Amended in Senate August 15, 2016

Amended in Senate June 23, 2016

Amended in Senate September 1, 2015

Amended in Assembly June 1, 2015

Amended in Assembly May 4, 2015

Amended in Assembly March 26, 2015

California Legislature—2015–16 Regular Session

Assembly BillNo. 1014

Introduced by Assembly Member Thurmond

(Coauthor: Senator Liu)

February 26, 2015

An act to add Article 10 (commencing with Section 33430) to Chapter 3 of Part 20 of Division 2 of Title 2 of, and to repeal Section 33434 of, the Education Code, relating to education finance.


AB 1014, as amended, Thurmond. Education finance: Safe Neighborhoods and Schools Fund: Learning Communities for School Success Program.

Existing law, the Safe Neighborhoods and Schools Act, enacted by Proposition 47, as approved by the voters at the November 4, 2014, statewide general election, among other things, established the Safe Neighborhoods and Schools Fund, a continuously appropriated fund, which is funded by savings that accrue to the state from the implementation of the act. The act provides that, among other purposes, 25% of the funds shall be disbursed to the State Department of Education to administer a grant program to public agencies aimed at improving outcomes for public school pupils by reducing truancy and supporting pupils who are at risk of dropping out of school or are victims of crime.

This bill would establish the Learning Communities for School Success Program for the purpose of implementing that grant program, subject to an appropriation to the Safe Neighborhoods and Schools Fund in the annual Budget Act or another measure for the purposes of the bill. The bill would specify the administrative duties and responsibilities of the department with respect to the program, including administering grants and coordinating assistance to local educational agencies, as defined. The bill would set forth criteria to guide the department in awarding grants under thebegin delete programend deletebegin insert program,end insert and would specify the purposes for which grant funds may be used. The bill would require the department to submit a final evaluation of the program to the Legislature on or before January 31, 2020.

These provisions would become operative only if SB 527 of the 2015-16 Regular Session is chaptered and becomes operative on or before January 1, 2017.

Vote: majority. Appropriation: no. Fiscal committee: yes. State-mandated local program: no.

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:

P2    1


The Legislature finds and declares all of the

3(a) The Safe Neighborhoods and Schools Act, approved as
4Proposition 47 by the voters at the November 4, 2014, statewide
5general election (the act), made significant changes to the state’s
6criminal justice system by reducing the penalties for certain
7nonviolent, nonserious drug and property crimes. The act requires
8the state savings realized from these criminal justice changes to
9be deposited in the Safe Neighborhoods and Schools Fund and
10spent on prevention and support services with the intent of reducing
11crime, including truancy and dropout prevention.

12(b) The act requires 25 percent of the moneys deposited in the
13Safe Neighborhoods and Schools Fund to be allocated to the State
14Department of Education for administration of a grant program to
15reduce truancy and support pupils who are at risk of dropping out
16of school or who are victims of crime.

P3    1(c) In accordance with the act, the funding provided to K-12
2education should be used to help build the capacity of local
3educational agencies to identify and implement evidence-based,
4nonpunitive programs and practices to keep our most vulnerable
5pupils in school, consistent with each local educational agency’s
6local control and accountability plan, including, but not limited
7to, its goals for pupil engagement and school climate.

8(d) California needs to increase the knowledge base concerning
9which strategies are most effective for improving pupil success
10and eliminating the school-to-prisonbegin delete pipeline.end deletebegin insert pipeline, including,
11but not necessarily limited to, providing resources to local
12educational agencies to establish community schools and address
13pupil attendance problems in kindergarten and grades 1 to 3,
14inclusive.end insert
One manner in which this can be accomplished is for
15the local educational agencies participating in the K-12 education
16grant program pursuant to the act to report and evaluate outcomes
17using multiple measures, while engaging in a broader community
18of practice that disseminates promising and proven strategies to
19local educational agencies statewide.


SEC. 2.  

Article 10 (commencing with Section 33430) is added
21to Chapter 3 of Part 20 of Division 2 of Title 2 of the Education
, to read:


24Article 10.  The Learning Communities for School Success




The Learning Communities for School Success Program
28is hereby established for the purpose of implementing, pursuant
29to paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of Section 7599.2 of the
30Government Code, the K-12 education portion of the Safe
31Neighborhoods and Schools Act, as approved as Proposition 47
32by the voters at the November 4, 2014, statewide general election.
33Through this program, the department shall administer grants and
34coordinate assistance to local educational agencies to support the
35local educational agencies in identifying and implementing
36evidence-based, nonpunitive programs and practices that are
37aligned with the goals for pupils contained in each of the local
38educational agency’s local control and accountability plan pursuant
39to Section 47606.5, 52060, or 52066, as applicable.

