BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    Ó

                                                                     AB 501

                                                                    Page  1


          501 (Levine)

          As Amended  August 1, 2016

          Majority vote

          |ASSEMBLY:  |      |(January 27,   |SENATE: | 38-0 |(August 15,      |
          |           |      |2016)          |        |      |2016)            |
          |           |      |               |        |      |                 |
          |           |      |               |        |      |                 |
               (vote not relevant)

          Original Committee Reference:  W.,P., & W.

          SUMMARY:  Designates "denim" as the official state fabric.

          The Senate amendments delete the Assembly version of the bill,  
          and instead: 

          1)Designate "denim" as the official state fabric.

          2)Make various findings and declarations regarding denim.

          AS PASSED BY THE ASSEMBLY, this bill would have required that  
          state-funded environmental research in the San Francisco  


                                                                     AB 501

                                                                    Page  2

          Bay/Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta Estuary (Delta) be shareable  
          and made available to the Delta Science Program.

          EXISTING LAW: 

          1)Designates the following as official state insignia:
             a)   State Flower - "Golden Poppy" (Added by Statutes of1903,  
               Chapter 69)
             b)   State Bird - "California Valley Quail" (Added by  
               Statutes of 1931, Chapter 777)

             c)   State Tree - "California Redwood" includes both the  
               coast redwood (Sequoia empervirens) and the Sierra big tree  
               (Sequoia gigantea) - (Added by Statutes of 1943, Chapter  
               134; Amended by Statutes of 1953, Chapter 1140) 

             d)   State Theatre - "Pasadena Playhouse" (Added by Statutes  
               of 1937, Resolution Chapter 45)

             e)   State Fish - "California Golden Trout" (Added by  
               Statutes of 1947, Resolution Chapter 90)

             f)   State Song - "I Love You California" (Added by Statutes  
               of 1951, Resolution Chapter 87)

             g)   State Animal - "California Grizzly" (Added by Statutes  
               of 1953, Chapter 1140)

             h)   State Motto - "Eureka" (Added by Statutes of 1963,  
               Chapter 1237)

             i)   State Rock - "Serpentine" (Added by Statutes of 1965,  
               Chapter 89)


                                                                     AB 501

                                                                    Page  3

             j)   State Mineral - "Native Gold" (Added by Statutes of  
               1965, Chapter 89)

             aa)  State Nickname - "Golden State" (Added by Statutes of  
               1968, Chapter 66)

             bb)  State Reptile - "Desert Tortoise" (Added by Statutes of  
               1972, Chapter 683)

             cc)  State Insect - "California Dogface Butterfly" (Added by  
               Statutes of 1972, Chapter 521)

             dd)  State Fossil - "Sabre-Tooth Cat" (Added by Statutes of  
               1973, Chapter 792)

             ee)  State Historical Society - "California Historical  
               Society" (Added by Statutes of 1979, Chapter 52) 

             ff)  State Marine Mammal - "California Gray Whale" (Added by  
               Statutes of 1975, Chapter 328)

             gg)  State Gemstone - "Benitoite" (Added by Statutes of 1985,  
               Chapter 1365)

             hh)  State Folk Dance - "Square Dance" (Added by Statutes of  
               1988, Chapter 1645)

             ii)  State Dance - "West Coast Swing" (Added by Statutes of  
               1988, Chapter 1645)


                                                                     AB 501

                                                                    Page  4

             jj)  State Prehistoric Artifact - "Chipped Stone Bear" (Added  
               by Statutes of 1991, Chapter 73)

             aaa) State Marine Fish - "Garibaldi" (Added by Statutes of  
               1995, Chapter 948)

             bbb) State Soil - "San Joaquin Soil" (Added by Statutes of  
               1997, Chapter 331)

             ccc) State Fife and Drum Band - "California Consolidated Drum  
               Band" (Added by Statutes of 1997, Resolution Chapter 58) 

             ddd) State Tartan - "Based on the family tartan of the  
               revered John Muir" (blue and green with red, gold, and blue  
               seams) (Added by Statutes of 2001, Chapter 100)  

             eee) State Gold Rush Ghost Town - "Town of Bodie" (Added by  
               Statutes of 2002, Chapter 365)

             fff) State Tall Ship - "Californian" (Added by Statutes of  
               2003, Chapter 113)

             ggg) State Grass - "Nassella Pulchra" - commonly referred to  
               as "purple needlegrass" (Added by Statutes of 2004, Chapter  

             hhh) State Silver Rush Ghost Town - "Calico" (Added by  
               Statutes of 2005, Chapter 90)

             iii) Official Marine Reptile - "Pacific Leatherback Sea  
               Turtle" (Added by Statutes of 2012, Chapter 591)


                                                                     AB 501

                                                                    Page  5

             jjj) State Amphibian - "California Red-Legged Frog" (Added by  
               Statutes of 2014, Chapter 77) 

             aaaa)State Pet - "Shelter Pet" (Added by Statutes of 2015,  
               Resolution Chapter 184)

             bbbb)State Lichen - "Lace Lichen" (Added by Statutes of 2015,  
               Chapter 113) 

          FISCAL EFFECT:  None.  This bill has been keyed non-fiscal by  
          legislative counsel.


