BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    



                                                                     AB 801


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          Date of Hearing:  May 20, 2015


                        ASSEMBLY COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS


                                 Jimmy Gomez, Chair


          AB  
          801 (Bloom) - As Introduced February 26, 2015


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          Urgency:  No  State Mandated Local Program:  YesReimbursable:   
          Yes


          SUMMARY:


          This bill provides financial and other opportunities in  
          postsecondary education for current and former homeless youth,  
          as defined. Specifically, this bill: 








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          1)Expands the requirement that every community college district  
            (CCD) and the California State University (CSU), and the  
            request to the University of California (UC), for each of  
            their respective campuses that administer a priority  
            enrollment system, to grant priority for registration and  
            enrollment to a current or former homeless youth, as well as a  
            current or former foster youth pursuant to current law.


          2)Makes the above operative until January 1, 2020, which extends  
            the existing January 1, 2017 sunset on the provisions  
            currently applying to foster youth.


          3)Defines homeless youth as a person age 24 or younger who has  
            been homeless at any time during the current calendar year,  
            and former homeless youth as someone age 24 or younger not  
            currently homeless but determined to have been homeless within  
            the preceding six years.


          4)Requires a public or private postsecondary educational  
            institution that participates in the Cal Grant program to  
            designate a liaison for homeless and foster youth, having  
            specified responsibilities, within the institution's financial  
            aid office.


          5)Provides that a college student, age 19 or older at the time  
            of enrollment, is entitled to residency status until they have  
            resided in the state for the minimum time to achieve residency  
            status if they are determined to have been homeless at any  
            time during the two years prior to enrollment.


          6)Establishes the Community College Financial Aid Outreach  
            Program, and requires the California Student Aid Commission  








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            (CSAC), in consultation with the Chancellor of the California  
            Community Colleges (CCC), to provide training, as specified,  
            to high school and community college counselor and advisors,  
            which shall include addressing the needs of students seeking  
            to transfer, foster and homeless youth and students with  
            disabilities.


          7)Allows CSAC to allocate funds for its Student Opportunity and  
            Access Program (Cal-SOAP) to pupils who are or were homeless  
            youth or foster youth.


          8)Makes any current or former homeless CCC student eligible for  
            a CCC Board of Governors fee waiver.


          FISCAL EFFECT:


          1)CSU costs would be around $1 million GF annually for a  
            half-time position at each campus specifically to provide the  
            services required in the bill.


          2)Assuming similar staffing requirements at the community  
            colleges, reimbursable state-mandated costs would be $5.7  
            million annually. In addition, the community colleges indicate  
            that, because the bill's definition of homeless is different  
            from federal financial aid standards for establishing  
            independence, districts may have to modify their electronic  
            records processing systems, which would cost several million  
            dollars systemwide. The cost of CCC fee waivers would likely  
            be small, as most students that would be covered under this  
            bill would already qualify for the waiver based on income.


          3)UC indicates no additional cost to implement the bill.









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          COMMENTS:


          1)Purpose. According to the author, in 2012-13 in California,  
            there were 18,000 homeless pupils in grade 12 alone; yet only  
            10,208 California college students in total indicated a status  
            of being homeless and unaccompanied. The author contends the  
            data indicates many homeless youth are not matriculating into  
            higher education and/or are not receiving the financial aid to  
            which they are entitled.  The author states, "This bill seeks  
            to address state barriers to financial assistance for homeless  
            youth."  This measure will also bring parity among current and  
            former homeless youth to that of current and former foster  
            youth, who already receive some exemptions and waivers in  
            current law, such as priority enrollment status.



          2)Related Legislation. AB 1228 (Gipson and Atkins), pending in  
            the Assembly, expands current provisions, which request the  
            public higher education segments to help accommodate the  
            campus housing needs of current and former foster youth, to  
            also encompass current and former homeless youth.



          Analysis Prepared by:Chuck Nicol / APPR. / (916)  
          319-2081


















                                                                     AB 801


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