on mental health  
               within the health framework.

          The State Board of Education is prohibited from reviewing  
               frameworks until Fall 2015 at the earliest.  The  
               Health framework was last adopted in 2003, and was in  
               the process of being revised when the statutory (and  
               budgetary) suspension of that process took effect in  
               July 2009.  Adoption of the revised Health framework  
               was projected for March 2011. 
          There does not appear to be a specific plan for the  
               resumption of the process of reviewing and updating  
               curricular frameworks.  Assuming the prior schedule is  
               resumed as it was upon suspension and frameworks for  
               history-social science and science are completed  
               first, the health framework would likely be revisited  
               in 2018 at the earliest.  

           3)   One approach  .  This bill adds a distinct category to  
               the Health framework.  Curricular frameworks are used  
               as the basis for the development of instructional  
               materials.  Adding topics to the curricular frameworks  
               could mean those areas will be included in  
               instructional materials.  However, the process of  
               adding topics to the frameworks is lengthy and costly.

          Another approach is to add instruction in specific areas to  
               the course of study.  Current law prescribes that the  
               adopted course of study for grades 1-12 include  
               specific areas of study.  This appears to require  
               every school to offer courses in every subject listed  
               yet it is unlikely that every school offers courses in  
               driver's education, genetic diseases and disorders,  
               aviation, school gardens, community service, bicycle  
               safety, or aquatic safety, for example. 

           4)   Technical amendments needed  .  This bill requires the  
               Instructional Quality Commission (IQC) and the State  
               Board of Education (SBE) to include a distinct  
               category on mental health instruction within the  
               Health framework during its next revision.  The IQC is  








                                                                SB 330
                                                                Page 6


               charged with reviewing and revising frameworks, and  
               recommending revisions to the SBE for adoption.  Staff  
               recommends an amendment to clarify that the IQC is to  
               develop the mental health instruction and recommend to  
               the SBE adoption of the updated framework.

          This bill requires the California Department of Education  
               to convene stakeholders in the mental health and  
               educational fields to provide input for the  
               development of the mental health instruction in the  
               comprehensive health education plan.  Staff recommends  
               an amendment to strike reference to comprehensive  
               health education plans and instead reference the  
               Health framework (page 3, line 37).

          The author would like to make the following technical  
               amendments:

               a)        Add Senator Beall as a co-author.

               b)        On page 2, lines 24-25, strike "so pupils  
                    are knowledgeable" and insert "to educate pupils"

               c)        Bifurcate section 51900.5(b)(1) into two  
                    subdivisions (page 2, lines 28-35).

               d)        On page 3, line 3, strike "which is the  
                    ability to bounce back despite adversity"

               e)        On page 3, line 33, after "communities,"  
                    insert "representatives from"

           5)   Related legislation  .  SB 596 (Yee) requires the  
               Superintendent of Public Instruction to establish a  
               pilot program to assist schools to establish or  
               enhance school-based mental health services.  SB 596  
               is pending in this Committee.

          AB 174 (Bonta) establishes a grant program to fund  
               activities and services to directly address the mental  
               health and related needs of students who are impacted  
               by trauma.  AB 174 is pending in the Assembly  
               Appropriations Committee.









                                                                SB 330
                                                                Page 7


          AB 1367 (Mansoor) adds schools to existing mental health  
               outreach efforts for the purpose of training in the  
               identification of students with mental health issues  
               that may result in a threat to themselves or others to  
               provide timely intervention. AB 1367 is pending in the  
               Assembly Health Committee.

          AB 549 (Jones-Sawyer) adds as a required component of  
               school safety plans guidelines for the roles and  
               responsibilities of mental health and intervention  
               professionals, school resource officers, and police  
               officers on the school campus.  AB 549 is scheduled to  
               be heard by the Assembly Education Committee on May 1,  
               2013.

          SB 524 (Lara) requires the Superintendent of Public  
               Instruction to appoint and staff a 12 member task  
               force to develop voluntary K-12 curriculum regarding  
               postsecondary opportunities and financial aid.  SB 524  
               is pending in the Senate Appropriations Committee.

          SB 552 (Calderon) authorizes social science instruction in  
               grades 7-12 to include instruction on violence  
               awareness.  SB 552 is scheduled to be heard by this  
               Committee on May 1, 2013.

          SB 696 (Block) among other things, adds civics learning  
               objectives to the history-social science framework.   
               SB 696 is pending in the Senate Appropriations  
               Committee.

          AB 137 (Buchanan) requires the inclusion of strategies to  
               increase instruction in civics whenever the  
               history-social science framework is updated.  AB 137  
               is pending in the Assembly Appropriations Committee.

          AB 391 (Wieckowski) requires the history-social science  
               framework, when updated, to include financial  
               literacy, and requires the one-semester instructional  
               program on consumer economics to be updated to include  
               instruction in specified areas of financial literacy.   
               AB 391 is pending in the Assembly Appropriations  
               Committee.









                                                                SB 330
                                                                Page 8



          AB 424 (Donnelly) requires instruction in the social  
               sciences to include the development of democracy and  
               the history of the development of the United States  
               Constitution and requires specified historical  
               documents be included in the history-social science  
               framework.  AB 424 failed passage in the Assembly  
               Education Committee on April 3, 2013, on a 2-5 vote.

          AB 700 (Gomez) requires the adopted course of study in  
               history-social science to include beginning with the  
               2014-15 school year, a voter education component  
               providing instruction in how to register and cast  
               votes in local, state, and federal elections, and how  
               to use the voter information pamphlet and other  
               materials to become an informed voter.  This bill also  
               requires the California Department of Education, by  
               July 1, 2014, to develop and adopt a model curriculum  
               framework for a voter education component in social  
               studies classes to be implemented beginning with the  
               2014-15 school year.  AB 700 is scheduled to be heard  
               by the Assembly Education Committee on May 1, 2013.

           6)   Prior legislation  .  AB 739 (Lowenthal, 2011) would  
               have required the State Board of Education and the  
               Curriculum Development and Supplemental Materials  
               Commission to include suicide prevention and mental  
               illness awareness instruction in the health education  
               curriculum framework for grades 7 and 8.  AB 739 was  
               held on the Assembly Appropriations Committee's  
               suspense file.

           SUPPORT
           
          Association of California School Administrators
          California Association of Marriage and Family Therapists
          California Association of School Psychologists
          California Association of School Social Workers
          California Medical Association
          California Mental Health Directors Association
          California Psychological Association
          California School Health Centers Association
          Los Angeles Unified School District
          Mental Health America of California








                                                                SB 330
                                                                Page 9


          National Alliance on Mental Illness

           OPPOSITION

           None on file.