BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    

                                                                     AB 949

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          Date of Hearing:  May 27, 2015


                                 Jimmy Gomez, Chair

          949 (Gonzalez) - As Amended May 6, 2015

          |Policy       |Arts, Entertainment, Sports,   |Vote:|6 - 0        |
          |Committee:   |Tourism, and Internet Media    |     |             |
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          |             |Education                      |     |7 - 0        |
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          Urgency:  No  State Mandated Local Program:  NoReimbursable:  No


          This bill:

          1)Requires the California Interscholastic Federation (CIF), by  


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            July 1, 2017, and in consultation with the California  
            Department of Education (CDE), to develop guidelines,  
            procedures, and safety standards for the purpose of  
            classifying competition cheer as an interscholastic sport.

          2)Requires the CIF to seek a Title IX compliance designation for  
            competition cheer from the U.S. Department of Education  
            (USDE), and stipulates that competition cheer shall not count  
            towards a school's Title IX compliance, unless the USDE deems  
            it compliant with its definition of a sport.

          FISCAL EFFECT:

          No additional costs for CDE for consultation with the CIF, which  
          is not a state-funded entity.


          1)Purpose. With the creation of competition cheer as a new  
            interscholastic sport, participants in the sport will be  
            governed by rules adopted by CIF, competition cheer coaches  
            will be required to complete the same training as all other  
            interscholastic coaches, and participants will be eligible for  
            an exemption from physical education courses, like all other  
            interscholastic sport participants.  

            According to the author, AB 949 would create new safety  
            guidelines for training and potentially spark changes in  
            athletic department funding for cheer at California high  
            schools. The recognition of cheer as an official sport will  
            provide resources to cheer coaches and cheerleaders consistent  
            with other CIF-sanctioned sports. The benefits of having the  
            same CIF standards will ensure a certain level of coaching  


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            competency and skill once safety guidelines are developed by  
            the Department and CIF.

          2)Background. The CIF is an association of public, private and  
            parochial secondary schools which was formally established in  
            1914.  The CIF is authorized by state statute and is  
            responsible for administering all high school athletic  
            programs; including establishing rules for participation.  
            According to the CIF website, more than 1,372 public and  
            private high schools in California compete in the wide range  
            of athletic activities administered by the CIF and organized  
            under the direction of local school boards.  In total, over  
            700,000 girls and boys throughout the state compete in more  
            than 30 sports each year.

          3)Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 to the 1964 Civil  
            Rights Act states that, "No person in the United States shall,  
            on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be  
            denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination  
            under any educational program or activity receiving Federal  
            financial assistance." Title IX applies to all aspects of  
            educational opportunities, not just athletics.

            Under existing case law, traditional cheer and competitive  
            cheer are not classified as sports for Title IX purposes,  
            though the Michigan High School Athletic Association has  
            sought such recognition. The legal standing of competitive  
            cheer in Michigan is unclear, however.
          Analysis Prepared by:Chuck Nicol / APPR. / (916)  


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