P4    1


(a) A local educational agency that chooses to apply
2for funding pursuant to this article shall submit an application to
3the department to receive a grant, in a format and by a date
4determined by the department. An application submitted to the
5department by a local educational agency shall include, at a
6minimum, all of the following:

7(1) Information about the pupil and school needs within the
8local educational agency.

9(2) The activities the local educational agency will undertake
10with the grant funding.

11(3) How the activities specified in paragraph (2) support the
12local educational agency’s goals for pupils contained in its local
13control and accountability plan.

14(4) How the local educational agency will measure outcomes
15associated with the activities specified in subdivision (e) and
16metrics reported in the local educational agency’s local control
17and accountability plan.

18(b) An application shall be for three years of grant funding.
19Consistent with the provisions of this article, the department may
20establish requirements for grantees to meet at the end of the first
21and second years of funding in order to receive funding for the
22remaining grant period.

23(c) The department shall determine eligibility for grants and the
24distribution of grant funding based on all of the following factors:

25(1) Pupil and school needs the local educational agency will
26address with the grant funds.

27(2) Number of pupils to be served with the grant funds.

28(3) Number, size, and type of participating schools within the
29local educational agency.

30(4) Any challenges the local educational agency experiences in
31building capacity for fulfilling the purposes of this article.

32(5) The unique characteristics of small school districts, given
33their challenges with economies of scale and access to services in
34rural locations.

35(d) (1) Before the initial application deadline, the department
36shall conduct targeted outreach to local educational agencies that
37are likely to be given priority pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section
3833432 and shall offer the local educational agencies technical
39assistance as they develop their grant applications.

P5    1(2) The department may provide technical assistance with
2application development to any local educational agency that
3requests assistance. This may include assistance from external
4entities the department may contract with as part of the training
5and technical assistance structure established pursuant to Section

7(e) The department shall issue application guidelines that
8include, at a minimum, information begin delete on the outcome metrics the
9department will use to evaluate the program. When determining
10outcome metrics, the department shall consider metrics currently
11being collected and used by existing federal, state, or local
12programs. Consistent with the objective of the Safe Neighborhoods
13and Schools Act to reduce crime, including truancy and dropout
14prevention, the department shall consider using metrics for pupil
15truancy and school dropout, among others.end delete
begin insert about the department’s
16plans for overall evaluation of the program considering the
17objectives identified in Section 33434. For purposes of facilitating
18program evaluation, the department, in consultation with the
19executive director of the state board, shall identify a set of
20measures and associated data sources that are deemed valid and
21reliable for measuring pupil and school outcomes and assessing
22the benefits of the program.end insert

23(f) In meeting the requirements of this section, the department
24shall consult with stakeholders, including, but not limited to,
25representatives of local educational agencies, teachers and other
26school personnel, parents, advocacy organizations with experience
27working with target vulnerable populations, and parent- and
28youth-serving community-based organizations. It the intent of the
29Legislature that stakeholders provide input to the department on
30the design of the application and review process, including the
31size of the grant awards. The stakeholders shall not be involved
32in determining who will be awarded grants.



(a) A local educational agency that receives a grant
34shall use the grant funds for planning, implementation, and
35evaluation of activities in support of evidence-based, nonpunitive
36programs and practices to keep the state’s most vulnerable pupils
37inbegin delete school, consistent withend deletebegin insert end insertbegin insertschool. These activities shall complement
38or enhance the actions and services identified to meetend insert
the local
39educational agency’s goalsbegin delete for the pupil engagement and school
40climate state prioritiesend delete
as identified in its local control and
P6    1accountability plan pursuant to Section 47606.5, 52060, or 52066,
2as applicable. These activities may include, but are not limited to,
3all of the following:

4(1) Establishing a community school, as defined in Section

6(2) Implementing activities or programs to improve attendance
7and reduce chronic absenteeism, including, but not limited to, early
8warning systems or early intervention programs.

9(3) Implementing restorative practices, restorative justice
10models, or other programs to improve retention rates, reduce
11suspensions and other school removals, and reduce the referral of
12pupils to law enforcement agencies.

13(4) Implementing activities that advance social-emotional
14learning, positive behavior interventions and supports, culturally
15responsive practices, and trauma-informed strategies.

