Amended in Assembly March 28, 2016

California Legislature—2015–16 Regular Session

Assembly BillNo. 1994


Introduced by Assembly Member Lopez

February 16, 2016


An act to add Article 3.7 (commencing with Section 11340) to Chapter 2 of Part 3 of Division 9 of the Welfare and Institutions Code, relating to CalWORKs.

LEGISLATIVE COUNSEL’S DIGEST

AB 1994, as amended, Lopez. CalED Program.

Existing law requires each county to provide cash assistance and other social services to needy families through the California Work Opportunity and Responsibility to Kids (CalWORKs) program using federal, state, and county funds. Under existing law, a recipient of CalWORKs is required to participate in welfare-to-work activities for a specified number of hours each week as a condition of eligibility for aid. Existing law authorizes certain welfare-to-work participants to engage in adult basic education in satisfaction of these work requirements.

Existing law establishes the Cal-Learn Program, under which a recipient of CalWORKs aid who is under 19 years of age and who does not have a high school diploma or its equivalent is required to participate in the program as a student attending school on a full-time basis. Existing law provides for a supplement to, or a reduction in, a Cal-Learn participant’s aid grant based on his or her performance in school.

This bill would create the CalED Program for the purpose of assisting CalWORKs recipients who are at least 19 years of age to obtain high school diplomas or equivalency certificates. The bill would provide abegin delete $100 aid supplement if a CalED participant maintains satisfactory progress in school, as defined, and aend deletebegin insert one-timeend insert $500 aid supplement if the participant successfully completes high school or abegin delete high school equivalency examination.end deletebegin insert general educational development test approved by the State Board of Education and administered by a testing center approved by the State Department of Education.end insert The bill would provide that participation in the program is optional and would authorize recipients of CalWORKs to opt out in writing. The bill would require the department to develop a comprehensive form that explains the benefits of the program and would require the county, at the time it conducts a welfare-to-work appraisal, to provide the form to the recipient. The bill would also require counties to arrange for the provision of education and supportive services that an individual needs to successfully participate in the CalED Program. By imposing these duties on counties, this bill would impose a state-mandated local program.

The California Constitution requires the state to reimburse local agencies and school districts for certain costs mandated by the state. Statutory provisions establish procedures for making that reimbursement.

This bill would provide that, if the Commission on State Mandates determines that the bill contains costs mandated by the state, reimbursement for those costs shall be made pursuant to these statutory provisions.

Vote: majority. Appropriation: no. Fiscal committee: yes. State-mandated local program: yes.

The people of the State of California do enact as follows:

P2    1

SECTION 1.  

Article 3.7 (commencing with Section 11340) is
2added to Chapter 2 of Part 3 of Division 9 of the Welfare and
3Institutions Code
, to read:

4 

5Article 3.7.  CalED Program
6

 

7

11340.  

(a) This article shall be known, and may be cited, as
8the CalED Program.

9(b) The Legislature finds and declares that the connection
10between education and long-term welfare dependency has been
11well documented by social science research. Average time on aid
12for parents without a high school diploma or its equivalent is
P3    1significantly longer than for parents who have completed high
2school or an equivalent program.

3(c) The Legislature finds that CalWORKs recipients have unique
4education, vocational, training, health, and other social service
5needs that are not specifically provided for as part of the
6welfare-to-work activities. Research shows that successful
7programs that help CalWORKs recipients achieve self-sufficiency
8increase the earning capacity of those individuals.

9

11341.  

A recipient of aid under this chapter is eligible to
10participate in the CalED Program if all of the following
11requirements are met:

12(a) The person is at least 19 years of age.

13(b) The person does not have a high school diploma or its
14equivalent.

15(c) The person is attending school on a full-time basis, as
16normally defined by the school in which the participant enrolls.

begin insert

17
(d) The person is participating in welfare-to-work activities
18pursuant to Article 3.2 (commencing with Section 11320).

end insert
19

11342.  

