BILL ANALYSIS Ó SENATE COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION Carol Liu, Chair 2013-2014 Regular Session BILL NO: SB 330 AUTHOR: Padilla AMENDED: April 1, 2013 FISCAL COMM: Yes HEARING DATE: May 1, 2013 URGENCY: No CONSULTANT:Lynn Lorber SUBJECT : Health framework: mental health instruction. SUMMARY This bill requires the next revision of the Health curriculum framework to include a distinct category on mental health instruction. BACKGROUND Academic content standards define the knowledge, concepts, and skills that pupils should acquire at each grade level (the "what"). Curricular frameworks are the blueprint for implementing the standards, and include criteria by which instructional materials are evaluated (the "how"). The processes for reviewing frameworks and adopting instructional materials have been suspended since July 28, 2009. The State Board of Education (SBE) is specifically prohibited from reviewing frameworks and adopting instructional materials until the 2015-16 school year. (Education Code § 60200.7) The role of the Instructional Quality Commission is to recommend curriculum frameworks to the SBE, develop criteria for evaluating instructional materials, study, evaluate and recommend to the SBE instructional materials for adoption, make recommendations to the SBE regarding the use of frameworks and model curriculum and alignment with the academic content standards. (EC § 60204) The Health framework was last adopted in 2003, and was in the process of being revised when the statutory (and budgetary) suspension of that process took effect in July 2009. Adoption of the revised Health framework was SB 330 Page 2 projected for March 2011. ANALYSIS This bill requires the next revision of the Health curriculum framework to include a distinct category on mental health instruction. Specifically, this bill: 1) Requires the Instructional Quality Commission and the State Board of Education, during the next revision of the Health framework, to create a distinct category on mental health instruction for the purpose of educating students about all aspects of mental health. 2) Requires the California Department of Education (CDE) to convene stakeholders in the mental health and educational fields to provide input for the development of the mental health instruction in the comprehensive health education plans. This bill requires the CDE to review information and programs from other state and countries, and to include stakeholders from: a) Culturally, racially, and ethnically diverse communities. b) All mental health professionals. c) Teachers. d) Parents. e) Those involved in promoting mental wellness. f) Those living with a mental health challenge and their families. 3) Defines "mental health instruction" to include: a) Reasonably designed and age-appropriate instruction on the overarching themes and core principles of mental health, SB 330 Page 3 including defining common mental health challenges. b) Promoting mental health wellness, which includes: i) Positive development. ii) Social connectedness and supportive relationships. iii) Resiliency, which is the ability to bounce back despite adversity. iv) Problem solving skills. v) Coping skills. vi) Self-esteem. vii) A positive school and home environment in which students feel comfortable. c) Ability to identify warning signs of common mental health problems in order to promote awareness and early intervention to teach students to take action before a situation becomes a crisis. This should include instruction on: i) How to appropriately seek and find assistance from mental health professionals and services within the school district and in the community for themselves or others. ii) Appropriate evidence-based research and practices that are proven to help overcome mental health challenges. SB 330 Page 4 d) The connection and importance of mental health to overall health and academic success as well as to co-occurring conditions, such as chronic physical conditions and chemical dependence and substance abuse. e) Awareness and appreciation about the prevalence of mental health challenges across all populations, races, ethnicities, and socio-economic statuses, include the impact of culture on the experience and treatment of mental health challenges. f) Stigma surrounding mental health challenges and what can be done to overcome stigma, increase awareness, and promote acceptance. This should include, to the extent possible, classroom presentations of narratives by peers and other people who have experienced mental health challenges, and how they coped with their situations including how they sought help and acceptance. 4) Authorizes schools to provide mental health instruction as described by this bill in any grade, beginning in the 2013-14 school year. STAFF COMMENTS 1) Need for the bill . According to the author, "Mental health challenges touch everyone and affect all age groups, races, ethnicities, and socioeconomic classes. According to the National Institute of Health, an estimated one on five children and one in four adults live with some sort of mental health challenge. Education is one of the best ways to increase awareness and treatment, and reduce the stigma associated with mental health challenges. California's public education system is one of the most effective means to provide each child with an opportunity to acquire knowledge about mental health issues." 2) Already in the framework ? The health framework SB 330 Page 5 appears to contain very little information relative to mental health and does not appear to include grade-specific expectations. This bill requires the creation of a distinct category on mental health within the health framework. The State Board of Education is prohibited from reviewing frameworks until Fall 2015 at the earliest. The Health framework was last adopted in 2003, and was in the process of being revised when the statutory (and budgetary) suspension of that process took effect in July 2009. Adoption of the revised Health framework was projected for March 2011. There does not appear to be a specific plan for the resumption of the process of reviewing and updating curricular frameworks. Assuming the prior schedule is resumed as it was upon suspension and frameworks for history-social science and science are completed first, the health framework would likely be revisited in 2018 at the earliest. 