BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    

          |SENATE RULES COMMITTEE            |                       AB 1014|
          |Office of Senate Floor Analyses   |                              |
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          |327-4478                          |                              |

                                   THIRD READING 

          Bill No:  AB 1014
          Author:   Thurmond (D), et al.
          Amended:  8/15/16 in Senate
          Vote:     21 


           SENATE EDUCATION COMMITTEE:  9-0, 6/29/16
           AYES:  Liu, Block, Hancock, Huff, Leyva, Mendoza, Monning, Pan,  

           AYES:  Lara, Bates, Beall, Hill, McGuire, Mendoza
           NO VOTE RECORDED:  Nielsen

           SUBJECT:   Education finance:  Safe Neighborhoods and Schools  
                     Fund:  Learning Communities for School Success  

          SOURCE:    Author

          DIGEST:  This bill establishes the Learning Communities for  
          School Success Program, which requires the California Department  
          of Education (CDE) to administer grants for local educational  
          agencies to implement programs and services that further the  
          purpose of Proposition 47 to improve outcomes for students by  
          reducing truancy and supporting students who are at risk of  
          dropping out of school or are victims of crime.


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          Existing law:

           1) Establishes the Safe Neighborhoods and Schools Act, pursuant  
             to Proposition 47, which reduces the penalties for specified  
             drug and property crimes.  Savings resulting from reduced  
             inmate population are required to be used for mental health  
             and substance use services, truancy and dropout prevention,  
             and victim services.  (Government Code  7599, et seq.)

           2) Requires school districts and county offices of education to  
             adopt and annually update a local control and accountability  
             plan, which must include a description of annual goals to  
             meet eight state priorities for all students and for all  
             numerically significant subgroups, including ethnic  
             subgroups, socioeconomically disadvantaged students, English  
             learners, students with disabilities, and foster youth.   
             (Education Code  52060 and  52066)

          This bill:

           1) Establishes the Learning Communities for School Success  
             Program to implement the K-12 education portion of the Safe  
             Neighborhoods and Schools Act (Proposition 47).

           2) Requires the CDE to administer a grant program and  
             coordinate assistance to local educational agencies (LEAs) in  
             identifying and implementing evidence-based, non-punitive  
             programs and practices that are aligned with the goals for  
             students contained in each LEA's local control and  
             accountability plan (LCAP).  


           3) Requires a LEA that chooses to apply for funding to submit  
             an application to the CDE, in a format and by a date  
             determined by the CDE.  This bill requires the application to  
             include, at a minimum, all of the following:

              a)    Information about the student and school needs within  
                the LEA.

              b)    The activities the LEA will undertake with the grant  


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              c)    How the activities support the LEA's goals for  
                students contained in its LCAP.

              d)    How the LEA will measure outcomes associated with the  
                proposed activities and metrics reported in the LEA's  

           4) Requires the CDE to issue application guidelines that  
             include, at a minimum, information about the CDE's plans for  
             overall evaluation of the program considering the objectives  
             in #13.  This bill requires the CDE, in consultation with the  
             executive director of the State Board of Education, for  
             purposes of facilitating program evaluation, to identify a  
             set of measures and associated data sources that are deemed  
             valid and reliable for measuring student and school outcomes  
             and assessing the benefits of the program.

           5) Requires CDE to consult with stakeholders, including but not  
             limited to, representatives of LEAs, teachers and other  
             school personnel, parents, advocacy organizations with  
             experience working with target vulnerable populations, and  
             parent- and youth-serving community-based organizations. This  
             bill states legislative intent that stakeholders provide  
             input to the CDE on the design of the application and review  
             process, including the size of the grant awards, but not in  
             determining who will be awarded grants.

          Grant awards

           6) Requires the CDE to determine eligibility for grants and the  
             distribution of grant funding based on all of the following  

              a)    Student and school needs the LEA will address with the  
                grant funds.

              b)    Number of students to be served with the grant funds.

              c)    Number, size, and type of participating schools within  
                the LEA.

              d)    Any challenges the LEA experiences in building  
                capacity for fulfilling the purposes of this bill.


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              e)    The unique characteristics of small school districts,  
                given their challenges with economies of scale and access  
                to services in rural locations.

           7) Requires the CDE, before the initial application deadline,  
             to conduct targeted outreach to LEAs that are likely to be  
             given priority for funding and offer the LEAs technical  
             assistance as they develop their grant applications.  This  
             bill authorizes the CDE to provide technical assistance with  
             application development, which may include assistance from  
             external entities the CDE may contract with to provide  
             training and technical assistance.

           8) Provides that an application is to be for three years of  
             funding and authorizes the CDE to establish requirements for  
             grantees to meet at the end of the first and second years of  
             funding in order to receive funding for the remaining grant  

          Use of grant funds

           9) Requires a LEA that receives a grant to use the grant funds  
             for planning, implementation, and evaluation of activities in  
             support of evidence-based, non-punitive programs and  
             practices to keep the state's most vulnerable students in  
             school.  This bill requires these activities to complement or  
             enhance the actions and services identified to meet the LEA's  
             goals as identified in its LCAP.  This bill authorizes these  
             activities to include but not be limited to, all of the  

              a)    Establishing a community school, as defined.

              b)    Implementing activities or programs to improve  
                attendance and reduce chronic absenteeism, including but  
                not limited to, early warning systems or early  
                intervention programs.

              c)    Implementing restorative practices, restorative  
                justice models, or other programs to improve retention  
                rates, reduce suspensions and other school removals, and  
                reduce the referral of students to law enforcement  


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              d)    Implementing activities that advance social-emotional  
                learning, positive behavior interventions and supports,  
                culturally responsive practices, and trauma-informed  

              e)    Establishing partnerships with community-based  
                organizations or other relevant entities to support the  
                implementation of evidence-based, non-punitive approaches  
                to further the goals of the program.

              f)    Adding or increasing staff within a LEA whose primary  
                purpose is to address ongoing chronic attendance problems,  
                including but not limited to, conducting outreach to  
                families and children currently, or at risk of becoming,  
                chronically truant.