(a) Participation in the CalED Program is optional. If
20a person declines to participate, he or she shall opt out in writing.

21(b) At the time the county conducts an appraisal pursuant to
22Section 11325.2, the county shall inform each person who does
23not have a high school diploma or its equivalent that he or she may
24participate in the CalED Program or may opt out in writing, and
25shall give the person the form described in subdivision (c).

26(c) The State Department of Social Services shall develop a
27comprehensive form that explains the benefits of the program,
28including the bonuses that are available pursuant to Section 11344,
29in order to empower the person to make an informed decision.

30

11343.  

begin insert(a)end insertbegin insertend insertCounties shall arrange for the provision of education
31and supportive services that a person needs to successfully
32participate in the CalED Program. The county shall identify the
33need of each person for, and the method of providing, the following
34services:

begin delete

35(a)

end delete

36begin insert(1)end insert Supportive services, including child care and transportation,
37 as specified in Section 11323.2. Supportive services shall be limited
38to those that are necessary to enable the person to attend school
39regularly.

begin delete

40(b)

end delete

P4    1begin insert(2)end insert Any other services necessary for the person to successfully
2participate in the CalED Program, which may include, but not be
3limited to, mental health services and substance abuse treatment.

begin insert

4
(b) CalED participants may participate in programs provided
5for in Section 52500 of the Education Code in order to obtain the
6 certificate described in Section 51420 of the Education Code.

end insert
begin delete
7

11344.  

(a) A participant in the CalED Program who maintains
8satisfactory progress in school shall, not more than four times in
9a calendar year, receive a one hundred dollar ($100) supplement
10to the amount of aid paid pursuant to Section 11450. The
11supplement shall be paid to the assistance unit of which the
12participant is a member in the month following submission of the
13report card, if received by the county no later than the 11th calendar
14day of the month, or in the second month following submission
15of the report card, if received by the county after the 11th calendar
16day of the month.

17(b) 

end delete
18begin insert

begin insert11344.end insert  

end insert

begin insert(a)end insertbegin insertend insertA participant who fails to demonstrate that he or
19she has made adequate progress in school, either by failing to
20providebegin delete theend deletebegin insert aend insert report card or based on the grades on the report card,
21shall be assigned to another welfare-to-work activity.

begin delete

22(c)

end delete

23begin insert(b)end insert A participant who successfully completes high school or a
24begin delete California high school equivalency examinationend deletebegin insert general
25educational development test approved by the State Board of
26Education and administered by a testing center approved by the
27State Department of Educationend insert
shall receive abegin insert one-time supplement
28in the amount ofend insert
five hundredbegin delete dollar ($500) supplement. An
29assistance unit shall not receive a one hundred dollar ($100)
30supplement when a five hundred dollar ($500) supplement for the
31same report card or progress report is paid.end delete
begin insert dollars ($500).end insert The
32five hundred dollar ($500) supplement shall be paid to the
33participant in the month following submission of the record of
34completion, if received by the county no later than the 11th
35calendar day of the month, or in the second month following
36submission of the record of completion, if received by the county
37after the 11th calendar day of the month.

begin delete

38(d) (1) For purposes of this section, in schools that provide
39periodic report cards with letter grades, “satisfactory progress”
40means maintaining a grade point average of at least 2.0 on a scale
P5    1where A equals 4.0 points and F equals 0 points, and adequate
2progress means maintaining a grade point average of at least 1.0
3on the same scale.

4(2) For the purposes of this section, in schools or other
5educational programs that do not provide letter grades indicating
6student performance, satisfactory progress or inadequate progress
7shall be determined by the school’s regular assessment of periodic
8progress.

end delete
9

SEC. 2.  

If the Commission on State Mandates determines that
10this act contains costs mandated by the state, reimbursement to
11local agencies and school districts for those costs shall be made
12pursuant to Part 7 (commencing with Section 17500) of Division
134 of Title 2 of the Government Code.



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