as amended, Thurmond.
begin deletePupils: truancy: Our Children’s Success-The Early Intervention Attendance Pilot Grant Program. end delete
Existing law requires a pupil subject to compulsory full-time education or to compulsory continuation education who is absent from school without a valid excuse 3 full days in one school year or tardy or absent for more than a 30-minute period during the schoolday without a valid excuse on 3 occasions in one school year, or any combination thereof, to be classified as a truant. Existing law requires, upon a pupil’s initial classification as a truant, a school district to notify the pupil’s parent or guardian of specified information using the most cost-effective method possible.end delete
This bill would make various findings and declarations regarding truancy. The bill would establish the Our Children’s Success-The Early Intervention Attendance Pilot Grant Program under the administration of the State Department of Education. The program would provide grants to applicant public schools, school districts, and county offices of education seeking to resolve the attendance problems of pupils in kindergarten and grades 1 to 3, inclusive. The bill would provide that the above entities maintaining kindergarten or any of grades 1 to 3, inclusive, could apply for grants under the program. The bill would authorize the applications for grants submitted by the above entities to the department to reflect a plan including specified components.end delete
The bill would require the department to give priority in awarding grants to those applicants who demonstrate financial need for the grant and that have the highest truancy rates in urban areas, rural areas, and suburban areas, respectively. The bill would require the grants to be awarded for 3 years and to be used to address attendance problems of pupils in kindergarten and grades 1 to 3, inclusive, pursuant to the plans submitted by the applicant. The bill would provide that each grant awarded be for no more than $500,000 and would require the applicant to provide a 20% match. The bill would require an applicant receiving a grant to submit a report, containing specified data, to the department at the conclusion of the grant. The bill would require the department to submit a report, on or before January 1, 2021, to the respective appropriations committees and education committees of the Assembly and the Senate, and would require this report to include a recommendation on whether the grant program should continue. The bill would provide that the above provisions shall not be implemented unless there is an appropriation in the annual Budget Act or another statute, as provided. These provisions would be repealed on January 1, 2022.end delete
Vote: majority. Appropriation: no. Fiscal committee: yes. State-mandated local program: no.
The people of the State of California do enact as follows:
The Legislature finds and declares all of the
17(a) Only 17 percent of chronically absent kindergartners and
18first graders in California read proficiently by grade 3 and pupils
19who do not read proficiently by grade 3 are four times more likely
20to drop out of school. Children who drop out of school cost the
21state more than $46 billion each year, including more than $1
22billion in juvenile crime costs alone.
23(b) Ninety percent of elementary school pupils with severe
24attendance problems, missing 36 or more days in the school year,
25are estimated to be from low-income families.
26(c) In the 2013-14 school year, 250,000 elementary school
27pupils and 1 in 10 pupils from low-income families were
28chronically absent, missing 10 percent or more of the school year.
29(d) In the 2013-14 school year, African American elementary
30school pupils were the highest subgroup, including homeless pupils,
31to be truant and these pupils are chronically truant at four times
32the rate of all other pupils.
33(e) In the 2012-13 school year, one in five, or 744,085,
34elementary school pupils were truant, an increase of 1.2 percent
35from the 2011-12 school year.
36(f) In the 2010-11 school year, California schools lost $1.4
37billion in average daily attendance funding due to pupil absences
38and California school districts have lost over $3.5 billion between
39the 2010-11 and 2013-14 school years.
Section 48270 is added to the Education Code, to read:
(a) Our Children’s Success-The Early Intervention
2Attendance Pilot Grant Program is hereby established under the
3administration of the department. This grant program is established
4for the purpose of helping public schools resolve the attendance
5problems of pupils in kindergarten and grades 1 to 3, inclusive.
6(b) A public school, school district, or county office of education
7maintaining kindergarten or any of grades 1 to 3, inclusive, seeking
8to participate in the grant program established by this section may
9apply to the department for a grant pursuant to this section. An
10application submitted by a public school, school district, or county
11office of education to the department under this subdivision may
12reflect a plan that includes, but is not necessarily limited to, all of
13the following components:
14(1) Establishment of a training program for key school officials
15and attendance staff to identify pupils with chronic attendance
16problems upon their second occurrence of tardiness or absence in
17a school year, and the mailing of attendance letters to the pupil’s
18home in a timely manner.
