Amended in Assembly May 2, 2016

California Legislature—2015–16 Regular Session

House ResolutionNo. 28


Introduced by Assembly Members Dababneh and Calderon

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(Coauthors: Assembly Members Achadjian, Alejo, Travis Allen, Arambula, Atkins, Baker, Bigelow, Bloom, Bonilla, Bonta, Brough, Brown, Burke, Campos, Chang, Chau, Chávez, Chiu, Chu, Cooley, Cooper, Dahle, Daly, Dodd, Eggman, Frazier, Cristina Garcia, Eduardo Garcia, Gatto, Gipson, Gomez, Gonzalez, Gordon, Gray, Hadley, Harper, Holden, Irwin, Jones, Jones-Sawyer, Kim, Lackey, Levine, Linder, Lopez, Low, Maienschein, Mathis, Mayes, McCarty, Medina, Melendez, Mullin, Nazarian, Obernolte, O'Donnell, Olsen, Quirk, Rendon, Rodriguez, Salas, Santiago, Steinorth, Mark Stone, Thurmond, Ting, Wagner, Waldron, Weber, Wilk, and Wood)

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July 15, 2015


House Resolution No. 28—Relative to humane education.

P1    1WHEREAS, Sections 233.5 (part of the Hate Violence
2Prevention Act) and 60042 of the Education Code require
3instruction in kindergarten and grades 1 to 12, inclusive, to promote
4and encourage kindness to pets and humane treatment of animals;
5and

6WHEREAS, The States of Florida, Illinois, Maine, New Jersey,
7Oregon, Pennsylvania, Washington, and Wisconsin have adopted
8humane education laws similar to California’s; and

9WHEREAS, Numerous academic studies have established a
10correlation between animal cruelty during childhood and
11interpersonal violence in adulthood; and

P2    1WHEREAS, Law enforcement agencies in major cities such as
2Houston, Chicago, and Los Angeles have acknowledged this
3correlation and formed special enforcement units to combat animal
4cruelty; and

5WHEREAS, Humane education, such as that involving wildlife,
6the animals’ place in the overall environment, and the negative
7impacts humans can have on them, including death and extinction,
8can disrupt the cycle of animal and human abuse by decreasing a
9child’s potential to be abusive or neglectful toward animals and,
10consequently, to promote prosocial behavior toward humans; and

11WHEREAS, Humane education programs seek to prevent
12violence by teaching empathy, compassion, and respect for all
13living beings and help children develop into caring, responsible
14citizens; and

15WHEREAS, Reputable nonprofit organizations are working to
16implement humane education programs through in-classroom
17presentations, teacher training, and the provision of relevant
18resources, and these organizations could assist California schools
19in complying with the Education Code’s humane education
20provisions without burdening school budgets; and

21WHEREAS, The experiences of these nonprofit organizations,
22as well as other teachers or organizations that have conducted pilot
23humane education efforts, provide evidence that student knowledge
24and positive perceptions of animals is not as commonplace as it
25should be; and

26WHEREAS, Deficiencies in children’s understanding of the
27role animals have in the economy of nature and in people’s lives
28contribute to a proliferation in the number of wild and domestic
29animals that are suffering from cruelty, abandonment, high animal
30shelter euthanasia rates, and, in extreme circumstances, extinction;
31and

32WHEREAS, Schools and school districts are undertaking steps
33to rectify these deficiencies by promoting humane education and
34implementing it in classrooms; now, therefore, be it

35Resolved by the Assembly of the State of California, That
36compliance with Education Code provisions should include
37educating students on the principles of kindness and respect for
38animals and observance of laws, regulations, and policies pertaining
39to the humane treatment of animals, including wildlife and its
40environment; and be it further

P3    1Resolved, That actions such as implementing statewide or
2districtwide “humane education days” and involving nonprofit
3organizations in humane education activities with local faculty
4and school administrators be considered for inclusion in compliance
5efforts; and be it further

6Resolved, That the Superintendent of Public Instruction be
7encouraged to ensure the incorporation of humane education in
8the core curriculum; and be it further

9Resolved, That the Chief Clerk of the Assembly transmit copies
10of this resolution to the State Senate, the Superintendent of Public
11Instruction, the State Board of Education, the State Department of
12Education, and the author for appropriate distribution.



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