BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ó



                                                                            



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                                    THIRD READING


          Bill No:  SB 330
          Author:   Padilla (D), et al.
          Amended:  5/28/13
          Vote:     21


           SENATE EDUCATION COMMITTEE  :  9-0, 5/1/13  
           AYES: Liu, Wyland, Block, Correa, Hancock, Hueso, Huff, Jackson,  
            Monning

           SENATE APPROPRIATIONS COMMITTEE  :  7-0, 5/23/13
          AYES:  De León, Walters, Gaines, Hill, Lara, Padilla, Steinberg


           SUBJECT  :    Health framework:  pupil mental health instruction

           SOURCE  :     Author


           DIGEST :    This bill requires during the next revision of the  
          publication "Health Framework for California Public Schools,"  
          the Instructional Quality Commission (IQC) to develop, and  
          recommend for adoption by the state board, a distinct category  
          on mental health instruction, as described, to educate pupils  
          about all aspects of mental health.  This bill requires the  
          California Department of Education (CDE) to convene stakeholders  
          in the mental health and educational fields, to provide input  
          for the development of the mental health instruction in the  
          health framework.  The bill requires CDE to review information  
          and programs from other states and countries.  Commencing with  
          the 2013-14 school year, this bill authorizes a school district  
          to provide to pupils in any grades mental health instruction,  
          and does not require or authorize the IQC to recommend new  
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          health education content standards, as specified.



           ANALYSIS  :    Academic content standards define the knowledge,  
          concepts, and skills that pupils should acquire at each grade  
          level (the "what").  Curricular frameworks are the blueprint for  
          implementing the standards, and include criteria by which  
          instructional materials are evaluated (the "how").

          The processes for reviewing frameworks and adopting  
          instructional materials have been suspended since July 28, 2009.  
           The State Board of Education (SBE) is specifically prohibited  
          from reviewing frameworks and adopting instructional materials  
          until the 2015-16 school year.

          The role of the IQC is to recommend curriculum frameworks to the  
          SBE, develop criteria for evaluating instructional materials,  
          study, evaluate and recommend to the SBE instructional materials  
          for adoption, make recommendations to the SBE regarding the use  
          of frameworks and model curriculum and alignment with the  
          academic content standards.

          The health framework was last adopted in 2003, and was in the  
          process of being revised when the statutory (and budgetary)  
          suspension of that process took effect in July 2009.  Adoption  
          of the revised health framework was projected for March 2011. 

          This bill:

          1.Requires during the next revision of the publication "Health  
            Framework for California Public Schools," the IQC to develop,  
            and recommend for adoption by the SBE, a distinct category on  
            mental health instruction, as described, to educate pupils  
            about all aspects of mental health.

          2.Requires the CDE to convene stakeholders in the mental health  
            and educational fields, as provided, to provide input for the  
            development of the mental health instruction in the health  
            framework.

          3.Requires CDE to review information and programs from other  
            states and countries.  Commencing with the 2013-14 school  
            year, the bill authorizes a school district to provide to  

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            pupils in any grades mental health instruction, and does not  
            require or authorize the IQC to recommend new health education  
            content standards, as specified.




           Comments
           
          According to the Senate Education Committee analysis:

               The health framework appears to contain very little  
               information relative to mental health and does not appear  
               to include grade-specific expectations.  This bill requires  
               the creation of a distinct category on mental health within  
               the health framework.

               The State Board of Education is prohibited from reviewing  
               frameworks until fall 2015 at the earliest.  The health  
               framework was last adopted in 2003, and was in the process  
               of being revised when the statutory (and budgetary)  
               suspension of that process took effect in July 2009.   
               Adoption of the revised health framework was projected for  
               March 2011. 

               There does not appear to be a specific plan for the  
               resumption of the process of reviewing and updating  
               curricular frameworks.  Assuming the prior schedule is  
               resumed as it was upon suspension and frameworks for  
               history-social science and science are completed first, the  
               health framework would likely be revisited in 2018 at the  
               earliest.

           Prior Legislation  

          AB 739 (Lowenthal, 2011), would have required the SBE and the  
          Curriculum Development and Supplemental Materials Commission to  
          include suicide prevention and mental illness awareness  
          instruction in the health education curriculum framework for  
          grades 7 and 8.  AB 739 was held on the Assembly Appropriations  
          Committee's suspense file.

           FISCAL EFFECT  :    Appropriation:  No   Fiscal Com.:  Yes    
          Local:  No

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          According to the Senate Appropriations Committee:

          Mental health inclusion in health framework:  Potential costs of  
          $140,000, depending on whether the bill intends to update the  
          framework based on current Health Standards for Mental Health,  
          or whether it intends to reopen the Health Standards to update  
          or expand them further.

          Stakeholder work group:  Potentially significant costs.  The CDE  
          estimates $80,000 in costs to convene the specified stakeholders  
          to provide input for the framework.
           SUPPORT  :   (Verified  5/28/13)

          Association of California School Administrators
          California Association of Marriage and Family Therapists
          California Association of School Psychologists
          California Association of School Social Workers
          California Medical Association
          California Mental Health Directors Association
          California Psychological Association
          California School Health Centers Association
          California State PTA
          Disability Rights California
          EMQ FamiliesFirst
          Long Beach Unified School District
          Los Angeles County Office of Education
          Los Angeles Unified School District
          Mental Health America of California
          National Alliance on Mental Illness
          National Alliance on Mental Illness, California Chapter


           ARGUMENTS IN SUPPORT  :    According to the author, "Mental health  
          challenges touch everyone and affect all age groups, races,  
          ethnicities, and socioeconomic classes."  According to the  
          National Institute of Health, an estimated one in five children  
          and one in four adults live with some sort of mental health  
          challenge.  Education is one of the best ways to increase  
          awareness and treatment, and reduce the stigma associated with  
          mental health challenges.  California's public education system  
          is one of the most effective means to provide each child with an  
          opportunity to acquire knowledge about mental health issues."


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          PQ:ej  5/28/13   Senate Floor Analyses 

                           SUPPORT/OPPOSITION:  SEE ABOVE

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