19(2) Establishment of a phone call outreach program, including
20a minimum of two calls from a school official, not limited to a
21recording, to follow up on those pupils whose attendance problems
22continue during that school year after the attendance letters are
24(3) Establishment of a parent advocate position or positions,
25designated for ongoing followup with the pupil and the parent
26throughout the school year to ensure the pupil’s continued
27consistent school attendance. The number of these parent advocate
28positions may vary according to the school’s needs, resources, and
29the parent advocate’s ability to manage the workload.
30(4) Establishment of an outreach worker position or positions
31whose primary job is assisting families with a child or children
32who have ongoing chronic attendance problems. The duties of an
33outreach worker include sending letters, making phone calls and
34home visits, and helping to connect the family to the appropriate
35local, state, or federal programs in order to resolve issues that are
36creating impediments to the child’s consistent attendance in school.
37The number of these outreach worker positions can vary according
38to the applicant’s needs, resources, and the outreach worker’s
39ability to manage the workload.
P11 1(5) Determining that the applicant’s plan is instituted, to the
2best of the applicant’s ability, before a pupil enters the school
3attendance review board process.
4(6) Establishment of a plan for teacher followup with pupils
5with chronic attendance problems to make up for lost instructional
7(7) Establishment of a plan to track both longitudinal, pupil
8level pupil attendance and aggregate data on tardiness and
9attendance throughout the school year to determine whether
10improvement has been made.
11(8) Establishment of a plan to assess trends in attendance and
12chronic absence rates among pupils who are English learners,
13eligible for a free or reduced-price meal, or are foster youth, as
14those terms are defined in Section 42238.01, and target resources
15towards those groups of pupils who are most at risk for ongoing
17(9) (A) Submission of deidentified, aggregate data on chronic
18absence and attendance rates to the Bureau of Children’s Justice
19within the Department of Justice for inclusion in the report “In
20School + On Track” prepared by the Office of the Attorney
22(B) For purposes of this paragraph, “deidentified” means
23information that cannot be used to identify an individual pupil.
24(c) The applicant shall include an estimate for the amount of
25the grant needed in the application and shall be required to provide
2620 percent matching funds for any amount requested to encourage
27applicants to apply for less than the maximum grant amount
28specified in paragraph (2) of subdivision (f).
29(d) The grant program established by this section shall not be
30construed as a replacement of, or a substitution for, the school
31attendance review board process as described in this article.
32(e) (1) The department shall award grants under this section
33based on the selection criteria in paragraph (2).
34(2) The department shall give priority
to those applicants who
35demonstrate financial need for the grant and with the highest
36truancy rates in each of the following areas:
37 (A) Urban areas.
38 (B) Rural areas.
39(C) Suburban areas.
P12 1(f) (1) Grants under this section shall be awarded for three
2years, and shall be used to address the attendance problems of
3pupils in kindergarten and in grades 1 to 3, inclusive, pursuant to
4the plans submitted by the applicant under subdivision (b).
5(2) Each grant awarded pursuant to this section shall be for no
6more than five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000).
7(3) The department shall provide no less than 10 grants.
8(4) The department shall award no more than five million dollars
9($5,000,000) in total grant moneys.
10(g) An applicant that receives a grant under this section shall
11submit a report to the department at the conclusion of the grant.
12This report shall specify how the grant funds were used and the
13strategies employed to address pupil attendance problems. The
14report shall also include pupil attendance data measured both before
15and after the implementation of the grant.
16(h) On or before January 1, 2021, the department shall submit
17a report to the respective committees on appropriations and
18committees on education of the Assembly and the Senate. This
19report shall evaluate the strategies and the attendance data of the
20applicants that received funds from the grant program established
21under this section. The report shall include, but not necessarily be
22limited to, a recommendation on whether the grant program should
24(i) This section shall not be implemented unless there is an
25appropriation in the annual Budget Act or another statute for these
26purposes. Notwithstanding any other law, funding for this program
27shall not be from savings identified pursuant to the Safe
28Neighborhoods and Schools Act, approved as Proposition 47 by
29the voters at the November 4, 2014, statewide general election.
30(j) This section shall remain in effect only until January 1, 2022,
31and as of that date is repealed, unless a later enacted statute, that
32is enacted before January 1, 2022, deletes or extends that date.