3) One approach . This bill adds a distinct category to the Health framework. Curricular frameworks are used as the basis for the development of instructional materials. Adding topics to the curricular frameworks could mean those areas will be included in instructional materials. However, the process of adding topics to the frameworks is lengthy and costly. Another approach is to add instruction in specific areas to the course of study. Current law prescribes that the adopted course of study for grades 1-12 include specific areas of study. This appears to require every school to offer courses in every subject listed yet it is unlikely that every school offers courses in driver's education, genetic diseases and disorders, aviation, school gardens, community service, bicycle safety, or aquatic safety, for example. 4) Technical amendments needed . This bill requires the Instructional Quality Commission (IQC) and the State Board of Education (SBE) to include a distinct category on mental health instruction within the Health framework during its next revision. The IQC is SB 330 Page 6 charged with reviewing and revising frameworks, and recommending revisions to the SBE for adoption. Staff recommends an amendment to clarify that the IQC is to develop the mental health instruction and recommend to the SBE adoption of the updated framework. This bill requires the California Department of Education to convene stakeholders in the mental health and educational fields to provide input for the development of the mental health instruction in the comprehensive health education plan. Staff recommends an amendment to strike reference to comprehensive health education plans and instead reference the Health framework (page 3, line 37). The author would like to make the following technical amendments: a) Add Senator Beall as a co-author. b) On page 2, lines 24-25, strike "so pupils are knowledgeable" and insert "to educate pupils" c) Bifurcate section 51900.5(b)(1) into two subdivisions (page 2, lines 28-35). d) On page 3, line 3, strike "which is the ability to bounce back despite adversity" e) On page 3, line 33, after "communities," insert "representatives from" 5) Related legislation . SB 596 (Yee) requires the Superintendent of Public Instruction to establish a pilot program to assist schools to establish or enhance school-based mental health services. SB 596 is pending in this Committee. AB 174 (Bonta) establishes a grant program to fund activities and services to directly address the mental health and related needs of students who are impacted by trauma. AB 174 is pending in the Assembly Appropriations Committee. SB 330 Page 7 AB 1367 (Mansoor) adds schools to existing mental health outreach efforts for the purpose of training in the identification of students with mental health issues that may result in a threat to themselves or others to provide timely intervention. AB 1367 is pending in the Assembly Health Committee. AB 549 (Jones-Sawyer) adds as a required component of school safety plans guidelines for the roles and responsibilities of mental health and intervention professionals, school resource officers, and police officers on the school campus. AB 549 is scheduled to be heard by the Assembly Education Committee on May 1, 2013. SB 524 (Lara) requires the Superintendent of Public Instruction to appoint and staff a 12 member task force to develop voluntary K-12 curriculum regarding postsecondary opportunities and financial aid. SB 524 is pending in the Senate Appropriations Committee. SB 552 (Calderon) authorizes social science instruction in grades 7-12 to include instruction on violence awareness. SB 552 is scheduled to be heard by this Committee on May 1, 2013. SB 696 (Block) among other things, adds civics learning objectives to the history-social science framework. SB 696 is pending in the Senate Appropriations Committee. AB 137 (Buchanan) requires the inclusion of strategies to increase instruction in civics whenever the history-social science framework is updated. AB 137 is pending in the Assembly Appropriations Committee. AB 391 (Wieckowski) requires the history-social science framework, when updated, to include financial literacy, and requires the one-semester instructional program on consumer economics to be updated to include instruction in specified areas of financial literacy. AB 391 is pending in the Assembly Appropriations Committee. SB 330 Page 8 AB 424 (Donnelly) requires instruction in the social sciences to include the development of democracy and the history of the development of the United States Constitution and requires specified historical documents be included in the history-social science framework. AB 424 failed passage in the Assembly Education Committee on April 3, 2013, on a 2-5 vote. AB 700 (Gomez) requires the adopted course of study in history-social science to include beginning with the 2014-15 school year, a voter education component providing instruction in how to register and cast votes in local, state, and federal elections, and how to use the voter information pamphlet and other materials to become an informed voter. This bill also requires the California Department of Education, by July 1, 2014, to develop and adopt a model curriculum framework for a voter education component in social studies classes to be implemented beginning with the 2014-15 school year. AB 700 is scheduled to be heard by the Assembly Education Committee on May 1, 2013. 6) Prior legislation . AB 739 (Lowenthal, 2011) would have required the State Board of Education and the Curriculum Development and Supplemental Materials Commission to include suicide prevention and mental illness awareness instruction in the health education curriculum framework for grades 7 and 8. AB 739 was held on the Assembly Appropriations Committee's suspense file. SUPPORT Association of California School Administrators California Association of Marriage and Family Therapists California Association of School Psychologists California Association of School Social Workers California Medical Association California Mental Health Directors Association California Psychological Association California School Health Centers Association Los Angeles Unified School District Mental Health America of California SB 330 Page 9 National Alliance on Mental Illness OPPOSITION None on file.