          Purpose of the bill:  The author's office points out existing  
          law provides for several "official" state emblems that are well  
          known - the Great Seal of the State of California, the Bear Flag  
          and Golden Poppy.  Additionally, the existing list of state  
          insignia goes further and includes among other things, the state  
          fish, the state insect, the state reptile, the state tartan, the  
          state grass, the state soil, the state folkdance, and the state  
          marine mammal.  This bill recognizes denim as the official state  
          fabric of California.  The author's office contends that denim  
          represents more than just a fabric - it represents California's  
          diversity, culture, and economic and technological development  
          since the Gold Rush.  

          Summary of Findings:  Denim's history is interwoven with  
          California's history from the 1850s through today.  Since the  
          17th century through the present day, denim has been used to  
          make upholstery, tents, blankets, wagon covers, and pants known  
          as jeans.  With the news of the Gold Rush, Bavarian business  
          owner Levi Strauss moved to San Francisco to open a branch of  
          his family's dry goods store.  In partnership with tailor Jacob  
          Davis, Levi Strauss eventually invented the first pair of denim  
          jeans in 1873. 


                                                                     AB 501

                                                                    Page  6

          Denim jeans were designed as practical working attire, but they  
          eventually became a symbol of not only California culture, but  
          also American culture.  Through the decades, gold miners,  
          cowboys, farm workers, rock stars, beatniks, hippies, and people  
          of all walks of life wore denim jeans. 

          The first Hollywood silent films featured actors who wore jeans,  
          especially in westerns and war films.  As the film industry  
          grew, famous actors such as John Wayne, Bing Crosby, Marlon  
          Brando, James Dean, and Marilyn Monroe, were photographed and  
          filmed wearing denim jeans. 

          Today, California is responsible for about 75% of the premium  
          denim jeans sold throughout the world.  The industry employs  
          more than 200,000 people in Southern California alone, making it  
          the largest fashion manufacturing hub in the United States.   
          Denim jeans represent an estimated $60 billion global market for  
          retailers.  Celebrities, United States Presidents, music  
          artists, models, business people, government officials,  
          legislators, and Californians of all ages wear denim - in fact,  
          denim can be found in the wardrobes of 96% of American  

          Several denim companies are now looking into the future and  
          making sustainability a core principle of their business model.   
          California's denim industry has also worked to shrink its carbon  
          and water footprints.  

          According to a writer for American Fabrics magazine in 1969,  
          "Denim is one of the world's oldest fabrics, yet it remains  
          eternally young."

          Prior/Related Legislation:  AB 1528 (Committee on Water, Parks,  
          and Wildlife), Chapter 113, Statutes of 2015, among other  
          things, declared "Lace Lichen" (Ramalina menziesii) the official  


                                                                     AB 501

                                                                    Page  7

          State Lichen.

          ACR 56 (Linder), Resolution Chapter 184, Statutes of 2015,  
          declared a "shelter pet" as the official State Pet. 

          AB 2364 (V. Manuel Pérez), Chapter 77, Statutes of 2014,  
          designated the "California Red-Legged Frog" (Rana draytonii) as  
          the official State Amphibian.

          AB 1776 (Fong), Chapter 591, Statutes of 2012, designated the  
          "Pacific Leatherback Sea Turtle" as the official marine reptile  
          of the State of California and established October 15 as Pacific  
          Leatherback Sea Turtle Conservation Day.  

          SB 906 (Ashburn), Chapter 90, Statutes of 2005, designated  
          "Calico" in San Bernardino County as the official State Silver  
          Rush Ghost Town.

          SB 1226 (Machado), Chapter 243, Statutes of 2004, designated  
          "purple needlegrass," or Nassella Pulchra, as the official State  

          AB 965 (Kehoe), Chapter 113, Statutes of 2003, established the  
          "Californian" as the official State Tall Ship.

          AB 1757 (Leslie), Chapter 365, Statutes of 2002, designated  
          "Bodie" as the official State Gold Rush Ghost Town.

          Analysis Prepared by:                                             
                          Kenton Stanhope / G.O. / (916) 319-2531  FN:  


                                                                     AB 501

                                                                    Page  8