BILL ANALYSIS                                                                                                                                                                                                    



                                                                    AB 1369


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          Date of Hearing:  May 13, 2015


                        ASSEMBLY COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS


                                 Jimmy Gomez, Chair


          AB  
          1369 (Frazier) - As Amended May 4, 2015


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          Urgency:  No  State Mandated Local Program:  YesReimbursable:   
          Yes


          SUMMARY:


          This bill requires the State Board of Education (SBE) to update  
          regulations to include "phonological processing" in the  
          description of basic psychological processes. Further, requires  








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          the Superintendent of Public Instruction (SPI) to develop  
          program guidelines for dyslexia to be used to assist teachers  
          and parents to identify and assess pupils with dyslexia, and to  
          plan, provide, evaluate, and improve educational services to  
          pupils with dyslexia. Specifically, this bill:


          1)Requires the program guidelines to include, but not be limited  
            to, characteristics typical of pupils with dyslexia and  
            strategies for their remediation, as well as information to  
            assist educators in distinguishing between characteristics of  
            dyslexia and characteristics of normal growth and development.


          2)Requires the SPI, in developing guidelines, to consult with  
            teachers, school administrators, other educational  
            professionals, medical professionals, parents, and other  
            professionals involved in the identification and education of  
            pupils with dyslexia. 


          3)Requires the SPI to complete the program guidelines in time  
            for use no later than the beginning of the 2017-18 academic  
            year and requires the guidelines to be disseminated through  
            the department's Internet Web site. Further, requires the SPI  
            to provide technical assistance regarding their use and  
            implementation to parents, teachers, school administrators,  
            and faculty members in teacher training programs of  
            institutions of higher education.


          FISCAL EFFECT:


          1)One-time General Fund administrative costs to the California  
            Department of Education (CDE) of approximately $170,000 and  
            ongoing GF costs of approximately $110,000.  This includes  
            staff support to the SBE for regulatory reform, and the  
            development and dissemination of guidelines.








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          2)Potential Proposition 98/GF reimbursable state mandated costs  
            to local education agencies to the extent expanded services  
            are provided as a result of the revised definition of  
            psychological processes. This bill requires the California  
            Code of Regulations to be updated to include "phonological  
            processing" in the description of basic psychological  
            processes.  This definition appears to exceed federal law and  
            could trigger state mandated costs if services are expanded  
            beyond that which is authorized under the federal Individuals  
            with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).


          COMMENTS:


          Purpose. This bill is motivated by concerns among parents that  
          many students who are dyslexic are not being identified as such,  
          and as a result are being deprived of needed educational  
          services.  Proponents also argue that current instructional  
          methods for students identified as dyslexic are deficient.  


          Dyslexia is one condition listed in the federal (and state)  
          definition of a specific learning disability.  Federal law  
          states that a specific learning is disability a disorder in a  
          psychological process.  Further, state regulations specify these  
          psychological processes: "The basic psychological processes  
          include attention, visual processing, auditory processing,  
          sensory-motor skills, cognitive abilities including association,  
          conceptualization and expression."  Not included in that list of  
          processes is a phonological processing deficit, which proponents  
          of this bill say is a hallmark of dyslexia. This bill expands  
          state regulations to include "phonological processing" in this  
          description.











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          This bill also requires SPI to develop program guidelines for  
          dyslexia to be used to assist teachers and parents to identify  
          and assess pupils with dyslexia, and to plan, provide, evaluate,  
          and improve educational services to pupils with dyslexia.  This  
          requirement is very similar to uncodified law enacted by AB 3040  
          (Speier), Chapter 1501, Statutes of 1990.  This bill essentially  
          updates and codifies this requirement.





          Analysis Prepared by:Misty Feusahrens / APPR. / (916)  
          319-2081