          Priority for funding

           10)Authorizes the CDE, in selecting grant recipients, to give  
             priority to a LEA that meets any of the following criteria:

              a)    Has a high rate of chronic absenteeism, out-of-school  
                suspension, or school dropout for the general student  
                population or for a numerically significant student  
                subgroup, as identified in the LCAP.  This bill defines  
                "high rate" as a rate that exceeds the state average.

              b)    Is located in a community with a high crime rate.

              c)    Has a significant representation of foster youth among  
                its student enrollment.

          Other requirements

           11)Requires a LEA that receives a grant to comply with the  

              a)    Provide a local contribution of matching expenditures  
                equal to at least 20% of the total grant award.  This bill  
                authorizes the local contribution to be from cash  
                expenditures or in-kind contributions, and encourages a  
                LEA to exceed the 20% match requirement to enable the LEA  
                to sustain the activities or programs beyond the  
                three-year grant period.


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              b)    Use the grant funds to increase or improve services  
                that the LEA currently provides for purposes specified in  
                this bill.

              c)    Not use grant funds to pay for law enforcement  
                activities, including personnel or equipment.

          Training and technical assistance

           12)Requires CDE to establish a structure to deliver training  
             and technical assistance to grantees using regional workshops  
             and technical assistance providers that have expertise on  
             student engagement, school climate, truancy reduction, and  
             supporting students who are at risk of dropping out of school  
             or who are victims of crime.  This bill authorizes CDE to  
             contract with those providers to assist the grantees as well  
             as to serve as a resource for other LEAs that may use their  
             own funding sources to engage in this community of practice.   
             This bill requires technical assistance provided pursuant to  
             this bill to be consistent with the technical assistance  
             provided to a LEA by the county superintendent of schools or  
             the Superintendent of Public Instruction in the development  
             of the LCAP.

          Evaluation and report

           13)Requires a LEA that receives grant funding to evaluate and  
             report to the governing board of the school district, the  
             county board of education, or its chartering authority, and  
             the CDE the results of the activities it undertakes with the  
             grant funds.  This bill requires CDE to compile information  
             from grantee reports as part of an overall evaluation of the  
             grant program implementation, assess the benefits of  
             participation in the program, and identify the student and  
             school outcomes associated with the strategies and programs  
             implemented by grantees. This bill requires CDE to submit an  
             interim report of preliminary evaluation findings to the  
             Legislature by January 31, 2019, and a final evaluation  
             report to the Legislature by January 31, 2020.


           14)Authorizes 5% of the funds to be used for the administrative  


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             costs of implementing this bill, including but not limited  
             to, administering grant awards, coordinating the training and  
             technical assistance structure, and completing the  

           15)Establishes the following definitions:

              a)    "Community school" means a public school that  
                participates in a community-based effort to coordinate and  
                integrate educational, developmental, family, health, and  
                other comprehensive services through community-based  
                organizations and public and private partnerships with one  
                or more community partners for the delivery of community  
                services that may be provided at a school site to  
                students, families, and community members.

              b)    "Local educational agency" means a school district,  
                county office of education, or charter school.

           16)Prohibits the provisions of this bill from becoming  
             operative unless funds are appropriated in the annual Budget  
             Act or another statute to the Safe Neighborhoods and Schools  
             Fund in accordance with the Safe Neighborhoods and Schools  
             Act for the purposes specified in this bill.

           17)Provides that this bill is contingent upon the passage of SB  
             527 (Liu).

          Package deal.  This bill is the result of an agreement on a  
          framework between both Houses of the Legislature, in  
          collaboration with the CDE, Department of Justice, Department of  
          Finance, and stakeholders.  This bill implements the framework,  
          along with SB 527 (Liu), which is identical to this bill.  

          FISCAL EFFECT:   Appropriation:    No          Fiscal  
          Com.:YesLocal:   No

          According to the Senate Appropriations Committee:


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           The implementation of this bill is contingent upon funds  
            appropriated in the budget act or another statute.  The Budget  
            Act of 2016 includes a total of $27.9 million for this  
            purpose.  Specifically, the budget includes $9.4 million of  
            estimated Proposition 47 savings, with an additional $18  
            million in one-time Proposition 98 to be spent over three  
            years, and $493,000 General Fund for CDE state operations.

           The CDE anticipates costs of almost $720,000 in the first year  
            for start-up and program administration costs, including  
            contracting with consultants to provide technical assistance,  
            conducting stakeholder meetings and program monitoring, and  
            funding for CDE support staff.  This translates to an  
            additional need of $227,000 over the amount provided in the  
            budget act.  Second year costs (2017-18) are anticipated to be  

          SUPPORT:   (Verified8/12/16)

          None received

          OPPOSITION:   (Verified8/12/16)

          None received

          Prepared by:Lynn Lorber / ED. / (916) 651-4105
          8/16/16 8:58:12

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