16(5) Establishing partnerships with community-based
17organizations or other relevant entities to support the
18implementation of evidence-based, nonpunitive approaches to
19further the goals of the program.

begin insert

(6) Adding or increasing staff within a local educational agency
21whose primary purpose is to address ongoing chronic attendance
22problems, including, but not necessarily limited to, conducting
23outreach to families and children currently, or at risk of becoming,
24chronically truant.

end insert

25(b) In selecting grant recipients pursuant to this article, the
26department shall give priority to a local educational agency that
27meets any of the following criteria:

28(1) (A) Has a high rate of chronic absenteeism, out-of-school
29suspension, or school dropout for the general pupil population or
30for a numerically significant pupil subgroup, as identified in a local
31control and accountability plan pursuant to paragraphs (2) and (3)
32of subdivision (a) of Section 52052.

33(B) For purposes of this paragraph, “high rate” means a rate
34that exceeds the state average.

35(2) Is located in a community with a high crime rate.

36(3) Has a significant representation of foster youth among its
37pupil enrollment.

38(c) A local educational agency that receives a grant shall provide
39a local contribution of matching expenditures equal to at least 20
40percent of the total grant award. This local contribution can be
P7    1from cash expenditures or in-kind contributions. A local
2educational agency is encouraged to exceed the 20-percent match
3requirement to enable the local educational agency to sustain the
4activities or programs established under this article beyond the
5three-year grant period.

6(d) A local educational agency that receives a grant shall use
7the grant funds tobegin delete supplement and not supplant the existing
8resources the local educational agency currently allocatesend delete
begin insert increase
9or improve services that the local educational agency currently
10providesend insert
for purposes specified in this article.

11(e) A local educational agency shall not use grant funds to pay
12for law enforcement activities, including personnel or equipment.



(a) The department shall use the funding the Safe
14Neighborhoods and Schools Act authorizes for administrative costs
15pursuant to subdivision (b) of Section 7599.2 of the Government
16Code, which is no more than 5 percent of the annual funding the
17department receives from the Safe Neighborhoods and Schools
18Fund, for the administrative costs of implementing this article,
19including, but not limited to, administering grant awards,
20coordinating the training and technical assistance structure
21described in subdivision (b), and completing the evaluation
22pursuant to Section 33434.

23(b) The department shall establish a structure to deliver training
24and technical assistance to grantees using regional workshops and
25technical assistance providers that have expertise on pupil
26engagement, school climate, truancy reduction, and supporting
27pupils who are at risk of dropping out of school or who are victims
28of crime. The department may contract with those providers to
29assist the grantees as well as to serve as a resource for other local
30educational agencies that may use their own funding sources to
31engage in this community of practice.begin insert end insertbegin insertTechnical assistance
32provided pursuant to this subdivision shall be consistent with the
33technical assistance provided to a local educational agency by the
34county superintendent of schools or the Superintendent, as
35appropriate, in the development of the local control and
36accountability plan.end insert



(a) A local educational agency that receives grant
38funding pursuant to this article shall evaluate and report to the
39governing board of the school district, the county board of
40education, or its chartering authority, as applicable, and the
P8    1department the results of the activities it undertakes pursuant to
2this article. The department shall compile information from grantee
3reports as part of an overall evaluation of the grant program
4implementation. The department shall assess the benefits of
5participation in the program and identify the pupil and school
6outcomes associated with the strategies and programs implemented
7by grantees. The department shall submit an interim report of
8preliminary evaluation findings to the Legislature on or before
9January 31, 2019, and a final evaluation report to the Legislature
10on or before January 31, 2020.

11(b) (1) A report to be submitted pursuant to subdivision (a)
12shall be submitted in compliance with Section 9795 of the
13Government Code.

14(2) Pursuant to Section 10231.5 of the Government Code, this
15section is repealed on January 31, 2024.



For purposes of this article, the following definitions

18(a) “Community school” means a public school that participates
19in a community-based effort to coordinate and integrate
20educational, developmental, family, health, and other
21comprehensive services through community-based organizations
22and public and private partnerships with one or more community
23partners for the delivery of community services that may be
24provided at a schoolsite to pupils, families, and community

26(b) “Local educational agency” means a school district, county
27office of education, or charter school.



This article shall not become operative unless funds
29are appropriated in the annual Budget Act or another statute to the
30Safe Neighborhoods and Schools Fund in accordance with the
31Safe Neighborhoods and Schools Act for the purposes specified
32in this article.


SEC. 3.  

Sections 1 and 2 of this act shall become operative
34only if Senate Bill No. 527 of the 2015-16 Regular Session is
35chaptered and becomes operative on or before January 1, 2017.