BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    



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          CONCURRENCE IN SENATE AMENDMENTS


          AB  
          801 (Bloom)


          As Amended  August 17, 2016


          Majority vote


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          Original Committee Reference:  HIGHER ED.




          SUMMARY:  Enacts the Success for Homeless Youth in Higher  
          Education Act.  


          The Senate amendments:


          1)Update the definition of homeless youth to align with the  
            federal definition.


          2)Specify that a student who is verified as a homeless youth, as  
            defined, shall retain that status for a period of six years  
            from the date of admission to the postsecondary educational  
            institution.









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          3)Eliminate the residency determination entitlement to students  
            who have been determined to be homeless anytime during the  
            prior two years, as specified.


          4)Require the California State University (CSU) and each  
            community college district (CCD) and request the University of  
            California (UC), until January 1, 2020, to grant priority  
            registration for enrollment to a homeless youth.


          5)Double-joint this measure to Senate Bill 906 (Beall) of the  
            current legislative session.


          EXISTING LAW:  


          1)Requires, until January 1, 2017, the CSU and each CCD and  
            requests the UC, with respect to each campus in their  
            respective jurisdictions that administers a priority  
            enrollment system, to grant priority registration for  
            enrollment of current or former foster youth (Education Code  
            (EC) Section 66025.9).


          2)Establishes the Community College Student Financial Aid  
            Outreach Program, which, among other things, provides  
            financial aid training to high school and community college  
            counselors and advisors who work with students planning to  
            attend or attending a California Community College (CCC).  The  
            training addresses the specific needs of all of the following:  
             a) CCC students intending to transfer to a four-year  
            institution of higher education; b) foster youth; and, c)  
            students with disabilities (EC Section 69514.5).


          3)Authorizes, the California Student Aid Commission (CSAC) as  
            the administrators of the Student Opportunity and Access  
            Program, to apportion funds on a progress payment schedule for  
            the support of projects designed to increase the accessibility  








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            of postsecondary educational opportunities for any of the  
            following elementary and secondary school pupils:  a) pupils  
            who are from low-income families; b) pupils who would be the  
            first in their families to attend college; and, c) pupils who  
            are from schools or geographic regions with documented  
            low-eligibility or college participation rates (EC Section  
            69561).


          4)Waives the $46 per unit per semester from certain CCC students  
            if, after meeting minimum academic and progress standards  
            adopted by the CCC Board of Governors (BOG), meet one of the  
            following criteria:  a) at the time of enrollment are  
            recipients of benefits under the Temporary Assistance for  
            Needy Families program, the Supplemental Security Income/State  
            Supplementary Payment Program, or a general assistance  
            program; b) demonstrates eligibility according to income  
            standards established by regulations of the CCC BOG; c)  
            demonstrates financial need in accordance with the methodology  
            set forth in federal law or regulation for determining the  
            expected family contribution of students seeking financial  
            aid; d) at the time of enrollment is a dependent or surviving  
            spouse who has not remarried, of any member of the California  
            National Guard who, in the line of duty and while in the  
            active service of the state, was killed, died of a disability  
            resulting from an event that occurred while in the active  
            service of the state, or is permanently disabled as a result  
            of an event that occurred while in the active service of the  
            state; e) any student who is the surviving spouse or the  
            child, natural or adopted, of a deceased person who qualified  
            for the fee waiver; and, f) any student in an undergraduate  
            program, including a student who has previously graduated from  
            another undergraduate or graduate program, who is the  
            dependent of any individual killed in the September 11, 2001,  
            terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon  
            or the crash of United Airlines Flight 93 in southwestern  
            Pennsylvania, if that dependent meets the financial need  
            requirements, as specified, and either of the following  
            applies:  i) the dependent was a resident of California on  
            September 11, 2001; and, ii) the individual killed in the  
            attacks was a resident of California on September 11, 2001 (EC  
            Section 76300).








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          FEDERAL LAW:  Defines the term "homeless children and youth" to  
          mean individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate  
          nighttime residence, as specified, including, but not limited  
          to, the following:  1) children and youth who are sharing the  
          housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic  
          hardship, or a similar reason; 2) are living in motels, hotels,  
          trailer parks, or camping grounds due to the lack of alternative  
          adequate accommodations; 3) are living in emergency or  
          transitional shelters; 4) are abandoned in hospitals; 5) are  
          awaiting foster care placement; 6) have a primary nighttime  
          residence that is a public or private place not designed for or  
          ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation for human  
          beings; and, 7) are living in cars, parks, public spaces,  
          abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations,  
          or similar settings (42 United States Code Section 11301, et  
          seq.).


          FISCAL EFFECT:  According to the Senate Appropriations  
          Committee:


          1)The CSU indicates the need redirect staff to fulfill the  
            liaison requirement which would likely equate to a part-time  
            position for each campus, resulting in statewide costs between  
            $782,000 and $1.2 million (General Fund).
          2)Likely minor costs to the CCC to update the BOG Fee Waiver  
            form and other related materials.  Costs pressures related to  
            waiving student enrollment fees for homeless youth are  
            expected to be minor as these students are likely to qualify  
            based on income criteria (Proposition 98).


          3)The CSAC indicates costs to incorporate homeless youth into  
            training and outreach programs to be absorbable.  However, if  
            this population is larger than anticipated, there could be a  
            need for additional staffing resources.


          4)The UC anticipates no additional costs to implement this bill.








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          COMMENTS:  Background.  According to the National Association  
          for the Education of Homeless Children and Youth (NAEHCY),  
          college homelessness is a serious issue that is often  
          overlooked; there exists an assumption that if someone is  
          homeless, he/she is so focused on basic needs like food and  
          shelter that school is not a concern.  However, NAEHCY contends  
          that for homeless youth, education is the answer to providing  
          homeless youth means to be able to enter into the work force,  
          earn a living, and no longer be homeless.  



          To note, there is no concrete estimate for the number of  
          homeless college students nationwide, but 58,158 college  
          applicants indicated that they were homeless on federal  
          financial aid forms for the 2012-13 academic year (most recent  
          data available to date); which, according to NAEHCY, is up 8%  
          from 53,705 in the previous year, according to federal data.   
          NAEHCY argues that the number is likely understated, since some  
          students may be staying in a car, relatives' or fellow  
          classmates' couches, or motels, and do not realize they are  
          technically homeless, or do not want to admit to it.   
          Additionally, California has the highest rate of homeless youth  
          in the nation and twice the rate of homeless students as the  
          national average (4% in California vs. 2% nationally).  



          Purpose of this measure.  According to the author, in the  
          2012-13 school year, in California, there were 18,000 homeless  
          pupils in grade 12 alone; yet only 10,208 California college  
          students in total indicated a status of being homeless and  
          unaccompanied.  The author contends that the data indicates that  
          many homeless youth are not matriculating into higher education  
          and/or are not receiving the financial aid to which they are  
          entitled.  The author states, "This bill seeks to address state  
          barriers to financial assistance for homeless youth."  This  
          measure will also bring parity among current and former homeless  
          youth to that of current and former foster youth, who already  








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          receive some exemptions and waivers in current law (e. g.  
          priority enrollment status). 


          Analysis Prepared by:                                             
                          Jeanice Warden / HIGHER ED. / (916) 319-3960   
          FN: 0004910